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Article
The correlation between certain facial and dental measurements that influence dental aesthetics “Cephalometric study”

Author: Nadia H Hasan
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 6-14
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to assess and determineif the correlation between certain facial measurementswas significant to recommend their use as reliable aestheticfactors for selection of suitable tooth moulds for anterior teethrestoration.The materials for this study included 50 cephalometricradiographs for selected undergraduate students of DentistryCollage, Mosul University; 25 males and 25 females. The ageranged from 18–25 years old with normal occlusion.The data were analyzed by using Minitab system and theresult confirmed that certain facial measurements considereddirectly to determine the outline form to restore anterior teethsuch as tooth width at the incisor edge, incisor tooth length,intercanine distance, the ratio of incisor tooth length and toothwidth at the incisor edge, bi–incisors width, and bi–orbitalwidth, while the others, bi–zygomatic width, intermolar distance,anterior facial height, and the ratio of anterior facial heightand bi–zygomatic width, were indirectly indicated. Alsothere was a significant difference between male and femalegroups with different facial measurements. The ratio of theanterior facial height to bi–zygomatic width for the total samplewas 0.93 mm, while that for the tooth length to tooth widthwas 0.81 mm. It could be concluded that certain facial measurementsrecommended as reliable aesthetic factors for selectionof suitable tooth moulds for anterior teeth restoration.


Article
Significance of radiological appearance of ossific femoral nucleus in diagnosis of developmental hip dysplasia
اهمية التشخيص الشعاعي لتعظم نواة رأس عظم الفخذ في تشخيص داء الحثل الولادي

Author: Hisham Abd Alkarem Alkattan د.هشام عبد الكريم القطان
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2009 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 Pages: 112-119
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The aim of the study to determine the benefit of delaying appearance of femoral head ossific nucleus in diagnosis of developmental hip dysplasia.This case control study has been carried in Mosul teaching hospital orthopedic department, and private clinic through the period March 2006-March 2008. One hundred seventy six (176 infants with developmental hip dysplasia) and one hundred seventy six (176 normal infants), ages between (3-8) months with mean age 5.3 months.Highly significant difference being developmental hip dysplasia (P = 009) compared with controls particularly for ages between (3-5 months). Computation of the odds ratio showed that developmental hip dysplasia cases could be a factor in delaying ossification femoral head centre three times (OR=3) in comparison to normal.Key word: femoral head, ossific nucleus appearance, DDH.

الغرض من الدراسة لمعرفةأهمية التشخيص الشعاعي لتعظم نواة راس عظم الفخذ في تشخيص داء الحثل الولادي. دراسة مقارنة تمت في مستشفى الموصل التعليمي شعبة جراحة العظام والكسور والعيادة الخاصة في محافظة نينوى (العراق) للفترة اذار 2006-اذار 2008. حيث تم أخذ مجموعة أطفال بواقع (176) لأطفال داء الحثل الولادي و(176)من الاطفال الطبيعيين بين عمر (3-8) اشهر معدل( 5.3 شهر). بينت الدراسة ان هناك تأثير لداء الحثل الولادي بتأخر تعظم نواة راس عظم الفخذ المستخدمة شعاعيا للتشخيص معامل (P=0.009) مع المعامل الاحادي =3 .


Article
MOSAIC APPEARANCE OF GASTRIC MUCOSA AS A PREDICTOR FOR HELICOBACTER PYLORI INFECTION

Authors: Sarkis K Strak --- Ali Adnan Mohsin
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2013 Volume: 19 Issue: 2 Pages: 26-33
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Ali Adnan Mohsin* & Sarkis K Strak@*MBChB Registrar, @MBChB, MRCP, FRCP, Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, IRAQ.Abstract Experimental evidence supports a significant association between H. pylori infection and mosaic appearance of gastric mucosa. This study was carried out to find the significance of gastric mosaic mucosal pattern as a predictor of H. pylori related infection. A total of one hundred consecutive patients were selected from those attending endoscopy unit at Al-Sader Teaching Hospital for various dyspeptic symptoms; fifty with mosaic gastric mucosa as patients and fifty with normal gastric mucosa as controls. They were classified according to their ages, gender, and smoking habits. Two endoscopic biopsies from the antrum and corpus were taken from each patient and control and were tested for H. pylori by rapid urease test. Mosaic gastric mucosal pattern was significantly associated with H. pylori infection, as compared with normal mucosa. Age was an important determinant for mosaic mucosal pattern and H. pylori infection, however; gender did not contribute to mosaic mucosal appearances and H. pylori infection, while smoking can contribute to mosaic mucosal appearance but not H. pylori infection. In conclusion, mosaic mucosal pattern is a good indicator in predicting H. pylori related infection.


Article
النص والظاهر عند الشافعي

Authors: طارق سعود خليل --- أحمد جاسم حمادي
Journal: Anbar University Journal of Islamic Sciences مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامية ISSN: 20716028 Year: 2016 Volume: 8 Issue: 29 Pages: 194-238
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Praise be to Allah and peace and blessing be upon our master and our teacher Mohammed and his family and his companies and those who followed them in truth until the day judgment… and after: The text and the apparent Investigation Work needed for fundamentalist text it is needed to describe the level of clarity speaker wanted to say , Either apparent that needed to see description and clarity of linguistic meaning Work text is not likely to increase his and other obvious presumption speaker is not likely as the setting (numbers). The apparent probability deals with him as stating meaning not sure alternating between a lion a brave predator. Hisbehaior and context to the potential meaning of the word itself may be visible and text at the same time from virious quarters. Between them tandem doctrinal and liguistically either in assets and between heterogeneity. AL – Imam AL-Shafi who was an imam in fiqh assests and talk and even the language. It expands on the text and apparently making the apparent location of the text and the text somewhere apparent the idea of this research is not show expansion throw applied.

الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا ومعلمنا محمد وعلى آله وأصحابه والتابعين لهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين... أما بعد: فإن النص والظاهر مبحثان يحتاجهما الأصولي، فالنص يحتاجه في وصف مستوى وضوح مراد المتكلم، أما الظاهر فيحتاجه لمعرفة وصف وضوح المعنى اللغوي. فالنص لفظ لا يحتمل غيره وتزيده وضوحا قرينة المتكلم فلا يتطرقه الاحتمال كالأعداد، أما الظاهر فيتطرق إليه الاحتمال إذ يفيد معنى مرجوحا كالأسد متردد بين الشجاع والمفترس والقرينة تصرفه إلى المعنى المحتمل واللفظ بحد ذاته قد يكون ظاهرا ونصا في الوقت نفسه من مختلف الجهات فبينهما ترادف في الفقه واللغة، وأما في الأصول فبينهما تغاير فقط. والإمام الشافعي الذي كان إماما في الفقه الأصول والحديث وحتى في اللغة كان يتوسع في استعمال النص والظاهر فيجعل الظاهر مكان النص والنص مكان الظاهر. ومن هنا جاءت فكرة البحث في إظهار هذا التوسع من خلال هذه الدراسة التطبيقية.


Article
Photographic Analysis of Macro- Aand Micro-Aesthetic Appearance in a Sample of Iraqi Adults With Class I Normal Occlusion

Authors: Dana R. Mohammed --- Iman Al-Sheakli
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 1 Pages: 153-159
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Generally, the facial esthetics depends on the esthetic appearance of the maxillary anterior teeth. The purposes of this study were to analyse the macro-aesthetic appearance of the face and the micro-aesthetic appearance of the maxillary anterior teeth to establish the normative values for class I normal occlusion and to detect possible gender differences.Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 120 Iraqi adults (60 males and 60 females) aged (18-23) years. Each individual was clinically examined, then with cephalostat based head position, extraoral and intraoral photographs were taken for each subject. The facial and dental measurements were measured using AutoCad program 2014. Descriptive statistics was obtained for the measured variables for both genders and independent samples t-test was performed to evaluate the genders difference.Results and conclusions: The results showed that there is a highly significant gender difference in most of the measured variables regarding the macro-aesthetic appearance, since the males have a larger facial dimensions than females, while for the micro-aesthetic appearance, there is a non-significant gender difference in most of the measured variables, that means the proportions of maxillary anterior teeth does not affected by gender difference


Article
Undifferentiated (Embryonal) Sarcoma of the Liver. Case Report and Review of Literature

Authors: Mohammed S. Saeed --- Thukaa T. Yahya --- Osama E. Hudder --- Issraa A. Hussein
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 4 Pages: 576-582
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:Undifferentiated (embryonal) sarcoma of the liver was first defined as a separate clinicopathological entity in 1978. it is uncommon hepatic tumor of mesenchymal origin, usually observed in children and teenage, but also infrequently encounter in adult. It represent about 9-15% of all hepatic tumor in children. We report a case of undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver in a 6 year old girl who presented with non specific right hypochondrial pain and mass with fever. Laboratory studies of the liver function were normal and the other tests were non specific. Ultrasonography and CT scan showed a large heterogeneous mass ranging from cystic tissue with multiple septa to more predominant solid component in the right lobe of the liver. Exploratory laparotomy was performed and revealed a large mass in the right lobe and part of the left lobe of the liver. Tumor resection was performed and about 70% of the total liver was resected. Macroscopically, tumor was large solitary globular firm predominant solid mass weighing 1100gm and measuring 18 x 12 x 8 cm, with variegated cut surface of solid, cystic, necrotic and hemorrhagic areas. Microscopically, the tumor has a variable but distinctive sarcomatous appearance, composed of spindle, oval and stellate-shaped sarcomatous cells, with marked nuclear pleomorphism, closely packed in whorls or scattered loosely in a myxoid ground substance. Numerous bizarre multinucleated giant cells, containing large intracytoplasmic hyaline globules with ample mitosis many of which are atypical. Tumor cells entrapped hyperplastic bile ducts. Accordingly the diagnosis of*Pathology Department, College of Medicine, University of Mosul.**Pathology Lab, Al-Khansa'a Maternity Teaching Hospital, Mosul.*** Department of Surgery, Nineveh College of Medicine, University of Mosul.****Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Baghdad University, Iraq.undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver was performed. Conclusion: Prompt detection of this aggressive tumor with complete surgical resection is the key to a successful outcome. Prognosis recently improved following postoperative chemotherapy.


Article
A COMPARISON BETWEEN CLINICAL AND RADIOGRAPHICAL APPEARANCE OF LOWER THIRD MOLAR

Author: Sundus Abdul Wadood
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2015 Volume: 21 Issue: 1 Pages: 37-42
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Radiographical evaluation by orthopantomography (OPG) and surgical extraction of impacted lower third molar are done to 67 patients (32 male) and (35 female) visiting Basrah Dental College, department of oral and maxillofacial surgery (2013-2014). Thirty nine patients are between 18-29 years, 77.6% are partially impacted and 22.4% completely impacted, the main complaint is pericoronitis (55.2%). The OPG accuracy in this study was as follows: concerned with dilacerated roots, K-value was <0, which means: Less than chance agreement of the OPG radiography in compare with clinical appearance of the teeth, also in relation to the normal appearance of the roots radiographically show (0.64) which is substantial agreement with the clinical appearance. While K-value gives a perfect agreement of the OPG to both fused (0.97) and extra-root >1 morphology.


Article
MEASURES OF SPECIFIC PRODUCTIVITY, ACTUAL TIME, APPEARANCE AND TILLAGE DEVIATION FOR TWO PLOWS MOSTLY USED IN IRAQ

Author: Ahmed Abd Ali Hamid Al-Mafrachi
Journal: Euphrates Journal of Agriculture Science مجلة الفرات للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 38752072 Year: 2015 Volume: 7 Issue: 4 ملحق Pages: 402-414
Publisher: Al-kasim University جامعة القاسم الخضراء

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Abstract

Experiment was conducted in Baghdad. Three factor were used in this research included Twotypes of Plows included moldboard and disk plows which represented the main plot, Three forwardspeeds of the tillage was the second factor included 1.85, 3.75 and 5.62 km / h which represented supplot , and Three levels of Soil Moisture was third factor included 21, 18 and 14 % in all of Vertical andLateral Plowing Deviation, Practical and specific productivity, actual time for plowing one donam andappearance (goodness) of Tillage represented by the number of clods > 10 cm in silt clay loam soilwith depth 22 cm were studied. the experiment was used Split – split plot design under randomizedcomplete block design with three replications and Least Significant Design 5 % was used to comparethe means of treatments . Mold-board plow recorded the best Practical and specific productivity forplowing which was 1.247 donam/ hr and 2379 m / hr, and lower actual time for plowing one donam0.972 hr and Appearance Tillage number of clods > 10 cm was 9.555 clods/m2 , Disc Plow recordedthe least Vertical and Lateral Deviation for Plowing which was 2.325% and 2.357% . Tillage Speed5.62 km/hr recorded higher Practical and specific productivity 1.672 donam/hr and 3452 m/hrrespectively and lower actual time 0.608 hr and number of clods > 10 cm was 8.166 clods/m2, Speed1.85 km/hr recorded lower Vertical and Lateral Deviation Plowing 1.221% and 1.068% respectively.Soil Moisture 18 % recorded higher Practical and specific productivity 1.168 donam /hr and 2400 m/hr respectively, lower actual time 1.047 hr and lower number of clods > 10 cm was 9.500 clods/m2.Soil Moisture 21% recorded lower Vertical and Lateral Deviation for Plowing 1.978% and 1.901%respectively. All Interactions among treatments had significant effect on the parameters studded underthis experiment.


Article
Nodal issues related to the appearance of the Antichrist
المسائل العقدية المتعلقة بظهور الدجال

Author: Rahim Saloum Marhoon رحيم سلوم مرهون
Journal: Journal Of Al-Frahedis Arts مجلة آداب الفراهيدي ISSN: 26638118 (Online) | 20749554 (Print) Year: 2017 Volume: I Issue: 31 Pages: 131-155
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The sedition that confronts the nation at the end of time is the sedition of the Antichrist. Therefore, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) grew up, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) mentioned him in many hadeeths and warned him against his danger. . It is the advice of Muslims, and from the cooperation on righteousness and piety, we liked to write in this subject, so that the Muslims to be warned of him, and arm themselves with the weapon of science and faith to repel, and not follow him and arrogance, and to be aware of his command.

من الفتن التي تواجه الأمة في آخر الزمان هي فتنة المسيح الدجال، لذلك تعاظمت فتنته فذكره النبي  في احاديث كثيرة تنبيهاً وتحذيراً من خطره؛ ولما يدعيه من الربوبية والالوهية ولما يظهر على يديه بإذن الله من الامور العظام ؛ لذلك كان وصف النبي  دقيقاً واضحاً بيناً . فمن تمام النصح للمسلمين، ومن باب التعاون على البر والتقوى، أحببنا أن نكتب في هذا الموضوع، ليكون المسلمون على حذر منه، وأن يتسلحوا بسلاح العلم والإيمان لصده، وعدم اتباعه والاغترار به، ولنكون على بصيرة من أمره. فكان المشروع هو دراسة الاحاديث الواردة عن النبي  وايضاح وبيان ما فيها من المسائل العقدية المتعلقة بظهوره فكان البحث بعنوان: "المسائل العقدية المتعلقة بظهور الدجال ـــ دراســـــة عقدية لأحاديث الدجال ـــ". فجاءت هذا الدراسة من مقدمة ومبحثين: تضمن المبحث الاول التعريف بالمسيح الدجال، وذكر الاحاديث الدالة على وصفه والتي تتعلق بها المسائل العقدية، من غير الخوض في مكان ظهوره او بيان اتباعه ومدة مكثه في الارض، وانما المقصد كان التركيز على اوصافه التي بينها المصطفى  لما لها من جوانب تتعلق بمسائل الاعتقاد. اما المبحث الثاني فجاء لبيان المسائل العقدية المتعلقة بظهوره، ومنها ما يتعلق بربوية الله تعالى على خلقه وبطلان دعوى الدجال للربوبية والالوهية، ومنها ما يتعلق بالصفات الالهية التي اتصف بها ـ سبحانه وتعالى ـ والنقص الذي عند الدجال؛ كعوره ونقص سائر الصفات عنده التي تبطل ربوبية الدجال، وتثبت انه مخلوق لله تعالى جعله علامة على الابتلاء والاختبار والامتحان والفتنة لعباده . ومنها ما يتعلق بالنبوة وان ما يدعيه الدجال وما معه من الآيات ليست هي من قبيل المعجزات التي اختص بها الانبياء والرسل


Article
ظاهرة إدعاء النسب العلوي وأثرها في قيام حركات المعارضة في العصر العباسي حتى نهاية القرن الخامس الهجري

Authors: م.م افراح رحيم علي الغالبي --- أ.د محسن راشد طريم الغزي
Journal: Univesity of Thi-Qar Journal مجلة جامعة ذي قار العلمية ISSN: 66291818 Year: 2018 Volume: 13 Issue: 4 Pages: 126-148
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

The research entitled "The phenomenon of the claim of the top descent and its impact on the formation of the opposition movements in the Abbasid period until the end of the fifth century AH" A study of the most important political movements opposed to the Abbasid regime, which was taken from the claim of the upper classes as a means of persuading the members of the society at the time to join them, has exploited the owners of the status of the people of the house And their superiority in the people and raise their share of Sharif from the rest of the genealogical in order to achieve their desired goals, and succeeded some of these movements to elicit the emotions of some people and formed movements were a threat to the Abbasid state, but the Abbasid state faced these movements and ruled most of them. This affiliation is justified by the most important social and spiritual status of the household (), so we find that these ratios became vulnerable to exploitation by some people to achieve their own goals and interests, it was the proportions and still the focus of many people to the present day, All of these claims have been canceled because there are many verses of the Koran and the prophetic Hadiths, without these assurances and explanations for the loss of many people because of the difficulty of uncovering these prosecutors

استعرض البحث الموسوم " ظاهرة إدعاء النسب العلوي وأثرها في قيام حركات المعارضة في العصر العباسي حتى نهاية القرن الخامس الهجري" دراسة أهم الحركات السياسية المعارضة لنظام الحكم العباسي التي اتخذت من الإدعاء للنسب العلوي كوسيلة لإقناع فئات المجتمع آنذاك بالانضمام اليها , وقد استغل اصحابها مكانة اهل البيت وفضلهم عند الناس ورفعة نسبهم الشريف عن باقي الانساب في سبيل تحقيق اهدافهم المنشودة , ونجحت بعض هذه الحركات في استمالة عواطف بعض الاشخاص وكونت حركات كانت تمثل تهديداً للدولة العباسية الا ان الدولة العباسية واجهت هذه الحركات وقضت على اغلبها , وهذا الانتساب له مبررات أهمها المكانة الاجتماعية والروحية لآل البيت () , لذا نجد ان هذا النسب اصبح عرضة للاستغلال من قبل بعض الاشخاص لتحقيق أهدافهم ومصالحهم الخاصة , فقد كان هذا النسب ولازال محط أنظار الكثير من الأشخاص حتى وقتنا الحاضر , ومع كل هذا نجد ان جميع هذه الإدعاءات ابطلت لوجود الكثير من الآيات القرآنية والأحاديث النبوية الشريفة , إذ لولا هذه التأكيدات والتوضيحات لضل الكثير من الناس وذلك بسبب صعوبة كشف هؤلاء المدعين

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