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Article
Evaluation of fixed partial denture in relation to gingival recession and other factors

Authors: Faiza M. Abdul – Ameer فائزة عبد الامير --- Zainab M. Abdul – Ameer زينب عبد الامير
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 3 Pages: 13-16
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Gingival recession may be due to faulty dental treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of fixed partial dentures according to age, sex, location and type of material used in construction and discovers the influence of fixed partial denture characteristics (quality, duration, number of abutments and pontics) on frequency of gingival recession.Materials and Methods: A total of 160 patients were selected from patients attending for dental examination at college of dentistry, University of Baghdad. The subjects had cast or ceramic fixed partial denture or dentures for at least 3 years. The distributions of restoration according to age, sex, location and type of material were investigated. Number of abutments and pontics, quality and duration of restoration since worn in relation to gingival recession were evaluated.Results: Females asked more for fixed partial dentures in younger age group than males, and in upper anterior region more than other regions. The percentage of cast fixed partial denture was more than ceramic type. A higher percentage of patients had gingival recession related to restoration with poor marginal integrity and longer period since worn. A high significant difference was found between lengths of fixed partial denture and absence of gingival recession and low significant differences between quality of restoration and presence of gingival recession.Conclusion: The study concluded that fixed partial denture characteristics (quality, duration, number of abutments and pontics) had significant and high significant effects on frequency of gingival recession


Article
Cytological Features of Oral Cytobrush Smears in Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Authors: Balkees T. Garib --- Mohammad T. Ahmed محمد طه احمد
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2012 Volume: 1 Issue: 2 Pages: 6-12
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Oral cytology is a renewed field that aids in diagnosis and observation of possible epithelial changes associated with oral mucosal diseases. Aim; to study the main cytomorphological alteration in gingival and buccal smears from type II diabetics in relation to their hyperglycemic status. The study includes 40 type II diabetic patients (20 new-diagnosed and 20 treated diabetics patients) and 20 healthy persons of both sex. Papanicolaou stained smear were prepared from their cheek and gingiva. The morphological features of 100 unfolded epithelial cells were evaluated under light microscope. Results of this study show that diabetics’ oral mucosa cells characterized by large nuclei with frequent evidence of binucleation, granular chromatin, prominent nucleoli. However, there was frequent small blue cytoplasm and buccal smears showed altered keratinization. As conclusion oral cytology from type II diabetics is associated with detectable cytomorphological changes that is site specific and indicate epithelial cell regeneration and degeneration with altered keratinization especially in buccal mucosa.


Article
Oral signs and symptoms and hyperglycemic status of type II diabetic patients in relation to cytomorphometric findings of gingival and buccal cytobrush smears

Authors: Mohammad T. Baban محمد بابان --- Balkees T. Garib بلقيس غريب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 2 Pages: 59-65
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Brush cytology is an accepted technique that gets renewed interest. It is now used as an aid for thediagnosis and observation of possible epithelial changes that could be associated with oral mucosal diseases. Thisstudy aimed to evaluate the cytomorphometric changes in gingiva and buccal mucosa of type II diabetics and toassess their relation to oral symptoms and glycemic status.Materials and methods: Cytological Papanicolaou stained smear were prepared from cheek and gingiva of 20 nontreated cases, 20 treated diabetics and 20 healthy persons of both sex after measuring their HbA1c and recordingtheir oral symptoms. Hundred unfolded epithelial cells were evaluated qualitatively using MCID software to measurenuclear and cytoplasmic areas, ratio, perimeters, and form factors. Different statistical analyses were used todetermine relations between studied parameters.Results: Diabetics smears showed large nucleus, small cytoplasm, and small cytoplasm/nucleus ratio compared withhealthy persons with no sex variation. Xerostomia and burning sensation were significantly correlated with nuclearparameters, while HbA1c was significantly correlated with both cytoplasmic and nuclear parameters. Well-controlledpatients showed reduction in nuclear area, but nucleus and cytoplasm form factors were unlike normal.Conclusions: Oral cytology from type II diabetics is associated with detectable cytomorphometric changes that isbetter demonstrated in buccal than gingival mucosa and tend to return partially to their normal values in wellcontrolledpatients, with no sex variation. NA seems to be the main parameter that changed during hyperglycemiaand xerostomia, while both NA and CA were related to burning sensation


Article
دراسة مقارنة لأنواع مختلفة من بكتريا Mycoplasma بطريقتي العزل الجرثومي MDCS وال PCR

Authors: غيداء جاسم عبدالنبي الغزاوي --- رواء صادق مجيد
Journal: Misan Journal of Acodemic Studies مجلة ميسان للدراسات الاكاديمية ISSN: 1994697X Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 31 Pages: 95-105
Publisher: Misan University جامعة ميسان

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Abstract

AbstractA 150 samples were collected (50 samples of sputum , 50 swabs of the gingiva and 50 of vaginal swabs) from patients who admitted Al -Basra general hospital and the specialist center of the first dental medicine in the governorate of Basra for the period from January 2015 to May 2015 from males and females , their age of patients ranged from 6-70 years old . Samples were collected and96cultured by monophasic-diphasic culture setup method ( MDCS ) .Three types of Mycoplasma were isolated : Mycoplasma pneumoniae from sputum , Mycoplasma salivarium from the swabs of the gingiva and Ureaplasma urealyticum from the vaginal swabs. Isolated Mycoplasma were diagnosed by biochemical tests and PCR technique .Results were statistical analysis by chi – square at P ≤ 0.05 level . Mycoplasma spp . were isolated from 76 individuals out of 150 samples with biochemical tests. Twenty five cases were diagnosed as M. pneumoniae (50%) , 13 cases were diagnosed as M. salivarium (26%) and 38 cases were diagnosed as U.urealyticum (76%) .Sixty eight isolates of Mycoplasma spp. were diagnosed by PCR at first time in Iraq , 23 were diagnosed as M. pneumoniae (46%) , 13 were diagnosed as M. salivarium (26%) and 32 were diagnosed as U. urealyticum (64%).

الخلاصة :جمعت 150 عينة ) 50 عينة من القشع , 50 مسحة من اللثة و 50 مسحة من المهبل ( من المرضىالمراجعين لمستشفى البصرة العام و المركز التخصصي لطب الأسنان الأول في محافظة البصرة للفترة منكانون الأول 2015 ولغاية أيار 2015 ومن الذكور والإناث , تراوحت أعمارهم من) 6 - 70 سنة (.جُمعت تلك العينات و زُرعت بطريقة الزرع الاحادي الثنائي الطور - Monophasic-Diphasic Culture Setup (MDCS) .عُزلت ثلاث أنواع من المايكوبلازما:Mycoplasam pneumoniae مننن القشننع , Mycoplasma salivarium مننن مسننحات اللثننة وUreaplasma urealyticum منن المسنحات المهبلينة . تنم تشنخيا هنذ العنزلات بواسنطة الا تبناراتالبنايو كيميائيننة و تقنيننة - . PCR تننم تحلينل النتننائئ احصننائيا باسننتخدام مربننع كنناي وتحننت مسننتو معنويننة0.05 P≤ . وجنندت المايكوبلازمننا فنني 76 حالننة مرضننية مننن عينننات الدراسننة البالغننة 150 عينننة و التننيشُخصننت بواسننطة الا تبننارات البننايو كيميائيننة , - 25 حالننة منهننا شُخصننت pneumoniae . M بنسننبة( 50 )% 13 حالنننننة منهنننننا شُخصنننننت salivarium M. بنسنننننبة ) 26 %( و 38 حالنننننة شُخصنننننتurealyticum . U بنسبة ) 76 %( .أظهرت نتائئ التشخيا بال PCR ثلاث أنواع منن المايكوبلازمنا فني68 عينننة مننن أصننل 150 عينننة مننن الننذكور والاننناث ولأول مننرة فنني العننراق , هننذ الأنننواع هنني M. pneumoniae ظهنرت فني 23 عيننة و بنسنبة) 46 )% salivarium . M ظهنرت فني 13 عيننة و بنسنبة( 26 %( وأ يرا ظهرت urealyticum . U في 32 عينة وبنسبة ) 64 .)%


Article
Gingival health status and oral hygiene among patients attending health centers aged (20-80) years in ERBIL city
الحالة الصحية للثة والنظافة الفموية بين المرضى الذين يحضرون المراكز الصحية الذين تتراوح أعمارهم بين (20-80) سنة في مدينة إربيل

Author: Shahida Rassul Hussein
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2011 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 71-79
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Aims of the present study were to investigate the gingival health status in different age groups of both genders in (300) subjects aged 20–80 years, also to fined the effect of the frequency of tooth brushing and education level on gingival health of adult population in Erbil city.Methods: The examination was performed using plaque, gingival and calculus indices. The level of education and frequency of tooth brushing were reported.Results: Demonstrated that ; the total mean for plaque(1.18) ,gingival (0.97) and calculus(0.19) scores were increased with increasing age with significant differences fore plaque (P-value =0.017) and calculus(P-value =0.00) score but with no significant difference for gingival score(P-value =0.31) . Males reported higher means than females for plaque and gingival score while male reported equal means with female for calculus with no significant differences. (P-value =0.41), (P-value =0.16), (P-value =0.82) respectively. The highest mean of plaque (1.68), gingival (1.43) and calculus (0.31) scores were seen related to non brushing group with significant differences between all groups.(P-value =0.00)The highest mean of plaque (1.45), gingival, (1.19) and calculus (0.23) scores, were seen related to illiterate level of education with significant differences between all groups.(P-value =0.00)Conclusion: Females reported less mean plaque score and more healthy gingiva than males. Gingival, plaque and calculus scores were increasing with age. Most of the of them needs increasing their level of education and oral health education.


Article
The prevalence of gingival recessions and its association with the width of attached gingiva, oral hygiene status, gingival conditions and toothbrushing

Author: Rafi’ A Al–Talib
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 119-127
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study highlights on examining 100 dental students within the clinical years program. The oral hygiene status and gingival conditions were diagnosed by using the plaque index score (Silness and Löe, 1964) and the gingival index score (Löe and Silness, 1963). On this basis, the width of the attached gingiva and the depth of the gingival pockets were evaluated. The gingival recessions were recorded and their heights measured from the cementoenamel junction to the gingival margin. Questionnaires about method, time and frequency of toothbrushing and type of toothbrush used were recorded. The results showed that 33 students have one or more gingival recession, 18 students had one and 15 students had two or more; among them 5 had 3 and 2 had 4 recessions, and no significant correlation was found between oral hygiene and gingival recession, oral hygiene and width of attached gingiva, gingival conditions and gingival recession, gingival conditions and width of attached gingiva, width of attached gingiva and number of gingival recessions. No statistically significant differences were observed in oral hygiene status and gingival conditions among three groups of students (without, with one and with two or more recessions, respectively). No correlations were shown between different methods of toothbrushing, time of brushing and type of toothbrush used and gingival recessions. Only correlation was found between frequency of brushing and gingival recessions.

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