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Handicrafts against Imported Goods Socio anthroplogical Study In Mosul Market
الحرف اليدوية في مواجهة السلع المستوردة دراسة سوسيو انثروبولوجيا في سوق الموصل

Authors: Faiz Mohammed Daoud فائز محمد داؤد --- Muna Shaker Mohammed Khider منى شاكر محمد
Journal: Adab AL Rafidayn اداب الرافدين ISSN: 03782867 Year: 2011 Issue: 60 Pages: 463-477
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Any phenomenon or research problem can be investigated from several angles. Specialists might insist on their own opinions and present a precise scientific description of the part they focus on. Through their unpretentious attempt, the researchers tried to investigate the marketplace and its components economically and socially to present another picture or factor that completes the picture. This study aims at investigating investigate craftsmanships and their existence in Mosul marketplace as none of us is acquainted with the beginnings of the traditional craftsmanships that have been necessary to meet the needs of societies. Thus, such crafts became the constants of our deep-rooted heritage and the treasure of its people, i.e. the treasure that can never be forgotten no matter how many years or days pass. The loftiness of the past is nothing but the deriving and lightening of the present the innovative stages of which were shortened by old craftsmen; and, as everyone knows, the first step of a thousand miles begins with a single step. The transformation of art into a bi-equation combined the old and the new. that was gained by high technicality and skills. Long ago, the Arab land has been known by its manual industries because of the abundance of craftsmen. Till now, there are a lot of people whose living depends on craftsmanship. The traditional industry represents one of the primary factors upon which the economical ambience of hundreds, or perhaps thousands, of families depend in spite of the wane and the reduction of the number of craftsmen nowadays. The originality of the past and its relation to the culture of the present is embodied in the specialization of many deep-rooted societies in such a craftsmanship, especially those societies that have clear originality and which are proud of their heritage and modern history.


Article
(Sustainable Agricultural Development in Iraq ... Solutions and Treatments Obstacles)
معوقات التنمية الزراعية المستدامة في العراق ... الحلول والمعالجات

Author: ابتسام علي حسين
Journal: journal of Economics And Administrative Sciences مجلة العلوم الاقتصادية والإدارية ISSN: 2227 703X / 2518 5764 Year: 2017 Volume: 23 Issue: 95 Pages: 345-366
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The achievement of agricultural development provide food security and to form a basis for economic growth and comprehensive social, requires a number of actions to overcome the obstacles and problems facing the development of this economic sector, to make it able to achieve food security and operation of the workforce, and reduce dependence on the outside in the provision of food peripherals, and so it is only available through the highest degree of efficiency and economic mobilization of resources, so most of the developed and developing countries alike seek to achieve sustainable agricultural development tobacco meet the food requirements and good jobs for current and future generations, and that keeps the productive capacity and the renewal of the natural resource base, but in the Iraqi economy, the achievement that it is facing many difficulties due to a range of obstacles interlocking and overlapping of infrastructure destruction after 2003 and the problems of land from salinity and desertification, as well as water problems, environmental pollution and low investment in the agricultural sector, and the state stop from providing the necessary support to the agricultural sector, as well as the surge in agricultural production inputs prices, and reduced use of agricultural technology, as well as trade policy problems and the resulting flooding Iraqi markets with imported agricultural goods, as well as the weakness of the financial, technical and technological potential of the private agricultural sector, all these constraints have had a negative impact at the agricultural sector, so the importance of this research to try to find effective solutions to address the problems facing this vital sector through the provision of full support by the state represented by the Ministry of Agriculture, which includes support production requirements of improved seeds, fertilizers, mechanization and water pumps as well as support the final product prices of what those procedures from a large and influential role in achieving food security for a large segment of the Iraqi population.

إن تحقيق تنمية زراعية توفر الأمن الغذائي وتشكل أساساً لنمو اقتصادي واجتماعي شامل, يتطلب القيام بالعديد من الإجراءات للتغلب على العقبات والإشكاليات التي تواجه تنمية وتطوير هذا القطاع الاقتصادي, لجعله قادراً على تحقيق أمنه الغذائي وتشغيل القوى العاملة, وتقليل الاعتماد على الخارج في توفير مستلزماته الغذائية, وذلك لا يكون إلا من خلال تعبئة الموارد الاقتصادية المتاحة بأعلى درجة من الكفاية, لذلك تسعى معظم البلدان المتقدمة والنامية على حد سواء إلى تحقيق تنميتها الزراعية المستدامة التي تلبي الاحتياجات الغذائية وفرص عمل لائقة للأجيال الحالية والمستقبلية والتي تحافظ على القدرات الإنتاجية وتجدد قاعدة الموارد الطبيعية, إلا أنه في الاقتصاد العراقي فأن تحقيق ذلك الأمر يواجه بصعوبات كثيرة نتيجة لوجود مجموعة من المعوقات المتشابكة والمتداخلة والمتمثلة بتدمير البنى التحتية بعد عام 2003 ومشاكل الأرض من ملوحة وتصحر وتعرية فضلاً عن مشاكل المياه والتلوث البيئي وانخفاض الاستثمارات في القطاع الزراعي, وتوقف الدولة عن تقديم الدعم اللازم للقطاع الزراعي, كذلك الارتفاع الكبير في أسعار مدخلات الإنتاج الزراعي, وانخفاض استخدام التكنولوجيا الزراعية, فضلاً عن مشاكل السياسة التجارية وما نجم عنها من سياسة اغراق الأسواق العراقية بالبضائع الزراعية المستوردة, كذلك ضعف الامكانات المالية والفنية والتكنولوجية للقطاع الزراعي الخاص, كل هذه المعوقات كان لها الأثر السلبي على القطاع الزراعي , لذلك تأتي أهمية هذا البحث من محاولة ايجاد الحلول الناجعة لمعالجة هذه المشاكل التي تواجه هذا القطاع الحيوي من خلال تقديم الدعم الكامل من قبل الدولة ممثلة بوزارة الزراعة والذي يشمل دعم مستلزمات الإنتاج من بذور محسنة وأسمدة ومكننة ومضخات مائية فضلاً عن دعم أسعار الناتج النهائي لما لتلك الإجراءات من دور كبير ومؤثر في تحقيق الأمن الغذائي لشريحة واسعة من سكان العراق.


Article
ظاهرة الاغراق السلعي واثاره على الاقتصاد العراقي

Author: م.د. امل اسمر زبون م.د. فاضل عباس كاظم
Journal: Muthanna Journal of Administrative and Economic Sciences مجلة المثنى للعلوم الادارية والاقتصادية ISSN: 14192226 53862572 Year: 2014 Volume: 4 Issue: 10 Pages: 90-103
Publisher: Al-Muthanna University جامعة المثنى

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Abstract

The phenomenon of dumping of the commodity and its effects on the Iraqi economyThe phenomenon of dumping of the commodity and one of the challenges facing the Iraqi economy, particularly after 2003 which saw the Iraqi market is great openness in front of imported goods from around the world, and the phenomenon has had the unintended have a big impact on the Iraqi economy in its various aspects have led the industrial sector and the agricultural sector and increasing rate of un employment and an increased tendency toward consumption than it was previously has contributed to the spread of this phenomenon is the lack of qguaanin regulate the import and obvious weaknesses in devices. Controls will in addition to the delay in the successive governments in the development of solutions to this phenomenon.

تعد ظاهرة الاغراق السلعي واحدة من التحديات التي تواجه الاقتصاد العراقي ولاسيما بعدعام2003 حيث شهد ت السوق العراقية انفتاحا كبيرا امام السلع المستوردة من مختلف دولالعالم ، وكان لهذه الظاهرة الغير مخطط لها اثر كبير على الاقتصاد العراقي في جوانبه المختلفة فقد ادت الى تراجع القطاع الصناعي والقطاع الزراعي وتزايد معدلات البطالة وزيادة الميل نحو الاستهلاك عما كان عليه سابقا وقد ساهم في استشراء هذه الظاهره هو عدم وجود قوانين تنظم الاستيراد، والضعف الواضح في اجهزة الرقابه فضلا عن تأخر الحكومات المتعاقبه في وضع الحلول لهذه الظاهره.

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