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Article
Structural and Linguistic Analysis of SMS Text Messages

Author: Muayyad Omran Chiad
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2009 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-13
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

The most obvious way in which the communicative behavior has changed is reflected in virtual environments with its different modes of communication.These new modes provide a rich testing ground for theories of language change.In accordance with all the other media, the Mobile technology,in particular SMS,has brought along its own language and culture.The language of the SMS is asynchronous,a single-channel,text-based,technologically mediated discourse.It reflects the unpredictable, unrestricted new communication technology and it evolves at an incredible speed.The following study hopes to provide an understanding of SMS English by analysing interactions in these texts as constituting another form of Computer-Mediated Discourse.The analysis tackles such topics as speech acts, humor ,the dichotomy of speech and writing in relation to SMS texts,and orthography.Based on more than 164 texts messages collected from the Internet and Personal correspondences,the study finds out that correspondents of SMS create new language to suit the restrictions of the media.Expressive speech acts comprise the majority among other acts because personal opinions and emotional state are conveyed in text messages intended mainly to build social relations.Humor is significant in SMS texts messages used as an attempt from correspondents to achieve relational goals.They use the established norms of writing and speaking discourse, in addition to a non-standard orthography.

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Article
Structural and Linguistic Analysis of SMS Text Messages

Author: Muayyad Omran Chiad
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2008 Volume: 6 Issue: 4 Pages: 15-27
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

The most obvious way in which the communicative behavior has changed is reflected in virtual environments with its different modes of communication.These new modes provide a rich testing ground for theories of language change.In accordance with all the other media, the Mobile technology,in particular SMS,has brought along its own language and culture.The language of the SMS is asynchronous,a single-channel,text-based,technologically mediated discourse.It reflects the unpredictable, unrestricted new communication technology and it evolves at an incredible speed.The following study hopes to provide an understanding of SMS English by analysing interactions in these texts as constituting another form of Computer-Mediated Discourse.The analysis tackles such topics as speech acts, humor ,the dichotomy of speech and writing in relation to SMS texts,and orthography.Based on more than 164 texts messages collected from the Internet and Personal correspondences,the study finds out that correspondents of SMS create new language to suit the restrictions of the media.Expressive speech acts comprise the majority among other acts because personal opinions and emotional state are conveyed in text messages intended mainly to build social relations.Humor is significant in SMS texts messages used as an attempt from correspondents to achieve relational goals.They use the established norms of writing and speaking discourse, in addition to a non-standard orthography.

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Article
Computer Mediated Communication and Discourse: The Effect on Writing Skill

Author: Muayyad Omran Chiad
Journal: journal of Human Sciences مجلة العلوم الانسانية ISSN: 19922876/25239899 Year: 2010 Volume: 1 Issue: 3 Pages: 395-420
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

This paper deals with Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) as an emergent communicative environment. CMC mostly occurs in text – based modes such as web-chat , bulletin board , electronic mail , away messages , etc . By means of CMC , online classroom can be established with a variety of subjects than that of the traditional classroom. Students need to be trained to be persistent and disciplined in order to learn from online courses. Accordingly, this research responds to lack of studies written about computer mediated environment as of interest to discourse analysts and as a tool for teachers of writing as well .

Keywords

Writing Skill --- Discourse


Article
Flouting and Violation of the Maxim of Quantity in Shakespeare’s Hamlet

Author: Dr. Muayyad Omran Chiad
Journal: AL-AMEED JOURNAL مجلة العميد ISSN: 22270345 23119152 Year: 2014 Volume: 3 Issue: 2 Pages: 29-57
Publisher: Shiite Endowment ديوان الوقف الشيعي

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Abstract

This study focuses on analysing the extent to which the maxim of quantity is either violated or flouted by the main characters in the play “Hamlet” by Shakespeare. The reason for selecting this play is that it has a tragedy genre and it is famous among the most tragedies. In addition , the play tackles many themes which are timeliness and they transcend time and space in themselves and still present in the modern world such as familial relationships, beingness of ghosts, political conflicts , struggles with a mother, stepfather, and beloved, surveillance and what happens after death . If this is the case, then the play is old, yet modern therefore it is a kind of super-literature. It is expected that characters favorably and expectedly either violate or flout the conversational maxims through the talkative trait in which people frequently disobey these maxims in order to achieve certain purposes. Therefore, it is noteworthy to take a close look at conversational exchanges in such a play. The findings of this study indicate that in many occasions the characters violated the maxim of quantity. Based on the findings of the study, it can be concluded that, people frequently violate this maxim in order to accomplish certain goals although cooperative principles describe the optimal practices in interaction in order to promote the process of conversation to be smoother for the interactants. In most of the instances, Polonius was talkative, redundant, and occasionally uninformative, and sometimes goes to the other extreme when too little information was given and these factors were in line with his genuine character in the play.

تركز هذه الدراسة على تحليل مدى تجاهل وانتهاك الشخصيات الرئيسية في مسرحية هاملت لشكسبير لمبدأ الكمية اللغوي. ويعود السبب في اختيار هذه المسرحية أنها مأساة ادبية تشتهر من بين أكثر المآسي في الأدب العالمي. بالإضافة إلى ذلك، تناول المسرحية العديد من المواضيع التي هي صالحة لكل زمان بحيث تتجاوز الزمان والمكان في حد ذاتها حيث لا تزال موجودة في العالم الحديث مثل العلاقات الأسرية، ووجود الاشباح، والصراعات السياسية والصراعات مع الأم وزوج الأم والحبيبة، وماذا يحدث بعد الموت. وإذا كان هذا هو الحال، تكون المسرحية قديمة وحديثة بنفس الوقت، ولذلك هي نوع من أدب العظماء. ومن المتوقع أن الشخصيات في المسرحية تنتهك ثوابت التخاطب بشكل إيجابي من خلال كثرة الكلام فالشخصيات كثيرا ما تخالف هذا المبدا لتحقيق أغراض معينة. ولذلك من الجدير بالذكر أن نلقي نظرة فاحصة على التبادلات الحوارية في المسرحية. ونتائج هذه الدراسة تشير إلى أن الشخصيات في مناسبات كثيرة انتهكت مبدأ الكمية. واستنادا إلى النتائج التي توصلت إليها الدراسة، يمكن أن نخلص إلى أن الناس في كثير من الأحيان يخالفون هذه الثوابت من أجل تحقيق أغراض معينة على الرغم من تعارض ذلك لمبدأ التعاون الحواري والذي يصف الممارسات الفضلى في مجال الاتصال من أجل تسهيل عملية المحادثة لتكون أكثر سلاسة للمستمع والمتكلم على حد سواء، فقد انتهك بولونيوسفي معظم حالات هذا المبدا بكثير من الكلام الزائدة عن الحاجة، وأحيانا لا يزود باي معلومة، ويذهب أحيانا إلى النقيض الآخر عندما يعطي معلومات قليلة جدا، وهذه العوامل تتماشى مع شخصيته الحقيقية في المسرحية.


Article
The Speech Act of Praise in the Holy Qur'an

Author: Muayyad Omran Chiad
Journal: Journal Dawat مجلة دواة ISSN: 24115711 Year: 2016 Volume: 2 Issue: 7 Pages: 7-36
Publisher: the Holy Shrine of Imam Hussein العتبة الحسينية المقدسة

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Abstract

The study of speech acts has received a great deal of attention by linguists, philosophers, and researchers. Among these speech acts is the praise speech act.Praise is , in fact , part of the positive politeness strategies which people always use to give support and confidence to each other. Praise represents a social strategy in that the speaker uses in his/her attempts to create rapport and relationship with the listener.For the sake of presenting and discussing the act of praising whether explicit or implicit, this research is carried out to shed light on the linguistic devices of praise in selected verses of the Holy Quran focusing on three levels of concern : Pragmatics ,semantics and syntax. After the analysis,the research finds out that praise is expressed both explicitly and implicitly ,in particular by the use of adjectives.

تلقى دراسة الأفعال الكلام قدرا كبيرا من الاهتمام من جانب اللغويين والفلاسفة والباحثين. من بين هذه الأفعال الكلام هو فعل الثناء. الثناء هو، في الواقع، جزءا من استراتيجيات إيجابية التي يستخدم فيها الناس دائماً لتقديم الدعم والثقة يبعضهم البعض. يمثل الثناء ستراتيجية اجتماعية حيث يستخدم المتكلم محاولات لإنشاء علاقة مع المستمع ، وهذا البحث يسلط الضوء على الإستراتيجيات اللغوية من الثناء في آيات من القرآن الكريم مع التركيز على ثلاثة مستويات: التداولية ودلالة والنحو وبناء الجملة. و بعد التحليل خلص البحث إلى أن الثناء معبر عنه صراحة وضمنا، لا سيما عن طريق استخدام النعوت

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Article
Non-verbal Signals in the Qura›nic Discourse

Author: Muayyad Omran Chiad
Journal: Journal Dawat مجلة دواة ISSN: 24115711 Year: 2017 Volume: 4 Issue: 14 Pages: 8-25
Publisher: the Holy Shrine of Imam Hussein العتبة الحسينية المقدسة

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Abstract

Non-verbal signals refer to the movements when human beings use to communicate with each other without speech or writing.They are important in communication as face-to-face conversation if not take the limelight from it. However, more research is necessary to confirm this point. This paper is an attempt to identify the non-verbal signals in the Qura’nic discourse by analysing,and characterizing them first and then exploring how they are manifested in the Holy Qura'n.The paper shows that the Quranic discourse is abundant with non-verbal signals which are useful to understand the creator's inclination in different degrees. They are considered important in the Qura'nic discourse ,therefore Almighty God enriches the verbal message to make it more persuasive and understandable for the reader.

الإشارات غير اللفظية هي الحركات التي يستخدمها البشر للتواصل مع بعضهم البعض دون الكلام أو الكتابة، وتعدّ تلك الحركات مهمة جدا في التواصل وتفوق اهميتها في التواصل وجها لوجه إذا لم تأخذ الأضواء منها. ويعدّ هذا البحث محاولة لمناقشة الإشارات غير اللفظية عن طريق وصفها وتحليلها ثم استكشاف تجلياتها في القرآن الكريم. وبيّنت الدراسة وجود الكثير من الإشارات غير اللفظية والتي أدّت وظيفة مهمة لفهم المتكلم بدرجة كبيرة في الخطاب القرآني. فهي تعتبر هامة في الخطاب القرآني حيث أن «الله سبحانه وتعالى» يثري الرسالة اللفظية لجعلها أكثر إقناعاً للمتلقي.

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