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Structure and Context Between Negation and Question In Cave Sura
التركيب والسياق بين النفي والاستفهام في سورة الكهف

Author: Raaid Emad Ahmed رائد عماد أحمد
Journal: ADAB AL-BASRAH آداب البصرة ISSN: 18148212 Year: 2013 Issue: 64 Pages: 171-194
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة


Was and remains the Holy Quran focus of attention of scholars, the focus of their research in every place and time, it is certain Their inexhaustible of all the sciences and knowledge, dealing with the nuances, any word or character or the movement of which fit the location and agree the intent of both catches Employed interpretation and expressing or did not realize, Grammarians and who have had the right of contribution is a manifestation of the effort grammar Quran deserve thanks and praise. The between specialists in the science of the Koran and the interpretation the status of the Cave, holiness, and the reward of reads, or saves, leading the researchers to study different aspects of She just to study for the standing of this research as well as those studies which overflowed the Pens researchers and reveals some things in science as increased on revealed by the above research in different disciplines.The nature of the research required to address the first two Aksmh exile in the cave, and the second section deals with the question in the cave.Intended message to the study of Arabic sentence in the context of exile and the question as it came in the cave in terms of patterns of different nature, and the research on the extraction of linguistic data from the reality of Sura compared with the views of the grammarians, and this requires access in depth books on the linguistic heritage of the Arab, to discuss the material taken from Sura in the light of the views of the grammarians and discuss these views.And dealt with in the first section the actual sentence and nominal in the context of exile Asthllth the sense of exile and collected tools exile in the sura and divided to deny the case, and denies the past, and deny the future, the study said patterns of each tool, as contained in the sura and the role of the function of grammatical and semantic.The second part was about the actual sentence and nominal in the context of the question Asthllth question the sense of linguistic and terminological tools and then examined the question contained in the cave, following the same way as was done in the first section.I have tried in this research to avoid lengthy and digressions on topics, and therefore came Find the volume of information obtained by, as I tried my best to centralize the oldest and without warning, may reduce the importance of.

كان وما يزال القرآن الكريم محط أنظار الدارسـين ، ومناط بحثهم في كل مكان وزمان ، فهو معين ثرّ لا ينضب لكل العلوم والمعارف ، يتنـاول المعاني الدقيقة ، فكل كلمة أو حرف أو حركة فيه تناسب موقعها وتوافق القصد منها سـواء أدركه المشـتغلون بتفسيره وإعرابه أم لم يدركوه ، والنحويون الذين كانت لهم اسـهامات تعدُّ بحق مظهراً من مظـاهر الجهد النحوي بالقرآن الكريم تستحق الشكر والثناء .وقد بيَّن المختصون في علوم القرآن والتفسير مكانة سورة الكهف وقدسيتها وأجر من يقرؤها أو يحفظها ، مما حدا الباحثين على دراستها من مختلف الجـوانب ، فعمدت علـى دراستها ليقف هذا البحث الى جانب تلك الدراسات التي فاضت بها اقلام البـاحثين وليكشـف بعض الامور في علم النحو تُزاد على ما كشفت عنه البحوث السـالفة في مختلف الاختصاصات.وقد اقتضت طبيعة البحث ان اقسمه قسمين الأول يتناول النفي في سورة الكهف، والقسم الثاني يتناول الاستـفهام في سورة الكهف .تهدف الرسالة إلى دراسة الجملة العربية في سياق النفي والاستفهام كما جاءت في سورة الكهف من حيث أنماطها المختلفة وطبيعتها ، ويقوم البحث على استخراج المادة اللغوية من واقع السورة مع مقارنتها بــآراء النحاة ، وهذا يتطلب الإطلاع بعمق على كتب التراث اللغوي العربي ، لبحث المادة المأخوذة من السورة في ضوء آراء النحاة ومناقشة هذه الآراء.

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