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Acute Accidental Poisoning in Children Admitted to Child’s Central Teaching Hospital in Baghdad

Author: Mohammed Habib Abdul-Hamed ,Raed Yeihya Salman, Mohammed Ali Mohammed
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 4 Pages: 506-513
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Poisoning defined as any substance causing a harmful effect when administrated accidently. Acute accidental poisoning is important medical emergency in children worldwide.OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of accidental poisoning in children, the association between accidental poisoning with gender and residence and to determine the clinical presentation and outcome of each poison.METHODS: A prospective study was carried out in Childs Central teaching hospital in Baghdad for all children bellow ten years with history of accidental poisoning during six months period Data including: age, gender, residence, type of poisoning, presenting symptoms, and outcome were studied.RESULTS: Total number of children admitted were 10280 cases, of these 250 cases were presented with history of accidental poisoning, accounting for (2.43%) of total cases admitted. Most of patients (93.2%) were within age group of 1-5years.Males to females ratio was (1.27:1).Most common poison was hydrocarbons(50.8%) followed by medications(31.2%) .Most of patients were from urban backgrounds(78.0%).Vomiting was the most common clinical presentation(28.8%). (80.0%) Patients discharged from emergency reception within 24 hours .The mortality rates were (0.8%) .CONCLUSION: Poisoning in children are well recognized problem and affecting large number of children. The mortality rate was low.

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