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Article
الإمـام الحسـين قـارئا ومفـسراً

Author: عصام كاظم الغالبيّ
Journal: The islamic college university journal مجلة كلية الاسلامية الجامعة ISSN: 62081997 Year: 2017 Volume: 1 Issue: 43 Pages: 423-449
Publisher: College Islamic University / Najaf كلية الاسلامية الجامعة / النجف الاشرف

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Abstract

Imami replete with interpretations of ancient and modern irrigated thousands of conversations about the people of infallibility House, including Imam Hussein in the interpretation of the verses of the Koran and the statement of the meanings of words, how did they amended the Koran in their homes came down?! They with the Qur'an, and the Qur'an with them, Avarkonh not even respond to the Messenger of Allah pelvis, "The Prophet forbade their progress, saying:" Not Tkdmoheme Vthlkua, Talmoheme they do not know you. "The general interpretations did not prejudice the mostly refer to the words of the people of the house and Nahil of their help, but her martyrdom was a little too as measured Ptvassir Imami, a varying with each other in remembrance of martyrdom of Imam Hussein Almruyat for peace be upon him.This research is an attempt to shed light on what was narrated from Imam in the books of the two teams with respect to the Koranic readings and useful interpretive issues of the most important books of interpretation with them, so toxicity (Imam Hussein, a reader and interpreter)The nature of the search warrant that divides the two sections, the first section dealt with in irrigated readings for Imam Hussein directed at them, explaining their impact on the text of the Quran, the second section devoted to detailed accounts of interpretation for different purposes, then the Qur'aan the most important findings of the research results

تابع الباحث كتب التفسير عند الفريقين واستقرى أغلب ما ورد فيها من مرويات الإمام الحسين في القراءات والتفسير مصنفا إياها بحسب موضوعاتها العامة، ولعل أهم ما توصل إليه البحث ما يأتي: وجد الباحث أن عددا لا يستهان به من المرويات عن الإمام الحسين قد رويت عنه a بلا سند للرواية، لذا هي بها حاجة إلى التحقيق فيها والتثبت منها، ليتيقن من ورودها عنه a ثم اعتمادها نصا معينا في تفسير القرآن.  لم تخلُ أغلب التفاسير من ذكر القراءات القرآنية لألفاظ القرآن ونسبتها إلى قرّائها والتعليق عليها وبيان المعاني التي تؤديها،، ومنها القراءات المنسوبة إلى الإمام الحسين a فقد رووا عنه عددا من القراءات القرآنية معلقين على معلقين عليها ذاكرين المعنى الذي أدته. تتعدد الآراء التفسيرية في كتب التفسير باختلاف المفسرين واختلاف مشاربهم، ويحاول أغلب المفسرين أن يحيط بأغلب ما ذكره الأئمة والصحابة والتابعون في تفسير لفظة أو عبارة قرآنيتين، وممن روى عنهم المفسرون الإمامُ الحسين a؛ إذ استشهدوا بعدد من الروايات المروية عنه في بيان معنى كلمة أو عبارة قرآنية أو سبب نزول آية أو في من نزلت الآية.  لم يتعامل مفسرو العامة مع مرويات الإمام الحسين على أنها ملزمة ومقدمة على غيرها في التفسير وإنما نظروا إليها على أنها رأي من الآراء التي وردت في تفسير الألفاظ أو الآيات القرآنية، فتراهم يقدمون عليه غيره في تسلسل ذكر الآراء، وقد يخالفونه الرأي في مواضع.


Article
الحسـين شاهـداً وشهـيداً وحاكـماً

Author: أحمد راسم النفيس
Journal: The islamic college university journal مجلة كلية الاسلامية الجامعة ISSN: 62081997 Year: 2017 Volume: 5 Issue: 43 Pages: 227-268
Publisher: College Islamic University / Najaf كلية الاسلامية الجامعة / النجف الاشرف

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Article
إنـسانية الإمـام الحسـين عليه السلام

Author: ذكرى رشيد بدن
Journal: The islamic college university journal مجلة كلية الاسلامية الجامعة ISSN: 62081997 Year: 2017 Volume: 5 Issue: 43 Pages: 515-540
Publisher: College Islamic University / Najaf كلية الاسلامية الجامعة / النجف الاشرف

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Abstract

Imam Hussein (PUH) lighted an immortal torch that illuminates the path of humanity forever. During his life and through his martyrdom, he lined a path of truth and freedom for those who seek that path.This research review the humanity of Imam Hussain (PUH) from his birth and his upbringing and raising in the house of his grandfather, the Messenger of God (Allah bless him and his family) who guide him through childhood,and discuss the effect of his father, Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (PUH) and his mother Fatima Al-Zahra (PUH) and his relationship with his elder brother, Imam Hassan (PUH) and his sister Zainab (PUH).The research discuss also his relationship with his supporters and enemies and will show the reasons that was led gradually to his revolt and why he sacrificed himself in order to maintain the continuity of the message of his grandfather (may Allah bless him and his family). His love for humanity, justice and the establishment of the right, and his fight with the oppressed against the oppressor formed the key points of his immortal revolution.To endorse Yazid, Imam Hussain (PHU) would no doubt will get a handsome reward and a life of luxury, but to refuse would invariably lead to his own demise In his letter to his brother Mohammed Bin Hanafiyyah,he stated the aims and objectives of his uprisingby writing:"And surely the aim of my stand is not inspired by vain exultation and it is also not for the quest of kingdom, Neither it is to cause dissension and corruption nor it is to wrong anybody unjustly.""The purpose of my stand is the reformation of my grandfather's nation. I intend to enjoin goodness and forbid evil. I want to emulate my grandfather, the Holy Prophet (S)and my father Alt Bin Abu Talib (A). He (PHU) believed that his true victory would be realized through his martyrdom, since there was no one else to stand up for the oppression. He knew that the nation would not wake up except by such a great shock. Lastly, all the good values and ideas of humanity were part of his soul, so he never support evil against right, not from weakness to strength, but tried to reestablish the foundations of morality that was brought by his grandfather (God bless him and his family) in order to achieve God's justice in the earth.In the end, he (PUH),one man stands alone against an army of thousands, refusing to surrender to his enemies.

1- ان الامام الحسين a هو معدن العلم والتقى وآية الصلاح والنهى وصاحب النهج السمح السويّ والذي لا يلحقه فيما حباهُ الله اللاحقون ولا يسبقه السابقون، فهو زرعُ الله وزرعُ رسوله وقد تربى على صدر أمير المؤمنين علي a وفي حجر سيدة النساء فاطمة الزهراء (سلام الله عليها).2- بقي الإمام الحسين a المتسامي العظيم في أخلاقه وانسانيته وعطفه وحبه وتواضعه، وقد شكل موئلاً لتصحيح عقيدة الناس ودينهم سواء في التوحيد أم في الإمامة المتمثلة بأبيه وأخيه وبهِ، وأرسى قواعد الأخلاق التي جاء بها الرسول الكريم محمد i والذي ذكره الله في كتابه الكريم [وَإنَّكَ لَعَلَى خُلُقٍ عَظيِمٍ]، سورة القلم (الآية 4).3- نهض الإمام بثورته الخالدة بعد ان كادت القوى الظالمة والكافرة أن تشيع الفساد والظلم والجور في الأرض فقام ثائراً مجاهداً في سبيل الله لتكون كلمة الله هي العليا وكلمة الذين كفروا السفلى، وللحفا على رسالة جده المصطفى i واستمرارها وليعيش الانسان من بعده حراً كريماً ينعم بالعزة والكرامة.4- لم يبخل الإمام الحسين a بنفسه طرفة عين محتسباً صابراً مقدماً أغلى ما يملك من أولاده واخوته وأنصاره كأنهم البدور الطوالع قدمهم قربان لله تعالى. ليترك لنا درساً عميقا وإنسانية عظيمة وذكراً خالداً راسماً للسائرين على دربه ونهج حبه وموالاته دوائراً متميزة لخدمة القضايا المقدسة وتحقيق عدالة الله في الارض وان لا يرزح الإنسان تحت ظلم العبودية مهما كان الثمن غالياً.


Article
مدرسة الإمام الحسـين عليه السلام للشعراء المسيحيين

Author: علي أصغر ياري
Journal: The islamic college university journal مجلة كلية الاسلامية الجامعة ISSN: 62081997 Year: 2017 Volume: 2 Issue: 43 Pages: 409-426
Publisher: College Islamic University / Najaf كلية الاسلامية الجامعة / النجف الاشرف

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The Christian literature, especially in the contemporary era derived some article from Islamic Heritage This study addressed one of the Islamic issues that influenced directly or indirectly on the most of world's literatures and that issue is the revolution of Imam Hussein (AS) and the tragedy of KarbalaThere are some christians authors who have taken their material literary from tragedy of KarbalaAs we studied in this article is the aspect of the revolution of Karbala and that is redemption of Imam Hussein (AS) for the sake of God and to defend Islam Which was reduced stature and credibility by Bani-omayyahChristian thinkers believed that the redemption and martyrdom are a corner of the Christian religion, and there is a basic similarity between redemption and the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (AS) and Jesus (AS),There are some poets who employ heritage figures like John (p), and Socrates to the similarities between how to kill them and the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (AS).Our intention in this article is the of Imam Hussein (AS) when poets contemporary Christians who believe in Imam Hussein (AS) as best example of redemption and get rid of injustice and disbelief.And the most descriptions which christians poets see associated with the redemption of Imam Hussein (AS) is his courage in this way.Keywords: Imam Hussein (AS), Contemporary Christian Poetry, The redemption, The bravery

حينما نلقي النظر على الشعر المسيحي - ولاسيما في الحقبة المعاصرة - نلاحظ إقبالاً واسعاً من قبل بعض الشعراء المسيحيين على أدب الطف. هذا البحث يدرس تضحية الإمام الحسين a وشجاعته في شعر المسيحيين العرب، إذ يعتقد المفكّرون المسيحيّون أن الفداء والاستشهاد يشكلان ركن الدين المسيحي الأساسي.هناك وجوه تشابه بين تضحية الإمام الحسين a واستشهاده و بين تضحية المسيح a، كما يقوم بعض الشعراء بتوظيف الشخصيات التراثية نحو: يحيى (يوحنّا) a، وسقراط من أجل وجوه التشابه بين كيفية قتلهم واستشهاد الإمام الحسين a.الشعراء المسيحيين المعاصرين الذين يرون في الإمام الحسين a خير قدوة للتضحية والتخلص من الظلم والكفر، كما يرونه مستشهَداً في سبيل الله سبحانه وتعالى كما استُشهِدَ المسيح a من قبل، ومن أكثر الأوصاف التي يرى الشعراء المسيحيون مرتبطاً بتضحية الإمام الحسين a هي شجاعته في هذا الطريق.الكلمات الرئيسة: الإمام الحسين a، الشعر المسيحي، التضحية، الشجاعة.


Article
الإمـام الحسـين عليه السلام وثـقافة العصـر

Author: حيدر كريم الجمالي
Journal: The islamic college university journal مجلة كلية الاسلامية الجامعة ISSN: 62081997 Year: 2017 Volume: 5 Issue: 43 Pages: 285-298
Publisher: College Islamic University / Najaf كلية الاسلامية الجامعة / النجف الاشرف

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Abstract

Praise be to Allah، the Lord praise and credit for aphids and charity and prayer on the best creatures envoy Mohammed honored and his family، and followed until the Day of religionAfter: The defective on the nation possesses in civilizations unique personality such as Hussein-pw with Noorani thinking، Samia their religion religion like Bokhalagaha be an example to everyone in their preference for the Hereafter on this mortal life account، determined to show the reality of slavery، missionary to get out supervisor towards injustice and Alaudan as we listen to his voice in a manual -a- deferral: what came out Asherah nor elated nor unjust، nor a spoiler but exited the request of reform in my grandmother. Nation wanted her grandfather to be one of the best nations including Hoha Lord of the teachings and transmit them through a personal messenger's Y ethics of tolerance، I say here it is shameful that we have not personally holy inimitable do not make it our asset and ammunition، personal missionary including made-Islamic civilization، to ask for reform for ourselves and then for the people with wisdom and good advice so as not to leave constants Hussein -a-.It is nice to hear Btoaiv non-Muslim believes this renaissance of Imam Hussein-pw and affected by it، and they have chosen to live forever on behalf of themselves، Valhasin Khaled forever.Hussein has made -a- informed degree in human history، and rose to the level of the tournament Bmosath sacrifice، which involve the highest sense of martyrdom for the sake of social justice. The Hussein-pw revolution was shining، which illuminated tract for those who wanted the march of Islam in the right way migration، and the silent mirror to get rid of the present experienced by the nation، and the reality، which was sipping at Oglalh.kadd was Imam Hussein -a- sole heir to the Muhammadiyah revolution that provided by Islam at the hands of the only reformer grandfather Prophet Muhammad-R- on thrones reckless arrogant ignorance at Geha، pagan religion، to save the oppressed in the land of Gore، injustice، oppression، enslavement، these and other prevailed in that dark period came to Islam Fmha all this injustice، and continued his letter، the existence of his family who have dedicated themselves to service this debt and sacrifice in order to continue، we find in the Al-Hussein continuation of his grandfather، the Messenger of Allah was told: that Islam Mohammadi presence Hosseini survive.Search came in two axes:I: The title: Imam Hussein pw-cultural curriculum Rsalia،Second: cultural awareness in the Imam Hussein-pw revolution.The two were tied up all the dimensions that I collected and arranged in two axes we can be glimpsed by memorization of dimensions that can be glimpsed and tally in this process generous blessed and I'm sure I can not collect everything that surrounds this issue being taken humane and civilized dimension beyond perceptions and this was confirmed by the peoples Renaissance contemporaries or subsequent and different nations and sects and creeds. But I did Hasbi and India have reconciled.


Article
قراءة فـي أسـاليب خُطـب الإمـام الحسـين عليه السلام

Authors: عدنان كاظم مهدي --- صادق فوزي دباس
Journal: The islamic college university journal مجلة كلية الاسلامية الجامعة ISSN: 62081997 Year: 2017 Volume: 4 Issue: 43 Pages: 389-406
Publisher: College Islamic University / Najaf كلية الاسلامية الجامعة / النجف الاشرف

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Abstract

Studies that examined Husseini revolution of poetry and prose and historical events، intellectual and social attitudes have varied، researchers have elaborated in the analysis and draw lessons from it and perhaps the sermons of Imam Hussein have had much luck in the research and studies، including seminary and academy. In our research we have taken from the sermons of Imam (Peace be upon him) a field of study has sought to study those speeches in terms of stylistic to elucidate the most common diets in the discourse between the speaker and the listener. Despite the lack of speeches that we received from Imam (Peace be upon him) but it contained multiple graphic techniques and methods of orbital We will examine those methods in the light of recent studies on the speech as a concept critical interview.The search consists of paving the concept of discourse and the most important views that I taught speech and levels of discourse and its components. And then touched on the most important methods contained in the speech Husseini It is located in relation to the first two axes style speech chart and the second included letter-orbital method.In conclusion، search ended to a number of conclusions from them that all of these methods were intended to awaken the receiver and configured to perform its social role according to the correct Islamic path through the investment of technical، linguistic and mental energies to steer public opinion toward achieving the goals of the march timeless Husseini.

وفي ختام البحث توصل البحث إلى نتائج عدة منها:1- إن أساليب الخطاب قد تنوعت تبعا للموقف والظروف والأحداث التي رافقت النص الخطابي فكانت وعظية إصلاحية دعوية حجاجية.2- رافق البيان الأسلوب الخطابي في خطب الإمام الحسينa فاعتمده في كثير من المواقف لتوضيح موقفه ورؤاه تجاه القضايا المصيرية التي تهم المجتمع الإسلامي.3- لم يتوانى الإمام a في خطابه الدعوي عن استثمار بلاغته وفنه الخطابي في التبليغ وتوفير النصح والمكاشفة مع أصحابه وإلقاء الحجة على خصومه.4- استند خطاب الإمام a على الحجج والأدلة العقلية في إقناع الطرف المقابل، وكان ينطلق من رؤى دينية واجتماعية وأخلاقية.5- وضع الإمام الحسين a في خطابه بعض الحقائق التي لم يتمكن أعداؤه من إنكارها، وقد أصبحت تلك الحقائق منهجا خطابيا للأجيال القادمة.6- كانت أساليبه البيانية تحمل دلالات عديدة وصور متنوعة تصب في تكثيف الحدث وإيجازه مع سعة المعنى وتطرقه لمواضيع شتى7- اتخذ الإمام الحسين a الحوار واستجواب الطرف المقابل سبيلاً للهداية والتبليغ ورفع الغشاوة عن أصحاب الضلال والفتن.


Article
الرمزية في أقوال الإمـام الحسـين عليه السلام منذ إعلانه الثورة وحتى استشهاده - دراسة تاريخية

Author: حيدر لفتة سعيد
Journal: The islamic college university journal مجلة كلية الاسلامية الجامعة ISSN: 62081997 Year: 2017 Volume: 1 Issue: 43 Pages: 29-81
Publisher: College Islamic University / Najaf كلية الاسلامية الجامعة / النجف الاشرف

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Abstract

The image can be expressed by a sign or a mark which remind something absent. And the job of the job of the image is to communicate some meaning to conscience by a method, for, it is impossible to communicate by a normal method. Imam Hussein (A-S) declared his revolution and his reformative method by a great scream but it seems that the people were in a deep valley, under injustice, violence and fear. The methods which depends on act and speech become not effective in the Islamic society. So that Imam Hussein made use of the imagery by different ways in order to probate his goal to waken the Islamic nation from it's sleep in spite of ummayad efforts to stop this mission.Imam Hussein (A-S) imagery was in many ways, one of them was in his speech sermons, dialogues, and his calls.

مما تقدم توصلت إلى تثبيت ما يلي:1- أظهر البحث أن الإمام الحسين a ما فتئ يركز على الهدف من برنامجه الإصلاحي وموقف السلطة منه منذ عشية خروجه من مكة وحتى يوم استشهاده.2- إن الإشارات الموحية لم تكن قاصرة على المجتمعين في المدينة أو الخارجين لحربه في الكوفة بل شملت أيضاً حتى كبار أبناء الصحابة بل حتى أخوته وأبناء عمومته.3- كشف البحث أن الإمام a لم يترك وسيلة إلا واستعان بها لتبليغ رسالته التي تضمنت تارةً معنى واضحاً وأخرى أبطنت أكثر من معنى.4- أظهر أيضاً أن الإمام a في كل إشاراته وإيحاءاته كانت دقيقاً في اختيار عباراته بما لا يترك مجالاً لمتعذر أو مشكك.5- غالباً ما احتوت الخطب على أشارات أوفر من غيرها ذلك أن طبيعة الخطب والموقف تسمح بذلك مقارنة بالمحاور الأخرى.

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