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Article
Prologue in Al-Asha'ira
مقدمة في الأشاعرة

Author: Basima Jasim Khanger باسمة جاسم خنجر
Journal: Adab Al-Kufa مجلة اداب الكوفة ISSN: 19948999 Year: 2008 Volume: 1 Issue: 3 Pages: 85-95
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Abstract A later generation of the Ash;arites,named after ‘Al-Ash airborne ( A.D. 873 –260 H) in Basrsh . They are forced by the weight of evidence to admit a certain irrationality in theological’ and their philosophical speculatio, Largely based on Stoicism, are strongly mixed with Skeptical theories . They hold the middle way between the traditionalists who want to forbid all reasoning on religious matters and those who affirm that reason unaided by revelation is capable of attaining religious truths. since Ghazali founds his attack against the philosophers on Ash’arite principles,we may consider for a moment some their theories. The difference between the Ash’arite and Mu’tazilite conceptions of cannot be expressed then by the following passage which is found twice in Ghazali in his Golden Means of Dogmatics and his Vivification of Theology is and to which by tradition ascribed the breach between AL Ash’ari and the Mu’tazilites.{Let us imagine a child and a grown-up Heaven who both died in the True Faith, but the grown-up a higher place than the child. And the child will ask God,“ Why did you give that man a higher place ?” And God will answer," He has done many good work.” Then the child will say," Why did you let me die so soon so that I was prevented from doing well?” God will answer,” I knew that you would grow up a sinner, therefore it was better than you should die a child.” Then a cry goes up from the damned in the depths of Hell, “Why O Lord, did you not let us die before we became sinner?”}


Article
The role of investment in GDP growth in Iraq for the period (2005-2011)
دور الاستثمار في نمو الناتج المحلي الاجمالي في العراق للفترة (2005-2011)

Author: Laka Shaker Abboud م.م.لقاء شاكر عبود
Journal: JOURNAL OF MADENAT ALELEM COLLEGE مجلة كلية مدينة العلم الجامعة ISSN: 2073,2295 Year: 2014 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 39-53
Publisher: City College of Science University كلية مدينة العلم الجامعة

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Abstract

The research aims to analyze the impact of changes in gross domestic product (GDP) growth on the volume of investment in various types and analyze the nature of the performance of the Iraqi economy and the size of the investment. The research found that the volume of investment in Iraq is substandard and so promised factors, including political factors, economic led to the volatility of GDP growth. Total and the weakness of the role of private investment in fixed capital formation and the reluctance of foreign investment that is looking for markets and efficiency of political and economic stability. The Iraqi economy is suffering from loss of these requirements.

يهدف البحث إلى تحليل تاثير التغييرات في نمو الناتج المحلي الاجمالي على حجم الاستثمار بمختلف انواعه وتحليل طبيعة اداء الاقتصاد العراقي وحجم الاستثمار فيه وقد توصل البحث إلى إن حجم الاستثمار في العراق هو دون المستوى المطلوب وذلك لعدت عوامل منها عوامل سياسية واقتصادية ادت إلى تذبذب نمو الناتج المحلي الاجمالي وضعف دور الاستثمار الخاص في تكوين راس المال الثابت وعزوف الاستثمار الأجنبي الذي يبحث عن الاسواق والكفاءة والاستقرار السياسي والاقتصادي الذي يعاني منه الاقتصاد العراقي.


Article
Performance Comparisons of Improved Regular Repeat Accumulate (RA) and Irregular Repeat Accumulate (IRA) Turbo Decoding

Authors: Ahmed Abdulkadhim Hamad --- Nora Mohammad Hashim
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2017 Volume: 25 Issue: 5 Pages: 1485-1493
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

In this paper, different techniques are used to improve the turbo decoding of regular repeat accumulate (RA) and irregular repeat accumulate (IRA) codes. The adaptive scaling of a-posteriori information produced by Soft-output Viterbi decoder (SOVA) is proposed. The encoded pilots are another scheme that applied for short length RA codes. This work also suggests a simple and a fast method to generate a random interleaver having a free 4 cycle Tanner graph. Progressive edge growth algorithm (PEG) is also studied and simulated to create the Tanner graphs which have a great girth.

في هذه الورقة تم استخدام تقنيات مختلفة من اجل تحسين معيد الترميز من نوع تيربو لمرمزات تراكم التكرار المنتظمة (RA) وغير المنتظمة .(IRA) حيث تم تطبيق التحجيم المكيف على المعلومات الناتجة من استخدام خوارزمية معيد الترميز من نوع فيتربي (SOVA). كما تم تطبيق رموز الارشاد المرمزة في مرمزات تراكم التكرار ذات الاطوال القصيرة حيث ان رموز الارشاد يمكن ان تلعب دور مزدوج في: أولا، تخمين القناة وهو الواجب الاساسي لها في انظمة الاتصال والثاني، هو تحسين خواص المسافة وتوزيع الاوزان للمرمز. وقد تم في هذا العمل ايضا اقتراح طريقة بسيطة وسريعة لتوليد مبعثر (interleaver) عشوائي خالي من الدورات القصيرة ذات الاربع خطوات في رسم تانر التي تسبب تدهور الاداء. كذلك تم استخدام خوارزمية نمو الحافة التدريجي PEG)) لبناء رسوم تانر البيانية ذات المسارات الكبيرة.

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