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Small-scale Fishermen along the Naaf River, Bangladesh in Crisis: A framework for management.

Authors: P. Barua --- N.G. Das --- M.S. Hossain --- M.S.N. Chowdhury
Journal: Mesopotamian Journal of Marine Science مجلة وادي الرافدين لعلوم البحار ISSN: 18152058 Year: 2011 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 146-169
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Abstract - Fishing is the most important traditional economic activity of the coastal communities in Bangladesh due to the availability of the diverse fishery resources. The Naaf River estuary is one of the large estuaries in Bangladesh coast, which plays a significant role in the socioeconomic condition of local community and considered as a major source of income through small-scale fishing. This paper highlights d the chronic problems and relative actions through sustainable management of small-scale fishermen of Naaf river. Community based participatory approach (PRA/RRA) was used for semi-structured questionnaire interviews of 120 small-scale fishermen from the three fishing communities soliciting information on their activities, financial flows and the main problems confronting their enterprise. Furthermore, 24 focus group discussions were arranged with different stakeholders to collect data on the organization and management of small-scale fishing as well as to get their opinions on the problems, causes and their consequences. The present study revealed that local communities in Teknaf coast are highly dependent on fisheries resources of the Naaf River. Major problems identified within the fishing community were high dependency to fishery resources, annual catch reduction, catch price fluctuation, by catch discard, lack of processing and preservation facilities, credit facilities, and training supports resulting in a disorganized fishing community with poor economic return. To ensure the sustainability, the fisheries sector need to overcome these increasing problems through management plan focusing on optimum fishery resources exploitation taking into account the top down and bottom up views of different stakeholders, “Community Based Fisheries Co-management” framework has formulated for long term sustainability and livelihood security of local community. This will go along way to help sustain the coastal fisheries resources with active participation of the fishermen.


Article
Environmental functions of the Teknaf Peninsula mangroves of Bangladesh to communicate the values of goods and services.

Authors: P. Barua --- A. Mitra --- M.S. Hossain --- M.Sh.N. Chowdhury
Journal: Mesopotamian Journal of Marine Science مجلة وادي الرافدين لعلوم البحار ISSN: 18152058 Year: 2011 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 79-97
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Abstract - Mangroves are highly productive wetland ecosystems and extremely important coastal resources providing a variety of environmental goods and services, which are vital to our socio-economic development. To evaluate the role of mangroves, a total of 75 semi-structured interviews were conducted with coastal community, resource user, government official, NGO personnel, researchers, and private entrepreneur to gather primary and secondary information. Results indicated that in the past 30 years there has been planted about 1,460 ha of euryhaline mangroves under different management regimes. Teknaf peninsula mangrove influenced two key variables viz., productivity and physical structure which direct other ecological processes. The variable ‘productivity’ provide suitable habitat for nursery, growth, migration through recycling waste and nutrients. The respondents identified 13 mangrove resource user groups in Teknaf peninsula which shows high dependency to mangroves goods. The catch of finfishes, shrimps and prawns, crabs, molluscs, etc. from the mangroves area contributes value to the small-scale fisheries. The knowledge gained from the information content of the Teknaf peninsula mangroves ecosystem contributes value to scientific and educational community. In particular, it means that environmental goods and services provided by the Teknaf peninsula mangroves are rarely produced independently and the multiple interdependencies involved in providing such environmental supports.

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