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Article
The Effect of Garlic Powder on Enterobius vermicularis infection

Authors: Ahmed Fu'ad AL-BAYATI * Sabah Abbas AL-NAJAR**M.Sc. د. احمد فؤاد البياتي --- sabah Abbas AL-NAJAR
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2005 Volume: 47 Issue: 2 Pages: 165-167
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Summary:Background: Enterobius vermicularis causes infection in different age groups , but specially in small ages . It is well known that parasitic infection in most middle eastern countries is common among them is Entrobius vermicularis , in which 11% is in school- children & 14% in pre-school children . In Iraq several studies on the prevalence of Enterobiasis in different age groups & from different areas were reported.Aim of study: This study was conducted to look for the therapeutic efficacy of garlic powder against Enterobiasis and the recurrence of this infection in many individuals to be compared with the drugs of choice that is a single dose, 100 mg of mebendazole tablets.Patients <6 Methods: One hundred and sixty patients were included in this study mostly were children, suffering from the clinical manifestation of Enterobiasis and confirmed by scotch tape slide method for identification. Those patients are divided into 2 groups: -1-firstgroup including 80 patients treated by garlic capsule 400 mg2-Second group included 80 patients treated by mebendazole tablets lOOmg.Results: We found that the highest incidence of Enterobiasis was in females 56.9% than males 43.1 % simultaneously age group 6 to 10 years showed the highest rate of infection. Our results showed that the typical dose of garlic capsule to eradicate Enterobius vermicularis 100% is one capsule twice-daily for three consecutive days. All patients and control group were followed up to 6 months and it has been noticed that patients who received garlic therapy had no recurrence, except three patients as compared with twenty-five patients of control group. Conclusion: Our study had proved the therapeutic efficacy of garlic powder against Enterobiasis and we recommended it to be used instead of mebendazole.Keyword: Entrobius vermicularis, mebendazole


Article
Review of Histopathological Diagnoses of One Year Appendectomy Specimens in Sulaimani City
مراجعة نسجية مرضية لعينات الزائدة الدودية المستأصلة في سنة واحدة في مدينة السليمانية

Authors: Ali Ibrahim --- Hassanain H. Khudier --- Hadeel A. Yasseen
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2013 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 102-115
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract: Objective: To review and see the pattern of histopathological diagnoses of one year appendectomy specimens. Methodology: This retrospective study was carried in Sulaimani Teaching Hospital over the period of one year (from 1st of January to 31st of December 2009). All pathological reports were reviewed retrospectively for patient’s age, sex, histopathological diagnosis and operative findings (if present). Histopathological diagnoses then were classified into either positive or negative for acute inflammation. Any associated findings or any surgical specimen removed with the appendix was recorded. The obtained data were analyzed by using the statistical package social sciences (SPSS) version 19; with Chi square to test for significance between data. Results: Hospital pathological reports of 2052 appendectomy cases were reviewed, (47.12%) were males and (52.88%) were females. 61.9% of all appendectomy cases were positive for acute inflammation (32.9% had acute appendicitis; 26.1 % had acute suppurative appendicitis , and 4.5% had gangrenous appendicitis), while 38.1% were negative (28.5 % had reactive follicular hyperplasia, 6.2% were normal, and 0.2% had carcinoid tumors). Negative for acute inflammation cases were generally significantly more common in females e.g. periappendicitis, RFH and carcinoid tumor but eosinophilic appendicitis cases like acute appendicitis were more common in males. Normal appendixes versus RFH (without associated appendicitis) are two entities that intermingle. Chronic appendicitis is controversial entity. Out of 20 cases with Entrobius vermicularis (95%) cases were associated with reactive follicular hyperplasia and it shows non significant association with acute appendicitis.Recommendation: We recommend that the pathologists must be strict to histological criteria for each pathological entity before the diagnosis.

المستخلص:الهدف: تهدف الدراسة الحالية لمراجعة تشخيصات الزرع النسجي لكافة حالات استأصال الزائدة الدودية لمدة عام كامل.المنهجية: هذه الدراسة اجريت في المستشفى التعليمي في السليمانية ولمدة سنه كاملة ابتداءأ من الأول من كانون الثاني ولغاية الحادي والثلاثين من كانون الأول لعام 2009. وفيها تم مراجعة كافة تقارير الزرع النسجي لحالات استأصال الزائدة الدودية لكلا الجنسين ولكافة الأعمار وتسجيل كل الملاحضات الطبية العمليات المرافقة للأستأصال (ان وجدت). تم تصنيف التشخيصات الى موجبة وسالبة نسبة لوجود أو عدم وجود الألتهابات الحادة. وكذلك تم تسجيل الأيجادات والمستأصلات الجراحية المرافقة.وتم تحليل البيانات من خلال تطبيق البرنامج الأحصائي لتحليل المعلومات. لتحليلchi square وباستعمال SPSS version 19 النتائج: تم مراجعة 2052 تقرير زرعي نسجي, وكانت نسبة الذكور47.12% والباقي (52.88%) اناث.وقد كان 61.9 % من المجموع الكلي للحالات موجبة نسبة لوجود الأتهابات الحادة وكالأتي: 32.9% التهاب الزائدة الدودية الحاد, 26.1% التهاب الزائدة القيحي و 4.5% الغانغارينا. بينما كان 38.1% من المجموع الكلي للحالات سالب نسبة لوجود الألتهابات وكما يلي: 28.5% من العينات مشخصة كتضخم العقيدات اللمفاوية لجدار الزائدة الدودية , 6.2%طبيعية و0.2% تحوي ورم الكارسينويد. وقد كانت الحالات السالبة للألتهاب الحاد أكثر حدوثا في الأناث مثل التهاب ماحول الزائدة , تضخم العقيدات اللمفاوية والورم الكارسينويد أما الألتهاب المزمن للزائدة الدودية فهو مثار للنقاش. من مجموع 20 حالة استأصال للزائدة الدودية تحتوي على الدودة الدبوسية وجد ان 95% سببت تضخم العقيدات اللمفاوية ولم توجد علاقة بين وجود الديدان الدبوسية والتهاب الزائدة الحاد.التوصيات: أوصي اطباء الزرع النسجي بالتقيد بالصفات المجهرية في تشخيص كل مجموعة مرضية.


Article
Etiology of Bacterial and Parasitic Enteropathogens among Patients with Acute Diarrhea in Babylon Province

Author: Hawraa S. AL-Musawi , Zeana Sh. AL-Hindi , Tasahyl H. AL-Dulaimy
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Biotechnology المجلة العراقية للتقانات الحياتية ISSN: 18154794 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 3 Pages: 1-7
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Infectious gastroenteritis is one of the most common diseases in most people . To clarify the infectious etiology of diarrhea in some patient aged from 8-30 years, we collected in clean suitable container stool samples from 78 patients with diarrhea from general teaching Hilla Hospital from September 2014 to April2015.From 78 diarrheal cases, only 38 (48.71%) cases are caused by bacteria and 27 (34.6 %) cases are caused by parasites , also there are 13 (16.66%) cases have mixed infection between them. Gram negative bacteria formed 76.31% (29 cases) represented by E. coli 16 cases (55.17%), Salmonella spp.6 cases (20.68%), Shigella 3 cases (10.34%), Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa 2 cases (6.89%) for each one. While gram positive bacteria consists 23,68% (9ases) represented by Clostridium spp. 4 cases (44.44%), Bacillus spp. 3cases (33.33%) and Staphylococcus aureus 2cases (22.22%), while parasitic infection were Giardia lamblia appears as the most frequent parasitic causative agent 11cases (40.74 %) followed by Entamoeba histolytica 9 (33.33% ), Entrobius vermicalaris 4 (14.81%) , Hymenolips nana 3 (11.11%). Increased rate of infection were falls on the first and second age groups, and also high rate of infection were recorded in females than in males.

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