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Article
PREVALENCE OF BRUCELLOSIS IN BUFFALOES OF BASRA GOVERNORATE, BASRA - IRAQ

Author: Mustafa Q. Hasoon , Mohammed A.Y. Al-Amery
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 80-86
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The present study was conducted to identify the prevalence of brucellosisamong buffaloes in Basra governorate, via examination of serum samples from 250she buffaloes reared in different Basra reigns. Sera were examined firstly by roseBengal test (RBT) followed by indirect enzyme linked immunsorbent assay (Elisa).The result of RBT indicated that from 250 buffaloes serum samples there were27(10.8%) positive against Brucella abortus antigen.Elisa test was performed on 88 sera samples that included a 27 RBT positivesera and other 61 negative sera, and the result revealed that 21( 23.8%) seropositivesera for Brucella abortus. According to the regions of Basra Governorate thepercentage rate of brucellosis were indicated in: Al Hartha 6(5,28%) then Al Qurna5(4,4%), Al Dear 4(3.5), Al Zubair 3(2.6%), Al Medaina 2(1.76%) and Al Tanooma1(0.88%). More over, infection in older animals found more significant ( P < 0.05)than in youngness, beside that infection rate were high in pregnant buffaloes incompared with non pregnant animals.Conclusion: the brucellosis of buffaloes in Basra governorate were caused by B.abortus and were more prominent in pregnant animals, therefore animals screeningof suspected animals was advised,

Keywords

brucellosis --- buffaloes --- Elisa --- Basra


Article
Aromatic hydrocarbons multiple nuclei (PAHs) in falling dust in the province of Basra
المركبات الهيدروكربونية الاروماتية متعددة الانوية ( (PAHsفي الغبار المتساقط في محافظة البصرة

Authors: Shaima Hisham Shehab Al-ddin شيماء هشام شهاب الدين --- Nayef Mohsen Aziz نايف محسن عزيز
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2012 Volume: 53 Issue: Special Issue Pages: 130-136
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The study included determine the concentration of hydrocarbons aromatic multiple nuclei PAHs in dust falling in the province of Basra, for the period from October 2011 to September 2012 included five stations on the province of Basra (Zubayr and bab Al-Zubair and Qarmat -Ali and Abu Alkaseb), and has been collecting study samples per month and estimated the amount of fallout and various pollutants associated with him. The exercise was conducted to draw vehicles hydrocarbon and examined device Gas chromatography and extracted data for compounds aromatic multiple nuclei PAHs were analyzed statistically observed discriminate compound B (b) F + B (k) F and Chrysene highest rates compared compounds aromatic other stations of the study, and found an increase in concentration of compound Benz (a) anthraceneas reached 6.904 Mcgm / kg Dry weight and composite Benzo (a) pyrene concentration 6.170 Mcgm / kg in the station Bab Al-Zubair, and sacrificed the study results on site in concentrations PAHs have been recorded lower values rates concentrations vehicles aromatic PAHs in plant Abu- Al kaseb compared with other study stations.

تضمنت الدراسة تحديد تركيز المركبات الهيدروكربونية الاروماتية المتعددة الانوية PAHs في الغبار المتساقط في محافظة البصرة للمدة من تشرین الأول 2011 إلى ايلول 2012 شملت خمس محطات موزعة على محافظة البصرة (الزبير وباب الزبير والكرمة والعشار وابي الخصيب) ، وجرى جمع عينات الدراسة شهريا وقدرت كمية الغبار المتساقط والملوثات المختلفة المرتبطة معه . وقد اجريت عملية استخلاص المركبات الهيدروكاربونية وفحصت بجهاز Gas chromatography واستخرجت البيانات للمركبات الاروماتية متعددة الانوية PAHs وحللت احصائياإذ تميز مركباB(b)F+B(k)Fو Chrysene بأعلى المعدلات مقارنة بالمركبات الاروماتية الاخرى لمحطات الدراسة ، ووجد ارتفاع في تركيز مركب Benz(a)anthracene أذ بلغ6.904مكغم/كغم وزنا جافا و مركبBenzo(a)pyrene بتركيز6.170 مكغم/كغم في محطة باب الزبير ، وضحت نتائج الدراسة تبايناً موقعياً في تراكيز PAHsوقد سجلت انخفاض قيم معدلات تراكيز المركبات الاروماتية PAHs في محطة ابي الخصيب مقارنة بمحطات الدراسة .


Article
ENVIRONMENTAL RISK FACTORS FOR CONGENITAL CARDIOVASCULAR DEFECTS AMONG INFANTS AND CHILDREN IN BASRA, SOUTHERN IRAQ

Authors: Ghada M. Abood غادة منصور عبود --- Meaad K. Hassan ميعاد كاظم حسن
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2014 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 9-17
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background:In Basra, Southern Iraq, an increased prevalence of congenital cardiovascular defects was reported. Although genetic and environmental factors predispose to these defects, little information is available concerning the non-inherited modifiable factors that may cause these defects.Objectives:To determine the environmental risk factors for congenital cardiovascular defects in infants and children.Methods:A total of 109 patients with congenital cardiovascular defects and 252 infants and children without congenital cardiovascular defects were studied. Their age ranged from 1 day-14 years. History included residence, family history of congenital heart diseases, maternal factors, employment, maternal exposure to drugs and radiation during pregnancy, and maternal illnesses and potential paternal risk factors.Results:A significant association between maternal age (less than 20 years or more than 34 years) (odd ratio, OR 4.65), influenza (OR 4.25), maternal phenobarbital intake (OR 1.54) was demonstrated with congenital cardiovascular defects. On the other hand, lower birth order (OR 0.412), absence of maternal exposure to air pollution like carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter (OR 0.852), and maternal stressful events (OR 0.822) were associated with a reduced risk for congenital cardiovascular defects.Conclusions:Birth order, maternal age, maternal exposure to air pollutions, maternal stressful events, influenza and phenobarbital therapy are independent risk factors for congenital cardiovascular defects.Keywords:Congenital cardiovascular defect, children, Basra


Article
Documentation Concept in Architecture “Documentation and Analytic Study of Foreigner’s Architecture in Basra City”
مفھوم التوثیق في العمارة " دراسة توثیقیة لعمارة الاجانب في مدینة البصرة"

Authors: Kalel Ibrahim Ali خلیل ابراھیم علي --- Armen Sakis Khosrof Markarian ارمین سركیس خسروف
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2014 Volume: 32 Issue: 11 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 377-392
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

It has been noted that many distinguished buildings are neglected and sometimes destroyed due to misuse, carelessness or environmental factors. Some of these buildings contain evidence of architectural merits that form part of the national heritage. Documentation of architectural significant buildings is essential and vital for preservation and conservation purposes. Such documentation must be systematic, accurate and true in representing distinctive qualities; and must follow an appropriate procedures. This paper reviews relevant literature which relates to documentation procedures and tries to apply it to various merited buildings in the city of Basra (1914-1958) when many buildings were built by none-Iraqi architects.It was evident that no study was conducted to list these buildings, especially the major landmarks in Basra. It sets parameters for methodological documentation and applies to various examples in Basra which was affected by colonial style in this period. The paper presents,also,various findings relevant to this issue.

هنالك مباني لها قيمه معماريه مميزه تتعرض للاندثار والزوال لاسباب ترتبط بالاهمال وسوء الاستعمال او لاسباب ترتبط بالجوانب المناخيه وغيرها من العوامل. ولغرض الحفاظ على تلك المباني لما تمثله من خزين ثقافي ومعماري, ما يتطلب توثيق تلك المباني بطرق اكاديميه وعلميه. وبذلك يمثل مفهوم التوثيق بشكل عام وفي العمارة بشكل خاص المحور العام للبحث. وقد تم التطرق الى مجموعه من الدراسات والطروحات السابقه المرتبطه بتوثيق العمارة عموماً وعمارة الاجانب بصورة خاصة, كذلك مجموعة من الدراسات والطروحات السابقه الخاصة بالعمارة في مدينة البصرة ومن خلال نقدها برزت المشكلة العامة للبحث والمتمثلة "بعدم وجود توثيق متكامل وبصور علمية لابنية عمارة الاجانب في مدينة البصرة للفترة من (1914-1958)", اما المشكلة البحثية فبرزت من خلال النقص المعرفي في السمات والمعالجات التصميمية المستخدمة في عمارة الاجانب في مدينة البصرة للفتره (1914-1958). لذلك فقد تم التركيز على المستوى المعماري (المبنى المفرد), تمت دراسة تاثير الاستعمار على العمارة لمدينة البصرة وبيان ابرز المتغيرات الحاصله عليها. بهذا فقد حقق البحث توثيق مجموعة من الابنية التي تشكل جزءاً مهماً من تراث البصرة وفق اسلوب علمي بطرح البحث إسلوباً لتوثيق البعض منها. توصل البحث الى مجموعه من الاستنتاجات من اهمها المعالجات التصميمة لعمارة الاجانب في مدينة البصرة التي تركت اثراً لعمارة هذه المدينة بعد 1958.[24]


Article
Sociodemographic factors of schizophrenia in Basra
العوامل الاجتماعية والديموغرافية للفصام في البصرة

Author: Akeel Ibrahim Saleh
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2011 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 15-20
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Schizophrenia is the heartland of psychiatry and the core of its clinical practice. The onsets of schizophrenia characteristically occur between the ages of 15 and 45. There are minor sex differences in age of onset. Schizophrenia is over presented among people of lower social class. The relationship of birth order to schizophrenia has been controversial.Methods: Eighty six schizophrenic patients who were admitted to psychiatric unit of Basra General Hospital, who met DSM-1V criteria for schizophrenia were included in this study. The data was obtained by personal interview from the patients and their accompanied relatives, after taking their consent, according to the following: age, sex, marital status, social class, season of birth and birth order.Results: This study shows high male to female ratio. Two third of the patients were single and in younger age group. The study also shows high percentage of schizophrenic patients in upper and middle social class. The season of birth of schizophrenic patients were in spring and there is no much difference between first and last born.Conclusion: There is certain factor, the young, single, season of birth … etc have special risk in developing schizophrenia and these should provide basis for further studies.


Article
Al Basrah in the view of the Historian Al Tabari .
البصرة عند المؤرخ الطبري

Author: Abdul Karim Azzedine Sadiq al-Araji عبد الكريم عز الدين صادق الاعرجي
Journal: Journal of Historical studies مجلة دراسات تاريخية ISSN: 18180346 Year: 2011 Issue: 10 Pages: 167-180
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

نظرا لأهمية مدينة البصرة في التاريخ الإسلامي باعتباره اول مدينة ممصرة في الإسلام وأدت دورا رياديا في سجل التاريخ ، الامر الذي جعل من الطبري مهتما بذكر تفاصيل كثيرة عن هذه المدينة ,وقد أحصيت صفحات تاريخ مدينة البصرة بين ثنايا كتاب الطبري فكانت المحصلة هي 527 صفحة متفرقة تتحدث عن إحداث هذه المدينة .


Article
Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus among Basra Medical students
الحمل الجرثومي الانفي للمكورات العنقودية الذهبية لدى طلبة كلية طب البصرة

Author: Hanadi Abdulqader Jasim & Wijdan Nazar ALMoosawi هنادي عبدالقادر جاسم وجدان نزار الموسوي
Journal: basrah journal of science البصرة للعلوم ISSN: 18140343 Year: 2014 Volume: 32 Issue: 2B micro conf Pages: 182-193
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus strains are becoming a major causes of nosocomial and community acquired infections specially those strains associated with antibiotic resistance. Nasal colonization of S. aureus is seen in patients and healthy individuals .This study was done to screen the nasal carriage rate of S. aureus among medical students (1st , 2nd, 4th, 5th and 6th year). The highest colonization rate (42.23%) of S.aureusrevealed in the 4th 5th and 6th year students . However the nasal carriage of S. aureus of 1st and 2nd year students was 18.6% (p˂0.001). In addition nasal carriage was shown to be higher in male than female students (p˂0.05).Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of S.aureus against 10 types of antibiotics had been reported.

تعتبر سلالات المكورات العنقودية الذهبية من الاسباب الرئيسية لعدوى المستشفيات وعدوى المجتمع المكتسبة وخاصة تلك السلالات المقاومة للمضادات الحيوية .ان الحمل الجرثومي لهذه المكورات الذهبية سجل لدى كل من المرضى و الاشخاص الاصحاء. اجريت هذه الدراسة لتحديد معدلات الحمل الجرثومي لدى طلبة كلية طب البصرة (المرحلة الاولى والثانية والرابعة والخامسة والسادسة). اعلى معدل لللاستعمار الجرثومي (42,23% ) وجدت في طلبة المرحلة الرابعة والخامسة والسادسة. كما ظهر الحمل الجرثومي لطلبة المرحلتين الاولى والثانية بنسبة 18,6% (p˂0.001). بالاضافة الى ذلك فان الحمل الجرثومي ظهر اكثر في انوف الطلبة الذكور من الاناث .(p˂0.05) اجري اختبار الحساسية الدوائية باستخدام عشرة انواع من المضادات الحيوية لتحديد حساسية انواع المكورات العنقودية المعزوله من انوف الطلبة.


Article
MALNUTRITION IN SURGICAL PATIENTS ADMITTED TO BASRA GENERAL HOSPITAL

Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2015 Volume: 21 Issue: 1 Pages: 24-28
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate and assess the nutritional status of patients admitted to the general surgery wards and define the correlation between the risk of malnutrition, hospital course, clinical outcome, any coexistence between malnutrition and obesity in adult surgical patients and to correlate between two systems used in the assessment of malnutrition. This is a cross sectional study done between December 2012-April 2013, on 214 patients, randomly selected admitted to public and private surgical wards in Basra General Hospital. They underwent two screening tools; the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST). The 214 patients were divided into two groups, both were included in the two validated screening tools for identification of the risk of malnutrition. Patients who were at risk of malnutrition in the private wards in the MST group were 6 out of 43(13.9%) while in the public ward were 10 out of 64 (15.6%). Regarding the MUST risk score in the private wards, there were 11 patients in the medium and high scores out of 54 patients( 20.3%) while in the public wards were 7 out of 53(13.2%).In the MST group, there were 7 positive females out of 58(12%) and males were 9 out of 49(18.3%). In the MUST group, 7 out of 53(13.2%) females were positive and 11 of 54(20.3%).In the MST group, there were 2 positive <30 patients out of 30(6.6%) and 10 patients (30-60) out of 62(16.1%) and above 60 years were 4 out of 15(26.6%). Regarding the MUST group, there were 3 patients at positive risk in <30 y out of 17(17.6%) and in 30-60 y they were 9 out of 69(13%) and in above 60 y they were 6 out of 21(28.5%).The MUST tool depends on BMI in its scoring. The results of this study showed there was not even a single patient with BMI <18.5 and the majority of the patients were either overweight or obese. In conclusion, the prevalence of under nourishment in the surgical inpatients in this trial is low; there is slight difference in the prevalence of malnutrition risk between MST and MUST. Malnutrition according to BMI is rare in patients included in MUST, over weight and obesity are the main problems in this study not the malnutrition. Patients with positive risk of malnourishment are not malnourished primarly but influenced by their diseases.


Article
THE ROLE OF AUTOLOGOUS PLATELET-RICH PLASMA IN THE TREATMENT OF SOME PAINFUL ORTHOPEDIC CONDITIONS: A BASRA EXPERIENCE STUDY

Authors: Midhat M Mahdi --- Zuhair Al-Barazanchi --- Amer S AL-Saadi
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2016 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 Pages: 45-51
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Abstract The role of platelet-rich plasma in the pain relief and treatment of many orthopedic problems had gained lot of studies & practice. Yet, it hadn’t been practiced in our locality. Thus, the study of its role in the treatment of certain enthsiopathies (plantar faciitis, achillis tendinitis and lateral epicondylitis) had been planned for. A total of 63 cases of the three diseases were chosen for a case control study. They were divided into two groups: the case group who had been treated with local injection of autologous platelets rich plasma (prepared by the Trima accel cell separating machine) and the control group who were treated by local steroid injections. Pre and three post-treatment follow up of cases were done to assess the pain perception level using the simple visual analog scale (VAS). Results had shown a statistically significant reduction in pain among cases compared to control. These results were comparable to many studies elsewhere in the world. This had led us to conclude the advice to encourage this type of therapy on a large scale of patients in the future with more detailed further studies about.


Article
The Fluoride Concentration of Bottled Drinking Water in Al-Basra City, Iraq

Author: Baha'a A. Jeri
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 1 Pages: 143-146
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study aimed to determine the amount of fluoride in commercially available bottled drinking waterin Al-Basra city, IraqMaterials and Methods: Eleven brands of bottled drinking water were obtained from supermarkets in Al-Basra city,Iraq. Five samples of 10 ml. were taking from each one of brands and the fluoride was determined by using fluorideion selective electrode.Results: The highest fluoride concentration was present in BADIOT brand (1.174 mg/L) while the lowest was in Barakatbrand (0.038 mg/L). One way ANOVA test showed a highley significant difference among different commerciallybranded types.Coclusions: Bottled water available in Al-Basra city contains less concentration of fluoride ion than normal valuesbecause there is no adding of fluoride to the water.

Keywords

Bottled water --- fluoride --- Al-Basra --- Iraq

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