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Article
Assessment of the Effects of Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension uponPregnant Women and Their Pregnancy Outcome in Erbil City

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the possible role of cockroaches as a transmitter of medically important microorganisms, pathogenic organisms were isolated and identified from external and guts of cockroaches trapped at hospitals and houses. Methods: One hundred and fifty two cockroaches were collected from different parts of hospital and houses around it. They were collected for isolation and identification of bacteria and parasites from external surface and internal digestive tract of cockroaches. Statistical analysis was done by using t- test. Results: This study show that high rates of cockroaches show contamination of medically important bacteria and parasites. The species of the pathogenic agents was determinate and the number and percentages of infected cockroaches was recorded. Conclusion : And for this, cockroaches act as a potential transmitter of medically important pathogenic and may cause of nosocomial infection in both hospitals and houses. Therefore, control of cockroaches will substantially minimize the spread of infectious diseases in our environment.

Keywords

cockroaches --- Bacteria --- Parasites.


Article
The presence of protozoal cysts and helminthic ova on Vegetables collected from Baghdad markets

Author: Guirges.Y.
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: PISSN: 00419419 / EISSN: 24108057 Year: 2005 Volume: 47 Issue: 1 Pages: 89-91
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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SummaryThe vegetables are considered as an important source of human infection with intestinal parasites. Aims: to try a detection of the protozoal cysts or helminthic ova from vegetables collected from Baghdad markets.Methods: The study was carried out during three months I'1 of September to the end of November 1999. Four different kinds of vegetables were selected for this study including tomato, onion, cucumber and celery. The vegetables soaked and washed in saline, centrifuged and the sediment examinedfor the presence ofprotozoal cysts, helminthic ova or fungi.Results: Ova of Ascaris lumbricoides and Enterobius vermicularis were isolated from tomato and celery. Hookworm ova were isolated from celery leaves. Entamoeba histolytica cysts were present on tomato, celery and cucumber. Giardia lamblia cysts found on tomato and celeiy. In addition, the monilia (Candida albicans) and Geotrichum candidum were isolated from tomato and celery. Conclusion: Vegetables may play an important role in intestinal parasites infection.


Article
Prevalence of Zoonotic Parasites in Stray Cats in Baghdad

Author: Mahmoud N. Al-khushali
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2007 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 152-156
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:It is known in recent years that stray cats can transmit several serious zoonotic parasitic diseases to man especially immunocompromised patients.The aim of this study is to detect such parasites in stray cats in Iraq.METHODS:Serum and faecal samples were taken from 126 stray cats from different areas of Baghdad, subjected to serological test (IHAtest) and parasitological examination to detect cyst,oocyst,ova of zoonotic arasites ,as well as careful examination of skin and hair for ectoparasites.RESULTS:Positive seroprevalence (72.2%) for Toxoplasma gondii were found in stray cats, 114 examined cats (90.4%) were found to be infected with different zoonotic enteric parasites.Three types of ectoparasites(73%) infested these cats..Some of these parasites were recorded for the first time in Iraq which include: Cryptosporidium spp, Giardia spp, Capillaria spp, Toxascaris leonine, Aelurostrongylus abstrusus, Ixodes spp, Felicola subrostratus .CONCLUSION:The high seroprevalence of T. gondii and high infection rates for zoonotic enteric parasites and ectoparasites in stray cats could be the cause of theincreased incidence of human enteric and skin diseases in this country


Article
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infestations in Al-Anbar Province , West of Iraq.
انتشار الاصابة بالطفيليات المعوية في الأنبار‘غرب العراق

Author: Abbas Obaid Farhan عباس عبيد فرحان
Journal: Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: ISSN:PISSN: 19918941/EISSN: 27066703 Year: 2012 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 12-15
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Intestinal parasitic infestation still represents an economic and public health problem in the world particularly in the developing countries including the Middle East. To estimate the current prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection among people living in Al-Ramadi City/ West of Iraq. 1804 faecal samples were collected from males and females of different ages attending Al Gailani-Central Medical Laboratory, Al-Ramadi/Al-Anbar, from June 2006 to October 2009. One methods used were direct faecal microscopic examination and formol-ether concentration. The total infectivity rate by intestinal parasites was 19.7%. The overall infection rate by intestinal protozoa was significantly higher than intestinal helminth infection. E. histolytica was the most prevalent intestinal parasitic infection, whereas E. vermicularis was the predominant helminth. The frequency of the parasitic infestations was slightly higher among females (20.7%) than males (19.1%). A significantly higher prevalence of parasitic infections among younger age groups than the older age groups, since age group ≤5 years showed the highest infection rate (33.3%) when it was compared with other age groups (5.3%). Intestinal parasitic infestation was more prevalent among younger age groups. Screening for parasitic infestation is necessary as part of the general health care programme. Preference should be given to screening the younger age group to improve the standards of infant care.

لاتزال الاصابة بالطفيليات المعوية تمثل مشكلة اقنصادية وصحية في العالم وخاصة في الدول النامية منها الشرق الاوسط.الغرض من الدراسة : لتحديد معدل انتشار الاصابة بالطفيليات المعوية لسكان محافظة الانبار/غرب العراق. المواد وطريقة العمل: 1804عينة من البراز جمعت من الذكور والاناث من مختلف الاعمار والمترددين لمختبر الكيلاني الطبي المركزي في الرمادي للفترة من حزيران 2006 الى تشرين الاول 2009بأستخدام طريقة الفحص المجهري المباشر للبراز والتركيز بالايثر الفورمال.النتائج: معدل الاصابة الكلية للطفيليات المعوية كانت 19.7%. معدل الاصابة بالطفيلي المعوي كانت بمغزى معنوي اعلى من معدل الاصابة بالديدان المعوية. الاصابة ب E. Histolytica كانت اكثر انتشارا من الاصابة ب E.Vemiclaris , تواتر الاصابة بالطفيليات لدى الاناث (20.7%) كانت قليلا اعلى مما لدى الذكور (19.1%). معدل انتشار الاصابة بالطفيليات المعوية لدى الصغار كانت اكثر مما هوعليه لدى الكبار وذي مغزى معنوي حيث ان معدل الاصابة لدى الفئة العمرية الاقل من خمس سنوات كانت (33.3%) عند مقارنتها مع معدل الاصابة لدى الفئة العمرية الاكبر سنآ (5.3%) .الاستنتاج والتوصيات: الاصابة بالطفيليات المعوية كانت اكثر انتشارآ لدى الصغار وعليه فان التحري عن الاصابة بالطفيليات ضروري كجزء من البرنامج العام للرعاية الصحية ويفضل ان يركز التحري للصغار لتحسين الرعاية النموذجية للطفل .


Article
Parasitic infections causing diarrhoea among children less than six years at Al-Nasiriyah province
مسببات الاسهال الطفيلية عند الاطفال تحت عمر ست سنوات في مدينة الناصرية

Authors: Khwam Reissan Hussein خوام ريسان حسين --- Hayat Nasser Dahis حياة ناصر داحس --- Abdul -Kareem A. Mshhwt عبد الكريم عبد مشحوت
Journal: Univesity of Thi-Qar Journal مجلة جامعة ذي قار العلمية ISSN: ISSN: 27066894 (Online) ISSN: 27066908 (Print) Year: 2015 Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 1-8
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the parasitic agents of diarrhoea in children aged less than six years. Out of 780 cases of diarrhea, 206 (26.41%) had one or more parasitic infections and the remaining 574 (73.58%) had other enteropathogenic agents of diarrhoea. There were 166 (21.98%) protozoal infections and 40 (5.12%) helminthes. Male children were 113(45.8%) and females were 93(44.68%). The most common pathogens were Giardia lamblia 117 (56.79%); Entamoeba histolytica 49 (23.78%); Enterobius vermicularis 27 (13.10%); Ascaris lumbricoides 9 (4.36%) and Hymenolepis nana 4 (1.94%). Moreover, the highest parasitic infections observed during summer months with bottle-feeding nutrition.

تهدف هذه الدراسه الى تحديد مسببات الاسهال الطفيلية عند الاطفال الذين كانت اعمارهم اقل من ست سنوات .المجموع الكلي لحالات الاسهال التي تم دراستها 780 ,ظهر منها 206 حالة سببها طفيليات (26.41%) وباقي الحالات 574 (73.58%) كانت مسبباتها غير طفيلية. شكلت الاوالي الطفيلية 166 (21.98%) بينما شكلت الديدان المعوية 40 (5.12%). اظهرت الدراسة ان الاطفال الذكور اكثر اصابة 113 (54.80%) بينما الاناث 93 (44.68%), كذلك فان الطفيليات الاكثر تواجدا هي الجيارديا لامبليا 117 (56.79%),تليها اميبا النسيج 49 (23.78%), الدودة الدبوسية 27 (13.10%), الاسكارس 9 (4.36%) ثم الدودة القزمة 4 (1.94%). بالاضافة الى ذلك , اظهرت الدراسة ان الاصابات الطفيلية تكثر في اشهر الصيف عند الاطفال الذين يرضعون رضاعة اصطناعية

Keywords

Diarrhoea --- parasites --- children


Article
Parasitic infections causing diarrhoea among children less than six years at Al-Nasiriya province
مسببات الاسهال الطفيلية عند الاطفال تحت عمر ست سنوات في مدينة الناصرية

Authors: Khwam R. Hussein خوام ريسان حسين --- Hayat N Dahis حياة ناصر داحس --- Abdul -Kareem A. Mshhwt عبد الكريم عبد مشحوت
Journal: Univesity of Thi-Qar Journal مجلة جامعة ذي قار العلمية ISSN: ISSN: 27066894 (Online) ISSN: 27066908 (Print) Year: 2016 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 1-9
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the parasitic agents of diarrhoea in children aged less than six years. Out of 780 cases of diarrhea, 206 (26.41 %) had one or more parasitic infections and the remaining 574 (73.58 %) had other enteropathogenic agents of diarrhoea. There were 166 (21.98%) protozoal infections and 40 (5.12 %) helminthes. Male children were 113(45.8 %) and females were 93(44.68 %). The most common pathogens were Giardia lamblia 117 (56.79 %); Entamoeba histolytica 49 (23.78 %); Enterobius vermicularis 27 (13.10 %); Ascaris lumbricoides 9 (4.36 %) and Hymenolepis nana 4 (1.94 %). Moreover, the highest parasitic infections observed during summer months with bottle-feeding nutrition.

هدفت هذه الدراسة الى تحديد مسببات الاسهال الطفيلية عند الاطفال الذين كانت اعمارهم اقل من ست سنوات .المجموع الكلي لحالات الاسهال التي تم دراستها 780 ,ظهر منها 206 حالة سببها طفيليات (26.41%) وباقي الحالات 574 (73.58%) كانت مسبباتها غير طفيلية. شكلت الاوالي الطفيلية 166 (21.98%) بينما شكلت الديدان المعوية 40 (5.12%). اظهرت الدراسة ان الاطفال الذكور اكثر اصابة 113 (54.80%) بينما الاناث 93 (44.68%), كذلك فان الطفيليات الاكثر تواجدا هي الجيارديا لامبليا 117 (56.79%),تليها اميبا النسيج 49 (23.78%), الدودة الدبوسية 27 (13.10%), الاسكارس 9 (4.36%) ثم الدودة القزمة 4 (1.94%). بالإضافة الى ذلك , اظهرت الدراسة ان الاصابات الطفيلية تكثر في اشهر الصيف عند الاطفال الذين يرضعون رضاعة اصطناعية

Keywords

Diarrhoea --- parasites --- children


Article
Presence of Entamoebagingivalis in dental patients

Authors: Wssam M AL-SAEED --- Hind J MAHMOOD
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2001 Volume: 1 Issue: 1 Pages: 65-68
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study has been carried out to investigate the presence of E. gingivalis in dental patients in Mosul. Soa total of 115 patients with different oral pathological conditions (dental caries, periodontitis, gingivitis & abscess) were examined. The result revealed 52 (45.2%) were positive for the presence of Entamoebagingivalis. In addition 55 healthy individuals with good oral hygiene were also examined as control group, 3 of them (5.4%) were seen positive for the presence of parasite. Examination Was carried out by direct wet smear method.Results shows the highest incidence (53.3%) of this parasite was found in patients with dental caries, they were 24 out of 45, while the lowest incidence (26%) Was found in patients with tooth extraction, they were 4 out of 15. The present of this parasite was (46.7%) in males and (43.3%) in females, the percentage are approximately similar in both sexes


Article
Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites infestation in sheep of Thi-Qar Province, Iraq

Authors: Jalil A. Gatie --- Zainab S. Nejiban
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences مجلة القادسية لعلوم الطب البيطري ISSN: 18185746 23134429 Year: 2019 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 123-128
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

A total of 523 fecal samples of sheep were collected randomly during 1 year of study period and submitted to the laboratory tests in Thi-Qar veterinary hospital from various districts. Those samples were examined for the confirmation of endoparasitic infection. Our study aims to investigate the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites and identify their species in sheep of Thi-Qar province in Iraq. The period of study was involved the four seasons of the year. Autumn, Spring, winter and summer. Faecal samples examined for helminths ova by direct microscopic examination, using light microscope, sedimentation and floatation techniques. Identification was made on the basis of morphology and size of ova. The present study revealed that 227(42.25%) of samples infected by gastrointestinal parasites from total(523), Among submitted samples there were 154 (67.84%) sample infected with single parasite and 73(31.27%) sample were infected with more than one parasite. The gastro intestinal parasites observed in our study includes; Fasciola.spp. 52(22.46%), Moneizia spp. 43(18.94%), Ascaris 42(18.06%), Ostertagia 28(12.33%), Strongylus 24(10.57%), Nematodirus 19(8.37%), Toxocara 16(7.04%),and Paramphistpmum 3(1.32%) in sheep. The seasonal occurrence of parasitic infestation in sheep depicted higher infection of GIT parasites in Autumn(60.19%), spring(59.39%) followed by winter(50.46%) and summer(24%). from this study we concluded that the prevalence of GIT parasite infection is high in Thi-Qar province.

Keywords

Gastrointestinal --- Sheep --- parasites


Article
Diagnosis of parasitic infections in vermiform appendix in patients with appendicitis in Kirkuk city, Iraq
تشخيص الاصابات الطفيلية في الزائدة الدودية لدى الاشخاص المصابين بألتهاب الزائدة في مدينة كركوك, العراق

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Abstract

The present study is conducted in Kirkuk city, Iraq; between July to December 2018. Within this period 197 resected appendix are examined to investigate the parasitic infections that may associated with appendicitis. Direct with concentrated methods are used in luminal content examinations. Also, histological examination of haematoxylin and eosin stained tissue sections is performed to diagnose the parasitic infections in the lumen and within the appendix tissue. The parasitic infection reported in 12.69% cases included four species, as well as a mixed infection. Entamoeba histolytica (trophozoite and cyst), Giardia lamblia (trophozoite and cyst), Cryptospordium sp.(oocyst) and Enterobious vermicularis (adult worm and ova) are recorded. The most common determined parasite is E. histolytica (8.63%). The parasitic infection within the resected appendix reported in females (8.12%) more than males (4.57%). The parasitic infections in the study are prevalent in patients within the age groups 13 to 18 years and 19 to 24 years (3.55% for each one).

انجزت الدراسة الحالية في مدينة كركوك من شهر تموز ولغاية شهر كانون الثاني 2018, اذ تم التحري عن الاصابات الطفيلية التي ربما تترافق مع التهاب الزائدة الدودية, حيث جمعت 197 عينة زائدة دودية مزالة جراحيا. تم التحري عن الطفيليات بأستخدام طريقة فحص محتوى الزائدة بطريقة الفحص المباشر وطرائق التركيز, وكذلك تم استخدام الفحص النسيجي للمقاطع النسجية المصبوغة بصبغة الهيماتوكسلين والايوسين للكشف عن وجود الطفيلي داخل التجويف او النسيج. سجلت الاصابة الطفيلية في 12.69% حالة التهاب الزائدة دودية, وشملت الطفيليات المسجلة في هذه الدراسة اربعة انواع فضلا عن الاصابة الطفيلية المختلطة. وتضم الانواع المسجلة في الدراسة كل من طفيلي Entamoeba histolytica (الطور المتغذي والطور المتكيس), Giardia lamblia (الطور المتغذي والطور المتكيس) , Cryptospordium sp. (الطور المتكيس) و Enterobious vermicularis (الدودة البالغة والبيوض). تم تسجيل الاصابة بطفيلي E. histolytica بأعلى نسبة إذ بلغت 8.63% خلال الدراسة الحالية. كما سجلت الاصابة الطفيلية في الاناث بنسبة (8.12%) اكثر من الذكور (4.57%). لوحظ من نتائج الدراسة الحالية ان الاصابات الطفيلية كانت اكثر انتشارا في المصابين الذين تراوحت اعمارهم بين 13 و18 سنة وكذلك 19 و24 سنة (3.55% لكل فئة عمرية).

Keywords

Appendicitis --- parasites --- protozoa --- helminths


Article
The risk of pathogenic intestinal parasitic infections in vegetables and vegetables handers in some of baghdad markets

Author: Rawaa A. Al.jeboori رواء الجبوري
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: PISSN: 00419419 / EISSN: 24108057 Year: 2011 Volume: 53 Issue: 1 Pages: 82-85
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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