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ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION Escherichia Coli AND Klebsiella Pneumonia FROM TICKS Hyalomma SPP.KOCH, 1844FROM SHEEP IN BASRAH CITY
عزل وتشخيص بكتريا Escherichia Coli و Klebseilla pneumonia من قراد Hylomma

Author: Mohanad .F.A.Al-Amura مهند فارس عبد الحميد الامارة
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 229-238
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The study was included isolation of ticks from ear, tail and udder of 60 sheep began from February to April (2012), The tick samples wereidentificationand assign to typeHyalomma sppdepended on diagnostic characters whichincluded: being festoons or none, legs appeared like banded andShape of spiracle like long coma in male,triangularshape in femalewith haslike tail inside at the end . Theblood were taken from its and were growing onMaConkeyand Eosin methylene blue agars,thebacterial colonies were growing inEosine methylene blue agarwas Escherichia coliwhich is appear as green metallic sheen, However thecoloniesonMaConkey agar wasopaque, pink in color and mucus in natural which refer tobacteria Klebseilla pneumonia, The number and percentage positiveof infectionby these bacteria was 8(13%) forEscherichia Coliand 3(5%) for Klebseilla pneumonia.


Article
Isolation and identification of ectoparasites in single humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) of Cholistan area, Pakistan
عزل وتشخيص الطفيليات الخارجية في الجمال وحيدة السنام (Camelus dromedarius) في كولستان، باكستان

Authors: M.F. Qamar محمد فياز قمر --- M.M. Ayaz محمد مظهر أياز --- M.M. Nazir محمد مدسر نظير
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences المجلة العراقية للعلوم البيطرية ISSN: 16073894 Year: 2018 Volume: 32 Issue: 2 Pages: 297-303
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Thirty herds comprising four hundred and fifty camels (Camelus dromedarius ) ranging from 5 months to 17 years of age were subjected to external examination of ectoparasites (ticks, mange mites and flies) during November 2010 to July 2011 at Cholistan, Bahawalpur, Pakistan. An overall prevalence of Ectoparasites was 55.55%. Ticks were the most frequent ectoparasites harboring on dromedaries. The ticks in order of their infestations were; Rhipicephalus spp (28.95%) Hyalomma dromedarii (26.48%), Dermacentor spp (18.29%) H. anatolicum (12.47%), H. marginatum (6.69%), Ornithodoros spp. (4.89%) and Amblyomma variegatum (2.20%). The Sarcoptes scabiei var. cameli (42.22%) was identified as most dominant mange mite. 40.88% camels were infested with two species of dipterans i.e.; Chrysomyia spp. (10%) and Wohlfahrtia magnifica (16.67%) which are most frequently causing preputial and vaginal myiasis. Cephalopina titilator fly (1.11%) was found to cause camel nasal myiasis. The district wise prevalence was as Rahim Yar Khan (60.87%), followed by Bahawalnagar (49.75%) and Bahawalpur (41.05%). The tick load per animal was higher during summer especially in July (64.52%) followed by the lowest ticks load during December (25.58%).The infestation of ectoparasites was higher (69.53%) in camels ranging the age from 5-7 year however the lowest infestation (23.08%) was noted in camels less than one year of age.

تم فحص450 جملا من ثلاثون قطيعا من الجمال وحيدة السنام Camelus dromedaries باعمار تراوحت بين 5 اشهر الى 17 سنة للتحري عن الطفيليات الخارجية (القراد, حلم الجرب والذباب ) خلال الفترة الممتدة من تشرين 2010 الى تموز 2011 في مقاطعة كولستان –بهالابور –باكستان. بلغت النسبة الكلية للطفيليات الخارجية 55,55 %. كان القراد الاكثر تسجيلا من بين الطفيليات الخارجية في الجمال وبلغت نسب تسجيل انواعه تنازليا كالاتي Rhipicephalus spp (28.95%), Hyalomma dromedarii (26.48%), Dermacentor spp (18.29%), H. anatolicum (12.47%), H. marginatum (6.69%), Ornithodoros spp (4.89%), و Amblyomma variegatum (2.20%) . اما حلم الجرب من نوع Sarcoptes scabiei var. cameli فقد شخصت بنسبة (42,22%) كأكثر انواع الحلم تواجدا. سجلت نسبة خمج بنسبة 40,88 % في الجمال بنوعين من ذباب ثنائية الاجنحة من نوع Chrysomyia spp. وبنسبة (10%) ونوع Wohlfahrtia magnifica بنسبة (16,67%) وهي الاغلب التي تؤدي الى النغف في القلف والمهبل. اما ذبابة Cephalopina titilator فوجدت بنسبة (1,11%) والتي سببت نغف الانف في الجمال. ان نسب انتشار الطفيليات الخارجية وحسب المناطق كانت كالاتي: رحيم يارخان (60,87%) تبعها في ولنجار بنسبة (49,75%) ثم في بها لابوربنسبة (41,05%) . ازدادت الاصابة بالقراد خلال الصيف وخاصة في شهر تموز اذ سجلت بنسبة (64,52%) والاقل خلال ايلول (25,58%) . وفيما يخص الاعمار فقد سجلت اعلى النسب (69,53%) في الاعمار بين 5 – 7 سنوات واقلها (23,08%) في الجمال باعمار اقل من سنه واحدة.

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