research centers


Search results: Found 16

Listing 1 - 10 of 16 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by

Article
Attitudes and Trends of Kurdish Mothers Towards Breast Feeding in the First Six Months of Age in Duhok

Authors: Akrem M. Atrushi --- Wala'a Yousif Mahmood
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 259-265
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Breast feeding is the ideal way of providing young infants with nutrients they need for healthy growth and development. One in 3 infants is exclusively breastfed during the first 6 months of life. Unfortunately, compliance with breastfeeding recommendations in developing countries is low.Objective: To assess the trends and attitudes of Kurdish mothers in Duhok towards breastfeeding, the main factors determining them and the reasons for not exclusively breastfeeding in the first 6 months.Methods: A cross-sectional study carried out in Heevi Pediatric Hospital and 2 Health Care centers in Duhok, North of Iraq in the period between November 2012 and August 2013. A pre-coded questionnaire was used that included: Age of the mother, education, employment, Types of feeding in the first 6 months, mode of delivery, parity , gender of the baby and the reason for not exclusively breastfeeding. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18. Chi-square and Fischer’s exact tests, the level of significance is 0.05.Results: The study included 588 mothers. The type of feeding they used in the first 6 months was exclusive breastfeeding in 8% cases only. Most of mothers who are not only breastfeeding (58.93%) fell within the age group between 20-29 years. Most mothers who were only breastfeeding (37.77% for each) were uneducated or had primary school education while 34.43% of those who were not only breastfeeding in the first 6 months were uneducated. Most mothers were unemployed. Multiparity was present in 66.66% of mothers who were only breastfeeding and 78.64% of those who were not only breastfeeding. Normal spontaneous vaginal birth was the most common mode of delivery Females babies predominate in those who are only breastfed (53.34%) while males predominate in the other group (56.16%) The most common reasons for not only breastfeeding in the first 6 months were not enough breast milk (51.56%), illness of the baby(16.57%) and illness of the mother(12.52%).Conclusion: Most Kurdish mothers in Duhok do not exclusively breastfeed their babies in the first 6 months. The main reason is thinking that breast milk is not enough. Most of them were aged 20-29 years, had male babies, were uneducated, unemployed and fed their babies solids but none of these variables was found significant. Spontaneous vaginal delivery was significantly associated with exclusive breastfeeding. Health care providers should be encouraged to educate mothers of young infants on the benefits of breastfeeding and give them motivation to continue with breastfeeding for at least 6 months.

Keywords

Breastfeeding --- Kurdish


Article
EFFECT OF BREASTFEEDING DURING PREGNANCY ON THE OCCURRENCE OF MISCARRIAGE AND PRETERM LABOUR

Author: Maysara M. Albadran ميسرة محمد عبد الرضا البدران
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2013 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 285-289
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background:Many mothers breastfeed their babies while they are pregnant. Objective:To explore whether breastfeeding during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage and preterm births.Methods:A case-control study conducted in Al-Mawany General Hospital through a period extended from first of September 2011 till the first of September 2012. Two hundred fifteen pregnant women who breastfed during pregnancy and two hundred eighty pregnant who weren't breastfeeding during pregnancy were studied. Demographic data, frequency of miscarriage and preterm deliveries and neonatal birth weight were compared between the two groups. Chi-Square and student t-test were used to compare the result. Significant difference was considered when P value < 0.05.Result:The frequency of miscarriage among those who breastfed their babies during pregnancy were significantly lower than among those who didn’t breastfed during pregnancy, this was unaffected by exclusiveness of breastfeeding, however, there was statistically insignificant difference in the frequency of preterm deliveries and in the birth weight between the two groups.Conclusions:Breastfeeding doesn't increase the risk of miscarriage or preterm births neither does it affect neonatal birth weight. Keywords:Miscarriage, breastfeeding, preterm labour, exclusive breastfeeding, non exclusive breastfeeding


Article
Incidence of Bronchiolitis in Breast Fed Infants Below 2

Author: Haider Nadhim Abd
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-5
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Acute viral bronchiolitis is a common respiratory infectious disease of children.OBJECTIVE:To study the relationship between bronchiolitis and breastfeeding in children below 2 years of age.MATERIAL AND METHODS:A prospective study was carried out with100 child aged up to 24 months to evaluate theirbreastfeeding status as possible risk factors for unfavourable evolution in department of pediatricin AL-Kahdimiya Teaching Hospital during the period from first of October 2008 to the end ofMarch 2009.RESULTS:Hundred cases of bronchiolitis were included in this study. Most of them ( 78 %) were below oneyear. Male children were 70%, female children were 30%. Fifty-four of the children wereexclusively breastfeeding. Eighty of the children were admitted to the hospital because of severeattack. The median length of hospital stay was four days and of oxygen-use was three days.CONCLUSION:The duration of exclusive breastfeeding was inversely related to the length of oxygen-use and thelength of hospital stay. Shorter exclusive breastfeeding was observed in children who wereassigned to a pediatric ward or to an intensive care unit. Longer duration of breastfeeding wasassociated with better clinical outcomes.


Article
Breast Feeding Problems in Primipara Mothers in Early Postnatal Period
مشاكل الرضاعة الطبيعية لدى الأم البكر في الأيام الأولى بعد الولادة

Author: Bushra Najem د. بشرى نجـــم عمران
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2011 Volume: 24 Issue: 3 Pages: 192-195
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Human milk is the ideal and unique food for infants'. It is the sole source of nutrition for the first six months of life with continued intake for the first year and as long as desired thereafterAim of study: To identify breast feeding problems in primipara mothers in early postnatal period.Subjects and methods: Two hundred fifty one mothers, primipara in early postnatal period attending Al-Yermouk Teaching Hospital– Baghdad Iraq were enrolled in this study, during the period from June 2009 – March 2010, all the mothers were subjected to questions about their basic knowledge of breast feeding (BF) and any health education received during antenatal care visits Nursing mothers were observed for mistakes of mothers during BF their complaints.Results: The age of the mothers in this study range between 15-40, most of them were house wives (85.4%),& from urban area(`83.7%), the results of this study showed lacking of antenatal education of primigravida about BF only 8% of mothers received BF education reflecting real BF problems especially in early postnatal period which is critical period in starting &continuation of BF. Among these problems, mother had no experience to put the baby in the right position or latch on (27.5%), refusal of baby to breast fed (21.9%) & believing that she has inadequate milk (19.5%).Conclusion: : Lack of health education about BF during antenatal visits was very clear in this study & this represents problem which leading to failure of establishment & continuation of B.F ,in addition to different problems. Key Word: Primipara postnatal problems breastfeeding

الخلفية: حليب الأم غذاء مثالي للرضيع وخاصة في الأشهر الستة الأولى من حياته , مع أهمية الاستمرار بإعطائه للطفل خلال السنة الأولى من عمره ومن ثم الاستمرار عليه حسب الرغبه.الهدف: إيجاد مشاكل الرضاعة الطبيعية لدى الأم البكر في الأيام الأولى بعد الولادة وطرق منع حدوثها و خلال زيارتها للرعاية أثناء فترة الحمل , إضافة إلى مراقبة الأم أثناء الرضاعة وملاحظة الأخطاء التي تقع بها الأم ,وما تعانيه تجنبها.طريقة البحث: ضمت الدراسة مئتان وأحدى و خمسون ام بكر ولدت حديثا(1-3يوم), في مستشفى اليرموك التعليمي في بغداد العراق اجري البحث في قسم النسائية للفترة من حزيران 2009 –آذار 2010, تم توجيه أسئلة للأمهات حول أساسيات الرضاعة الطبيعية , وهل تلقت تثقيفا حول الرضاعة الطبيعية من مصاعب ومتاعب أثناء عملية الرضاعة الطبيعية.النتائج: كان عمر الأمهات اللاتي شملهن هذا البحث ما بين 15 -40معظمهن ربات بيوت 85.4%, ومن سكنه المدينة 83.7% ,نتائج الدراسة أوضحت تلكأ كبير في حجم تثقيف الأمهات الحوامل(8%) حول الرضاعة الطبيعية أثناء زيارتهن لمراكز الرعاية الأولية والعيادات الخاصة , وهذا يؤدي الى ظهور مشاكل الرضاعة وتفاقمها خاصة بعد الولادة وهذه المرحلة حساسة ومهمة في بدئ واستمرار الرضاعة الطبيعية إما أهم هذه المشاكل التي ظهرت في هذا البحث هو عدم وجود خبرة للام في الرضاعة الطبيعية (27.5%), رفض الطفل للثدي (21.9%), إضافة إلى اعتقاد الأم عدم كفاية حليبها لإشباع الطفل (19.5%) .الاستنتاجات: قلة تثقيف الأمهات الحوامل البكر خلال زيارتهن للرعاية أثناء فترة الحمل واضح خلال هذا البحث و هذه مشكلة كبيرة تؤدي إلى حدوث جميع مشاكل الرضاعة الأخرى وبالتالي فشلها وتوقفها. التوصيات :وضعت عدة توصيات في هذه الدراسة لتحسين هذا الوضع.


Article
Exclusive Breast Feeding Incidence in the First Six Months of Life and Its Associated Factors

Authors: Hussein Fadhil Musa Aljawadi --- Esraa Abd Al-Muhsen Ali --- Hassan Abd-Alhadi Altimimi
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 62-70
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Healthy nutrition is especially important during the first 6 months of life being the period of exceptionally accelerated growth and high nutrient requirements. The global nutrition target number 5 for 2025 by World Health Organization is to elevate the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in the 1st six months up to 50 percent.Aim of study: to determine the exclusive breastfeeding rate and associated risk factors for the first six months of life in Misan, South East of Iraq.Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study with analytical elements. It was conducted in Al-Sader Teaching Hospital during the period from 1st of September 2016 to 1st of March 2017 among randomly selected 500 mothers having infants aged between 7-12months.Results: Exclusive breastfeeding rate was 45.6% and there was a significant association with some factors like residence, previous breastfeeding, maternal health status, education level, employment, the number of babies at delivery and birth order in which the P values were 0.009, 0.0008, 0.0005, 0.033, 0.038, 0.05 and 0.03 respectively.Conclusion: Exclusive breastfeeding rate in Misan was low and it was less than the target of World Health Organization.

Keywords

breastfeeding --- infant --- exclusive --- Misan.


Article
Patterns of Infant Feeding and Factors Associated with Them among Sample of Mothers in Kerbala City

Authors: Ali Abdulridha Kadhim Abutiheen --- Ruaa Mohammed Ali Mohammed --- Ahmad Mehdi Al-Saadi --- Mohammed Abdulrasol Abdulamer --- et al.
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2019 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 4124-4131
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

background: Breastfeeding improves the health, development, and survival of all children. As well as, saving life and improving the health of mothers. Further, it reduces economic burden on families and the community. Objectives: To identify patterns of infant feeding including breastfeeding. To assess the initiation of breastfeeding. And to recognize factors associated with these patterns. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Kerbala city. A random sample of mothers of infants aged 1 to 12 months was selected and interviewed. Mothers attended two primary health care centers and outpatient clinics of Kerbala Teaching Hospital for Children in Kerbala city for caring of their infants were considered eligible for the study. Interviews were carried out during period January 2 – June 30, 2015.Results: Total of 317 mothers was enrolled in the study, (59%) of their babies were males. Mothers age range from (15-42) years with a mean and standard deviation age of 25 ± 5.98 years. Breastfeeding was the predominant feeding type (62%). Breastfeeding was significantly associated with younger maternal age, being vaginally delivered, being multipara and encouraging husband role. The initiation of breastfeeding was in the first hour in 73% of the mothers. And breastfeeding initiation within the first hour was negatively associated with being delivered by Caesarean section. While the main source of mother information regarding feeding was the family.Conclusion: Breastfeeding was the predominant type of feeding. Choosing and continuation of breastfeeding was positively associated with younger maternal age, normal vaginal delivery, multiparty and husband support.


Article
Study of Some Physiological and Biochemical Parameters in Women with Breastfeeding and Non-Breastfeeding in Erbil City
دراسة لبعض القياسات الفسيولوجية والبيوكيميائية في المرأة مع الرضاعة الطبيعية وعدم الرضاعة الطبيعية في مدينة أربيل

Author: Saman M. Abdulkareem سامان محسن عبدالكريم
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Pure Science مجلة تكريت للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 18131662 Year: 2016 Volume: 21 Issue: 1 Pages: 45-50
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Blood samples from one hundred healthy women (29-33 year) have been taken. The women were divided into 2 groups: group 1 including 50 women that exclusively breast-fed for 6 months, and group 2 composed of 50 women in whom lactation was inhibited with formula feeding.The two groups were comparable in lipid profile, random blood sugar, serum calcium and phosphors, tumor markers, and testosterone hormone (P-value < 0.01). Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and random blood sugar (RBS) were significantly less in the breastfeeding group (P-value < 0.01). The mean totals LDL-C were 56.01± 0.35 and 71.90 ± 0.43mg/dl in groups 1 and 2, respectively. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was higher in the breastfeeding groups than in non-breastfeeding mothers (44.21±068mg/dl vs. 40.83±0.14mg/dl) but the difference was not statistically significant. Nevertheless, serum cholesterol, serum triglyceride, and serum very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) were insignificantly lowers in breastfeeding group (95.37±1.02 mg/dl) in comparison to non-breastfeeding group (112.8±1.02 mg/ dl). Tumor marker were determined with chemiluminescent immunometric methods in each group via an automatic hormone analyzer. However, breastfeeding mothers have slightly less percentage of CA 15-3 and CA 125 than formula-feeding mothers (9.67 ± 0.071 U/ml and 9.79 ± 0.079 U/ml versus 12.84 ± 0.13 U/ml and 12.34 ± 0.14 U/ml, respectively), but the difference was not statistically significant.

تم أخذ عينات الدم من مائة امرأة في حالات صحية جيدة (29-33 سنة). النساء تم تقسيمهن الى مجموعتين: المجموعة الأولى تضمنت 50 امرأة مرضعة لمدة 6 أشهر، و المجموعة الثانية ضمت 50 امرأة و اللاتي قد توقفت عندهن إنتاج الحليب بسبب الرضاعة غير الطبيعية (الصناعية). المجموعتين تم مقارنتهما من خلال مستوى الدهون وسكر الدم العشوائي و كالسيوم وفسفور المصل و علامات التورم وهرمون التيستوستيرون مع احتمالية ((P-value < 0.01. كان كولسترول البروتين الدهني منخفض الكثافة (LDL-C) ونسبة السكر في الدم العشوائي (RBS) أقل بكثير في مجموعة الرضاعة الطبيعية (P-value < 0.01). وكان مجموع متوسطات الـ LDL-C مساوياً ل 56.01 ± 0.35 و 71.90 ± 0.43ملغم / ديسيلتر في المجموعات 1 و 2 على التوالي. كولسترول البروتين الدهني عالي الكثافة (HDL-C) كانت أعلى في مجموعة الرضاعة الطبيعية بالمقارنة مع الأمهات اللاتي لاترضع طبيعياً (44.21 ± 068 ملغم / ديسيلتر مقابل 40.83 ± 0.14 ملغم / ديسيلتر) ولكن الفرق غير معنوي إحصائيا. ومن الجدير بالذكر فإن الكولسترول والدهون الثلاثية وكولسترول البروتين الدهني منخفض الكثافة جدا (VLDL-C) في المصل كانت منخفضة معنويا في مجموعة الرضاعة الطبيعية (95.37 ± 1.02 ملغم/ ديسيلتر) بالمقارنة مع مجموعة الرضاعة الغير طبيعية (112.8 ± 1.02 ملغم/ ديسيلتر). ومع ذلك، الأمهات المرضعات لديها نسبة مئوية أقل من علامات التورم (CA) 3-15 و125 الأمهات الرضاعة غير الطبيعية (9.67 ± 0.071 وحدة / مل و 9.79 ± 0.079 وحدة/ مل مقابل 12.84 ± 0.13وحدة / مل و 12.34 ± 0.14 وحدة / مل على التوالي )، ولكن الفرق لم يكن معنويا إحصائيا.


Article
No prohibition on breast feeding for the old
لا تحريم بإرضاع الكبير

Author: Maher Yaseen Alfahal ماهر ياسين الفحل
Journal: Anbar University Journal of Islamic Sciences مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامية ISSN: 20716028 Year: 2010 Volume: 2 Issue: 7 Pages: 66-97
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This research entitled ” no prohibition on breastfeeding an adult ” treats a very important issue , which concerns the effect of breastfeeding an adult on the circulation of sacredness , through the review of the verses of Quran and prophet’s sayings in this scholars and their statements .The researcher mentioned in a brief chapter those women who are denied marriage by those who are breastfed . He mentioned the first opinion in this research which is related to the effect of breastfeeding an adult on the circulation of sacredness – and this is the belief of the majority of scholars who said : breastfeeding is combined with prohibition only in the case of childhood .The researcher , then , mentioned their evidence from the Quran and Sunnah and stated the essence of each evidence about what they have said .

عالج هذا البحث – وهو ((لا تحريم بإرضاع الكبير)) – قضية مهمة جداً ، وهي تأثير رضاع الكبير في نشر الحرمة ، من خلال استعراض الآيات والأحاديث النبوية الواردة في ذلك ، وعرض مذاهب أهل العلم وأقوالهم ، فشرع الباحث بذكر فصل مختصر فيمن يحرم نكاحهن ، ثم ذكر القول الأول في مسألة البحث – وهي أثر رضاع الكبير في نشر الحرمة – وهو قول جمهور أهل العلم الذين قالوا : الرضاع المحرِّم إنما هو ما كان في حال الصغر ، ثم ذكر أدلتهم من الكتاب والسنة على ذلك ، وذكر وجه الدلالة من كل دليل على ما قالوا ، ثم ذكر القول الثاني – وهو قول لبعض أهل العلم - ، وقد ذكر أصحاب القول الثاني أنَّ رضاع الكبير ورضاع الصغير في نشر الحرمة سواء ، ثم ذكر دليلهم الوحيد على ما ذهبوا إليه ، ثم ذكر قولاً ثالثاً في المسألة وهو أنَّ رضاع الكبير لا يحرِّم إلا إذا كان في حال الضرورة واحتياج ، وهو قول لبعض من تأخر من أهل العلم ، وناقش الباحث الأدلة خلال البحث مناقشة حديثية فقهية ، وخلص إلى أنَّ رضاع الكبير لا يؤثر في نشر الحرمة ، وبهذا رجح مذهب الجمهور لرجحان أدلتهم .


Article
Effectiveness of lactation counseling on maintenance of breastfeeding

Authors: Rajaa T. Hasan --- Iqbal M. Abass
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2012 Volume: 25 Issue: 3 Pages: 20-34
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Objective(s): To determine the effectiveness of lactation counseling on maintenance of breastfeeding after cesarean section for study group.Methodology: A quasi-experimental study was conducted on non probability sample (purposive) of (60) women who had cesarean section and sample divided in to two groups (30) of them as a study group from Fatima Al-Zahra'a Maternity and Pediatric Teaching Hospital & implement lactation counseling on it and another group (30) as control group from Baghdad Teaching Hospital in Baghdad City. Study implemented for the period of April 24th 2011 to August 2nd 2011. A questionnaire was used as a tool of data collection to fulfill with objective of the study and consisted of three parts, including demographic, reproductive characteristics and maintenance of breastfeeding of the sample. A pilot study was carried out to test the reliability of the questionnaire and content validity was carried out through the 11 experts. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were used to analyze the data. Results: The results of the study revealed that most mothers their ages within ideal fertility age which ranged between (20-24) years, and most of them had low educational level, and were housewives, and live in urban area, with moderate socioeconomic status, and (53.3%), (50%) respectively of them were primigravida. The study shows that (100%) of the study group had continued breastfeeding, while (76.7%) of the control group had continued breastfeeding and the reasons for discontinuation of breastfeeding for control group are not enough milk and newborn refuse lactation, (73.3%) of the study group had exclusive breastfeeding, while (26%) of the control group had exclusive breastfeeding.Recommendations: The study recommended to reactivate the role of Baby-Friendly Hospitals Initiative in promoting of breastfeeding by implementation of ten steps successful of breastfeeding, and breastfeeding counseling for women during pregnancy and after birth especially who have cesarean section which has important role on maintenance of breastfeeding up to 6 months after birth.

الهدف: تحديد فاعلية المشورة في الإرضاع على مداومة الإرضاع من الثدي بعد العملية القيصرية للمجموعة التجريبية.المنهجية: أجريت دراسة شبه تجريبية على عينة غير احتمالية (غرضية) من (60) امرأة لديها عملية قيصرية وقسمت العينة إلى مجموعتين (30) منهن اعتبرت كعينة تجريبية من مستشفى فاطمة الزهراء التعليمي للولادة والأطفال، ونفذت المشورة في الإرضاع عليهن والمجموعة الأخرى (30) كعينة ضابطة من مستشفى بغداد التعليمي في مدينة بغداد.نفذت الدراسة للمُدّة من 24 نيسان إلى 2 آب 2011. استعملت الاستبانة كأداة لجمع البيانات لتحقيق هدف الدراسة وتتكون من ثلاث أجزاء تتضمن الخصائص الديموغرافية، الإنجابية ومداومة الإرضاع من الثدي للعينة. تمّ إجراء الدراسة الاستطلاعية لاختبار ثبات الاستبانة وجرى صدق المحتوى من خلال 11 خبير وأستخدم الإحصاء الوصفي والاستدلالي في تحليل البيانات.النتائج: أظهرت النتائج إن معظم الأمهات أعمارهن ضمن سن الإنجاب المثالي يتراوح من (20-24) سنة ومعظمهن ذوات مستوى تعليمي واطئ و ربات بيوت و يعيشون في مناطق حضرية مع مستوى اجتماعي اقتصادي متوسط، و(3‚53%) (50%) على التوالي منهن بكريات. تبين الدراسة إن (100%) من المجموعة التجريبية استمروا بالإرضاع من الثدي بينما (76.7%) من المجموعة الضابطة استمروا بالإرضاع من الثدي وأسباب عدم الاستمرار بالإرضاع من الثدي هي عدم كفاية الحليب والوليد يرفض الرضاعة، (73.3%) من المجموعة التجريبية ارضعن رضاعة خالصة بينما (26%) من المجموعة الضابطة ارضعن رضاعة خالصة. التوصيات: أوصت الدراسة بإعادة تفعيل دور المستشفيات الصديقة للأطفال في تعزيز الإرضاع من الثدي بوساطة تنفيذ الخطوات العشرة لإنجاح الإرضاع من الثدي ومشورة النساء في الإرضاع خلال الحمل وبعد الولادة وبخاصة التي لديها عملية قيصرية ومالها من دور مهم في مداومة الرضاعة من الثدي لمدة ستة أشهر بعد الولادة.


Article
Amount of breastfeeding is forbidden in Islamic law
مقدار الرضاع المحرم في الشريعة الإسلامية

Author: ahmed abood alwan أحمد عبود علوان
Journal: Journal of Research Diyala humanity مجلة ديالى للبحوث الانسانية ISSN: 1998104x Year: 2009 Issue: 34 Pages: 506-516
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The need to let the breastfeeding mother Kovah for example, or the inability to either breastfeeding from a deficit or lack of milk at all, or for other reasons. Based on this it follows that breastfeeding provisions of legitimacy, and these legal provisions: - Know the amount of Muharram of breastfeeding was why I chose the topic that many Muslims are ignorant of the number of feeds which it is forbidden by the breastfeeding, I also found a lot of people ask about the number of feeds that deny; because it often happens of those issues in society and that leads to TNA and the provisions of the effects of legitimacy, this ignorance Ancomn social problems. Has been followed in the writing style of this research collection, transportation and weighting. Stating the opinion of each team with their evidence in their opinions. Find the division was as follows: Began paving the language shows the definition of breastfeeding and then legally, according to the views of scholars in the amount of breastfeeding is forbidden that is divided into four schools of jurisprudence

فقد تدعوا الحاجة إلى الرضاع ، كوفاة الأم مثلا ، أو لعدم قدرتها على الرضاع إما من عجز أو عدم وجود اللبن أصلاً ، أو لأسباب أخرى . وبناءأً على ذلك فأنه يترتب على هذا الرضاع أحكام شرعية ، ومن هذه الأحكام الشرعية :- معرفة المقدار المحرم من الرضاع فكان سبب اختياري للموضوع ان كثيرا من المسلمين يجهلون عدد الرضعات التي يحرم بها الرضاع كما انني وجدت كثيرا من الناس يسألون عن عدد الرضعات التي تحرم ؛لانه كثيراً ما يحدث من تلك المسائل في مجتمعا تنا فيترتب على ذلك اثار واحكام شرعية ،ينشأمن هذا الجهل مشكلات اجتماعية .وقد اتبعت في كتابة هذا البحث اسلوب الجمع والنقل والترجيح .ذاكرا رأي كل فريق مع ما استدلوا عليه في ارائهم .فكان تقسيم البحث على النحو الاتي:بدأت بتمهيد يبين تعريف الرضاع لغة وشرعاً وذكرت بعدها اراء الفقهاء في المقدار المحرم من الرضاع مقسما ذلك الى اربعة مذاهب فقهية .

Listing 1 - 10 of 16 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (16)


Language

English (12)

Arabic (2)

Arabic and English (1)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (1)

2018 (2)

2017 (2)

2016 (2)

2015 (1)

More...