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Article
The effect of dental educational level in adults (18–25 years old) with crowded teeth on the plaque and gingival conditions

Authors: Ne’am R Al–Saleem --- Saher S Gasgoos --- Saad S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 127-131
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationbetween crowding, plaque and gingival conditions accordingto the level of dental education of the Iraqi adults.The sample was divided primarily into two groups: Thefirst group was collected from dental students whom dentallywell educated, while the second group was collected fromother population whom dentally non educated (industrialist).Each group was subdivided into two groups according to thepresence or absence of crowding, so that four groups wereobtained (educated participants with non crowded teeth, educatedpersons with crowded teeth, non educated participantswith non crowded teeth and non educated participants withcrowded teeth).The results of this study indicated that the dental educationallevel is positively affecting on the gingival health in bothcrowded and normal occlusion. However, regardless of thelevel of education, plaque accumulation and gingivitis are significantlyhigher in the crowded teeth sample.

Keywords

Crowding --- gingivitis --- plaque --- socioeconomics


Article
Efficacy and Safety of Topical Podophyllin 5% Ointment in Patients with Mild Plaque-Type Psoriasis

Authors: Khalifa E.Sharquie --- Adil A.Noaimi --- Wesal K. Al-Janabi*
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 251-258
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common chronic condition of the skin that is resistant to many therapies. There is a need for the development of novel non-steroidal topical drugs for the treatment of psoriasis.OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of topical podophyllin 5% ointment in patients with mild plaque-type psoriasis.PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty two patients with mild plaque-type psoriasis were enrolled in this study. They were dividedinto 3 groups: GroupA (21patients)were treated with podophyllin 5% ointment every other day,while Group B(20patients)were treated with clobetasol propionate 0.05%ointment twice daily and21 patients in Group C were treated with Vaseline twice daily for 8 weeks as a control group.Efficacy was evaluated every 2 weeks for 8weeks using Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI)score and relapse was recorded after cessation of treatment in those patients who achieved goodresponse during 8 weeks follow up period.RESULTS: A total of 62patients were 44(70.9%) males and 18(29.0%) females, with: male: female ratio 2.3:1.Their ages ranged from 18-65 (37.5±12.9) years. Their baseline PASI score ranged from 1.29(5.2±2.4).Attheendof8weeksoftherapy:nostatisticallysignificantdifferenceinPASIreductionbetweenGroupA(66.3±20.7) and Group B(68.1±34.2) treated patients, P-value =0.831 and both of themwere statistically significant higher PASI reduction than patients with Group C,34.1±28.8, P-value=<0.001.Regarding the percentage of patients who achieved good response, there was nostatistically significant difference between Group Aand Group B, 95.3% versus 70% ( Pvalue=0.083)and both of them achieved a statistically significant higher percentage of patientswith good response than Group C,47.6%, P-value=<0.001. Although the percentage of patientswith complete clearance (PASI≥90%) in the Group Awas much less, 9.5%, than that of Group B,65% (statistically significant, P-value=< 0.001), the total relapse rate during 8 weeks follow up wasmuch lower among Group Apatients, 25% versus 70%, P-value=0.043.On the other hand nocomplete clearance was achieved in the Group Cand their relapse rate was 80%.Regarding side effects: Group A, 9.5% of patients developed hypopigmentation, Group B, 10% ofpatients developed pyoderma and Group C, no side effects were reported. There was no statisticallysignificant difference among the three groups regarding the frequency of side effects (P = 0.355).CONCLUSION: Podophyllin 5% ointment on every other day regimen was as effective as clobetasole 0.05%ointment twice daily at the end of 8 weeks treatment with no side effects and with a much lowerrelapse rate.


Article
Effectiveness of dental health education program on periodontal health status of nursery school children in Erbil city
فعالية برنامج التثقيف في مجال صحة الأسنان على الحالة الصحية لسن أطفال المدارس التمهيدية في مدينة أربيل

Author: Shahida Rassul Hussain
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2012 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 175-179
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: Dental health education is a planned package of information, learning activities or experiences that are intended to promote dental health. The current study was conducted to evaluate the impact of dental educational program on cleanliness and gingival health in primary dentition of nursery school children aging (3-6) years in Erbil city.Methods: Oral examination was performed on (148) children of (Balla) nursery school in Erbil city. They were divided into two equal groups, each consisting of (74) children. The first group, an experimental group, received dental health education instructions for 8 weeks before clinically examining the children (the dentist with cooperation from their teachers) twice a week. The second group, control group, whose members examined clinically without any dental educational program. Index used was CPITN.Results: Clinical examination showed that CPITN of group (1) was lower with a healthier gingiva with less plaque accumulation when compared with group (2) with statistical significant differences (P-value <0.005).Conclusion: Dental health education program is an essential activity for promoting optimal oral health and preventing oral diseases. The program displayed positive influence on gingival and oral health behaviors of nursery school children.

Keywords

Dental plaque --- Gingivitis --- CPITN


Article
Effectiveness of Chlorhexidine Digluconate Mouth Rinse in Improving Oral Health in Orthodontic Patients with Fixed Appliances

Author: Ghada Dh Al-Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2013 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 162-169
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the effect of chlorhexidine digluconate rinsing solution on plaque and gingival bleeding in orthodontic patients with fixed appliances. Materials and Methods: This study included 42 orthodontic patients (29 females and 13 males), who were undergoing treatment in orthodontic postgraduate clinic of the collage of Dentistry, Mosul University. The patients of this study had a mean age of 18 years (range 12–28 years). The patients were divided in to control group (brushing only, N=20) and an experimental group (brushing +chlorhexidine digluconate mouth rinse, N=22). Plaque, gingival indices scores, in addition to pocket depth were measured in different three time periods (day 0, two weeks and four weeks). Results: Plaque, gingival indices scores, in addition to pocket depth shows statically significant differences at level (p≤0.05) among different genders between the two groups for each of the three time periods. Conclusions: The use of chlorhexidine digluconate based mouth rinses reduced bacterial plaque accumulation, pocket depth and improved the gingival index


Article
Occurrence and pattern of antibiotic resistance among dental plaque bacteria from gingivitis patients and their clinical correlation

Author: Sazan M. Abdulaziz
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 2 Pages: 51-58
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: A diverse group of bacteria live in biofilms in the oral cavity. On dental surfaces biofilms form plaque that is potentially involved in caries and periodontal diseases. Periodic studying of plaque microflora and their antimicrobial sensitivity patterns strongly affects the clinical practice in plaque-induced oral diseases.Materials and methods: Dental plaque samples were collected from 22 patients having ages ranged between 33 and 49 years with gingivitis that met the study criteria. Plaque, gingival and gingival bleeding indices (PI, GI, GBI) were measured for each patient. Laboratory procedures included microbiological examination of plaque samples followed by antibiotic sensitivity testing using disc diffusion method were also proceeded.Results: All patients were categorized as moderate gingivitis (GI: 1.1-2.0), the recorded PI were 1.2-2.7. Bleeding was observed in all subjects. Gingivitis was significantly higher in males (P=0.021). A total of 121 bacterial species were isolated from plaque samples, Facultative anaerobes constitute 83%. The most frequently isolated bacteria were α-hemolytic streptococci (36.36%) and Enterococcus faecalis (14.87%) among facultative, and Fusobacterium sp., Actinomyces sp., Veillonella sp. among obligate anaerobes (3.31%, 2.48%, 2.48%, respectively). Imipenem (77.2%) and Ciprofloxacin (59.4%) were the most effective agents against both bacterial groups. Multi-drug resistance (MDR) was recorded in most of the isolates (> 90%). A very highly significant relation between MDR with each of the above clinical criteria was recorded (P-value= 0.000).Conclusions: The high level of MDR isolates is of great clinical concern and requires an urgent reassessment of the policies of antibiotic prescription in dental settings


Article
Dermis as an Interposing Graft for Reconstructing Peyronies Disease

Author: Yasir Naif Qassim
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 220-225
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Peyronies disease is an acquired fibrous plaque induced penile deformity,it has two phases;acute with painful erection and chronic with minimal pain but persistant penile curvature.Many conservative and surgical treatment modalities have been described.Plaque excision and dermal grafting has given promising results.OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy of plaque excision and dermal grafting in peyronies disease.PATIENTS AND METHODS:A prospective study was conducted on ten patients with chronic peyronies disease.All the patient underwent surgical excision of fibrotic plaque and dermal grafting.All the patients were evaluated postoperatively through regular visits for six to eight months to detect any recurrence or erectile dysfunction.RESULTS:The disease was more prevalent between ages of 40-55 years.All the plaques were located dorsally on the penile shaft except one which was dorsolateral.Five patients were complaining of erectile dysfunction preoperatively,two of them improved after surgery.Postoperative recurrence of fibrotic pluque involved only one patient.CONCLUSION:Fibrotic plaque excision and dermis grafting is an effective method on the long term with minimal associated complications.


Article
The Prevalence of S. Mutans and Other Oral Streptococci in Dental Plaque and Saliva of Adults

Authors: Dr. Ilham S.Banno. B.S.c.,M.Sc. د.الهام بانو --- Dr. Nahidha R.Al – Zahid. B.S.c.,M.Sc. د.ناهضة الزاهد
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 242-244
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

AbstractOral streptococci constitute the most oral bacterial groups in the human oral cavity. Most of the oral streptococci belong to the viridians group and include the species S. mutans, S. sanguis, S. salivarius and S. milleri.Dental plaques and saliva samples were randomly taken from 210 selected students of Education College of 22 – 24 years old. The results showed that S. mutans was isolated from 75 salivary samples (35.7%) and from 80 plaque samples (38.1%): the other oral streptococci were isolated from all saliva and plaque samples.


Article
Effectiveness of educational program on fixed orthodontic appliance treatment on patient’s oral hygiene

Authors: Afrah Kh Al–Hamdany --- Nada M Al–Sayagh --- Ali R Al–Khatib
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 37-45
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate whethereducated dental patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatmentshowing better oral hygiene than dental patients who arenot educated.The sample is comprised of 16 orthodontic patients (3males and 13 females), 11–22 years old chosen randomly amongpatients at Department of Pedodontics, Orthodontics andPreventive Dentistry of College of Dentistry at Mosul University.The sample is divided equally into 2 groups; the first groupwas educated concerning fixed orthodontic treatment inrelation to oral hygiene and given education and instruction tokeep good oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment. Thesecond group is not educated. Swabs were taken from supra–gingival plaque of facial surface of upper right and lower leftcentral incisors, and upper left and lower right first molar teeth;one before orthodontic treatment and another (4–6 weeks)later and subjected to bacteriological investigation. Qualitativedata about oral microorganisms were collected and subjectedto statistical analysis.The results indicated that during treatment records forboth educated and non–educated groups show significant differencefor certain types of microorganisms and at differentlocations with the educated group scores the least in comparisonwith non–educated group


Article
Prevalence and severity of Periodontal disease among institutionalized elderly in Baghdad-Iraq

Author: Bacima GH. Ali B.D.S.M.Sc د.بسيمة علي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 120-123
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

This research analyzes data {rom dentate institutionalized elderly in Baghdad city .The study population comprised (100) dentate elderly ranging in age from 50-100 years27( males and 28 females) .Results showed that Prevalence of gingivitis was 100%among the elderly in both sexes and that the severity is higher among females for score 3and 2 of plaque index .


Article
Oral health status and treatment needs among institutionalized deaf children in the middle region of Iraq .

Authors: Nada Jafer B.D.S, M.Sc *. د. ندى جعفر --- Lamia Abdul Khaliq Alazawi B.D.S., M.Sc., Ph. D د. لميس عبد الخالق
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 21-26
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

A deaf child from birth has experienced disturbed leaming which affecthis/her intellectual skills, social environment and emotional relation ship. There forethis oral health survey was conducted among 519 deaf persons and 532 students aged61-5 years in the middle region of Iraq (Baghdad, Anbar, Diyala, Salah AlDeen ,Bayblon and Kerbala). The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare theoral health status and treatment needs of deaf persons and students in the samegeographical area. Results showed that 40.66% of deaf persons were caries freecompared to schools students 33.46%; dmfs mean value of deaf persons was found tobe lower (3.935 :l: 0.312) than that of students (4.252 dc 0,277) while DMF S meanvalue in deaf persons was higher (0.763 1 0.095) than that recorded in students (0.603)080.6 6 with no statistically significant difference. Higher percentage of deaf personand schools students were found in need of two or more surface restoration 30.44% ,%30804 respectively. Deaf persons demonstrated a higher mean plaque index value68051( t 0.012) and gingival index value (1.098 i 0.914 i 0.012) respectively, soefforts should be made to ensure access to preventive care .

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