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Article
Geo-electrical Investigation in Harir Plain Northeast of Erbil City
تحري جيوكهربائي في سهل حرير شمال شرق مدينة اربيل

Author: Fadhil A. Ghaib فاضل غائب
Journal: Iraqi National Journal of Earth Science المجلة العراقية الوطنية لعلوم الارض ISSN: 16823222 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 31-43
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

A total of 32 sites were investigated along three long cross-Alpine trend traverses in part of the Harir plain north of Iraq. Electrical resistivity method was applied. The main task of this study was to investigate the shallow structural and hydrogeological conditions by analyzing in detail the geo-electric sections, along the taken traverses. A set of NW-SE faults was distinguished. Their effect on the groundwater is discussed. A structural map is drawn for the area of study based on electrical data. Also a geologic cross section along one of the traverses was constructed.

تم التحري في 32 موقعاً عبر ثلاثة مقاطع طويلة بالاتجاه الالبي في جزء من سهل حرير الكائن في شمال العراق باستخدام طريقة المقاومية الكهربائية. كان الهدف الرئيسي من هذه الدراسة هو التحري عن الأوضاع التركيبية الضحلة والمياه الجوفية المتواجدة وذلك بتحليل تفصيلي للمقاطع الجيوكهربائية التي تم استنتاجها عبر المقاطع الثلاثة. تم في الدراسة استنتاج مجموعة من الصدوع المتجهة شمال غرب-جنوب شرق في المنطقة ونوقشت تأثيراتها. تم رسم خارطة تركيبية للمنطقة ومقطعا جيولوجيا اعتمادا على البيانات الكهربائية.


Article
Assessment of serum testosterone in females with acne vulgaris in Erbil city
تقييم هرمون التستوستيرون في المصل عند الإناث المصابات بحب الشباب في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Fatin Qaraney Fattah --- Yousif Bahaaddin Ahmed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 1 Pages: 1249-1253
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous units, characterized by comedones, papules, pustules and nodules. Acne affects primarily the face, neck, upper trunk. Acne typically begins at puberty and it is often the first sign of increased sex hormone production. In all women with acne the possibility of hyperandrogenic state should be considered. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between abnormal testosterone level and other virilising signs in young females with acne vulgaris. Methods: This case-control study was carried out from April 2013 to January 2014 in the consultation Department of Dermatology and Venereology at Rizgary Teaching Hospital in Erbil city. Sixty females were considered group A (case group with acne) and 60 females were considered as group B ( control group) without acne. Results: The mean±SD serum testosterone level was significantly higher among patients with acne compared to the control group (0.51 ng/ml ± 0.27 compared to 0.31 ng/ml ± 0.12, P ˂0.05). Irregular cycle was found in 28 cases (46.6%). Conclusion: The study showed presence of a significant association between serum testosterone level and acne vulgaris in female patients.


Article
Most commonly natural and synthetic antihyperlipidemic agents available and distracted in Erbil city
أكثر العوامل الطبيعية والاصطناعية المضادة لفرط شحوم الدم متاحة ومتشتتة في مدينة أربيل

Author: Aveen Nozad Adham
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2015 Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 1043-1050
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Hyperlipidemia refers to elevated levels of lipids and cholesterol in the blood, and is also identified as dyslipidemia, to describe the manifestations of different disorders of lipoprotein metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the available and commonly distracted natural and synthetic antihyperlipidemic agents in herbal shops, pharmacies and prescribed by physicians in Erbil city, and to determine physicians' response for the use of natural products. Methods: Between November 2013 to February 2014; 20 herbal shops and 40 pharmacies in Erbil city were visited randomly for asking on available and most commonly distracted natural and synthetic antihyperlipidemic agents. Forty doctors at private clinics were asked about the most frequently prescribed natural and synthetic antihyperlipidemic agents in Erbil city. Results: Of eight synthetic drugs available in pharmacies, statins were considered the first line agents as antihyperlipidemic drugs particularly atorvastatin and rosuvastatin. Of 16 natural products available in Erbil herbal shops and pharmacies, garlic and omega 3 give positive response by patients and highly distracted by pharmacist and herbalist. Of 40 physicians, 27 (68%) prescribe both natural and synthetic agents while only 13 (32%) prescribe synthetic drugs as antihyperlipidemic agents for patients. Conclusion: Statins used in first order as antihyperlipidemic drugs and uses of natural products, as lipid lowering agents in Erbil, is getting larger interest by people, herbalists, pharmacists and doctors. Of 40 doctors, 68% prescribe natural products along with synthetic drugs but also there is a need to educate the people on how to use these natural agents and choice suitable products for them.


Article
Epidemio-clinical study of Herpes Zoster in Erbil City
دراسة وبائية سريرية لمرض الهربس في مدينة أربيل

Author: Khalis Bilal Mohammed Ali
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2010 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 85-90
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Background and objectives: Herpes zoster is a viral disease characterized by a painful skin rash with blisters in a limited area on one side of the body, often in a stripe. This study highlightes the epidemiological and clinical pattern of the disease in Erbil city.Methods: A descriptive study conducted on patients with herpes zoster throughout July 2004 to July 2008, a specially designed questionnaire was prepared for this purpose obtaining age, sex, dermatome distribution, the presenting symptoms and date of infection.Results: Out of 525 patients, 323 (61.5%) were male and 202 (38.5%) were female, with male to female ratio 1.59:1. The age of the patients ranged from 3-85 years, with (Mean ± SD = 43.12 ± 20.16). The highest percentage was among 40-49 years of age (17.14%), the frequency was increasing with progress of age, both sides of the body were affected equally, thoracic dermatomes (41.14%) were more affected than the other dermatomes. The pain was the commonest prodromal and presenting symptom, and the vesicles were the commonest type of skin lesions. No seasonal variation was noticed in the frequency of the disease.Conclusion: The study concluded that epidemiological and clinical pattern of the disease in Erbil city is more or less similar to that found in other populations.


Article
IMPACT OF DIABETES ON PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF QUALITY OF LIFE OF DIABETICS IN ERBIL CITY, IRAQ
تاثير السكرى على المجالين البدني والنفسي لنوعية حياة المرضى فى مدينة اربيل / في العراق

Authors: TARIQ S. AL- HADITHI طارق الحديثي --- SAADIA A. KHTHER سعدية خضر --- RONAK N. HUSSEIN روناك حسين
Journal: Duhok Medical Journal مجلة دهوك الطبية ISSN: ISSN: 20717334 (online)/ ISSN: 20717326 (Print) Year: 2010 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 49-59
Publisher: University of Dohuk جامعة دهوك

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Abstract

Background and objectives Quality of life is an important health outcome of all health interventions and has become a core issue in diabetic care. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of diabetes upon physical and psychological aspects of quality of life.Methods A case-control study was conducted at Shahid Layla Qassim Health Center for Diabetic Patients in Erbil city. A purposive sample of 150 types 1 and type 2 diabetic patients was selected according to the criteria of the study and compared to150 age and sex-matched controls free from diabetes. Data were collected through an application of the physical and psychological domains of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-100)questionnaire.Results Both physical and psychological domains were significantly lower (P< 0.001) for the diabetics than controls, with stronger effects on physical than psychological domain. There were highly significant statistical variations in the physical domain of QOL in relation to age (P= 0.017), gender (P= 0.004), level of education (P = 0.003), marital status (P=0.001), type of work (P=0.007), duration of diabetes (P< 0.001) and medications acquisition (P= 0.040).A highly significant statistical variations in the psychological domain of QOL in relation to the level of education (P=0.016), marital status (P=0.049), type of work (P=0.015), and medications acquisition (P=0.001) were demonstrated. Gender variation have a borderline statistical significance (P = 0.052).Conclusion Diabetic patients had lower physical and psychological QOL compared to controls. Diabetes had a greater impact on the QOL of females than males. Older diabetics are more affected physically than psychologically. Changes in health related QOL should bea part of management of diabetics.

خلفية واهداف البحث: تعتبر نوعية الحياة حصيلة صحية هامة لجميع التداخلات الصحية واصبحت قضيه جوهرية فى الرعاية بالسكرى. الهدف من الدراسة هو تقييم تاثير السكرى على نوعية الحياة في المجالات البدنية والنفسية.طرق البحث: تم اجراء دراسة للحالات و الشواهد في المركز الصحى للشهيدة ليلى قاسم لمرضى السكرى فى مدينة اربيل. اختيرت عينة غرضية من النوع الاول و الثانى لمرض السكرى عددهم 150 مريضا يقابلها 150 شخص بدون سكرى مطابقين لهم في العمر و الجنس . استخدم فى جمع البيانات للمجالين ( البدنى والنفسى) من نوعية الحياة الاستبيان الخاص لمنظمة الصحة العالمية WHO مكون من 100 فقرة.النتائج: كلا المجالين البدنى والنفسى لنوعية الحياة كان ذات اقل من دلالة(P<0.001) واظهرت للدراسة وجود اختلاف ذات دلالة احصائيه عاليه بين مجال البدنى لنوعية الحياة وما يتعلق بالعمر (P= 0.017)، الجنس (P= 0.004)، مستوى التعليم (P= 0.003)، الحاله الزوجية(P= 0.001)، نوع العمل (P= 0.007)، مدة المرض (P< 0.001)، استلام الادوية (P= 0.040). تبين ايضا" وجود اختلاف ذات دلالة احصائيه عاليه بين المجال النفسى لنوعية الحياة وما يتعلق بمستوى التعليم (P= 0.016)، الحاله الزوجية (P= 0.049)، نوع العمل (P= 0.015) و استلام الادوية (P= 0.001).الاستنتاج: كلتا الجوانب البدنية والنفسية لنوعية الحياة كانت متاثره بالسكرى، المجال البدنى متاثر اكثر منه على النفسى و تاثير السكرى على الاناث اكثر منه على الذكور وعلى كبار السن فوق 50 سنة اكثر منه على الشباب خاصة" في المجال البدنى.


Article
HEPATITIS B VACCINATION AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN ERBIL CITY .IRAQ
لقاح الكبد الفايروسي نمط ب بين الكوادر الصحية في مدينة اربيل، العراق

Authors: KAMERAN H. ISMAIL كامران اسماعيل --- SAMIR M. OTHMAN سمير عثمان
Journal: Duhok Medical Journal مجلة دهوك الطبية ISSN: ISSN: 20717334 (online)/ ISSN: 20717326 (Print) Year: 2013 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 29-36
Publisher: University of Dohuk جامعة دهوك

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Abstract

Background and objectives In developing countries, 40-60% of Hepatitis B Virus infection in Health care workers was attributed to professional hazard. This study was carried out to calculate the vaccination rate among health care workers, and to assess the presence of association between vaccination rate and socio-demographic characteristics of health care workers.Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Erbil City between September 1st, 2011 and March 1st, 2012 involving a convenient sample of health care workers from different departments in Erbil Teaching Hospital.Results The sample included 300 health care workers (57% were males and 43% were females); their mean ± SD age was 30.43 ± 6.79 years (ranged from 20 to 55 years) with a male: female ratio of 1.33:1. Results revealed that 56.7% of participants have received vaccination and amongst this group 63.5% had completed their vaccination schedule of three doses and 36.5% were partially vaccinated. Vaccination uptake among males wassignificantly higher than females (64.3% vs. 46.5%) (P=0.002) and there was significant (P=0.001) association between type of employment and vaccination coverage which was highest among doctors.Conclusions The vaccination rate was 56.7%, and the rate of vaccination was higher in males and doctors had the highest rate of vaccination. The highest vaccination coverage is in those who work in the emergency department followed by laboratory department than other workareas.

في العاملين في مجال B 40 من حالات العدوى بفيروس التهاب الكبد - خلفية واهداف البحث: في البلدان النامية، ٪ 60 الرعاية الصحية تعود لمخاطر مهنية .وقد أجريت هذه الد ا رسة لتحديد معدل التطعيم بين العاملين في مجال الرعاية الصحية، ود ا رسة العلاقة بين نسبة التطعيم والخصائص العامة من العاملين في مجال الرعاية الصحية.طرق البحث: أجريت د ا رسة مقطعية في مدينة اربيل للفترة من 1 سبتمبر 2011 و 1 مارس 2012 على عينة مناسبة من العاملين في الرعاية الصحية من مختلف الأقسام في مستشفى أربيل التعليمي.النتائج: شملت عينة 300 من العاملين في الرعاية الصحية وكانت نسبة الذكور (٪ 57 ) و الإناث (٪ 43 ). معدل ( العمرما بين 22 الى 55 سنة. و قدكشفت النتائج أن ٪ 56.7 من المشاركين تلقوا التطعيم وبين هذه المجموعة (٪ 63.5 ( قد أكمل وا ثلاث جرعات و(% 36.5 ) تم تطعيمهم جزئيا .نسبة التطعيم بين الذك ور كانت معنويأ أعلى من الإناث (٪ 64.3 46.5٪ ) على التوالي. وكان هناك علاقة معنوية بين نوع العمل والتطعيم الذي كان أعلى بين الأطباء. ) الاستنتاجات: معدل التطعيم كان ٪ 56.7 ، و كان أعلى في جنس الذكور و كذلك الأطباء. و تبين أيضا ان نسبة التطعيم كان أعلى بين الذين يعملون في قسم الطوارئ تليها قسم المختبر من مجالات العمل الأخرى.


Article
Factors Affecting Treatment Compliance of Hypertensive Patients in Erbil City
العوامل المؤثرة على التزام المرضى المصابين بارتفاع ضغط الدم للعلاج في مدينة اربيل

Authors: Dler H. Ismael --- Chnar S. Qadir
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2015 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 181-188
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Background and objectives:Non-compliance to treatment is the major obstacles to the success of the treatment of hypertension and poor control of hypertension in worldwide. The objective of this study was to assess the level of compliance to treatment and identified factors contributing to poor compliance among hypertensive in Erbil city.Materials and Methods: a cross sectional study design was undertaken among 200 hypertensive in 2014, to collect the data, patients who met the inclusion criteria were selected and questionnaires were filled through interviewing. The questionnaire including demographic information and compliance to treatment, data analysis though descriptive and inferential statistical tests. Result: shows that 45% of hypertensive patients were compliance to the treatment while 55% of them were non-compliance. Major factor for non-compliance is forgetfulness. There was a significant association between level of compliance and age (p=0.000), gender (p=0.003), level of education (p=0.000), duration of treatment (p=0.000), and duration of hypertension (p= 0.003) .also there was highly significant and positive relationship between compliance and benefit of treatment, barrier of treatment, severity of disease and susceptibility to complication. Finally the strongest predictor was reminder (cues of action) by advice from nurses.Conclusion: According result of the study more than half of hypertensive patients were not compliance to treatmentRecommendation: Nurses should give education program to hypertensive patients about treatment compliance

خلفية البحث : إن عدم التزام المريض بالعلاج يعتبر من العقبات الرئيسية لنجاح علاج ارتفاع ضغط الدم وعدم السيطرة ارتفاع ضغط الدم في جميع أنحاء العالم. الهدف : تهدف الدراسة إلى تقييم مستوى امتثال المريض المصاب بارتفاع ضغط الدم إلى للعلاج والتعرف على العوامل المؤثرة في امتثال المريض يُساهمُ في إلتزامِ سيّئِ بين إرتفاع ضغط الدمِّ في مدينةِ أربيلالمنهجية: دراسة مقطعية اجريت على200 مريض مصاب ضغط الدم في عام 2014، ولجمع البيانات تم تصميم استبانة لغرض تحقيق الهداف الدراسة وتم جمع المعلومات من المرضى من خلال المقابلة الشخصية . وشمل الاستبيان على ذلك المعلومات الديموغرافية والامتثال لنموذج علاج ضغط الدم تم تحليل البيانات باستعمال الإحصاء الوصفي والاستنتاجي النتائج : تيجة الدراسةِ أشارتْ إلى 45٪ من مرضى ارتفاع ضغط الدم كانت الامتثال للعلاج في حين أن 55٪ منهم عدم الامتثال. العامل الرئيسي لعدم الامتثال هو النسيان. كان هناك علاقة معنوية بين مستوى الامتثال والعمر (P = 0.000)، والجنس (P = 0.003) ومستوى التعليم (P = 0.000)، ومدة العلاج (P = 0.000)، ومدة ارتفاع ضغط الدم (P = 0.003وكان هناك علاقة مهمة وإيجابية عالية بين الامتثال و فائدة من العلاج و مانع من العلاج و وشدة المرض و التعرض للمضاعفات . أخيرا أقوى مؤشر هو تذكير من خلال النصيحة من الممرضات.الاستنتاج: حسب نتائج الدراسة أن أكثر من نصف مرضى ارتفاع ضغط الدم عدم الالتزام للعلاجالتوصيات: يجب أن الممرضات إعطاء برنامج تعليمي لمرضى ارتفاع ضغط الدم على الامتثال للعلاج


Article
Knowledge, awareness and practices about breast and cervical cancer in a group of women in Erbil city-Iraq

Author: Lina G. Husamaldien , Ali S. Dauod
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit مجلة تكريت الطبية ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2016 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 54-66
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract


Article
Diagnosis and Evaluation of Defects Encountered in Newly Constructed Houses in Erbil City, Kurdistan, Iraq

Authors: Khalil I. Wali --- Noori S. Ali
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2019 Volume: 37 Issue: 2 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 70-77
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

This study investigated the types and profile of defects facing newlyconstructed houses through conducting a survey and analyzing defectrecords of data observed for 652 houses out of 1000 houses newlyconstructed for Salahaddin University academic staff in Erbil City. Theresult of analysis revealed that the overall of 6758 defects identified with themean average of 10 defects per house. The overall percentage of defectedhouses for each type of defects and the location of the defect ranged from10% to 67%. The most defected components found in the doors and windows,which comes in rank 1 with the highest percentage of defected housesreached to 76%, whereas coating and painting of doors come in rank 2 withpercentage of 75%, and cracks in structural elements come in rank 3 with73%. Analyzing the defects in terms of area and location showed that thefinishing works representing the major defects area of 48%. While, thedefects in the doors and window representing second highest defects of 42%.The results indicated that the quality performance in newly constructedhouses is low due to poor workmanship and lack of experience and skills ofconstruction staff and inadequate supervision.


Article
Cytogenetics and molecular study of P53 gene in liver cancer diagnosed in Erbil city using de novo sequenc- ing method
دراسة وراثة خلوية و جزيئية للجين P53 في سرطان الكبد المشخصة في مدينة اربيل باستخدام طريقة تعاقب جديدة

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Liver cancer is the sixth most frequent cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death through the world. The rst objective of the present study is to know the chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood of liver cancer patients. The present study was carried out on 50 patients who were suffering from liver cancer in Erbil city and 25 healthy individuals as a healthy group in both sex and different age groups. The second objective of the present study is to know the mutations in TP53 tumor suppressor gene, so molecular study was carried out on 18 patients who were suffering from liver cancer in Erbil city and 1 healthy individual as a control group. Detection a mutation in TP53 gene in peripheral blood cells may be helpful to the diagnosis of liver cancer, especially to the accurate staging of liver cancer. Additionally, cytogenetic study followed by molecular analysis of recurring chromosome changes has facilitated the identi cation of crucial ontogenesis and tumor suppressor genes. The mechanism of liver carcinogenesis involve multiple endogenous and exogenous genetic alterations, so many factors contribute to its development such as genetic factors, Hepatitis Band C virus infections, smoking habit and alcohol habit. Other factors was also studied included patient gender and age. The results of the present study suggest that highest value of chromosomal aberrations was (Dicentric chromosome) which occurred in males at fth age group (65-74) , also shown that most patients are males at age group(65-74), most of them have smoking , alcohol habit and Hepatitis B viral infection . From the study of TP53 gene, we observed mutation in exon 7 which was deletion of nitrogen base G , just before the coding region , which represent splice- site mutation.

مرض سرطان الكبد هو السادس ا كثر انتشارا من انواع السرطانات و المسبب الثاني من السرطانات المودية للموت في العالم ان الهدف ا ول من الدراسة الحالية هي معرفة التشوهات الكروموسومية في الدم المحيطي لمرضى سرطان الكبد. ان الدراسة الحالية اجريت على) 50مريض( مصابين بسرطان الكبد في محافظة اربيل و )25شخص من اصحاء( كمجموعة سيطرة، والهدف الثاني من هده الدراسة هي معرفة الطفرات في الجينة الكابتة للورم TP53 . هناك كثير من العوامل التي تساعهم في تطور المرض منها عوامل وراثية، عدوى بالفايروس التهاب الكبد نوع ) B,C ( ، التدخين والمشروبات الكحولية و عوامل اخرى يتضمن جنس المريض وعمره.من الدراسة الحالية تمت ا ستنتاج بان اعلى قيمة للتشوهات الكروموسومية هي التشوه ) كروموسوم ثنائي السنترومير( التي وجدت في الذكورفي المجموعة العمرية الخامسة ) 74-65( سنة، وايضا وجد بان معظم المرضى هم ذ كور في عمر)74-65( سنة ومعظمهم كانوا مدخنين ولديهم عادة شرب الكحول ومصابين باللتهاب الكبد الفايروسي نوع B.ومن الدراسة للجينة الكبتة للورم TP53تم م حظة حدوث طفرة في ا كسونالسبع للجينة وهي من نوع النقص في القاعدة النتروجينية كوانين Gفي المنطقة قبل المشفرة وتمثل ) Splice site mutation(.

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