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Article
Awareness of hookah smokers regarding its harmfulness among attendee of cafés in Erbil city
توعية مدخني الشيشة بمدى ضررها في حضور المقاهي في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Sangar Muhammad Ahmed --- Nazar Ali Doski
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 1361-1367
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Hookahs are water pipes that are used to smoke specially made tobacco that comes in different flavors. Hookah has many of the same health risks as cigarette smoking. This study aimed to assess the awareness of hookah smokers about its harmfulness and identify the reasons for smoking hookah. Methods: This study was conducted in all venues of cafes and restaurants located geographically in Erbil city during the period from June 27th, 2014 to February 4th, 2015. A questionnaire was used to obtain the smoking pattern, awareness and perceptions of 325 male peoples towards the harmfulness of smoking. Direct interview was used for data collection.Results: A total number of 325 male people participated in this study. Their age ranged from 18-25 years. Most of them were singles, from urban areas and preferred to smoke in café (61.8%). More than one person was using the same hookah. The average duration of smoking was more than 46 minutes. Around half of the participants (49.5 %) were smoking hookah with friends as a group activity and 35.1% had a headache and dizziness during smoking hookah. The overall awareness about the harmfulness of smoking the hookah was poor (56%). Conclusion: The overall awareness about harmful of smoking hookah was poor among attendees of cafes

Keywords

Awareness --- Hookah --- Smokers --- Erbi


Article
Physical and Psychological Self-Care Assessment for Disabled clients attending Emergency Management Center in Erbil City
تقييم الرعاية الشخصية للجوانب الجسمية والنفسية من ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة لمراجعي المركز العلاجي للطوارئ في مدينة اربيل

Authors: Sideeq Sadir Ali --- Jawdat Mamand ALhag Baker --- Nazar Ali Doski
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2015 Volume: 5 Issue: 3 Pages: 257-264
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Background :The World Health Organization’s (WHO) framework for measuring health for disability at both levels physical and psychological ‘activities including self-care, attending to one’s hygiene, dressing, and eating, also interpersonal interactions and relationships, and social relationships, especially family relationships .Objectives: This study aims to identify and assess the self care activities for disabled patients, and to identify the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and physical and psychological factors.Methods: The study is Descriptive study, the study sample were 51 disabled clients who had been attended to emergency management center ,the study start from 1/7/2014 to 1/2/2015, Constructed questionnaires were used to obtain the feedback, and interview was used as methods of data collection and data was analyzed using SPSS version 18. Results: The mean age of the participants was (36.66) years. Results revealed that feedback responses as a general was good in all factors underline the study, and the lowest score for physical self care was in items related to ability to do sexual activity while for psychological factors was for item related to concern of having any own personal psychotherapy .Conclusion: the study concluded that Self care assessment outcomes for disabled were positive for the most of the physical factors except for sexual intercourse while the psychological self care assessment were negative in many factors including haven't own personal psychotherapy, not engage in any intelligence in new area, and ability to read favorite booksRecommendation: The study recommended establishing rehabilitation centers for training disabled about physical and psychological care and informing these negative factors to the emergency management center so the information gained from self care assessment could lead to changes in some of physical and psychological aspect of disabled clients

خلفية البحث : وضعت منظمة الصحة العالمية اطر لقياس صحة ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة في كلا الاتجاهين الجسمي والنفسي وتشمل الرعاية الشخصية والحفاظ على النظافة الشخصية وإمكانية ارتداء الملابس والقابلية على تناول الغذاء وكذلك التفاعل وبناء العلاقات مع الآخرين وبناء العلاقات الاجتماعية وخصوصا مع العائلة.الهدف: تهدف الدراسة الحالية الى تقييم الرعاية الشخصية لذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة وايجاد العلاقة بين المتغيرات الديمغرافية والاجتماعية وبين العوامل الجسمية والنفسية لهم. المنهجية: الدراسة هي وصفية وشملت احدى وخمسون من ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة من اللذين يراجعون مركز الطوارئ وكانت فترة البحث للفترة من 1/7/2014 ولغاية 1/2/2015 وتم بناء الاستبيان لمعرفة ردود الافعال واستخدم اسلوب المحاورة لجمع المعلومات وتم تحليل المعلومات باستخدام نظام النسخة 18 من spss .النتائج: كان متوسط الاعمار هو 36.66 سنة واظهرت نتائج الدراسة بان ردود افعال المرضى كانت جيدة لكافة عوامل الحالة الجسمية التي تمت دراستها وكانت اقل الفقرات المتعلقة بالعوامل الجسمية هي ضعف في القابلية الجنسية و اما اقل الفقرات في الجانب النفسي فتتعلق بعدم توفر علاج نفسي خاص.الاستنتاج: استنتجت الدراسة بان الرعاية الجسمية لذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة ايجابية عدا الفعالية الجنسية وكانت الرعاية الشخصية للحالة النفسية سلبية ومنها عدم توفر علاج نفسي خاص وعدم المشاركة في اية نشاطات ذهنية وعدم قراءة الكتب المفضلة.التوصيات: اوصت الدراسة بضرورة العمل على ايجاد مراكزتاهيلية لغرض تدريب المراجعين للرعاية الجسمية والنفسية لغرض التخفيف من الاعباء عليه وضرورة تبليغ المركز العلاجي للطوارئ بالنتائج السلبية التي ظهرت في هذا البحث وان هذه المعلومات قد تساعد ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة من تحسين قابلياتهم الجسمية والنفسية.


Article
Master students’ feedback about the teaching and learning process in the College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University
ملاحظات طلاب الماجستير حول عملية التعليم والتعلم في كلية التمريض، جامعة هولير الطبية

Authors: Dara Abdulla Al-Banna --- Norhan M. Zaki --- Jawdat Mamand ALhag Baker --- Nazar Ali Doski
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Pages: 1433-1439
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Systems for evaluation of teaching and course quality in higher education institutions have long been established and are becoming increasingly common in many developed and developing countries. This study was carried out to identify and assess the feedback of master students in the College of Nursing.Methods: The study is a mixture of quantitative and qualitative design. The study sample included all master students who had attended the master course within two academic years (2012-2014) in the College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University. A formal questionnaire was used to obtain master students’ feedback, and an interview was used as the method of data collection.Results: The mean age of the participants was 33 years for males and 29 years for females. Results revealed that feedback responses as a general were good in all factors underlining the study, and the lowest scores were shown in items related to teacher-student’s relationship and classroom organization.Conclusion: Master students’ feedback was positive for most of the evaluation factors except teacher-student relationship and some items related to classroom organization.

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