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Differentiating Clayey Soil Layers from Electrical Resistivity Imaging (ERI) and Induced Polarization (IP)
تمییز طبقات التربة الطینیة من المقاومة النوعیة الكھربائیة (ERI) التصویریة (IP) والاستقطاب المستحث

Authors: Nadia A. Aziz --- Mahmoud R. AL- Qaissy --- Hussein H. Karim
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2013 Volume: 31 Issue: 17 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 3216-3234
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Electrical Resistivity Imaging (ERI) method is one of the most promisingtechniques which is well suited for the applications in the fields of geohydrology,environmental science and engineering. The present work is aimed to show theefficiency of 2D Electrical Resistivity Imaging (ERI) and Induced Polarization (IP) inprobing the subsurface soil for site investigation and differentiating the clayey soillayers as it is a common practice to measure the IP sounding along with resistivity forcorrect interpretation of field data. The study has demonstrated the practicalapplication of 2D ERI and IP tomography along 7 lines using Wenner- Schlumbergerarray. The data analysis comprises of 2D inversions using the RES2DINV software,thus 2D electrical resistivity and IP imaging sections have been obtained. The depth ofinvestigation was 4 m, and resistivity values range from <1 to 292 ohm.m. Twoelectrical layers were recognized: the upper layer with high resistivity (7-71 ohm.m)represents the loamy soil extends to a depth around 1.3 m; and the second layer withlow resistivity (<1-9 ohm.m) represents the clayey layer. Some anomalous low andhigh electric zones are appeared reflecting the inhomogeneity in deposits. The IPvalues are ranging from -2 to 17 mV/V showing good confirmation with resistivitydata, where high chargeability are associated with low resistivity. The study revealsthat combining IP with resistivity surveys is recommended since IP is, sometimes, veryeffective in relieving ambiguity in interpretation.


Article
2D and 3D Resistivity Imaging for Soil Site Investigation
المقاومة النوعیة التصویریة ثنائیة وثلاثیة الأبعاد للتحري الموقعي للتربة

Authors: Hussein H. Karim --- Mahmoud R. AL- Qaissy --- Nadia A. Aziz
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2014 Volume: 32 Issue: 1 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 249-272
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Electrical Resistivity Imaging (ERI) method is one of the most promisingtechniques which is well suited to applications in the fields of geohydrology,environmental science and engineering. The present work is aimed to show the efficiency of 2D Electrical Resistivity Imaging (ERI) and Induced Polarization (IP) in probing the subsurface soil for site investigation and differentiating the clayey soil layers as it is a common practice to measure the IP sounding along with resistivity forcorrect interpretation of field data. The study has demonstrated the practical application of 2D ERI and IP tomography along 7 lines using Wenner- Schlumberger array. The data analysis comprises of 2D inversions using the RES2DINV software, thus 2D electrical resistivity and IP imaging sections have been obtained. The depth of investigation was 4 m, and resistivity values range from <1 to 292 ohm.m. Two electrical layers were recognized: the upper layer with high resistivity (7-71 ohm.m)represents the loamy soil extends to a depth around 1.3 m; and the second layer with low resistivity (<1-9 ohm.m) represents the clayey layer. Some anomalous low and high electric zones are appeared reflecting the inhomogeneity in deposits. The IP values are ranging from -2 to 15 mV/V showing good confirmation with resistivity data, where high chargeability are associated with low resistivity. The study reveals that combining IP with resistivity surveys is recommended since IP is, sometimes, very effective in relieving ambiguity in interpretation.


Article
Optimum Site Selection for Groundwater wells using Integration between GIS and Hydrogeophysical Data

Authors: Nadia A. Aziz --- Raghad H. Hasan --- Zaidoon T. Abdulrazzaq
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2018 Volume: 36 Issue: 6 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 596-602
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

This paper aim to select the best site to drill a groundwater wells by using of Geographic Information System (GIS) as a tool for decision-making. The study conducted in Fadak farm in Bahr Al-Najaf which is located west and southwest of Najaf city, and extends more than (40 km) away from it, to drill a new wells for irrigations usages. The optimal location selected depending on the available hydrogeophysical data includes resistivity, depth, thickness and transmissivity of aquifer. The weighted factor maps generated for the evidence layers were given weights depending on the significance of each parameter, these parameters were integrated in GIS to precisely to find the preferable sites. Finally, region was divided in to three classes; good medium, and bad according to the importance of each input factors using an overly combing method.

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