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Technology and Future of III-V Multi-Junction Solar Cells

Author: S. Lansel
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 3-8
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة

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Abstract

Multi-junction solar cells created from III-V semiconductor materials exhibit high efficiencies matched by no other existing photovoltaic technology. Multi-junction solar cells are composed of 3 layers of material that have different bandgaps. The top layer has the largest bandgap while the bottom layer has the smallest bandgap. This design allows less energetic photons to pass through the upper layer(s) and be absorbed by a lower layer, which increases the overall efficiency of the solar cell. One important design consideration is that the photocurrent generated in each layer must be the same since the layers are in series. In addition, the bandgaps of each layer should differ by approximately equal energies so that the spectrum of incident radiation is most effectively absorbed. Although multi-junction solar cells are very efficient, they are also very expensive.

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