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King Hamurrabi's Role in the Babylonian Jurisdiction
دور الملك حمورابي في القضاء البابلي

Author: Muhammad Al-Bakri محمد عبد الغني البكري
Journal: Adab AL Rafidayn اداب الرافدين ISSN: 03782867 Year: 2011 Issue: 59 Pages: 523-514
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

King Hamurrabi is one of the distinguished kings in Mesopotamia for the great achievements he accomplished during his reign one of which was his achievement in the field of Babylonian Jurisdiction. He started a radical change in the administration of Judicial affairs and the appointment of judges. He is considered the supreme judge of the state who looked into the various legal cases. He was keen on issuing decrees which helped a lot in the development of the Babylonian Jurisdiction. Before the end of his reign, he issued a Famous law which is considered as one of the most important legal documents in the ancient near East.


Article
Death Punishment and the Styles of its Execution in the Babylonian Laws
عقوبة الموت في القوانين البابلية وأُسلوب تنفيذها

Author: Muhammad Al-Bakri محمد عبد الغني البكري
Journal: Adab AL Rafidayn اداب الرافدين ISSN: 03782867 Year: 2012 Issue: 63 Pages: 489-510
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The Old Babylonian Period (2006-1595 B.C.) is one of the richest periods for legal cuneiform texts, which encouraged researchers to do a lot of research on this aspect. One of such researches is the present one which deals with the death punishment as dictated by the Babylonian law in many items. This punishment had many forms of execution such as the normal killing, burning, hanging or drowning. This punishment was given to such crimes as murder, theft, adultery etc. and it amounted to the level of crime in the eyes of legislators.

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