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Article
Dissolution of calcium ion from teeth treated with different concentrations of Cinnamon water extract in comparison with sodium fluoride

Author: Nibal M. Hoobi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2010 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 101-104
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: Cinnamon is a common food spice containing many minerals. It is available in either stick
or powder form. The aim of this study was to test the ability of different concentrations of cinnamon
water extract to increase the resistance of enamel surface against acid dissolution compared to
sodium fluoride.
Materials and methods: 20 maxillary first premolars were treated with the selected solutions which
included cinnamon water extract (1%, 5%) and sodium fluoride 0.05% for two minutes once daily for 20
days interval, deionized water was used as control negative. Then the concentration of the dissolved
calcium ion in the etching solution of 2N HCl was measured.
Results: the least concentration of the released calcium ion was recorded for cinnamon water extract
1%, then sodium fluoride 0.05% and then cinnamon water extract 5%. However the difference was
statistically not significant between these agents. Highly significant difference was recorded between
water control group and the mentioned agents.
Conclusion: cinnamon is effective in mineralization and hardening of outer enamel surface, therefore it
is useful in increasing the tooth resistance against caries attack.
Keywords: Cinnamon water extract, Calcium dissolution, acid etching. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry
2010;22(3):101-104).

Keywords


Article
Caries severity in relation to oral health knowledge and behavior of third and fifth year dental students / University of Baghdad (A comparative study)

Author: Nibal M. Hoobi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 3 Pages: 164-168
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The knowledge of dental students is important because these individuals are the future dental healthproviders. The purpose of the present study was to explore the severity of dental caries in relation to oral healthknowledge and behavior between two different grades of undergraduate dental students in the College of Dentistry/ University of Baghdad.Materials and methods: One hundred dental students were included in this study (50 third years and 50 fifth yearstudents). A questionnaire was distributed among them to evaluate their oral health knowledge and behavior.Dental students were examined for recording of dental caries severity.Results: Data analysis revealed that third year dental students had higher mean of decayed surfaces (DS) andmissing surfaces (MS), compared to the other group, the difference was statistically highly significant (P<0.01) for DSand significant for MS (P<0.05), while fifth year dental students were found to have higher mean value of filledsurfaces (FS) and the difference was highly Significant (P<0.01). However, higher DMFS value was recorded for finalyear students without any significant difference. Oral health knowledge was better for fifth grade and the differencewas highly significant (p<0.01) except for the question about complete removal of dental plaque by brushing only,the difference was significant (p<0.05) .Oral health behavior of third grade students was at lower level, the differencewas highly significant (P<0.01) except for the questions about frequency of brushing and sweet eating, it wassignificant (p<0.05) and it was not significant difference regarding use of siwak.Conclusion: The findings of this study highlights that increase the theoretical education of dental students in additionto clinical experience will improve their oral health knowledge and behavior, which in turn affect positively the oralhygiene towards health promotion and prevention of oral diseases

كا ن الغرض من ھذه الدراسھ ھو معرفة مدى شدة تسوس الاسنان وعلاقتھا بمعرفة صحة الفم و السلوك بین مرحلتین مختلفتین من طلاب كلیة طب الاسنان /جامعة بغداد شملت ھذهالدراسھ مائة طالب (خمسون طالب من المرحلھ الثالثھ وخمسون طالب من المرحلھ الخامسھ).وقد تم توزیع استبیان مكون من مجموعة اسئلھ فیما بینھم لتقییم معرفتھم بصحة الفموالسلوك بالاضافھ الى فحص شدة التسوس لھؤلاء الطلاب.وكشف تحلیل البیانات ان طلاب المرحلھ الثالثھ لدیھم متوسط اعلى من الاسطح المتسوسھ والاسطح المفقوده وكان الفرقاحصائیا معنویھ عالیھ للاسطح المتسوسھ في حین كان طلاب السنھ الخامسھ لدیھم قیمھ اعلى لسطوح الاسنان التي تم علاجھا وكان الفرق احصائیا معنویھ عالیھ وسجلت قیمھ اعلىلمجموع الاسطح المتسوسھ والمفقوده والمعالجھ لطلاب المرحلھ الخامسھ وكان الفرق احصائیا غیرمعنوي.كانت معرفة صحة الفم والسلوك الصحي افضل للمرحلھ الخامسھ.اوضحتھذه الدراسھ ان التعلیم النظري لطلاب المرحلھ الخامسھ بالاضافھ الى الخبره السریریھ ادت الى تحسین معرفتھم بصحة الفم والسلوك وھذا بدوره اثر ایجابیا على العنایھ بالفم نحوتعزیز الصحھ والوقایھ من الامراض.


Article
Oral health knowledge and practices of women attending dental clinics of Baghdad University

Authors: Nibal M. Hoobi --- Raya R. Al-Dafaai
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2019 Volume: 31 Issue: 1 Pages: 42-47
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Knowledge is considered to be essential for developing healthy practices and preventing the main oral diseases. In some developing countries, women were at higher risk to develop these diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate women’s dental knowledge and practices through a specific questionnaire and the relationship with patient’s educational level and the number of their children.Subjects and method: Women, aged from 25-35 years old, were selected to participate in the current study. They were attending dental clinics in the teaching hospital of Baghdad University. Each participant was instructed to answer questionnaire sheet which is previously prepared in Arabic language by the authors. The total number of women was divided into three groups according to women’s educational level and the number of their children.Results: The number of women that participated in the study was 150. Higher percent of them (58.7%) have received instruction on the use of dental floss but 60.0% had no information about fluoride. Dental floss was used by only 24.7% of women. Higher percent of women eat candies, chocolate bars and cookies in between meals. Significant association was reported between educational level and oral health information. Educational level didn’t influence patients’ health practices. Frequency of follow-up appointments and toothbrushes changes were higher among women with less number of children.Conclusion: The study revealed important gaps in oral health practices especially in diet control and the use of dental floss. There is a need for frequent dental educational programmes among women to promote the proper practices and to achieve good oral hygiene.

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