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The Irreconcilable Relation between Family and Society: A Study of Arthur Miller’s All My Sons.

Author: Dr. Harith I. Turki Al-Duleimi
Journal: Journal of Kirkuk University Humanity Studies مجلة جامعة كركوك للدراسات الانسانية ISSN: 19921179 Year: 2011 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 21-30
Publisher: Kirkuk University جامعة كركوك

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Abstract

ABSTRUCTArthur Miller’s All My Sons is one of his famous plays, yet it is Miller’s highly controversial play. Its contentious nature stems from the fact that Miller’s idea about man’s relationship with his society is extremely interpretive. Thus, the aim of this paper is to identify one of the major problems in this play, which is to which side man must commit his life, his family or his society. This paper shows that both sides are equally important, and man should not side with one on the expense of the other. Joe Keller, the main character in the play, believes that his family and his personal life are separable from his society. Thus, he considers the former more sacred. As a result, he devotes himself completely to his family and he subordinates his society accordingly. This matter allows him to import a shipment of defective cylinders to the Air Force of his country, and this causes the death of twenty-one pilots. When he is asked he answers that he does so because he wants to secure and guarantee the future of his family. Ironically, he does not know that he also causes the death of his son in the process. Thus, he is totally disillusioned and disappointed, and he commits suicide at the end of the play.


Article
GUILT, BETRAYAL, AND SELF-DECEPTION IN ARTHUR MILLER’S ALL MY SONS AND DEATH OF SALESMAN

Authors: Raad Kareem Abd-Aun --- Zaineb Raad Muhsin
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2014 Volume: 22 Issue: 6 Pages: 1359-1373
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Arthur Miller’s plays depict the human tendency of self-deception, betrayal and guilt which leads to the deterioration and the collapse of human values. The intensity of these elements may vary but they run through all of his plays. In All My Sons, Joe, a selfish businessman, in order to save his business from ruin, supplies defective cylinder heads to the American Air Force which results in the death of 21 fighter plane pilots. Joe atones for his crime by committing suicide. In Death of Salesman, the central subject is the collapse of dreams and false nature of protagonist which bring about not only his own ruin but also that of his family. The play also shows the contradicting feelings of self-deception, betrayal and guilt which speed Willy to his demise. According to Miller, the American Dream creates false hopes that prevent people from being proud of what they have accomplished to make their lives better than they would be elsewhere, and eventually fail at achieving anything.

تصور مسرحيات آرثر ميللر ميل الإنسان نحو خداع الذات والخيانة والشعور بالذنب والذي يقود إلى تدهور وإنهيار القيم الإنسانية. وقد تختلف حدة هذه العناصر لكنها موجودة في كل مسرحياته. ففي مسرحية كل أبنائي، يقوم رجل الأعمال الأناني جو ببيع إسطوانات محرك تالفة للقوة الجوية الأميركية لأجل إنقاذ عمله من الإنهيار مما يؤدي إلى موت 21 طياراً. يكفر جو عن ذنبه بالإنتحار. أما في مسرحية موت بائع متجول، فأن الموضوع الرئيس هو إنهيار الحلم والطبيعة الكاذبة للبطل المسرحي والتي لا تسبب دماره وحسب بل دمار عائلته. فالمسرحية تظهر المشاعر المتظاربة من خداع الذات والخيانة والشعور بالذنب التي تعجِّل بولي نحو نهايته. وطبقاً لميللر،فإن الحلم الأميركي يخلق أمالاً كاذبة تمنع الأشخاص من أن يكونوا فخورين بما يحققون لأجل جعل حيواتهم أفضل مما ستكون عليه في مكانٍ آخر، ويفشلون في تحقيق أي شيءٍ في النهاية.

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