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Article
Analytic Study Of Congenital Malformations In Four

Author: Numan Nafie Hameed
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 / 24108057 Year: 2007 Volume: 49 Issue: 1 Pages: 32-36
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Congenital malformations are responsible for a considerable proportion ofperinatal, neonatal and infant mortality in many Eastern Mediterranean countries. So this studyaims to find out the incidence, types and probable risk factors of these malformations in Baghdad.Patients and methods: one hundred cases of congenital malformations were studied out of 8090neonates born in 4 hospitals in Baghdad province over 5 months in 2002 (preterm, term) .Theincidence , types and risk factors were analysed .Results: the incidence of congenital malformations was 12.36/ 1000 live births, with the centralnervous system malformations being the commonest. There is increased risk in consanguinousmarriages 27 (27%), mothers not attending antenatal care 25 (25%), mothers of low gravidity 60(60%), and mothers not taking folic acid during pregnancy (86.7%).Conclusion: Consanguineous marriages and mothers not taking folic acid during pregnancy areimportant risk factors for the occurrence of congenital malformations .So I recommend geneticcounseling especially for consanguineous marriages, and giving all pregnant women folic acidbefore and during pregnancy. A multicentre study will give more broad idea about the incidence ,types ,and risk factors in our country


Article
Congenital Malformations In The West Of Iraq

Author: Muhi K .AL-Janabi MBChB DCH FICMS د. محي كاظم وناس
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 / 24108057 Year: 2007 Volume: 49 Issue: 3 Pages: 295-299
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Summary:Background: CM is the leading cause of infant deaths and account for much greater proportion of infant mortality’ than does premature birth. A malformation is a primary structural defect arising from a localized error in morphogenesis. This is a prospective study devoted to define the causes and frequencies of congenital malformations (CM) in Maternal and Children Hospital (MCH) in Al-Anbar govemorate (west of Iraq) and a comparison is done with other Iraqi and international studies.FdC Med Baghdad Methods: Congenital malformations were studied over a period of 2 years from the 1st of July 2000 2007/ Vol. 49, No.3 f0 fjle 30th ofJune 2002 in 12831 births including stillbirths at MCH in Al- Anbar govemorate (west Received July 2006 0f Iraq). A control group of 100 women who gave birth to normal newborn babies was studied Accepted Jan. 2007 similarly.Results: The overall birth prevalence of CM is 8.5/1000 births (109/1283 1) and stillbirth prevalence is 21/1000 (269/1283 1) births. The most common system involved in CM is the CNS that constitute 55% of total CM followed by skeletal system 33% then GIT 7% urogenital 2% recognized syndromes 2%, and others 1 %.This study shows a significant association between each of stillbirth, LBW, polhydraminious,parental consanguinity advanced maternal age and family history of CM.The present study shows no significant association with each of urban /rural status, and sex, attending antenatal care, tonics, fever, UTI, and diabetes mellitus.Conclusion: The overall birth prevalence of CM is almost the same as that recorded by Al-Saadoon et al in Basra which M’as 8.7/1000 in the year 1994 and lower than the birth prevalence of CM recorded by Grover-N in India in the year 2000 which M’as 17.8/1000 Associations between some of the risk factors and CM are similar and others are different from other studies.Keywords: congenital malformations; west of Iraq; 2000-2002.


Article
Factors Effecting on Congenital malformations in Iraq in 2012
العوامل المؤئرة على التشوهات الولادية في العراقِ لعام 2012

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Abstract

Iraq has became more vulnerable countries of environmental pollution due to wars experienced by the country, as well as the presence of many factories, petrochemical and oil and gas to the ravages of pollution of the environment, this is the direction of the civilized world is now a revolution to combat the effects of pollution, because man is the most expensive creature and kids are the substrate on which depends the development of societies, which must take care of them. It is natural that these factors combined lead to the emergence of many cases of epidemic and deformed births in the research focus has been squarely on the increased birth defects in Iraq in general Amos Kurdistan region through the database provided by the department of the ministry of health and collected for 2012 , factor analysis has been applied to see if by what affects birth defects in Iraq like parents age , chronic diseases of the mother a, parents job maintain exposure to radiation, mother abuse treatment affects pregnancy ,and to find out any provinces clustered early if a certain percentage of the birth of deformed children and showed results close to the provinces despite the divergence of geography and the different customs and traditions, and both Mosual and Anbar are highest on terms of distortions defects.

أصبح العراق اكثر البلدان تعرضاً للتلوث البيئي بسبب الحروب التي مر بها البلد فضلا عن وجود العديد من المصانع النفطية والبتروكيمياوية والغازية وما تخلفه من تلوث البيئة، علماً بان اتجاه العالم المتحضر الآن هو ثورة لمكافحة آثار التلوث لأنَّ الانسان هو أغلى مخلوق والاطفال هم الركيزة التي يتوقف تطور المجتمعات عليهم مما يتوجب العناية بهم . ومن الطبيعي أن تؤدي هذه العوامل مجتمعة الى ظهور حالات وبائية كثيرة وولادات مشوهة في البحث تم التركيز بشكل مباشر على تزايد الولادات المشوهة في العراق بشكل عام ومن خلال قاعدة البيانات المتوفرة من قبل دوائر وزارة الصحة في العراق عدا إقليم كردستان والتي جمعت لعام 2012 تم تطبيق التحليل العاملي لمعرفة أهم ما يؤتر على التشوهات الولادية في العراق مثل عمر الوالدين، الأمراض المزمنة للأم، مهنة الوالدين، تعرض المحافظة للاشعاع، تعاطي الأم دواء يؤثر على الحمل، ولمعرفة أي المحافظات تتعنقد بشكل مبكر ولو بنسبة معينة على ولادة طفل مشوه وما اظهرته نتائج البحث تقارب المحافظات رغم تباعدها جغرافياً واختلاف العادات والتقاليد وكانت كل من محافظتي الموصل والأنبار هما الاعلى من حيث التشوهات الولادية.


Article
التحليل المكاني لعلاقة توزيع أبراج الهاتف النقال بالتشوهات الولادية في محافظة بابل

Authors: محمد حميد عباس السّاعدي --- ضياء بهيج البيرماني
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2014 Volume: 22 Issue: 6 Pages: 1374-1386
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Proliferated in recent times a number of dangerous diseases were previously very few barely longer on the fingers of the hand in the country or the province but in the last decade has become a phenomenon draws attention and questions about the causes of its spread in the country and the province was the search for the causes obsession Many researchers have appeared many academic studies that indicate that the prevalence of this phenomenon is linked to a number of factors, including the remnants of war and modern means of communication and the radiation emanating from them as well as pesticides and chemical fertilizers and some types of medicines, has recommended many of the institutions of global health to exercise caution when used with imposed other countries strict limits on companies manufacturers to reduce the damage resulting there from.Babylon province as a model for Iraq, which were common congenital malformations, as results showed the impact of mobile phone towers on the direct increase, the maps study also showed on a combination of other factors such increases, said the big difference between the number of mobile phone towers and distortions was remarkable. The highest proportion of abnormalities appeared in the regions of Musayyib and Hillah, while the area was Hashemite Mahaweel and less of them, however, that the largest number of towers in the area of Hillah, followed by the regions and the Hashemite Musayyib then Mahaweel. And has been a strong correlation between the two variables of the phenomenon.   The study recommended the need to follow strict conditions towards the mobile phone companies, to minimize the damage of those towers on the one hand, and treatment of remnants of war and factories of arms and ammunition that were present during the former regime in the province, and isolate environmentally population of the province and its environment, to avoid further harm.

انتشر في الآونة الأخيرة عدد من الأمراض الخطيرة كانت في السابق قليلة جدًا تكاد تعد على أصابع اليد في البلد أو المحافظة،إلّا أنها في العقد الأخير باتت ظاهرة تلفت الانتباه والتساؤلات عن أسباب انتشارها في البلد والمحافظة، فكان البحث عن أسبابها هاجس كثير من الباحثين، وقد ظهرت كثير من الدراسات الأكاديمية التي تشير إلى إن شيوع هذه الظاهرة مرتبط بعدد من العوامل، منها، مخلفات الحروب، ووسائل الاتصال الحديثة، والإشعاعات الصادرة عنها، فضلا عن المبيدات، والأسمدة الكيميائية، وبعض أنواع الأدوية، وقد أوصت كثير من المؤسسات الصحية العالمية بتوخي الحذر عند استعمالها، فيما فرضت دول أخرى قيودًا صارمة على الشركات المصنعة، لتقليل الأضرار الناجمة عنها.تعد محافظة بابل إحدى المحافظات التي شاعت فيها العديد من الأمراض ومنها التشوهات الولادية، إذ أظهرت نتائج الدراسة تأثير أبراج الهاتف النقال المباشر على زيادتها، كما أظهرت خرائط الدراسة تضافر عوامل أخرى على تلك الزيادات، فالتباين الكبير بين عدد الأبراج والتشوهات كان ملفتا للنظر.إن أعلى نسبة تشوهات ظهرت في قضائي المسيب والحلة، فيما كان قضاء الهاشمية والمحاويل اقل منهما، إلّا ان اكبر عدد من الأبراج كان في قضاء الحلة، يليه قضائي الهاشمية والمسيب ثم المحاويل. وقد كانت علاقة الارتباط قوية بين متغيري الظاهرة.لقد أوصت الدراسة بضرورة إتباع شروط صارمة تجاه شركات الهاتف النقال لتقليل ضرر تلك الأبراج، من جهة ، ومعالجة مخلفات الحرب ومصانع السلاح والذخيرة التي كانت موجودة أبان النظام السابق في المحافظة وعزلها بيئيا عن سكان المحافظة وبيئتها لتجنب المزيد من أضرارها من جهة أخرى.

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