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Article
the Zionist propaganda means and their role in supporting the project of settlement in Palestine .
أساليب الدعاية الصهيونية ودورها في دعم

Author: Mohammed.Rasheed محمد رشيد صبار
Journal: Journal of the Center Palestine Studies مجلة مركز الدراسات الفلسطينية ISSN: 18195571 Year: 2010 Issue: 12 Pages: 181-195
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The topic area of that’s research dealing with role which played by Zionist propaganda by the Zionist settlement plan in Palestinian areas and importance of that’s field upon implement of that’s plan. In the beginning of that’s subject we analyzed the importance of propaganda plan by Zionist movement, after that we analyze the ideology which depend by Zionist Movement, a historical periods which developed the propaganda from beginning of Zionist movement until today. The question is what's the aims which Zionist propaganda try to achieve its and which means can depend upon to reach their aims, also how can the Zionist propaganda successes in achieve their aims.

لقد تناولنا في بحثنا هذا الدور الذي لعبته الدعاية الصهيونية في تدعيم المشروع الصهيوني الاستيطاني في فلسطين وما له من أهمية كبيرة في تحقيق أهداف هذا المشروع فقد استذكرنا في هذا البحث أهمية العمل الدعائي لدى الحركة الصهيونية وكذلك تناولنا الفلسفة التي تعتمدها الدعاية الصهيونية والاتجاهات التي تسير فيها والمراحل التاريخية التي مرت بها وكل مرحلة إلى ماذا كانت تهدف وأخيراً ذكرنا أهم الأساليب التي اعتمدتها الدعاية الصهيونية في تحقيق أهداف المشروع الاستيطاني في فلسطين وكيف انها نجحت في تحقيق أهدافها وما زالت تعمل من اجل استمرار نجاح هذا المشروع.


Article
Assessment of diametral tensile strength and microhardness of Glass ionomer reinforced by different amounts of Hydroxyapatite

Authors: Mohammed Rasheed محمد رشيد --- Raghad A. Mohammed رغد محمد
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2006 Volume: 18 Issue: 3 Pages: 17-20
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Back ground: Glass ionomer materials lack resistance to wear and pressure and are susceptible to moisture during the initial stages of setting and dehydration. So this study was done to assess diametral tensile strength and microhardness of glass ionomer reinforced by different amounts of hydroxyapatite.Materials and methods: In this study a hydroxyapatite material was added to glass monomer cement at different ratios: 10%, 15%, 20%, 25% and 30% (by weight). The diametral tensile strength test described by the British standard specification for zinc polycarboxylate cement was used in this study and the microhardness test was performed using Vickers microhardness testing machine and the microhardness values were calculated and statistical comparison was performed on the tested groups.Results: The group of glass ionomer cement that contains 20% hydroxyapatite has higher diametral tensile strength and microhardness values than other groups of this study. Also the results showed that the group of glass ionomer cement without hydroxyapatite has the lowest values of diametral tensile strength and microhardness than other groups. The groups of glass ionomer cement with 10%, 15%, 25% and 30% hydroxyapatites also showed increasing in diametral tensile strength and microhardness values in comparison with group of glass ionomer cement without hydroxyapatite.Conclusion: The addition of hydroxyapatite to conventional glass ionomer cement will increase its diametral tensile strengthand microhardness.

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