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Article
Oral health status in Najaf City

Author: Raed Al-Huwaizi رائد الحويزي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: special issue Pages: 162-166
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study assessed the oral hygiene status of teenagers.Materials and methods: Three hundred and two teenagers aged 13-16 years (151 boys and 151 girls) and 291 youngadults aged 20-23 years (150 males and 141 females) collected from secondary schools and the University of Kufa inNajaf city. Oral hygiene was assessed by three indices (plaque, gingival and calculus indices).Results: Plaque free subjects represented 22.3% of males and 44.2% of females with a mean PI of 0.717±0.742 formales and 0.444±0.619 for females. While, gingivitis was found in 68.1% of males and 46.6% of females with a meanGI of 0.436±0.526 for males and 0.255±0.447 for females. The majority of the sample was calculus free (91.1% offemales and 88.7% of males) with a mean CI of 0.020±0.081 for males and 0.014±0.056 for females.Conclusion: Males showed significantly higher mean PI, GI and CI scores than females. Teenagers were found tohave significantly higher mean PI and GI than young adults. This indicates that young adults are keener on keepinga good oral hygiene than teenagers and that males neglect their oral hygiene more than females


Article
BLOOD LEAD AND ORAL HEALTH STATUS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN DUHOK, KURDISTAN REGION, IRAQ
تقدير الرصاص كمؤشر للحالة الصحية للفم لدى طلبة المدارس الثانوية في دهوك - اقليم كوردستان العراق

Author: ALI H. AL-DOSKY علي الدوسكي
Journal: Duhok Medical Journal مجلة دهوك الطبية ISSN: ISSN: 20717334 (online)/ ISSN: 20717326 (Print) Year: 2015 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 10-17
Publisher: University of Dohuk جامعة دهوك

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Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground and objective: It has long been believed that air, water and place have a directbearing on human health. In recent years there has been growing interest in understanding theexact role played by lead on oral health status. The wide inconsistencies about the subject andthe paucity of local studies in this context mandated the conduct of this study. The objectivewas to investigate the relationship of blood lead with oral health status.Methods: A cross sectional designs enrolling eight secondary schools in Duhok city has beenadapted from 15th April to 15th June 2013. The sample comprised 280 (188 males and 92females) apparently healthy students aged 18-23yrs. A questionnaire was used to obtaininformation on age, gender, drug history, acute and chronic illness. This was followed byclinical dental examination to assess two standard oral health indices, namely, Decayed,Missing, Filled Surfaces (DMFS) and gingival index (GI) for each student.Results: The mean blood lead was (4.4 ± 1.8 μg/dl), the value was higher in males than infemales (p < 0.001).The mean DMFS was higher in females than in males (12.08 ± 5.52 vs.10.37 ± 5.84 P <0.05), respectively while the mean GI was higher in males than in females(0.94 ± 0.77 vs. 0.49 ± 0.58 p < 0.001), respectively. Blood lead was positively correlatedwith both DMFS and GI, the correlation was stronger with GI scores (r = 0.832,p<0.001)than with DMFS scores(r = 0.543, p < 0.001),Conclusions: Different levels of blood lead relate variably to oral health status. Blood Leadcorrelates positively with both DMFS and GI scores.

خلفية البحث: اعتقد منذ فترة طويلة أن الهواء والماء والمكان له تاثير مباشر على صحة الانسان. في السنوات الاخيرة ازداد الاهتمام بفهم الدورالدقيق للرصاص على صحة الفم والاسنان . وبسبب التناقضات الواسعة حول هذا الموضوع وندرة الدراسات المحلية في هذا السياق تم أجراء هذه الدراسة. تهدف الدراسة الى تحري علاقة االرصاص بصحة الفم والاسنان. المواد والطرق:اعتمدت الدراسة التصميم المقطعي بضم ثمانية مدارس ثانوية في مدينة دهوك بالفترة من 15 نيسان الى 15 حزيران 2013 وقد شملت عينة البحث (280) من الطلبة الاصحاء ظاهريا (188 ذكور, 92 أناث) وبأعمارتراوحت بين (18-23) عاما .ان مستوى الرصاص في الدم لجميع الطلاب كان معلوما من خلال دراسة سابقة للدكتورعلي حسين احمد . تم تنظيم أستمارة أستبيان للحصول على المعلومات المتعلقة بالعمر ,الجنس , الأمراض السابقة والادوية المستخدمة تلا ذلك فحص للفم والاسنان لتحديد مؤشر تسوس وقلع وحشوة الاسطح للأسنان الدائمية (DMFS ) ومؤشر صحة اللثة ( GI ) لكل طالب. النتائج: ان مستوى الرصاص في الدم كان (g/dlµ 1.8 ± 4.4) وكانت القيمة أعلى لدى الذكورمنه في الاناث وكان التباين بمستوى احصائي معنوي (0.001 ˂ p ) . كان معدل مؤشر (DMFS ) أعلى لدى الاناث منه في الذكور (12.08 ± 5.52 مقابل 10.37 ± 5.84 ) وبمستوى احصائي معنوي (p = 0.02) بينما كان مؤشر دالة صحة اللثة (GI) اعلى لدى الذكور منه في الاناث 0.94 ± 0.77) مقابل 0.49 ± 0.5) وبمستوى احصائي عالي المعنوية (p ˂ 0.001 ). ان نسبة الرصاص في الدم كانت تتوافق ايجابيا مع مؤشري ( DMFS , GI ) وكانت العلاقة اقوى مع مؤشر GI )0.8 r = ) منها مع مؤشر DMFS (0.5r = ). الاستنتاجات: ان المستويات المختلفة للرصاص في الدم تترابط بشكل متغاير مع الحالة الصحية للفم . يرتبط الرصاص في الدم بشكل اساسي بمؤشر ((GI وفقا لعلاقة موجبة.

Keywords

Blood lead --- Oral health


Article
Oral health knowledge and practices of women attending dental clinics of Baghdad University

Authors: Nibal M. Hoobi --- Raya R. Al-Dafaai
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2019 Volume: 31 Issue: 1 Pages: 42-47
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Knowledge is considered to be essential for developing healthy practices and preventing the main oral diseases. In some developing countries, women were at higher risk to develop these diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate women’s dental knowledge and practices through a specific questionnaire and the relationship with patient’s educational level and the number of their children.Subjects and method: Women, aged from 25-35 years old, were selected to participate in the current study. They were attending dental clinics in the teaching hospital of Baghdad University. Each participant was instructed to answer questionnaire sheet which is previously prepared in Arabic language by the authors. The total number of women was divided into three groups according to women’s educational level and the number of their children.Results: The number of women that participated in the study was 150. Higher percent of them (58.7%) have received instruction on the use of dental floss but 60.0% had no information about fluoride. Dental floss was used by only 24.7% of women. Higher percent of women eat candies, chocolate bars and cookies in between meals. Significant association was reported between educational level and oral health information. Educational level didn’t influence patients’ health practices. Frequency of follow-up appointments and toothbrushes changes were higher among women with less number of children.Conclusion: The study revealed important gaps in oral health practices especially in diet control and the use of dental floss. There is a need for frequent dental educational programmes among women to promote the proper practices and to achieve good oral hygiene.


Article
Enzymatic Markers of Salivary Cell Injury in Saliva of Type 1 Diabetic Children

Author: *Dr. Manal kamal Rasheed Ph.D.
Journal: KUFA MEDICAL JOURNAL مجلة الكوفة الطبية ISSN: 1993517X Year: 2010 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 109-117
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Abstract:Salivary components may suffer variations that can be detected by chemical determinations. The salivary glands may be additional target of the immunological attack mainly directed against pancreatic beta-cells resulting in type1daibetic children. Changes in enzymatic activity reflect metabolic changes in diabetic children and inflammation. Aim of the study: The work is devoted to prove the hypothesis that changes in glucose concentration, aminotransferases, lactate dehydrogenase can be used as indices of cellular injury in the whole saliva of diabetic children, and to determine the physical and biochemical characteristics of saliva of a group of diabetic children compared to a control group in relation to oral health indices.Subjects and methods: Twenty six diabetes children (5-19 years) and twenty control children (5-11 years) were included in this study. Glucose, aspartate and alanine aminotransferase (AST, ALT), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were determined by enzymatic methods. Results: Obtained results had shown statistically significant increases of saliva glucose level and increase in the activity of AST, ALT and LDH in saliva from diabetic patients and control group. The results also demonstrated that acidic pH diminishes salivary flow rate and excess foam is usually present in saliva of diabetic children.Conclusion: These differences were confirmed by the discrimination test. Diabetic children have higher DFS (decayed filled surfaces) compared to those of control children. Some salivary components in addition to the diminished flow rate could be involved in the characterization of the oral health state of diabetic children.


Article
Oral health status among children Downs syndrome in Sumawa city, Iraq

Author: Raya R. Al-Dafaai ريا الدفاعي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 127-130
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Down syndrome is a congenital autosomal anomaly characterized by generalized growth and mentaldeficiency.This study was conducted to determine the oral health status of children with Down syndrome attendingspecial institute for mental retardation in Sumawa city at south region of Iraq in comparison with non syndromicchildren.Materials and methods: In the present study (35) children with Down syndrome (25 boys, 10 girls) were examined in Alrajaainstitute of Sumawa city in the south region of Iraq for mentally retarded children. The same number of children,matching the age and the gender of syndromic children, were chosen from school students in the samegeographical area. Caries severity, plaque, gingival and calculus indices were used for recording oral health status.Results: This study revealed higher dmfs mean value among syndromic children at age (10-12) years old and higherdecayed surfaces of primary teeth at same age group with statistical significant differences. This study also showedhigher mean values of plaque and gingival index among children with Down syndrome than normal children withhighly significant differences.Conclusion:It can be concluded from this study that children with Down syndrome have poorer oral health thancontrols. They would benefit from frequent oral health assessment


Article
Oral Health Status among Group of Patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis According to Duration of Illness and Age Group in Iraq

Authors: Zainab Shallan زينب شعلان --- Nadia Aftan Al-Rawi نادية عفتان الراوي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 4 Pages: 158-161
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Background: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic disease of childhood. Increased prevalence of periodontal disease and dental caries in juvenile idiopathic arthritis is due to difficulties in executing good oral hygiene. This study was conducted to assess oral health status in patients with Juvenile idiopathic arthritis according to age and duration of illness.Materials and methods: A research was conducted among Juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients attending Baghdad Teaching Hospital with different age and both gender, underwent a clinical evaluation of their dental and oral condition. Diagnosis of dental caries was done according to the criteria of WHO (1997). Dental plaque, gingival condition, calculus were assessed by PI/ GI/Cal I following the criteria of Silness and Loe (1964), Loe and Silness (1963), Ramfjord (1959) respectively .Results: The study showed the percentage of caries-free patients was 6.17%. Mean value of caries experience of primary teeth decreased with increasing age while caries experience of permanent teeth increased with increasing age, Pl and Cal indices mean values increased with increase age and difference was found significant. Mean value of dmft decreased with the disease advance and significant difference was found. Caries experience of permanent teeth increase with increase disease duration and difference was significant.Conclusion: The systemic effect of disease may impact on oral health


Article
Dietary Patterns and Oral Health among School Children Aged 6-12 years Old in Kirkuk City

Author: Hiba Hazem Sa هبه كاظم صالح
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2016 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 111-122
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Introduction: Oral health is the practice of keeping the mouth &teeth clean to prevent dental problems, like caries and ulcers .Forthis sake a cross sectional study was conducted to determine theextent and effects of dietary pattern on oral health among schoolaged children in Kirkuk city's primary schools on a sample.Material and methods: Sample size of 120 pupils by selecting 5pupils from each stage from 4 different schools. The duration ofthe study was 1 month from the 1st of March 2015 to 31th of thesame month and was carried out using a questionnaire which wasgiven to the pupils to be filled by their parents.Results: The most important finding of the study was that there isa relationship between dietary intake and dental problems.Conclusion: That sweeteners consumer has the highest percentageof dental problems.

Keywords

Oral health --- children --- school --- age.


Article
Hemodialysis and oral heath

Authors: Raed Y. Kh. Al-Rawee --- Rawaa Y. Kh. Al-Rawee
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 281-289
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims of study: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the oral health, the educational level and decay frequency in hemodialysis patients. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 100 patients, 43 of them were controlled patients admitted to the general dental unit in Al-Salam Hospital, while the remaining 57 patients underwent hemodialysis in the Dialysis Unit in Ibn-Sina Hospital in Mosul. Special consent form for each patient was obtained along with a noninvasive oral examination. Results: By using SPSS, significant pvalue was detected between education level & disease, the visit to dentist & disease. ANOVA test was done for study groups & gingival index, plaque index showed significant relation. For decayed teeth, significant pvalue was observed. Conclusion: Present study results confirm the hypothesis that periodontal disease prevalence exists in hemodialysis patients, so regular dental visits are needed to ensure optimal oral health in dialysis patients. Education of hemodialysis patients for their oral health and bilateral motivation between medical staff and dentists is mandatory


Article
The pH of stimulated saliva in relation to the oral health status among children and adults

Authors: Ahlam T. Al-Mashhadani احلام طه المشهداني --- Wesal A. AL-Obaidi وصال العبيدي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 89-91
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: To determine the pH of stimulated saliva and its relation to the oral health status.Materials and methods: A sample of (96) children with an age of 4-5 years old and (96) adults with an age of 23-25 years old in Baghdad city was examined using plaque and gingival indices, dental caries and salivary flow rate were estimated.Results: The salivary pH reduced by increasing PII score while, it was elevated by increasing the severity of gingivitis in both groups. Mean of caries experience was found to decrease by increasing salivary pH and the latter was reported to increase with enhancement of flow rate in both groups.Conclusion: Increasing pH increased GI and flow rate and decreased PII and dental caries


Article
Oral health status among children re-ceiving chemotherapy

Author: Fayhaa A Al-Mashhadane
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 96-100
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aim: To investigate the effects of chemotherapeutic agents on the oral health of children and to com-pare the action of two mouth rinses chlorhexidine digluconate 0.2 % and salty water (0.9% NaCl) in relation to their ability in controlling the plaque and gingival inflammation with children treated by cytotoxic agents. Materials and Method: In this clinical trial, the selected children were divided into two groups the first one comprised of 30 healthy children represented as a control group and the second one comprised of 30 children who were receiving chemotherapy for at least 6 months, they were se-lected from patients attended to pediatric wards of public hospitals in Mosul city .All children were of similar age groups and mean age of 5+ 1 years. The plaque and gingival indices were measured accord-ing to silness and lِöe for the six teeth at the baseline. Then the 30 children who were receiving chemo-therapy were randomly divided into two groups; each consisting of 15 children, they were instructed to use mouth rinses twice daily for 30 seconds after breakfast and before the bed time.The plaque and gingival indices were again measured one month after mouth rinsing for the six teeth at the baseline. Results: The results of this study revealed that the chemotherapeutic agents modify oral health and there was significant increase of plaque and gingival indices in children receiving chemotherapeutic agents (at p≤0.05), also results showed that there was a significant reduction after rinsing with chlor-hexidine digluconate for plaque and gingival indices (at p≤0.05), while non significant change for salty water mouth wash. Conclusion: In view of the possible factors that causes increase of the plaque and gingival indices, suggested myelosuppresion that is associated with chemotherapy which has effects on rate and pattern of hard and soft tissues resulting in reduced the ability to repair and maintain the oral health status.

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