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Article
THE PREVALENCE OF DENTAL CARIES AMONG 6 -12 YEARS-OLD SCHOOL CHILDREN IN SHARIA CAMP
أنتشار نسبة التسوس ببين اطفال النازحين التي تتراوح أعمارهم 6-12 سنة في مخيم شاريا

Authors: ANEES MAHMOOD MUDHIR أنيس محمود مراد --- MIRZA MURAD KHUDEDA ميرزا مراد خديدا
Journal: Duhok Medical Journal مجلة دهوك الطبية ISSN: ISSN: 20717334 (online)/ ISSN: 20717326 (Print) Year: 2018 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 55-62
Publisher: University of Dohuk جامعة دهوك

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Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Risk of dental caries is high among the IDP children. Therefore for control andprevention of this problem we need data provides key information. There is no national oralsurvey has been carried out to determine the prevalence of oral health problems in this grouppeople (Singar people).Subject and Methods: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and severity ofdental caries in 6-12 year old children in Sharia camp of refugees from Singar.Material and methods: Thecross section study was carried out in elementary school children,which were randomly selected fromSharia camp of IDP Singar people in Kurdistan of Iraq.Results: Results showed the mean dmft and DMFT scores were (2.45 2.606) and(0.927±1.583), respectively. Also, 23.4% of the students were caries-free.Conclusions: It was concluded that the present study findings for dmft and DMFT scores in6-12 year old elementary school children are higher than global standards according to theWorld Health Organization (WHO).

الخلفية والأهداف: انتشار تسوس الأسنان خاصة عند للأطفال عالي لذلك للسيطرة على هذه المشاكل يتطلب منا أن يكون لدينا الإحصائيات تكون مفتاح المعلومات عن هذه المشاكل ،ولاختيار برنامج وقائية والعلاجية في تسوس الأسنان. لا يوجد لدينا إحصائيات واضحة عن مدى انتشار أمراض الفم وخاصة تسوس الأسنان في ‏هذه المنطقة (منطقةسنجار).الهدف من هذا البحث لتقدير مدى انتشار مرض تسوس الأسنان بين الأطفال عمر ستة 6- 12 سنة في كمب شاريا ‏للمهاجرين من أهل سنجار.طرق البحث: اجرية هذا البحث بتاريخ 2015 على 740 طالب في المرحلة الابتدائية بعمر 6-12 في مخيم شاريا لللاجئي شنكال حيث تم اختيارهم كعينة عشوائية.النتائج: اظهرت النتائج ان نسبة انتشار تسوس الاسنان بمؤشر dmft,DMFT(45.2±606.2) (583.1±927.0) بالتسلسل ونسبه الاطفال غير المصابين بتسوس الاسنان هى23%.الاستنتاجات: استنتج من هذا البحث ان نسبة انتشار تسوس الاسنان عند الاطفال عمر 6-12 سنة في المدارس الابتدائية اعلى من المعيار العالمي الصادر عن منظمة الصحة العالمية.

Keywords

Dental caries --- prevalence --- DMFT --- DMFS --- dmft --- dmfs


Article
Dental health status of adult population in Yemen (Thamar City)

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Khawla M Saleh --- Aisha A Qasim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 144-150
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the oral health status (dental caries, periodontal disease and treatment needs) in Yemenis adult individuals. Material and Methods: The sample included 471 individuals, age rangingbetween 20–59 years of both sexes using sharp dental caries explorers with WHO periodontal probes to detect periodontal health by the use of DMFT index of WHO (1997) and CPITN by WHO (1987).Results: The mean DMFT for the total sample was 7.33 + 0.3 which was increased with increasing agefor the different age groups with a significant difference but no significant difference in the meanDMFT for total males and females has been found. The results also showed that the total number ofteeth (880) with a mean of 1.81 tooth/person in need of treatment is the most prevalent needed onesurface filling, and 581 teeth with a mean of 1.23 tooth/ person needed two or more surfaces filling.According to the highest CPITN there was significant difference between male and female in calculusat p < 0.05 and shallow pockets at p < 0.01. The results also revealed that the mean number of healthysextants for the total sample was 4.13 while for bleeding and calculus were 1.02 and 0.21, respectively.It means that the treatment needs for periodontal disease is more toward oral hygiene procedure and prophylaxis. Conclusion: Dental health education program is an essential activity for promoting optimal oral health and preventing oral diseases

Keywords

Dental health status --- DMFT --- CPITN.


Article
The Effect of Various Surface Treatment Adhesives and Composite Materials on Repair Strength of Composite Resin

Author: Nadia H Hasan
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2012 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 126-134
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aimsof the study:The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of a flowable composite and total etch adhesive on shear bond strength of repaired composite with a different types of tooth colored res-torations (microhybrid, nanohybrid, and ormocer). Materials and Methods Ninety Teflon mold (4 mm ×2mm), of Tetric® Ceram prepared then divided into two main groups 1st control ( without etch-ing ), 2 ed etched with 37 phosphoric acid. Both groups were divided into three subgroups according to a type of adhesiveapplied, 1st control, 2 ed the Excite® and in 3ed the tgflow appliedThe second split of Teflon mold (4mm×1mm)placed onto the prepared specimenEach subgroup (1st control, 2 ed the Excite® and in 3rd the tgflow) were farther divided into three subgroups which entrain filled as fallow: 1st split filled with a Tetric® Ceram, in 2 ed split filled with Tetric NCeram, and in 3 rd. split filled with Admira. Shear bond strength was measured by using Universal Testing Machine, and mode of failure examined by a stereomicroscope. Results: No significant difference in the surface treatment groups. For the adhesive, Tgflow showed superior shear value (3248 MPa) comparing to other adhe-sives while for the composite materials, The Tetric NCeram composite showed superior value of shear strength (2821MPa) comparing to other materialsConclusions: Phosphoric acid has no effect on shear value of repaired composite while Tgflow and Tetric NCeram give an improvement in its shear valueAll composites exhibited cohesive and adhesive type of failure.


Article
Evaluation of Dental Caries Prevalence among Children in Mosul City Center Using Significant Caries Index

Authors: Karam H Jazrawi --- Ghada D Al-Sayagh --- Saher S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2012 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 191-197
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims of the study: To evaluate the prevalence of dental caries among children aged 9-10 years in Mo-sul City Center and to compare between traditional index and significant caries index of these students. Materials and Methods: The study sample was obtained from third and fourth class students from eight randomly selected primary schools in Mosul City Center. Sample size was 363 students, 225 fe-males and 138 males. Students' ages were 9 and 10 years. All primary and permanent teeth were ex-amined for the presence of decay, missing or filling teeth/surfaces. Mean DMFT, DMFS, dmft and dmfs were calculated for the students together and separately for each sex. The mean Significant Caries Index (SiC) was also calculated as the mean DMFT and DMFS of the one third of the students with the highest caries scores. Results: The SiC index was significantly higher in all comparisons with tradi-tional DMF index (p < 0.000). A comparison between the two indices indicated that there is a large children subgroup presented with a high caries rate. Conclusions: The mean DMF values did not accu-rately reflect the skewed distribution of dental caries leading to incorrect conclusions that the caries rate of the statewide population is under control. It is better to use SiC index instead of the traditional index.


Article
Prevalence of dental caries, dental health attitude and behaviour in Humaidat village, Ninevah, at the entry of 21st century

Authors: Tarik Y Khamrco --- Saher S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 15-19
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of dental caries in Humaidat village (which is located at Tigris riverabout 25 Km to the Northern West from Mosul City), to determine the level of dental health attitudeand behaviors and to compare the results with the previous study that carried out in the same villagebefore 10 years. Materials and Methods: The size of the sample was 213 individuals, 105 males and108 females. Their ages were ranged between 10–60 years. Clinical dental examination was carried outusing decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index for the permanent teeth. Questionnaires wereused to assess the level of dental health attitude and behaviours among the individuals. Results: Mostof the individuals have poor awareness about their oral health. They were not used to brush their teethregularly; they eat large amount of sweets at different times of the day and a large percent of them hadno willingness to seek for dental treatment. Clinical dental examination indicated the high cariesprevalence among the individuals, which increased by increasing age, and most of the cases weretreated by extraction. Conclusion: The oral and dental health status in the rural areas is far from goodand needs to be reevaluated.


Article
Oral health status and treatment needs of Iraqi and Yemeni dental students (A comparative study)

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Aisha A Qasim --- Khawla M Saleh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 46-51
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to compare oral health status(dental caries, periodontal disease and treatment needs) of Iraqiand Yemeni dental students.The sample included 100 Iraqi dental students and 90Yemeni dental students of fourth grade, age ranged between22–23 years old of both sexes. The study revealed that therewas a significant difference in the DMFT between Iraqi andYemeni dental students for the total sample at p < 0.05 level,with significant difference between Iraqi and Yemeni dentalstudents for both sexes at p < 0.01 level.The results also revealed that there was no significant differencein the type of treatment required for the total samplebetween females of Iraqi and Yemeni dental students, butwith significant difference in the treatment need between malesof Iraqi and Yemeni dental students. Highest percentageof treatment need for Iraqi and Yemeni students were for 1surface restoration.The highest CPITN code percentage for Iraqi studentswas for code 2 (calculus) followed by code 1 with a significantdifference between Iraqi males and females students atp<0.01 level, while for Yemeni dental students the highestCPITN code percentage was for code 1 followed by code 2.There was a significant difference in the total sample betweenIraqi and Yemeni dental students at p<0.01 level; i.e., Iraqi studentsrequire scaling while Yemenis require oral health instruction.


Article
Impact of Bleeding Disorders: Hemophilia A, B And C on Dental Hygiene in a Sample of Children In Hilla city

Authors: Wissam Hamid Edan AL-Janabi --- Moukhlad Louay Ali Al-Falluji
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2018 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 275-279
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Bleeding tendency is the manifestation of a wide range of abnormalities that can basically classify into two major categories according to etiology; these are the inherited and acquired categories. The pathologic defect resides in one of the three major sequential physiologic processes of blood homeostasis. Defects in coagulation include mainly inherited defect in the synthesis of one of the members of factors of coagulation such as factor VIII (Hemophilia A) and factor IX (Hemophilia B) and to a much less extent factor XI (Hemophilia C). The current study aimed to explore the oral health status in a sample of hemophilia male children. The present case control study included 22 children with hemophilia disorders and 50 apparently healthy aged matched control children. The age of hemophilia children ranged from 2-14 years. Dmft and DMFT were assessed and the results showed that patients had significantly higher scores indicating poor oral hygiene.Conclusion: hemophilia is a predisposing factor for poor dental hygiene and that protective measures should be seriously considered in such population to avoid serious complication following invasive dental procedures.

نزف الدم الوراثي احد الامراض التي تحدث نتيجة لنقص في تصنيع احد عوامل التخثر ويوجد بثلاث انواع حسب نوعية العامل المفقود. اجريت هذه الدراسة علي مجموعة من الاشخاص الحاملين للمرض باعمار تتراوح مابين (2-14) سنة في مركز الدم الوراثي في بابل . تم فحص نسبة التسوس لهؤلاء الشخاص ومقارنتها مع مجموعة ضابطة ووجد انه هنالك فرق معنوي واضح احصائيا. لذلك الاهتمام بصحة الفم لهؤلاء الشخاص يجنبهم الاصابة بامراض الفم التي من الممكن ان تحتاج الي علاجات صعبة تعرضهم للخطر.


Article
Oral health status and treatment needs in humaidat village

Author: . Rayia J.AL-Naimi B.D.S.,M.Sc د.راية النعيمي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 27-35
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

This study was part of a field work carried out by the University of Mosul inHumaidat village, which is located about 25km North West of Mosul on the river Tigris .The size of the sample was 310 individuals, 138 males and 172 females, their agesranging between 6-57 years. The aim of the study was to determine the trends of dentalcaries and periodontal disease and compare the results with a previous study canied outin the same village .Clinical examination was carried out inthe village school using a portable dentalchair and adequate light. Diagnosis of dental caries and assessment of dental treatmentneeds was performed according to WHO *1997 guidelines, while the gingival health statusand periodontal treatment needs of the individuals was performed using the CommunityPeriodontal Index Treatment Needs (CPITN) as recommended by WHO 1987 ,Results showed that mean DMFT value for the sample was 5.81 with astatistically significant age difference, although females tended to have higher means thanmales, there was no significant differences between them, mean DMFT values weremuch less than a previous study in the same area, the dental treatment needs showed thatone surface filling was needed as the highest mean for the total sample , followed by 2 ormore surface fillings , extraction and finally pulp care .The periodontal condition of the individuals was very bad, with the disease beingprevalent in 99.7% ofthe population, which is much more than the previous study, morethan three quarter of the sample had calculus as the highest CPITN score, in addition tothe presence of a large percentage of individuals having pockets .The periodontal treatment needs were massive with only 0.3% needing notreatment, health education was required at a range of,% )077-50.79( scaling was needed in 87.7% of the total sample and finally complextreatment needed in 3.88 % of the sample. The village is in need of intensive healtheducational programmes which may be carried out in the health center of the area or inschool settings in order to increase the knowledge about dental disease, helping theindividuals adopt positive attitude towards dental health care .


Article
Evaluation of salivary calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase level in children (4-6 years) with nursing caries in Erbil City
تقييم مستوى الكالسيوم واللعاب والفوسفات القلوي اللعابي عند الأطفال (4-6 سنوات) مع تسوس الرضاعة في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Baydaa Adnan Khoshnaw --- Zana Qadir Omer
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2017 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 1943-1952
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Nursing caries is a complex and severe form of tooth decay that affects a child’s teeth and leads to severe pain, teeth loss, and psychological problems. This type of decay is caused by primary factors (host, cariogenic bacteria, fermentable carbohydrate and the time) and other secondary factors. Besides, the dental caries influence by the role of saliva as a defense system. These defense systems include clearance, buffering, antimicrobial agents, and calcium and phosphate delivery for remineralization. This study aimed to find out the relationship between calcium, inorganic phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase of unstimulated saliva in children with nursing caries.Methods: The sample included 374 children aged 4-6 years; 324 were the study group (with nursing caries) while 50 were control group (caries-free). The case sheet and questionnaire included the child's feeding habits and oral hygiene. A 1.5-2 ml of saliva was collected from the selected children using spitting technique. The method included dental examination for the recording of the dmft and dmfs indices, and saliva analysis to determine the level of salivary calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase in control and study groups.


Article
Dental caries experience , prevalence and severity in 13-15 years old students in Mosul city center

Authors: Karam H Jazrawi --- Rayia J Al–Naimi --- Khidhair A Al–Jumaili
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 184-192
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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The aims of the present study is to determine dental caries experience, prevalence and severity in a group of 13–15 years olds. Materials and Methods: A random sample of 516 intermediate school students were examined and dental caries was recorded by DMFT values. Also, the significant caries index, care and treatment need indices were used. Results: Mean DMFT values for the total sample was 5.17 with a statistically significant age difference, females tended to have more caries than males with significant gender difference. The significant caries index was 7.98, care index which shows the restorative care was 10.39. Discussion: There has been an increase in dental caries prevalence and severity in Mosul compared with a previous study that was undertaken during the United Nations’ sanctions on Iraq, due to the availability and relative cheapness of sugars and confectionaries after 2003. Conclusions: To improve children’s oral health, community school–based oral health educational programs should be established starting from primary and extending to intermediate schools, stressing on sugar restriction and oral hygiene measures, fissure sealants and fluorides can also be used effectively

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