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Article
Effect of active smoking on the tympanometry findings in adult men.

Author: Taghreed A. Hussain
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 2 Pages: 221-224
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Tympanometry findings are considered by many investigators to be associated with passive and active smoking.
Patients and methods: One hundred forty healthy adult men aged (20-50 years). 70 smokers and 70 non-smokers were recruited for the study. The examination included otoscopy, and screening tympanometry. Smoking history was ascertained by self –report. For each subject, age, smoking status and number of cigarettes per day were noted.
Results: There is a tendency for more negative middle ear pressure in smokers than in non-smokers though this difference may not clinically significant. There were no significant differences in ear canal volume, middle ear compliance and presence of Stapedial Reflex in both smokers and non-smokers groups. There was no correlation between middle ear pressure and duration of smoking and number of cigarettes smoked amongst smokers.Conclusion; A definitive study with a larger sample size is needed to explore the effects of smoking on findings of tympanometry in healthy men


Article
The effect of age on pulmonary performance using (FEV1/FVC) % as indicator

Authors: Ramaq G. W. Al-Kadi رمق الكادي --- Nadiya Y. Mohammed نادية يوسف --- Taghreed A. Hussain تغريد احمد حسن
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 4 Pages: 459-461
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: pulmonary function can change with age for normal individual's .Spirometric measurement for the ratio of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), the forced vital capacity and the ratio (FEV1/FVC) can reveal airway obstruction and the consequence change in pulmonary performance. These parameters can be different for different race /ethnic and gender.Methods: Pulmonary function test were carried out on 29normal male and 37 normal female the test parameters were FEV1 and FVC from which the ratio of FEV1/FVC %was calculated in relation to age. Iraqi average for FEV1 and FVC and FEV1/FVC % has also been obtainedResults: results of these tests reveled that the ratio of FEV1/FVC % is almost the same for individual's ages between 20-60 and a significant depression in the value of the ratio FEV1/FVC % for ages > 60 years.Conclusion: the effect may be linked with some changes in the airways in addition to the increased weakness in the muscles in the old age people. Keyword: spirometry, FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC and non-smokers healthy subjects

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