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Article
Gingival recession, gingival bleeding and dental calculus in Iraqi adults and the gingival recession correlation with periodontal disease break down.

Author: Maha A. Abdul Aziz مها عبد العزيز
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 76-80
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This cross sectional study describes the prevalence of gingival recession, gingival bleeding and dental calculus in Iraqi adults covering the age range from 20-70yrs, and to evaluate the relation between gingival recession and periodontal break down use furcation involvement and tooth mobility as explanatory variables for periodontal diseases.Materials and Methods: The study groups consist of 132 subjects (72 males and 60 females) who attended the college of Dentistry for routine dental treatment, gingival recession , gingival bleeding and dental calculus were assessed at all teeth excluding the third molar.Results: There was an abundant amount of calculus in the lower arch in males especially because of smoking and this long standing calculus has a highly significant correlation coefficient with gingival recession and gingival bleeding. Gingival inflammation also is a common finding especially in males which is may be due to heavy amount of calculus and smoking where there was a highly significant correlation coefficient between gingival bleeding and smoking. It was also clear that females showed less gingival recession than males and that gingival recession tends to increase with age and it is more often on the lower anterior teeth due to calculus also there was a highly significant correlation coefficient between gingival recession and gingival bleeding, on the other hand a highly significant correlation was found between gingival recession and periodontal breakdown.Conclusion: Gingival recession, gingival bleeding and dental calculus are common in Iraqi adults. Gingival recession also is associated with destructive periodontal diseases.


Article
The prevalence of gingival recessions and its association with the width of attached gingiva, oral hygiene status, gingival conditions and toothbrushing

Author: Rafi’ A Al–Talib
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 119-127
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study highlights on examining 100 dental students within the clinical years program. The oral hygiene status and gingival conditions were diagnosed by using the plaque index score (Silness and Löe, 1964) and the gingival index score (Löe and Silness, 1963). On this basis, the width of the attached gingiva and the depth of the gingival pockets were evaluated. The gingival recessions were recorded and their heights measured from the cementoenamel junction to the gingival margin. Questionnaires about method, time and frequency of toothbrushing and type of toothbrush used were recorded. The results showed that 33 students have one or more gingival recession, 18 students had one and 15 students had two or more; among them 5 had 3 and 2 had 4 recessions, and no significant correlation was found between oral hygiene and gingival recession, oral hygiene and width of attached gingiva, gingival conditions and gingival recession, gingival conditions and width of attached gingiva, width of attached gingiva and number of gingival recessions. No statistically significant differences were observed in oral hygiene status and gingival conditions among three groups of students (without, with one and with two or more recessions, respectively). No correlations were shown between different methods of toothbrushing, time of brushing and type of toothbrush used and gingival recessions. Only correlation was found between frequency of brushing and gingival recessions.


Article
Gingival recession at dental college hospital Al- Mustansiriya University; prevalence and effect of some associated factors.

Author: Dr. Raed A. Badea BDS, MSc. (Lecturer)* د.رائد عزيز بديع
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2007 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 117-124
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The present study was conducted to investigate the occurrence of gingival recession in adults by age and gender in relation to their dental clinic attendance and frequency of tooth brushing. The sample of the study included adult subjects aged (30-69) years who attended Al-Mustansiriya dental college hospital seeking for different types of treatment. A total of (745) dentate subjects (390 males 52.3%) and (355 females 47.6%) were involved in the study. According to age, the sample was divided into four age groups (30-39, 40-49, 50-59 and 60-69). The study revealed that (57.18%) of the total subjects had at least one tooth surface with gingival recession. Recession was found in (63.07%) of males, and decreased significantly in females to (50.7%). The study showed that mean number of teeth with gingival recession per person for males was (7.7) teeth and (5.72) teeth for females. The mean number of teeth with gingival recession per person was (2.05) teeth for age group (30-39) years and increased significantly to (12.48) teeth for age group (50-59). The study also demonstrated that mean number of surfaces with gingival recession per person was (7.22) for age group (30-39) years and increased significantly with age to (30.14) teeth for age group (50-59) years. The total males reported higher mean surfaces than females (19.91) and (15.32) respectively. The results of the study revealed that the frequency of tooth brushing has a positive effect on the prevalence of gingival recession; while regarding the relation of dental clinic attendance, the subjects who attend the dental clinics regularly and irregularly had similar occurrence of gingival recession.


Article
The prevalence and relationship of root caries depth and gingival recession among different Iraqi groups

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Abstract

Background: Root caries is considered as a major dental problem in persons withadvanced age. It most often occurs at or close to the cemento-enamel junction. Adominating dental problem in the patients of periodontal diseases is the rootcaries. Specifically, gingival recession often results in root surfaces exposure andincrease risk for root caries. The aim from this study is to determine theprevalence of the gingival recession and the root caries depth, and to find therelationship between root caries depth and gingival recession at different agestages for both genders using scores for both root caries depth and gingivalrecession.Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of (144) patients was selected,aged (21-65) years old, from patients attending the Dental Clinics of Al-Mustansiriyah University, Alrafidain College and Althawra Dental Centers.Questionnaire case sheet forms were filled by dentist. For each patient, clinicalexamination was performed using a periodontal probe to measure root caries depthand gingival recession.Results: The prevalence of gingival recession and root caries was higher in malegroups (1,3,5) in comparison with female groups (2,4,6) and increased with age inall teeth and surfaces. The study showed that females aged 21-35 years (group 2)had lower percentage of gingival recession (8% for teeth and 5.1% for surfaces)and root caries (6.9% for teeth and 5.3% for surfaces); while males aged 51-65years (group 5) showed higher percentage of gingival recession (23.7% for teethand 24.8% for surfaces) and root caries (30.6% for teeth and 25.3% for surfaces).Mandibular anterior teeth exhibited more gingival recession (22.1) than otherteeth; while mandibular molar teeth exhibited more root caries (23.6%) than otherteeth. The facial surfaces of maxillary and mandibular teeth were showed higherpercentage of gingival recession (15.3% for maxillary, 17.2% for mandibular) androot caries (17.3% for maxillary, 20.5% for mandibular) in comparison with othersurfaces. This study showed a significant difference between root caries depthscores (1,2,3), gingival recession scores (2,3) and also with the age; while therewas non-significant difference between root caries depth scores (1,2,3) andgingival recession score (1).Conclusion: There was a positive relationship between root caries depth and gingivalrecession with advance of age. This can be related to that, patients with advance ofage have susceptibility to expose for longer time to risk factors due to periodontalMDJdiseases that can lead to increased gingival recession and root caries. Gingivalrecession and root caries were found in males more than females.


Article
Management of miller class II gingival recession by laterally positioned pedicle flap revised technique
معالجة الانحسار اللثوي من النوع الثاني من ميلر بتقنية سديلة عنيقة جانبية

Author: Dildar Abdullah Othman
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2017 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 1846-1852
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Gingival recession is the apical migration of the gingival margin from its normal position on the crown of the tooth to the root apically beyond the cemento-enamel junction which can cause major functional and esthetical problems. It has been clinically related to higher incidence of root caries, attachment loss, hypersensitivity and esthetic related problems. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effective of a modification of surgical procedure to laterally repositioned flap for coverage of isolated recession.Methods: A total of 25 patients with miller class II gingival recession attended the Department of Periodontology in the College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University for treatment of their problem. Their gingival recession about 2 to 5mm in the lower anterior teeth with shallow vestibule. After full preparation of patient which include scaling and polishing and root planning the laterally displaced revised flap technique were done. Patients were followed up in 2 week and 3 month interval to see the changes after treatment during this period. These parameter were taken pocket depth, clinical attachment loss and gingival recession which can be measured by the distance from CEJ to the base of pocket.Result: In the recipient side, the mean gingival recession was about 3.2 mm at base line, after 2 weeks the mean gingival recession became 0.6mm and after 3 months it became 0.38mm. In the donor side, the mean gingival recession was 0 mm at base line. After 2 weeks the mean gingival recession became 1.05mm and after 3 months it became 0.5mm.Conclusion: It can be concluded that laterally displaced revised flap technique in localized recession defects can be used to restore the esthetic and functional properties of labial gingiva of teeth by repairing gingival defect.


Article
Gingival recession and periodontal therapy

Authors: Maha A. Aziz --- Monya N. Hassan
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2019 Volume: 31 Issue: 1 Pages: 31-36
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Gingival recession is well-defined by means of the apical movement of the gingival margin below the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), causing in exposure of the root surface and it remains the foremost esthetic complaints of patients. The treatment of gingival recession is depend on a full assessment of the etiological factors and the amount of tissue envelopment

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