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Article
Comparison of New Topical Treatment (Curcumine viscous solution 30% ) For Recurrent Herpes Labialis (RHL)

Author: Maha T Al–Saffar
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2009 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 225-231
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine the therapeutic effect of viscaus solution of curcumine 30% , as a topical treatment of RHL in comparison with the traditional antiviral agent " acyclovir ". Materials and methods: Atotal of 120 patients (100 female, 20 male) with RHL divided into four groups: Group I: Fifty patients used viscous solution of curcumine 30% topically. Group II: Thirty patients used viramed "acyclovir"cream topically. Group III: Twenty five patients used glycerol topically "control positive group".Group IV: Fifteen patients without treatment "control negative group". Results: Female were moreaffected than male with RHL (83.3% female, 16.3% male) with high percentage of association between highly stressed events and RHL. The results also showed significant differences between size of lesion,duration of healing and pain in patients using viscous curcumine solution topically and patients received viramed cream and patient received no treatment. The patients group which received glycerol"control positive" showed a significant differences in duration of healing compared with group I and group II. While, patients group which received viramed topically showed no significant differencescompared with group III and IV in related to duration of pain and show significant difference with group I, III and IV in relation to duration of healing. Conclusions: Topical application of viscaus carcuminesolution 30% showed a good effective response on RHL compared with other antiviral agent with the lower percentage of adverse effect, and further study for its effect on other oral lesion may be recommended.


Article
The therapeutic effect of viscous solution of curcumine in the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS)

Author: Maha T Al–Saffar
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 48-52
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aim: To determine the various therapeutic effect of different concentrations of viscous curcumine solution on the healing of ulcer in patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). Materials and Methods: A total of 83 patients with RAS divided into four groups: Group A: Thirty patients received viscous solution of curcumine 10%; Group B: Thirty three patients received viscous solution ofcurcumine 50%; Group C: Ten patients without treatment (control negative); and Group D: Tenpatients received glycerin treatment (control positive). Results: Females were more affected than maleswith RAS (69.9% female and 30.1% male) and upper and lower labial mucosa were the most commonsite of the lesion. The results also showed significant difference between complete healings in patients using viscous solution of curcumine 50% and 10% respectively, and patients without treatment (control negative), while there was no significant difference between the complete healing in patients use 50% of solution and 10 % of the same solution. Conclusion: Topical application of viscous solution of curcumine at 10% and 50% showed a good percentage of complete healing of ulcer in patients with RAS and further study for its effect on other oral lesion may be recommended.


Article
Efficacy of Paracetamol versus Celebrex on the Control of Post Operative Complications of Lower Third Molars

Author: Maha T Al-Saffar
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 24-31
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To compare the efficacy of celebrex 400 mg orally one time daily with paracatamol 1000 mg orally four times daily on reducing post operative oral complication (facial swelling, trismus and pain) after third molar surgery. Materials and Methods: A total of 45 patients (24 females, 21 males) with impacted lower third molars divided into two groups; Group I: Twenty patients treated with paracetamol 1000 mg orally four times daily. Group II: Twenty five patients treated with celebrex 400 mg orally one time daily. Results: The mean age of patients was (29.17 ± 5.0) in group I and (27.1± 4.9) in group II with no significant differences, with a higher percentage of mesioangular impaction 40% among other type of impaction in two groups. Patients in group II suffer from less facial swelling and trismus with a significant differences p ≤ 0.05 compared with group I, but the two groups showed no significant differ-ences in related to pain (p> 0.05) after third molar's surgical removal. Conclusions: Celebrex is more effective than paracetamol with less frequency of administration and longer duration of action in reduc-ing post operative oral complication (swelling and trismus), but with some analgesic effect after surgical removal of lower third molars


Article
Gagging: A problem in prosthetic dentistry and its medical treatment

Authors: Nagham H Kassab --- Maha T Al–Saffar
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 168-173
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study was designed to diagnose and treat patientshaving gagging reflex whom need prosthetic treatment; patientsin this study were wearing denture or received new one;those attending Prosthodontic Department/ College of Dentistry/University of Mosul.The sample of this study was 243 patients consisting of167 males and 76 females and their ages ranged between 22–79 years old. All of them had either single upper, partial orcomplete denture excluding from this study all patients whodid not have denture before, because this study directed towardprosthetic patients only.A sample, which consists of 243 patients, was dividedinto two main groups according to their response to gag reflex.The first one represented the control group which consistedof 200 patients, those did not have gagging reflex problemwhile the second group which represented those patients whothey suffer from gagging problem when they are wearing orduring denture insertion and consisted of 43 patients: Eachone of them subdivided furthermore into subgroups accordingto patient’s medical health status and sex. The second group(gagging patient) subdivided furthermore into 3 subgroupsaccording to severity of gag reflex in which according to that,treatment plan had been made and it consisted of psychologicaltreatment only for patients with mild and moderate gaggingand medical and psychological treatment for patients withsevere gagging reflex which include metoclopromide and valium2.The result of this study demonstrated that those patientswith severe gagging reflex problem reflect difficulties duringprosthetic treatment which required medical and psychologicaltreatment, which include reassurance of patient with explanationof steps of prosthetic treatment plan to reduce fear andanxiety before any prosthesis construction and the responseof those patients to medical treatment was approximately58.3% to this treatment and it was concluded that any type ofprosthetic treatment in patients with gagging reflex requiredmedical and psychological treatment plan.


Article
The ability of different curcumine sol-utions on reducing Candida albicans bio-film activity on acrylic resin denture base material

Authors: Maha T. Al–Saffar --- Eman A. Mustafa --- Nagham H. Kassab
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 32-37
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To measure candidal biofilm activity using pH changes of stomastat, to evaluate the effect of different types of curcumine solution on Candida albicans biofilm that attached on acrylic resin denture base material (A.R.D.B.M.) and the correlation of initial number of yeasts inoculated with the pH value of stomastat after 24 hours incubation period. Materials and Methods: In general, the number of acrylic resin samples that had been used in this study was 20 samples. Curcumine solution had been dissolved in three different solvents, those were ethanol, viscous (glycerine), and sterile distilled water, while cholrhexidine (CHX) alone used as a control negative and distilled water used as a control positive. The diameter of inhibition zone for the different curcumine solution had been measured and compared with control (–ve, and +ve); the biofilm activity of Candida albicans on A.R.D.B.M. was measured by a new method using pH change of stomastat. Results: Demonstrated that the ability of curcumine solution to decrease fungal biofilm activity on A.R.D.B.M varied depending upon the type of solvent in which the solution had been dissolved, and ethanolic solution (50%) was the most effective in reducing biofilm activity of C. albicans on A.R.D.B.M. when compared with CHX solution which is the most commercially used solution as denture cleanser. Conclusion: The ethanolic solution of Curcumine can be used in prosthetic dentistry as a new denture cleansing agent.


Article
Effect of stress on arterial blood pressure In dental students

Authors: Maha T Al–Saffar --- Karama MT Al–Nuaimy --- Tahani A Al–Sandook
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 118-121
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To study the effect of stress and fear on blood pressure that are imposed on student beforeattending examination in particular final year examination at the College of Dentistry. Subjects andMethods: Arterial blood pressure (indirect method ) was measured for 99 dental student (21 + 0.6years) before 30 minutes of final examination on a particular subject and immediately afterexamination. Result: The data reflected a significant increase in systolic blood pressure before passingthe final examination, whereas there was no significant increase in the diastolic blood pressure in allstudents. Conclusions: Stress produces a significant elevation in blood pressure that can be controlledby systemic defense mechanisms naturally present.

Keywords

Stress --- blood pressure --- examination


Article
The Effect of New Formula (Nut Meg Extract) As A Mouth Wash Compared With Chlorhexidine Mouth Wash

Authors: Ghada A Taqa --- Rafi' A Al–Talib --- Maha T Al–Saffar --- Amer A Taqa
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 189-196
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To compare the anti–plaque and anti–inflammatory effects of new mouth rinse (nut meg) to the conventional chlorhexidine anti–inflammatory and anti–plaque effects (in vivo study). Materials andMethods: Sixteen dental students in the final year participated in this study (2 females and 14 males) aged 22–23 years (mean 22.5 years). A double blind study was carried out by measuring plaque index,modified gingival index and bleeding index pre–treatment and post–treatment with the two mouth rinses (nut meg and chlorhexidine). The same volunteers were participated in the two test periods andeach period lasted 5 days with a wash out twice daily. Deterioration rate for each parameter was derived and used ass a unit of analysis. Results: The new mouth rinse (nut meg extract) had a significantanti–plaque and anti–inflammatory effects (measured by reduction in bleeding index), which was nearly equivalent to the anti–plaque and anti–inflammatory effects of chlorhexidine. No significant differencewas noticed between post–treatment group (p > 0.05) of the two mouth rinses regarding plaque and bleeding indices. Conclusion: The nut meg extract mouth rinse had anti–inflammatory effect which encourage its use in dentistry as a new mouth rinse for the treatment of gingivitis.


Article
Protective Effect of Topical Ibuprofen Against Dry Socket

Authors: Maha T Al–Saffar --- Tahani A Al–Sandook1 --- Mohammad S Suleiman
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 136-143
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To assess the clinical effect of topical preventive measures on the incdence of alveolar osteitis (dry socket) by inserting (either gelfoam sooked with ibuprofen suspension, or gelfoam sooked withmetronidazole suspension, or gelfoam alone) in the extraction socket following removal of lower posterior teeth. Materials and Methods: One hundred eighty patients were included in the present study, (86) males and (94) females aged between 13–65 years, they were divided randomly into four treatment groups. The first group included 43 patients (control –ve),who received no topical medication following extraction.Whereas, in the second (control +ve) group which comprised 44 patients, gelfoam alone was inserted in the socket of extraction. While in the third group, gelfoam impregnated with metronidazole suspension was placed in the extraction socket, this group included 50 patients.However 43 patients treated in the fourth group, where gelfoam sooked with ibuprofen suspension was packed into the socket following extraction. Results: Comparison of the incidence of dry socket amongthe study groups were performed. Statistical analysis revealed that the prevalence of dry socket were significantly affected by the sex and tooth number. The topical application of ibuprofen provided ahigher incidence of reduction in dry socket followed by metronidazole, while the application of gelfoam alone increased the incidence of this complication when compared with the remaining groups.Conclusion: This study showed that the topical ibuprofen suspension can be used as a prophylactic method to reduce the incidence of dry socket following removal of lower posterior teeth.

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