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Association of certain sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of diabetic patients with quality of life
علاقة بعض الخصائص الاجتماعية والديموغرافية والسريرية لمرضى السكري مع نوعية الحياة

Authors: Tariq S. Al- Hadithi --- Saadia A. Khther --- Ronak N. Hussein
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2011 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 35-42
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Diabetes mellitus is a common and demanding health problem that has a great effect on everyday life of patients. This study was done to determine sociodemographic and clinical characteristics that affect the quality of life (QOL) of diabetic patients.Methods: A total of 300 patients with diabetes mellitus in Erbil city were included in this study. The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-100) questionnaire was applied for assessment of 6 domains of QOL using multiple regression analysis.Results: Type of work and body weight were the most significant factors shown to affect diabetic patients QOL domains. Type of work was significantly affecting physical (P=0.006), psychological (0.004), level of independence (P<0.001) environmental (P=0.007) and spiritual (P=0.009) QOL domains. Duration of diabetes was significantly affecting physical (P=0.002), psychological (P=0.037) and level of independence (P<0.001) domains. Body weight was significantly affecting physical (P=0.039), psychological (P=0.012), level of independence (P=0.036), social relationships (P=0.022) and spiritual (P=0.030) QOL domains.Conclusion: QOL had a variable significant association with certain socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of diabetics. There should be an emphasis on improving QOL of diabetics and consequently achieving better metabolic control.


Article
IMPACT OF DIABETES ON PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF QUALITY OF LIFE OF DIABETICS IN ERBIL CITY, IRAQ
تاثير السكرى على المجالين البدني والنفسي لنوعية حياة المرضى فى مدينة اربيل / في العراق

Authors: TARIQ S. AL- HADITHI طارق الحديثي --- SAADIA A. KHTHER سعدية خضر --- RONAK N. HUSSEIN روناك حسين
Journal: Duhok Medical Journal مجلة دهوك الطبية ISSN: ISSN: 20717334 (online)/ ISSN: 20717326 (Print) Year: 2010 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 49-59
Publisher: University of Dohuk جامعة دهوك

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Abstract

Background and objectives Quality of life is an important health outcome of all health interventions and has become a core issue in diabetic care. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of diabetes upon physical and psychological aspects of quality of life.Methods A case-control study was conducted at Shahid Layla Qassim Health Center for Diabetic Patients in Erbil city. A purposive sample of 150 types 1 and type 2 diabetic patients was selected according to the criteria of the study and compared to150 age and sex-matched controls free from diabetes. Data were collected through an application of the physical and psychological domains of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-100)questionnaire.Results Both physical and psychological domains were significantly lower (P< 0.001) for the diabetics than controls, with stronger effects on physical than psychological domain. There were highly significant statistical variations in the physical domain of QOL in relation to age (P= 0.017), gender (P= 0.004), level of education (P = 0.003), marital status (P=0.001), type of work (P=0.007), duration of diabetes (P< 0.001) and medications acquisition (P= 0.040).A highly significant statistical variations in the psychological domain of QOL in relation to the level of education (P=0.016), marital status (P=0.049), type of work (P=0.015), and medications acquisition (P=0.001) were demonstrated. Gender variation have a borderline statistical significance (P = 0.052).Conclusion Diabetic patients had lower physical and psychological QOL compared to controls. Diabetes had a greater impact on the QOL of females than males. Older diabetics are more affected physically than psychologically. Changes in health related QOL should bea part of management of diabetics.

خلفية واهداف البحث: تعتبر نوعية الحياة حصيلة صحية هامة لجميع التداخلات الصحية واصبحت قضيه جوهرية فى الرعاية بالسكرى. الهدف من الدراسة هو تقييم تاثير السكرى على نوعية الحياة في المجالات البدنية والنفسية.طرق البحث: تم اجراء دراسة للحالات و الشواهد في المركز الصحى للشهيدة ليلى قاسم لمرضى السكرى فى مدينة اربيل. اختيرت عينة غرضية من النوع الاول و الثانى لمرض السكرى عددهم 150 مريضا يقابلها 150 شخص بدون سكرى مطابقين لهم في العمر و الجنس . استخدم فى جمع البيانات للمجالين ( البدنى والنفسى) من نوعية الحياة الاستبيان الخاص لمنظمة الصحة العالمية WHO مكون من 100 فقرة.النتائج: كلا المجالين البدنى والنفسى لنوعية الحياة كان ذات اقل من دلالة(P<0.001) واظهرت للدراسة وجود اختلاف ذات دلالة احصائيه عاليه بين مجال البدنى لنوعية الحياة وما يتعلق بالعمر (P= 0.017)، الجنس (P= 0.004)، مستوى التعليم (P= 0.003)، الحاله الزوجية(P= 0.001)، نوع العمل (P= 0.007)، مدة المرض (P< 0.001)، استلام الادوية (P= 0.040). تبين ايضا" وجود اختلاف ذات دلالة احصائيه عاليه بين المجال النفسى لنوعية الحياة وما يتعلق بمستوى التعليم (P= 0.016)، الحاله الزوجية (P= 0.049)، نوع العمل (P= 0.015) و استلام الادوية (P= 0.001).الاستنتاج: كلتا الجوانب البدنية والنفسية لنوعية الحياة كانت متاثره بالسكرى، المجال البدنى متاثر اكثر منه على النفسى و تاثير السكرى على الاناث اكثر منه على الذكور وعلى كبار السن فوق 50 سنة اكثر منه على الشباب خاصة" في المجال البدنى.

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