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Article
The results analysis of complete blood count during the first half of 2015 at the Central Child Teaching Hospital in Baghdad.

Authors: Rasha Tariq Jawad --- Ebtehal Ali Hussien
Journal: Iraq Joural of Hematology المجلة العراقية لامراض الدم ISSN: 20728069/25432702 Year: 2016 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 42-54
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:Background: Complete blood count (CBC) is the most commonly requested test byphysicians. The central child teaching hospital is the second largest pediatric hospital inIRAQ. We review the CBC for the first half of 2015 at that hospital.Objectives: this study was arranged to explore the prevalence of anemia, leucocytosis,leucopenia, thrombocytosis, thrombocytopenia, using automated CBC counter Emerald &Ruby Abbott for outpatient and inpatients respectively.Patients and methods: A retrospective study included a total of 19341 patient attendedcentral child teaching hospital (from the 1st of January -1st of July 2015). All of them didcomplete blood picture test using ruby Abbott and emerald Abbott hematology autoanalyzer,14418 of them were inpatients and 4723 patients attended to the outpatient clinic.Results: the results were analyzed as anemia, leucocytosis, leucopenia, thrombocytosis,thrombocytopenia for the whole patients and for each month to the inpatients so that toanalyze the result according to season. Anemia was seen more commonly in the inpatients(30.79%) than the outpatient (20.8%). Leucopenia was seen more in outpatients (17.15%)than in inpatients (8.1%), while leukocytosis shown to be (10.8%) of inpatients and 2% ofoutpatients. Thrombocytopenia was (8.3%) of inpatient and (3.1%) of outpatients. Regardingthe monthly incidence we found that the highest percentage of anemia in outpatients seen atMay (42%), while the lowest was seen at January (19.76%).Leucocytosis and thrombocytosisboth showed the highest percentage at January (19.76%), (15.29%) respectively.Conclusion: anemia, leucocytosis, and thrombocytosis seen in inpatients more thanoutpatients ,leucopenia seen in outpatients more than inpatients ,thrombocytosis showed nearresults for in and out patients but a little higher for inpatients.

Keywords

analysis --- CBC --- children


Article
Proposal Hybrid CBC Encryption System to Protect E-mail Messages

Author: Soukaena Hassan Hashem
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2019 Volume: 60 Issue: 1 Pages: 157-170
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Email is one of the most commonly utilized communication methods. Theconfidentiality, the integrity and the authenticity are always substantial incommunication of the e-mail, mostly in the business utilize. However, these securitygoals can be ensured only when the cryptography is utilized. Cryptography is aprocedure of changing unique data into a configuration with the end goal that it isjust perused by the coveted beneficiary. It is utilized to shield data from otherindividuals for security purposes. Cryptography algorithms can be classified assymmetric and asymmetric methods. Symmetric methods can be classified as streamcipher and block cipher. There are different operation modes provided by the blockcipher, these are Cipher Block Chaining (CBC), Output Feedback (OFB), CipherFeedback (CFB) and Electronic Code Block (ECB). CBC used to complex thecryptographic systems, by using Initialization Vector (IV), Xoring, and encryptionwith specified key over chain of blocks, but CBC is vulnerable to chosen plaintextattack because the IV is static and vulnerable to chosen ciphertext attack because theencryption method with the key are static. This paper introduce a proposed E-mailmessages encryption systems , the proposal based on modified CBC mode operationhybrid with some of techniques exploited in the encryption such as RADG, DNA,RNA and a suggested permutation methods. The proposed modifications applied onthe CBC are generate IV randomly, generate key randomly, and propose encryptionmethod, these modifications proposed to avoid the attacks that CBC is vulnerable to.

Keywords

cryptography --- CBC --- RADG --- DNA.


Article
Enhancing Embedded Data Security By Turns Cipher Block Chaining Mode Into Stream Cipher
تحسين أمنية البيانات المخفية بتحويل صيغة سلسلة قطاع التشفير إلى التشفير الانسيابي

Author: Salah Mahdi Saleh
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2009 Volume: 27 Issue: 13 Pages: 2457-2473
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

In this paper, a secure data hiding method is introduced. It increases the security of embedded data through combining between the steganography and cryptography. First, the secrete message is divided into blocks with same size according to length of key stream that is generated using nonlinear key generator. This key is used to encrypt the first block in secret message using the stream cipher, whereas the other blocks are encrypted depending on the behavior of cipher block chaining (CBC) mode that turn on the stream cipher in order toguarantee no duplicated encrypted blocks. In our CBC mode the current ciphertext block will became a key stream to encrypt the next plaintext block, and so on. After encryption stage complete, the encrypted massage are embedded randomly in bmp image using LSB insertion method to increase the security.

قدمت في هذا البحث طريقة إخفاء بيانات آمنة. إنها تزيد من أمنية البيانات المخفية من خلال الجمع بين الإخفاء والتشفير. تقسم الرسالة أولاً إلى قطاعات متساوية الحجم طبقاً لطول سلسلة مفتاح يتم توليدها باستعمال مولد مفاتيح خطي. يستعمل هذا المفتاح لتشفير القطاع الأول في الرسالة السرية باستخدام التشفير الانسيابي، بينما تُشّفر القطاعات الأخرى اعتماداً على سلوك صيغة سلسلة قطاع التشفير التي تحول إلى التشفير الانسيابي لكي تضمن عدم ظهور قطاعات مشفرة مكررة. ففي طريقة سلسلة قطاع التشفير المستعملة في بحثنا يصبح قطاعالتشفير الحالي كسلسلة مفتاح لتشفير قطاع النص الصريح التالي. بعد ذلك يتم إخفاء الرسالة باستعمال طريقة حشر الثنائيات الأقل أهمية لزيادة الأمنية. bmp المشفرة عشوائيأ في صورة


Article
Effect of Ho-YAG laser therapy on Complete Blood Count for Lithotripsy (in vitro)

Authors: Ferial. Y. Nazal --- Mohammed K. Hamid --- Hazim R. Akal
Journal: JOURNAL OF THI-QAR SCIENCE مجلة علوم ذي قار ISSN: 19918690 Year: 2018 Volume: 6 Issue: 4 Pages: 130-136
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

Background :The purpose of this study is to investigate the in vitro effect of Ho – YAG laser on Complete Blood Picture in blood sample from ureteroscopic lithotripsy ( patients with urinary stones ) . The study is conduct the effect Ho-YAG laser on Complete Blood Count (CBC) was estimated before and after exposure in vitro . The study was conducted on Complete Blood Picture , the taken number of (10) parameters was estimated before and after exposure . Result showed that there was a significant decreased in the percentage of Lymphocyte , PLT , HCT , RBC , HBG , MCHC , after exposure to 2100 nm (Ho-YAG ) laser . It is found that (Ho-YAG ) laser increase some parameters of WBCs , MCV , MONO and MCH and after exposure.


Article
First report of citrus bacterial canker caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri in iraq
في العراق Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Citri التسجيل الاول لتقرح الحمضيات المتسبب عن البكتريا

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Abstract

Collected citrus leaves, with erumpent, callus – like lesions with a water-soaked margin of Tangerine (Citrus reticulate Blance), Mexican lemon (Citrus limon), and Sweet orang (Citrus sinensis Osbec) from different orchards in Diyala, Baghdad and Babylon Governorate of Iraq. Pathogenicity of different isolates was confirmed along with symptoms under laboratory condition on detached leaf using pin prick method, observed that 21 (60 %) isolate Xac. was highly virulent to initiate water soaked lesion and fully developed symptoms within 10 to15 days, 14 (40 %) isolate Xac. were less virulent. The results of morphological (shape, colony and color) and biochemical characteristic (gram reaction, starch hydrolysis, gelatein liquefaction, KOH test, Indole production, oxidase reaction, acid and gas production, catalase reaction, fluorescent pigmentation test and NaCl tolerant). Molecular identification was performed by PCR using specific primer J-pth1̸ J-pth2 amplicon 198 bp indicated the occurrence of CBC in Iraq. All isolates 35(100%) were harbor pthA gene. These represent the first report of CBC in Iraq.

جمعت اوراق من اشجار الحمضيات (لالنكي Citus reticulate Blance ، الليمون الحامض Citrus limon و البرتقال Citrus sinensis Osbec) من عدة بساتين من محافظات بغداد، ديالى وبابل تظهر عليها اعراض بثرات مرتفعة فلينية المظهر ذات حواف مائية. اظهرت نتائج اختبار القدرة الامراضية للعزلات التي جمعت باستخدام طريقة وخز الدبوس (pin prick method) تحت ظروف المختبر ، ان 21 عزلة (60%) من العزلات كانت شديدة الضراوة واستغرقت فترة 10-15 يوم لتطور الاعراض بشكل كامل ، 14 عزلة (40%) من العزلات كانت ضعيفة الضراوة . كما واظهرت نتائج اختبار الصفات المظهرية، الكيمياء الحياتية مثل الشكل، شكل المستعمرة، تفاعل كرام، تحلل النشأ، سيولة الجيلاتين، اختبار هيدروكسيد البوتاسيوم، انتاج الاندول، تفاعل الاوكسيديز، انتاج الغاز والحامض، تفاعل الكتليز، انتاج صبغات لاصفة، تحمل الملوحة والاختبارات الجزيئية باستخدام تقنية (تفاعل البلمرة المتسلسل) باستخدام بادئات متخصصة J-pth1̸ J-pth2 (انتاج حزمة ذات 198 زوج قاعدي) وجود بكتريا تقرح الحمضيات. وان معظم العزلات 35 (100%) احتوت على الجين harbor pthA ويعد هذا التسجيل الاول لمرض التقرح البكتيري على الحمضيات في العراق.

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