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Article
Clinical outcomes of acute appendicitis in children and the impact of diagnostic delay on its complications.

Author: Hassen K. Gatea*, F.I.C.M.S
Journal: KUFA MEDICAL JOURNAL مجلة الكوفة الطبية ISSN: 1993517X Year: 2009 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 189-195
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Background:Acute appendicitis is the most common condition in children requiring emergency abdominal surgery. The key to a successful outcome is early diagnosis followed by appendectomy before gangrene or perforation develops.:Aim of study:To analyze the time of presentation and complication s of acute appendicitisPatients and Methods:This is a retrospective study conducted in Al –Mustansiria Hospital over a period of three years from January 2005 to January 2008 .Data were collected from the patients case sheets. The patients were then divided into two groups according to the length of diagnostic period , group A including those children who presented in the first 48 hours after the onset of symptoms, and group B including those children who presented beyond the 48 hours after the onset of symptoms. Then the patients were subdivided into three age groups (<5 years,5-11 years ,and> 11 years).Results:Total number of (105) children with acute appendicitis were operated upon in Al-Mustansiria Hospital over a period extending from January 2005 to January 2008.63 (60%) were males and 42 (40%) of the patients were females; and the male to female ratio was 1.5:1. 38(36.2%) children fall into group A, while 67(63%) children fall into group B. Perforated appendicitis was observed in 25 out of the 105 patients (23.8%) when differentiated by age, perforation is more common in young children, both in group A and group B. Perforation were more frequent in group B compared to group A, 21 out of 63 (33.3%) and 4 out of 42 respectively. This was associated with higher incidence of post operative complications, 4 out of 42(9.5%) in group A and 21 out of 63 (33.3%) in group B (p>0.05). Four children from group A with non perforated appendix had wound infection .Of those cases in group A , non had perforation and non had postoperative paralytic ileus .Wound infection was observed in15 out of 63of children in group B(23.8%).Postoperative praralytic ileus was observed in 6 out of 63children in group B(9.5%).Postoperative complication in both groups.Conclusion:Appendicitis is the commonest surgical emergency in children .Diagnosis is mainly clinical .Delay in diagnosis and improper treatment increases morbidity .


Article
Manuscripts pictured in the Central Library / University of Baghdad
المخطوطات المصوره في المكتبة المركزية / جامعة بغداد

Author: Hasan R. AL-najar حسن رضا النجار
Journal: iraqi journal for information المجلة العراقية للمعلومات ISSN: 10245812 Year: 2011 Volume: 12 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 41-58
Publisher: iraqi association for libraries and information الجمعيه العراقية للمكتبات والمعلومات

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Abstract

Paper aims to introduce the themes of manuscripts Iraqi precious in public libraries, personal, and that has been converted to the form of microforms the initiative of the Library of the Iraq Museum and the assistance of UNISCO at the end of the sixth decade of the last century has consisted of a committee of senior Iraqi scientists for the selection of manuscripts that have been converted to Microforms measure 35 mm, has taken Unit Imaging in the library of the museum has undertaken this task in four sites containing the most important manuscripts of Arab and Islamic They: Baghdad, Najaf, Mosul and Basra, mainly, and the justification for this project is to preserve these treasures from damage and loss as well as to facilitate the parking researchers and investigators through the use of these films in the absence of copies of the original manuscripts and the last justification for this project is to protect the manuscripts from their use, both directly and replaced by the use forms.The number of manuscripts 973 included 103 subjects dealt with the subject prevailing in the centuries who wrote it, was subject of literature and the first by% 12.2 of the topics addressed by these manuscripts and then followed by the subject of poetry by 11.8% The rest of the rates of topics can be found in The paper later.In order to benefit from these manuscripts pictured Committee recommended that the project supervisor of the Central Library of the University of Baghdad, indexing and classification of images of these manuscripts according to cataloging rules (AACR2) and actually has a dedicated staff in this library to index a large part of which has offered indexes are index cards were made with index cards-General of the library with the addition of character( M) on the basis that the topic in a microforms manuscript was a researcher for many years responsible for the unit of microforms unite in Central Library at the University of Baghdad, where the reproduction of many of these manuscripts

تهدف الورقة للتعريف بموضوعات المخطوطات العراقية النفيسة الموجودة في المكتبات العامة والشخصية والتي تم تحويلها إلى شكل مصغرات فلمية وبمبادرة من مكتبة المتحف العراقي وبمساعدة منظمة اليونسكوا في نهاية العقد السادس من القرن الماضي وقد تألفت لجنة من كبار العلماء العراقيين لاختيار المخطوطات التي تم تحويلها إلى مصغرات فلمية قياس 35 ملم , وقد أخذت وحدة التصوير الدقيق في مكتبة المتحف على عاتقها تنفيذ هذه المهمه في أربع مواقع تحوي على أهم المخطوطات العربية والإسلامية وهي بغداد النجف الاشرف الموصل والبصرة بشكل رئيس , وكانت مبررات هذا المشروع هو الحفاظ على هذه النفائس من التلف والضياع وكذلك تيسيّر وقوف الباحثين والمحققين على هذه الخطوطات عن طريق أستخدام هذه الأفلام في حالة عدم توفر النسخ الأصلية للمخطوطات والمبرر الاخير لهذا المشروع هو حماية المخطوطات من أستخدمها بشكل مباشر والاستعاضة عن ذلك باستخدام صورها.بلغ عدد المخطوطات المصورة 973 مخطوطاً تضمنت 103 موضوعاً عالجت الموضوعات السائدة في القرون التي ألفت فيها , جاء موضوع الأدب بالمرتبة الأولى وبنسبة 12,2 من الموضوعات التي عالجتها هذه المخطوطات ثم تلاه موضوع الشعر بنسبة 11,8% أما بقية نسب الموضوعات فيمكن الإطلاع عليها في الورقة لاحقاً. ولغرض الافاده من هذه المخطوطات المصوره أوصت اللجنة المشرفة على المشروع قيام المكتبة المركزية لجامعة بغداد بفهرسة وتصنيف صور هذه المخطوطات على وفق قواعد الفهرسة الانكلوامريكية ( AACR2 ) وفعلاً قام ملاك متخصص في هذه المكتبة بفهرسة الجزء الكبير منها وعرضت فهارسها بشكل بطاقات فهرسة وأدخلت مع بطاقات الفهرسة العام للمكتبة مع أضافة حرف م ف على أساس أن الموضوع بشكل مخطوطة مايكروفلمي وقد كان الباحث ولسنوات طويلة مسؤولاً عن وحدة المصغرات الفلمية في المكتبة المركزية في جامعة بغداد حيث قام بأستنساخ الكثير من هذه المخطوطات المصورة تلبية لطلبات الباحثين وأساتذة الجامعات العراقية والعربية وطلبة الدراسات العليا في العراق والوطن العربي .


Article
Detection of Thrombi in Left Atrial chamber by Transoesophageal Ecchocardiography in patients suffer from Non-rheumatic Atrial Fibrillation

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Abstract

Background: Background : Patients with non-rheumatic atrial fibrillation have high risk of thromboembolism especially ischemic stroke usually arising from left atrial appendage .Transoesophageal echocardiography provides useful information for risk stratification in these patients as it detects thrombus in the left atrial or left atrial appendage. Objective : This study was conducted at Al-Kadhimiya Teaching Hospital to assess the prevalence of left atrial chamber thrombi in patients with chronic non-rheumatic atrial fibrillation using transoesophageal echocardiography and its clinical significance as well as to verify the superiority of transoesophageal over transthoracic echocardiography in the detection of these abnormalities. Type of the study: Cross sectional study.Patients and Methods : Forty (40) consecutive patients (11 female and 29 male), at a mean age of 46 ± 9 years (range 28–60) with chronic non-rheumatic Atrial fibrillation were enrolled to this prospective study between March 2006 and December 2006. Tansthoracic and transesophageal two dimensional , M- mode , Doppler, and color- flow echocardiography were obtained with a kretz diagnostic ultrasound system. Results : The prevalence of Left atrium thrombus was 12.5%, 5 patients from the total number which was 40 patients. All of them seen bytransoesophagealechocardiography and non are detected byTansthoracic echocardiography . All the left atrial thrombi were confined to the left atrial appendage (100%). Left atrial spontaneous echo contrast was detected in 10 patients 25% by transoesophageal echocardiography, but was not observed in patient bytransthoracic echocardiography. All the 5 thrombi were found in left atria were significantly associated with spontaneous echo contrast 100% (P-value <0.001), reduced left ventricle ejection fraction (p-value <0.05) , large left atrium diameter ( p-value <0.05) and low LAAV <20 cm/s (p-value <0.001) compared to those without thrombus . Conclusions : The study showed that the prevalence of left atrial thrombus and appendage is not uncommon in patients with non-rheumatic atrial fibrillation and is exclusively seen in patients with left atrial SEC. Low Left ventricle ejection fraction , large Left atrium diameter , and low Left atrial appendages velocity are significantly associated with subsequent thrombus formation , and is more sensitive in the detection of these abnormalities compared with transthoracic echocardiography .


Article
Designing an Open Thinking Test for the Students of Baghdad University According to Potential Characteristics Theory By Using Rash Logarithmic Model
بناء اختبار التفكير المتفتح لدى طلبة جامعة بغداد وفق نظرية السمات الكامنة باستعمال انموذج راش اللوغارتمي

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Abstract

The present study aims at using Rash logarithmic model in designing open minded thinking for the university students of Baghdad university. The test applied on a sample consists of (500) students.

هدف البحث الحالي استعمال انموذج راش للاحتمال اللوغاريتمي في بناء اختبار التفكير المتفتح لدى طلبة جامعة بغداد، طبق الاختبار على عينة مكونة من (500) طالبا وطالبة تم اختيارهم بأسلوب العينة العشوائية متعددة المراحل, واعتمد الباحث على انموذج راش احادي المعلم، وهو أحد نماذج نظرية السمات الكامنة لتحليل فقرات الاختبار


Article
The administrative problems that face the divisions of graduate education in colleges of Baghdad University and the methods of handling them
المشكلات الإدارية التي تواجه شُعب الدراسات العُليا في كليات جامعة بغداد وسُبل معالجتها

Authors: Phd ,asst; May Faisal Ahmed. م.د. مي فيصل أحمد --- asst ;Maha Faisal Ahmed م.م. مها فيصل احمد
Journal: Research and Islamic Studies Journal مجلة البحوث والدراسات الاسلامية ISSN: 20712847 Year: 2016 Issue: 45 Pages: 333-362
Publisher: Directorate of Research and Studies / Sunni Endowment دائرة البحوث والدراسات/ديوان الوقف السني

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Abstract

A Field study aimed to identify the administrative problems that face divisions in graduate education in faculties of Baghdad University and the methods of handling them and it adopted the descriptive analytically approach and it selected the search community which consists of (173) assistant in graduate education, and the selection of search sample was in simple random method of (71,676%) From the research community, the numbers of sample was (21) assistant and (103) from graduate workers and there was questionnaire included (74) items distributed among the fields of study. The researcher ascertained of it`s sincerity and consistency. Research data were analyzed using the (SPSS), program and the researcher applied the items of research from the academic year 2010-2011 ,and she reached to results which were analyzed and discussed according to fields of study: (instructions management, students management, and divisions management, contacting management, people management, management of supplies and services).

Une étude de terrain visant à déterminer les problèmes administratifs qui confrontent l'action de département d'études supérieures dans les collèges de l'Université de Bagdad et les moyens de les traiter, et elle a adopté l'approche analytique descriptive. Il a été déterminé la communauté de la recherche, qui se compose de 173 assistants et ouvriers dans les études supérieures, l'échantillon de la recherche a été choisi d'une façon aveuglette en proportion de (71,676%) de la communauté de recherche, c'est que le nombre d'échantillon a atteind (21) assistants et 103 travailleurs dans des études supérieures. On a construit une questionnaire qui implique 74 éléments répartis parmi les domaines d'études, où la chercheuse a confirmé sa validité et sa fiabilité. Les données de la recherche ont été analysées en utilisant le programme (SPSS), et la chercheuse a appliqué la questionnaire de l'année scolaire 2010-2011. Et a trouvé les résultats qu'ont été analysés et discutés selon les secteurs de l'étude organisées, qui sont: ( une gestion de l'information, et une gestion des affaires d'étudiants, et une gestion de peuple, et une gestion de la communication, et une gestion personnelle, et une gestion de services).


Article
Problems and needs of Baghdad university students from perspective of college of political sciences and college of engineering’s students
مشكلات وحاجات طلبة جامعة بغداد من وجهة نظر طلبة كلية العلوم السياسية وطلبة كلية الهندسة

Author: Nawal Kasim Abass نوال قاسم عباس
Journal: Journal Of Educational and Psychological Researches مجلة البحوث التربوية والنفسية ISSN: 18192068 /pissn 26635879 Year: 2018 Volume: 15 Issue: 57 Pages: 331-348
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Problems and needs of Baghdad university students from perspective of college of political sciences and college of engineering’s studentsThe current research aims to identify the problems and needs for both college of political science and college of engineering’s students. The sample was (100) male and female student. The results showed bunch of problems which could be organized descendingly, the scientific domain ranged between (2 - 2.42), the mean of the psychological domain was (2.85), the moral domain ranged between (2.2 – 2.28)m the problems of study earned (2.30), the material domain got (1.95), the medical and social domain obtained (1.925), and finally, the family domain received (1.887).

ملخص البحثيهدف البحث الحالي " التعرف على مشكلات وحاجات طلبة كلية الهندسة وطلبة كلية العلوم السياسية "وقد عرفت الباحثة المشكلة اجرائيا بأنها كل مايشعر به الطلبة في كليات جامعة بغداد " كلية الهندسة وكلية العلوم السياسية " من صعوبات اوعقبات وحاجاتهم التي تتطلب الاشباع . وقد استخدمت الباحثة دراسة استطلاعية وطبقت استبانة على عينة (100) طالب وطالبة .فكانت نتائج الدراسة مجموعة من المشكلات العملية حصلت على الترتيب الاول بلغ متوسط حدة فقرات هذا المجال (2,191) بينما حصل الجانب النفسي للمشكلات على الترتيب الثاني (2,085) بينما حصل المجال الديني والاخلاقي على الترتيب الثالث ومتوسط حدته (2,022) . اما المجال الدراسي للمشكلات فقد حصل على الترتيب الرابع حيث بلغ متوسط حدة فقراته 2,012 كما ظهر ان اعلى درجة حدة (2,42) وهي " أشعر بالحزن لعدم حصولي فرصة عمل لمواصلة الدراسة " ... الخ عمل لمواصلة الدراسة يمكن ترتيبها جميعاً تنازلياً كالآتي : المجال العملي تراوت حدتها (2,42 – 2), والمجال النفسي حصل على متوسط درجة حدة (2,85) اما المجال الديني الاخلاقي نال درجة حدة (2,2 – 2,28) اما مجال المشكلات الدراسية حصلت على درجة حدة (2,30 ), اما المجال المادي فقد حصل على متوسط حدة للمشكلات( 1,95 ), اما المجال الاجتماعي الصحي حصل على متوسط حدة للمشكلات (1,925) , اما المجال الاسري للمشكلات حصل على متوسط درجة حدة ( 1,887).

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