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Article
Diagnostic study of microfilariae in blood samples of cattle in Mosul city-Iraq
دراسة تشخيصية لليرقات الخيطية الدقيقة (Microfilariae) في عينات دم الأبقار في مدينة الموصل-العراق

Author: E. T. Butty انتصـار توما بـطي
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences المجلة العراقية للعلوم البيطرية ISSN: 16073894 Year: 2006 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 219-224
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The result of this study revealed to diagnosis the infection of microfilaria in blood samples of cattle which were collected from veterinary hospital and Mosul abattoir. The total percentage of infection was 25.76% and the high percentage of infection appeared in May was 35.7%, with no significant differences in percentages of infection between the months of this study. There were significant differences in the infection rate between male and female of the cattle, and the high percentage of infection appeared in female was 37.97%. High percentage of infection appeared in age 3 years and more was 37.09% with significant differences from age less than one year with P-value (P<0.01).

أثبتت نتائج الدراسة الحالية تشخيص اليرقات الخيطية الدقيقة (Microfilaria) في عينات دم الأبقار التي جمعت من المستشفى البيطري ومجزرة الموصل. بلغت نسبة الخمج الكلية 25.76% وظهرت أعلى نسب للخمج في شهر أيار وبلغت 35.71% مع عدم وجود فروقات معنوية في نسب الخمج بين أشهر الدراسة. ولوحظ وجود فرق معنوي في نسبة الخمج بين ذكور وإناث الأبقار إذ ظهرت نسبة الخمج مرتفعة في الإناث وبلغت 37.97%، كما إن نسبة الخمج كانت مرتفعة عند عمر ثلاث سنوات وأكثر وبلغت 37.09 مع وجود فرق معنوي عن عمر أقل من سنة عند مستوى معنوية (P<0.01).

Keywords

microfilariae --- cattle


Article
ٍSELECTIVE EVALUATION OF CERTAIN BLOOD AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF LOCAL CATTLE DURING WINTER AND SUMMER SEASONS
التقييم الانتقائي لبعض المعايير الدمية والكيموحيوية لدم الأبقارالمحلية خلال فصلي الشتاء والصيف

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Abstract

This study was done to find out the effect of seasonal variations on the hematological and blood biochemical parameters of local cattle raised in Maysan Governorate. A number of 40 healthy cows were selected for the study during winter and summer seasons, blood samples were collected in each of the two seasons and were analyzed for some hematological and biochemical parameters. The results in the winter season showed significantly higher values of Mean Corpuscular Volume, glucose, total protein, albumin, globulin, bilirubin and creatinine but lower values of total white blood cells count, differential leukocyte count, hemoglobin concentration, Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin, Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration, AST and ALT than that of the same animals during the summer season. However, no significant differences in the erythrocyte count, haematocrite between the two seasons were observed in the local cattle.

اجري هذا البحث لدراسة تأثير تغيرات الظروف البيئية خلال فصلي الشتاء والصيف في المعايير الدموية والكيموحيوية لدم الأبقار المحلية ,ولوحظ خلال فصل الشتاء ارتفاع قيم البروتين الكلي و الألبومين والكلوبيولين ونسبة السكر ومعدل حجم الكرية الحمراء والكرياتنين والبلروبين و لوحظ ايضا انخفاض قيم كلا من تركيز خضاب الدم وخضاب الكرية ومعدل تركيز خضاب الكرية والعد الكلي والعد التفريقي لكريات الدم البيضاء وأنزيمات الكبد في نفس الحيوانات خلال فصل الشتاء مقارنة مع فصل الصيف ولم يلاحظ أي اختلاف معنوي للعد الكلي لكريات الدم الحمراء وحجم الكريات المضغوطة لدم الأبقار المحلية خلال فصلي الشتاء والصيف


Article
CROSS AND RADIOLOGICAL STUDIES OF THE SALIVARY GLAND IN CATTLE
دراسة عيانية وشعاعية للغدد اللعابية في الابقار

Author: S . AL Sadi سمية الساعدي
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 65-75
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The present work includes morphological and radiological studies of the salivary gland , saliva is the mixed secretion of these gland the secretion of saliva in ruminants is continuous ,it has been moistest oral mucosa, provide medium for dissolved food and control bacterial flora of the oral cavity , the aim of present work to report more detailed information about the salivary gland and duct in cattle which may be help in both anatomy and surgery aspect, for value impartment can easily removal all salivary gland tissue during surgical operation, the large salivary ducts occasionally cannulated to remove obstructions or to inject a contrast medium for radiographic examination and to be able to palpate the parotid and mandibular salivary gland and different the mandibular salivary gland from lymph nodes ,to be able to trace the ducts of the salivary glands and palpate the parotid duct in the cheek of cattle , to be extirpate the mandibular and monostomac sublingual salivary glands . Collected from (6) fresh preserved heads were used in this study, there were equally divided into two groups : first group to study of shape ,position and relation of major salivary gland also study the morphology of the minor salivary gland and second group study morphological and radio graphical of parotid , mandibular and sublingual duct in cattle.The study revealed that the three major paired salivary glands(parotid ,mandibular and sublingual gland ) in addition four minor salivary glands ( buccal ,lingual ,palatine and labial gland ) into the oral cavity and oropharynx in cattle the mandibular gland ,unlike that of other domestic animals , the mandibular salivary gland is larger than the parotid ,distinctly lobulated and lies in the curve along the medial side of the angle of the mandible and which divides into superficial and deep loop, is easily palpate in the inter mandibular space, the duct open in the sublingual caruncle , the parotid gland has been described having (5) processes ( three superficial and two deep ) ,sublingual gland this is smallest of the major salivary gland , sometimes consists of two parts (compact and diffuse ) it is the almond shaped gland lies deep to the floor of mouth ,un like the parotid and mandibular gland the sublingual gland has no true facial capsule also it has a single duct.Un like the major salivary gland, the minor salivary gland lack a branching network of draining ducts , buccal glands are well developed and arranged in three groups (dorsal, middle and ventral )in cattle , the lingual gland are small lobules under the mucosa and embedded in the musculature, the caudal third of the hard palate is not ridged and bears numerous orifice of the palatine gland ,the labial glands a compact mass near the angle of the mouth , the most commonly occurred radiological findings using surface landmarks parotid duct lies mid way between the facial tubercle and corner of the mouth ,the ducts of the mandibular and compact (monostomatic) sublingual glands open on the floor of the mouth at the sublingual caruncle, they run below the mucous membrane that connects the side of the tongue with the gums.


Article
CONCOMITANT OF ANAPLASMOSIS WITH ACID-BASE BALANCE ,BLOOD GAS ANALYSIS , ACUTE PHASE RESPONSE AND HEMOGRAM IN CATTLE
ترابط حدوثية داء الانابلازموسسز مع التوازن الحمضي- القاعدي , تحلل غازات الدم, استجابة الطور الحاد والصورة الدموية للابقار

Author: Kamal.M. Alsaad Hussam.MS. Alimam كمال الدين مهلهل السعد ,حسام محمد صبحي
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 25-34
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The objective of the present work was to evaluate Hemogram, acid-base balance, blood gas analysis and acute phase response in cattle infected with anaplasmosis in Mosul,Iraq.The study were conducted on (167), local cattle breed 2-5 years old of both sexes. Eighty local cattle breed out of (167) were clinically infected with Aanaplasam marginale since the causative Rickettsia diagnosed by Giemsa stained blood smears and confirmed by indirect Elisa test. (20) clinically normal cattle were served as controls. Results indicated statistically significant decrease (P<0.05) in TRBCs, Hb, and PCV values of diseased animals, Macrocytic hypochromic type of anemia was indicated and the percentage of Rickettsemia (Hemoparasitism) ranged between (12-21%) with a mean of (15.57%). Results also indicated a significant increase in TLC as a result of significant increase lymphocytes. A marginale were detected in 96.25% of diseased cattle .There were no significant difference encountered in clotting factor indices. Statistically significant decrease were encountered in Pco2, Oxygen saturation percent (SO2), bicarbonate ions, Base excess and blood pH in diseased cattle than in controls, However statistically increase in Anionic gap have been detected, Moreover Titritional metabolic acidosis were registered . Statistically significant difference have been encountered in acute phase response as haptoglobin and fibrinogen values were increased in clinically infected cattle than in controls.

Keywords

Anaplasmosis --- Cattle --- Blood.


Article
Cattle and buffaloes tick's infestation in Wasit province districts , Iraq
اصابة الابقار والجاموس بالقراد في محافظة واسط

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Abstract

Cattle and buffaloes tick's infestation prevalence were investigated in 4 districts of Wasit province, Iraq during 2012. Out of 164 animals, 63 cattle & 6 buffaloes were infested. Overall prevalence of cattle ticks infestation 91.3% was higher than that of buffaloes 8.7% with significant value P-Value ≤ 0.002. There was no significant difference P-Value ≥ 0.102 between total prevalence of ticks genera Rhipicephalus 48%, Hyalomma 38% and 14% Boophilus and infested cattle & buffaloes (with exception of Boophilus); beside there was no significant difference P-Value ≥ 0.143 between the infested animals in the different 4 districts ; although infestation was highest in Sewara and lowest in Zubydia districts. There was significant differences between the distribution of tick genera and the infested animals among research's months P-Value ≤ 0.002, 0.009 respectively; the infestation rates were highest in July and lowest in May. 12 species and subspecies of the 3 genera ticks were identified in favor of Hyalomma in this study.

اجريت الدراسة لمعرفة نسبة انتشار اصابة الابقار والجاموس بالقراد في اربع مناطق من محافظة واسط , العراق خلال الاشهر الحارة من عام 2012 . سجلت نسبة انتشار اصابة القراد الكلية للابقار 91.3% وكانت اعلى مما في الجاموس 8.7% بفارق ملحوظ احصائيا P-Value ≤ 0.002. لم يلاحظ وجود فارق احصائي P-Value ≥ 0.102 بين نسب انتشار القراد الكلية Rhipicephalus 48% و Hyalomma 38% و Boophilus 14% على الابقار و الجاموس المصاب , كما لم يلاحظ وجود فارق احصائي P-Value ≥ 0.143بين اعداد ونسب انتشار الاصابة في الحيوانات المصابة المسجلة في المناطق الاربعة المختلفة من المحافظة على الرغم من تأشير اعلى واقل نسبة اصابة في مدينتي الصويرة والزبيدية على التوالي. وجدت فروقات ملحوظة احصائيا بين اعداد اجناس القراد ونسب انتشار الاصابة للحيوانات الموزعة على اشهر البحث حيث سجلت اعلى اصابة في شهر تموز وأدناها في ايار . تم تشخيص 12 نوع و نويع لأجناس القراد الثلاثة ولصالح جنس القراد Hyalomma اثناء فترة هذه الدراسة .

Keywords

cattle --- baffalow --- tick --- infestation.


Article
IVERMECTIN ACTIVITY IN TREATMENT OF CATTLE DERMATOPYHTOSIS.

Authors: Ghassan H. Jameel --- Amjad A. Ahmed --- Osama K. Jalil --- Wedad S. Dawood
Journal: Diyala Journal of Agricultural Sciences مجلة ديالى للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 20739524 Year: 2015 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 30-40
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

In order to determine the dermatophytosis infection in cattle, twentyscraping samples were collected from cattle showed clinical signs of skindisease in different areas in Diyala governorate during a period fromNovember 2012 to May 2013.Results in cattle samples showed that 18 out of 20(90%) were positive forfungal infection. The highest percentage of infection was seen in November(50%), (30%) in February, and the lowest in March (20%). The main fungalspecies that isolated was Trichophyton verrucosum. A single subcutaneousinjection of ivermectin at a dose of 200 microgram/kg. was administered tothe affected animals. Recovery was observed after 10 days after injection,started by scales dropping and appearance of the hair. These findings showthat ivermectin can be used successfully in the treatment of dermatophytosisin bovine induced by immunopotentiation due to the elevation in the totalwhite blood cells ( lymphocytes) after ivermectin injection.


Article
Histopathological Study of Teratoma Diagnosis in Ovaries of Cattle at South of Iraq
دراسة نسيجية مرضية لتشخيص الورم النسخي في الابقار في جنوب العراق

Authors: Khalid Al-Fartosi --- Hazar Sh. Salah --- Layla M. Mehdi
Journal: Univesity of Thi-Qar Journal مجلة جامعة ذي قار العلمية ISSN: 66291818 Year: 2017 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 113-121
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

Three cases of ovarian teratoma in bovine were diagnosed at first time in southern of Iraq. Through investigation of ovaries in 120 cows. Showed macroscopical description of ovaries lesions which were bilateral malignant tumors on external surface for each ovary (left and right).The specific characteristics of this tumor was presence of hair embedded within texture of lesion which represented to embryo remnants, As well as, the study revealed a histological exploration of tumor that. Granulosa cells under go different stages of mitotic divisions were noted during the histological study. Also tumor tissues represented as keratinized squamous epithelial tissue, contained skin adenxal structures such as hair follicle. The closed similarity between teratoma and epidermoid cysts results in misdiagnosis between them. The present study revealed that teratoma is more frequently incidence to the cattle than other demotic animal in addition this tumor had similar features to the teratoma in women.

تم تشخيص ثلاث حالات لورم في المبيض للابقار في جنوب العراق . من خلال التحري والفحص النسيجي ل 120 مبيض العائدة لاناث الابقار من مجزرة الناصرية . اظهر الفحص العياني وجود كتل ورمية فوامها شبه سائل تشغل ثلث حجم المبيض . حيث سجلت الدراسة حدوث هذه االاصابة لاول مرة في العراق والتي اعتبرت من الاصابات النادرة في الحيوانات على شكل الأورام الخبيثة .كذلك بينت ظهور الورم بشكل بشكل ثنائي على السطح الخارجي لكل المبيض (اليسار واليمين) .الخصائص المحددة لهذا الورم كان وجود الشعر جزءا لا يتجزأ من نسيج من الآفة التي تمثل بقايا الجنين، فضلا عن الدراسة كشف من خلال الفحص النسيجي لهذا الورم عدة خصائص يتميزبها. حيث لوحظت مراحل مختلفة من الانقسامات الانقسامية خخلايا جرانولوسا تحت المجهر الضوئي التي كانت تمثل الأنسجة الورمية كذلك الأنسجة الظهارية الحرشفية الكيراتينية ضهرت بشكل متزايد وانويتها تعاني من انقسامات اختزالية.علاوة على ذلك تضمنت هياكل الجلد الاثرية مثل بصيلات الشعر. ويؤدي التشابه المغلق بين الورم المسخي والخراجات البشروية إلى تشخيص خاطئ بينهما. وكشفت الدراسة الحالية أن الورم المسخي فد يصيب كثير من الأحيان الإصابة للحيوانت المستانسة ومنها الماشية بالإضافة إلى هذا الورم كانت له ميزات مماثلة إلى الورم مسخي الشائع في النساء

Keywords

Cattle --- Ovary --- Follicle --- Teratoma


Article
ASSOCIATION OF POLYMORPHISMS IN SLC11A1 GENE WITH AUTOIMMUNITY CAUSED BY Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis(MAP) IN CATTLE.
ارتباط تعدد اشكال الجينSLC11A1بالمناعة الذاتية الناتجة من جرثومة Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratyberculosisفي الابقار

Author: Kawther K. J., Fawziah A. A.,Rasha M. O. كوثر كاظم جبر,فوزيه علي عبدالله , رشا منذر عثمان
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2019 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 268-282
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Johne's disease is one of the main causes of economic losses in ruminants and a major health hazard in the developed and developing developed countries.In this study, PCR detection of insertion sequences IS900 of MAP in the buffy coat of cows (n = 81), of this 29 (35.8%) cow showed positive results. By Restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP),two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of SLC11A1 gene were tested for finding their association with susceptibility to bovine Johens disease in Iraqi cattle. A total of 50 cows were tested, theirresult revealedthat at rs109453173 locus twoelectromorph‘CC’ (374 bp) and ‘CG’ (374, 293 and 81 bp).The rs109915208 locus also showed two electromorph, ‘TT (344bp) and ‘CT’ (344, 215 and 129 bp) . The differences in the electromorph between IS900 positive and negative cows were found to be statistically significant (p = 0.0031). No significant difference in these electromorph at SNP locus rs109915208 between IS900 positive and negative cows. Out of two SNPs from SLC11A1 gene, rs109453173 had a significant association with the susceptibility to Johne's disease. The CC’ electromorph observed at rs109453173 locus showed a significant association with the susceptibility to bovine paratuberculosis in cows. The OR of ‘CC’ in‘IS900 positive versusIS900 negative cattle was7.8750, suggesting that cows having ‘CC’ electromorph were susceptible to Johne's disease compared to ‘CG’ electromorph .

مرض جونزJohne’s هو أحد الأسباب الرئيسية للخسائر الاقتصادية في المجترات ومخاطر صحية كبيرة في العالم النامي والمتقدم.في هذه الدراسة تم استخدام تفاعل البلمرة التسلسلي (PCR)للكشف عن تتابعات الإدراج IS900لجرثومةMycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis في الخلايا البيضاء لواحد وثمانونبقرة,29 (35.8%)منها اظهرت نتائج موجبة. .بواسطة تقنيةPCR-RFLP فحصت اثنين من النيوكليوتيدات متعددة الأشكال (SNPs) للجين SLC11A1لأجل ايجاد ارتباطها مع القابلية للإصابة بمرض Johne’s في الابقار العراقية.اختبرت 50 بقرة ، وبينتالنتائج أن في الموقع rs109453173 اثنين من الاشكال المهاجرةكهربائيا هما( electromorph 'CC' (374) و CG"(374 ، 293 و 81bp) ، كما أظهر الموقع rs109915208 اثنين من الاشكال المهاجرةكهربائيا، ("TT (344bp ) و CT(" 344 و 215 و 129bp).اختلاف الاشكال المهاجرة كهربائيا بين الابقار الموجبة و السالبةلوجود IS900 كان معنويا (p = 0.0031).لايوجد فرق احصائي معنوي بين هذه الاشكال في الموقع. بين الابقار الموجبة و السالبة لوجود IS900 rs109915208 .من أصل اثنين من SNPsللجين SLC11A1 كان ارتباطrs109453173معنويا من الناحيهالإحصائيةمع القابليةللاصايةبمرض Johne’s. اظهر إالشكل الكهربائي المهجرCC الذي تم ملاحظته في موقع rs109453173 وجود ارتباط معنوي مع القابلية للإصابة بمرض Johne’s في الأبقار ، وكان مقدار OR7.875))في الابقار الموجبة IS900 مقابل الابقار 0 السالبة IS900 ، مما يشير إلى أن الأبقار التي لديها electromorph 'CC' لها استعداد للإصابة بمرض Johne’s جونز.

Keywords

Cattle --- Johnes disease --- PCR-RFLP. --- Cattle --- Johnes disease --- PCR-RFLP --- .


Article
bacteial nasal carrige in cattle in jordan

Author: hayde kh. almaliky
Journal: Univesity of Thi-Qar Journal مجلة جامعة ذي قار العلمية ISSN: 66291818 Year: 2005 Volume: 1 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-4
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Article
Isolation and identification of pathogenic fungi from the infected eye of sheep and cattle
عزل وتشخيص الفطريات المرضية من إصابات العين في الأغنام والأبقار

Authors: M. A. Hamed محمد علي حمد --- B.E. Rasheed بلسم يحيى رشيد --- G.H Shamoon جورجيت نيسان شمعون
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences المجلة العراقية للعلوم البيطرية ISSN: 16073894 Year: 2006 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 213-218
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The study included isolation and identification of pathogenic fungi associated with the mycotic keratitis in sheep and cattle, the observed study Aspergillus niger was the most frequent species isolated and was accounted to 62.5% of all isolates, while other fungi included Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus, Alternaria sp isolated in 12.5% for each .

تضمنت الدراسة عزل وتشخيص الفطريات المرضية المصاحبة لالتهاب قرنية العين الفطري في المجترات أظهرت الدراسة أن الفطر Aspergillus nigerكان اكثر الفطريات المعزولة تكرارا حيث عزل بنسبة 62.5% في حين كانت الفطريات الأخرى والمتضمنة Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus, Alternaria sp والمعزولة بنسبة 12.5% لكل منها.

Keywords

pathogenic fungi --- eye --- sheep --- cattle

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