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Article
Musculoskeletal disorders: back and neck problems among a sample of Iraqi dentists in Baghdad city

Author: Zaheda J. Mohammad
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: 4 Pages: 90-95
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) represent an important occupational health issue in dentistry.
Musculoskeletal pain, particularly back pain, has been found to be a major health problem for dental practitioners
Aims: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of back and neck problems among a sample of
Iraqi dentists in Baghdad city.
Subjects and Methods: The self-administered questionnaire was prepared comprising of 16 questions including personal
details such as age, sex, occupation, specialty, weight. The study was conducted on sample of 100 dentists, were
randomly selected form College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, and private clinics in Baghdad city.
Statistical analysis used: The study was analyzed using chi-square test with help of SPSS software.
Results: the results of present study showed that back and neck problem among the dentist with 77% had complaints of
back and neck problem. 67% of subject excessively bending and twisting in order to gain better access to oral cavity.
There is significant relationship of back and neck problem with age, weight but no significant relationship of back and
neck problem with weekly working hours. About 60% of dentists contributed stress increased their back and neck
problems.
Conclusion: The prevalence of musculoskeletal complains among dentist is high and well documented. Stress and wrong
postural practices are the main contributing factors to back and neck problems among dentists.
Keywords: Back Pain, Neck Pain, Dentistry Posture, Dental therapy. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2011;23(4):90-95).

Keywords


Article
Study of salivary IgA concentrations, salivary flow rate in patients with β –thalassemia major in Missan Governorate

Authors: Jamal M. Diwan --- Zaheda J. Mohammad
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2015 Volume: 27 Issue: 3 Pages: 55-57
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Beta-thalassemia major is the most common monogenic known disorder in the Middle East,characterized by anomalies in the synthesis of the beta chains of hemoglobin resulting in variable phenotypesranging from severe anemia to clinically asymptomatic Individuals. This study aimed to evaluate salivary flow rateand salivary IgA in β-thalassemia major patients. Since many oral and systemic conditions manifest themselves aschanges in the flow and composition of saliva the dental practitioner is advised to remain up-to-date with this issue.Materials and methods: The study samples consist of (60) subjects, patients group composed of (30) patients with β –thalassemia major, age rang (5-23) years and (30) healthy locking subject of both sexes as control group, with agerange from (5-25) years.Results: Most patients were in the first and second decade of life (90%) this indicate a reduced life expectancy inthose patients, laboratory investigations for salivary IgA concentrations revealed a significant increase in means ofthis marker in compare with control group and this difference is statistically significant, (p= 0.05) at P value ≤0.05.Regarding the salivary flow rate there was a statistically significant decrease in mean of salivary flow rate inpatients group as compared with control group (P= 0.013).Conclusions: Beta-thalassemia major affects salivary flow rate and SIgA concentration

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