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Article
Prevalence and severity of Periodontal disease among institutionalized elderly in Baghdad-Iraq

Author: Bacima GH. Ali B.D.S.M.Sc د.بسيمة علي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 120-123
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

This research analyzes data {rom dentate institutionalized elderly in Baghdad city .The study population comprised (100) dentate elderly ranging in age from 50-100 years27( males and 28 females) .Results showed that Prevalence of gingivitis was 100%among the elderly in both sexes and that the severity is higher among females for score 3and 2 of plaque index .


Article
Oral Health Status in Relation to Nutritional Status among Institutionalized and Non Institutionalized Orphans in Baghdad City

Authors: Aseel M.Abdul Majeed --- Zainab A. A. Al-Dahan
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 113-120
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Nutritional condition was reported as one of the factors affecting the oral health status, particularly among underprivileged groups. Orphans are one of the known high-risk groups. The aims of this study were to assess the nutritional status of orphans, and its impact on the oral health status.Materials and Methods: Five-hundred children aged 6-12 years old, 254 males and 246 females: institutionalized, non-institutionalized orphans and controls were participated in this study. Nutritional status assessed according to body mass index (BMI). Ramfjord index teeth were examined to assess oral cleanliness and gingival condition. All data were analyzed using SPSS version 23.Results this study revealed the institutionalized orphans with low mean value of BMI, significantly differ than non-institutionalized orphans and highly significant than controls, whereas the non-institutionalized orphans were significantly differ than controls. Each of institutionalized and non-institutionalized orphans was with highly significant elevated mean plaque and gingival indices than control, while significant high mean rank calculus index for non-institutionalized orphans than each of institutionalized orphans and controls was found. According to BMI indicators of both orphan groups, it was found that thinness group among institutionalized orphans with significant elevated Mean Plaque Index; however, high non-significant values for Gingival and Calculus indices were found among thinness grades.Conclusion: This study reflected that nutritional status is a relative factor; may affect the oral cleanliness and gingival health. Moreover, oral hygiene and preventive care are mandatory, should be stressed through dental care programs.


Article
Oral health status in relation to nutritional status among institutionalized and non-institutionalized orphans in Baghdad city

Authors: Aseel M.Abdul Majeed --- Zainab A. A. Al-Dahan
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 4 Pages: 102-109
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Nutritional condition was reported as one of the factors affecting the oral health status, particularly among underprivileged groups. Orphans are one of the known high-risk groups. The aims of this study were to assess the nutritional status of orphans, and its impact on the oral health status.Materials and Methods: Five-hundred children aged 6-12 years old, 254 males and 246 females: institutionalized, non-institutionalized orphans and controls were participated in this study. Nutritional status assessed according to body mass index (BMI). Ramfjord index teeth were examined to assess oral cleanliness and gingival condition. All data were analyzed using SPSS version 23.Results this study revealed the institutionalized orphans with low mean value of BMI, significant differ than non-institutionalized orphans and highly significant than controls, whereas the non-institutionalized orphans was significantly differ than controls. Each of institutionalized and non-institutionalized orphans was with highly significant elevated mean plaque and gingival indices than control, while significant high mean rank calculus index for non-institutionalized orphans than each of institutionalized orphans and controls was found. According to BMI indicators of both orphan groups, it was found that thinness group among institutionalized orphans with significant elevated Mean Plaque Index; however, high non-significant values for Gingival and Calculus indices were found among thinness grades.Conclusion: This study reflected that nutritional status is a relative factor; may affect the oral cleanliness and gingival health. Moreover, oral hygiene and preventive care are mandatory, should be stressed through dental care programs.


Article
Oral health status among secondary school students in Mosul City Centre/Iraq

Author: Aisha A Qasim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 180-185
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the oral hygiene and gingival health among secondary school students and to find ifthere was any variation between age and sex groups in Mosul City Centre. Material and Methods: Asample of 630 students aged 16–18 years old (278 males, 352 females) were examined using plaqueindex score and gingival index. The clinical examinations were carried out in the school using planemouth mirrors, WHO periodontal probes to detect the dental plaque and gingival health. Results:Showed that the mean plaque score for the total sample was 0.96, the plaque index increased with age.Females reported less mean plaque scores than males with statistically significant difference betweenthem. The mean gingival score was 0.56 for the total sample and it increased with age. There was asignificant difference between males and females. The study revealed that 35.9% of the total sampledid not brush their teeth. Therefore the objective of dental health education to those subjects is to brushtheir teeth regularly and to improve the effectiveness of oral hygiene practice. Conclusion: Periodontaldisease is indirectly related to the exposure of bacterial plaque for long time which calls forcoordinated planning of preventive strategies and urgent priorities


Article
Periodontal Health Status among 6-12 years patients with Beta- thalassemia Major Syndrome in Baghdad –Iraq.

Author: Dr. Haraa Khairi Al-Hadithi, B.D.S, M.Sc.* د.حراء خيري
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2010 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 57-62
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

AbstractThalassemia constitutes a form of anemia that has clear problems in relation tooral and dental health.The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and severity of periodontaldiseases among patients with β-thalassemia major (βtm) at (6-12) years of age inBaghdad city in comparison to healthy control.Our study sample comprised 50 patients of both sexes were examined ,who wereattending the thalassemia center in Al-Karama Hospital .A similar number of healthycontrol matching with age and gender were involved .Plaque index of Silness &Löe (1964) and Calculus index of Ramfjord (1959) wereused to assess oral cleanliness (dental plaque and dental calculus respectively).Gingival index of Löe &Silness (1963) was used for recording gingival healthcondition.Results were generally observed a poor oral hygiene .Highly significant differencein means of plaque index (1.902±0.68, 0.9384±0.51) and gingival index (1.390± 0.94,0.840± 0.46) between βtm and control groups respectively, while not significant inmean of calculus index (0.470± 0.63, 0.3362± 0.42) between groups.The present study showed that most patients with β-thalassemia major wereaffected by gingivitis of moderate type (38%), while most of control of mild type(76%).


Article
Tooth loss among Iraqi adolescent

Authors: Wassan H. Al-Zaidi وسن الزيدي --- Maha A. A. Ahmed مها احمد
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 3 Pages: 85-89
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Little information is available regarding tooth loss in Iraqi adolescent. Therefore, this study aims to calculate tooth mortality and its distribution.Material and Method: This study included a sample of 385 Iraqi adolescents (145 males + 240 females), aged from (11 to 17) years, the mean age was 14 years, drawn from a relatively low socio-economic level who livid in (Al-Dowra) in Baghdad where access to free dental care is minimal. Over a 6 months period records were made of all adolescent patients attending the (Al-Dowra) General Dental Clinic. Teeth already lost and teeth indicated for extraction were pooled a part, to obtain a more realistic picture of the dental condition a semi structural questionnaire was constructed.Results: 16.3% of the study population possessed lost teeth and caries is the primary cause of tooth mortality among young population especially among females.Conclusions: The mandibular first molar is the most frequently lost tooth and females are more concerned about their oral hygiene than males. There was also a delay in the mean eruption time of permanent teeth in both sexes


Article
Assessment of oral cleanliness and gingival condition among intermediate Thamarian school students

Author: Faraed D Salman
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 181-185
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the oral cleanliness and gingival health among intermediate school students and tofind if there was any variation between age and sex groups in Thamar–Yemen. Material andMethods: A sample of 596 students aged 13–15 years old (308 males, 288 females) were examinedusing plaque index score by Silness and Löe (1964) and gingival index by Löe and Silness (1963). Theclinical examinations were carried out in the school using plane mouth mirrors, WHO periodontalprobes to detect the dental plaque and gingival health. Results: The mean plaque score for the totalsample was 0.90. The plaque index was increasing with age, females reported less mean plaque scoresthan males with statistically significant difference between them. The mean gingival score was 0.52 forthe total sample and it was increasing with age with statistical significant difference. Females alsoreported less gingival scores than males with statistical significant difference between them. The study revealed that 45.1 % of the total sample did not brush their teeth. Conclusion: Gingival and periodontal diseases are indirectly related to the exposure of bacterial plaque for long time which calls for integrated, coordinated planning of preventive and treatment services as an urgent priority.


Article
Salivary Alkaline Phosphatase and Periodontal Disease

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Abstract

Saliva is an easily collected fluid that contains locally and systemically derivedmarkers of periodontal disease. The purpose of this study was to compare the level ofsalivary alkaline phosphatase activity in healthy subjects and patients with periodontaldisease (gingivitis and periodontitis), and to evaluate the relationship of this enzymewith different clinical parameters in all patients included in the study.The study included 65 patients referred to Department of Oral Diagnosis, Collegeof Dentistry, University of Baghdad, they were divided into three groups, 20 healthysubjects, 20 subjects with gingivitis and 25 one with periodontitis. The clinicalparameters including plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth(PPD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were recorded and salivary samplescollected for analysis of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels.A highly significant increase in mean values of clinical parameters was found inpatients with periodontal disease (gingivitis and periodontitis) compared to healthysubjects, also a highly significant increase in the mean values of alkaline phosphataseactivity was illustrated as the severity of periodontal disease increased. ALP level wasclosely related to the gingival index, probing depth and attachment loss in patientswith periodontal disease, while no relation was shown to plaque index.Salivary alkaline phosphatase could be used as a useful marker for monitoringperiodontal disease..


Article
Salivary Free Testosterone and Gingival Health Condition among a Group of Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Authors: AndalusAbid HassanTahir --- Baydaa Hussien
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 1 Pages: 165-169
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders affecting women in their reproductive age.It is characterized by anovulation or oligo-ovulation and hyperandrogensim.Androgen excess is the central defect in polycystic ovary syndrome. It is a complex disorder affects general health in addition to oral health.This study aimed to assess the gingival health status among a group of women with polycystic ovary syndrome as well as to estimate the levels of salivaryfree testosterone in unstimulated saliva in relation to gingival health condition.Materials and methods: Sixty two women with an age range 20-25 years old and with a body mass index range18.5-24.9 (normal weight) were included in this study. They were divided into two groups; the study group which included thirty one women with polycystic ovary syndrome, those women.nattended Babylon Teaching Hospital/ Infertility Center and the control group which included thirty one women with regular menstrual cycles,without clinical or biochemical features of hyperandrogenism and ultrasound exclusion of polycystic ovary (without polycystic ovary syndrome). Collection of unstimulated salivary samples was carried out under standardrizedconditions, salivary free testosterone levels were estimated. Plaque index of Silness and Lӧe (1964) was used to assess dental plaque. While gingival index of Lӧe and Silness (1963) was used to assess gingival inflammation. Data analysis was conducted through the application of the (SPSS version 18). The analysis of data included: Mean, Standard deviation, t-test, Pearson Correlation (r), Receiver Operative Characteristics Curve (ROC curve).Results:Results showed that the mean value of plaque index was found to be higher in the control group (1.18±0.03) than that in the study group (1.00±0.08) with statistically highly significant difference (p<0.01).While the mean value of gingival indexwas higher among the study group (1.52±0.06)than that in the control group (1.31±0.05)with statistically highly significant difference (p<0.01).Salivary levels of free testosterone among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (44.12±1.37 pg/ml) were found to be higher than that of control (18.50±0.87) with statistically highly significant difference (p<0.01).The results in this study showed that the correlations between salivary free testosterone with the oral variables (plaque index, gingival index) were statistically not significant (P>0.05).In order to assess the specificity and sensitivity of the use of salivary free testosterone as a diagnostic tool, statistical analysis of Receiver Operative Characteristics Curve (ROC) was used and predictive Value Measurmentswere done in this study. The results showed that the area under the curve for salivary free testosterone test was (1.000) with highly significant p-value (p<0.01). The best optimal cut off point for salivary free testosterone was (30.86) with (100%) sensitivity and specificity, indicating a very good predictive capacity for using salivary free testosterone as a marker for the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome.Conclusions : It was concluded that gingival inflammation was high among women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Furthermore, salivary levels of free testosterone were found to be high among women with polycystic ovary syndrome


Article
Comparison Of Oral Health Status And Behaviorbetween First And Fifth Years Of Al-Mustansiriyah Dental Students

Author: Athraa A. Mahmood
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 2 Pages: 71-77
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background:Periodontal diseases and dental caries are the most common oral diseases, but they can beadequately prevented by adopting a specific health behavior and plaque control.The study was carried out todetermine and compare oral health status; it included both caries experience, gingival health and oral hygienebehavior betweenfirst and fifth yearsof Al-Mustansiriyahdental students.Materials and methods: Total sample of the study consisted of 50 students at first year (25 males, 25 females)and 60students at fifth year (30 males, 30 females). Plaque andgingival indices,dental caries indices (DMFS and DMFT)wererecorded to evaluateoral health status for each student. Further questionnaires were given to evaluatedifferent oral hygiene habits.Results: The mean values of plaque and gingival indicesin the first year were higher than fifth year for males andfemales with highly significant difference at (P ≤0.01);whereas the mean values of plaque index were (1.17, 0.83 formales of first and fifth years respectively and 1.02, 0.47 for femaleof first and fifth years respectively)and the meanvalues of gingival index were(0.89, 0.51 for males of first and fifth years respectively and 0.78, 0.31 for femalesof firstand fifth years respectively). As well as, the mean of (DMFS and DMFT) were showed higher values among femalesthan maleswhere (8.88, 6.48 for males and 10.16, 7.08 for females)in first year, while(11.90, 8.73for males and 13.33,9.16 for females) infifth year. The percentagesof tooth brushing, mouthwash, dental floss, and tooth picks usingforfifthyear students were higher than first year students.Conclusion: Differences of oral health statusand behavior rates between first and finalyearsstudents can beattributed to low level of dental education infirst year studentswhoseneed the improvements of oral hygieneeducation in futurewhich include the importance of proper tooth brushing and using of interdental aids to preventthe periodontal diseases and dental caries

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