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Article
ASSESSMENT OF MOTHERS' HEALTH KNOWLEDGE REGARDING RICKETS IN CHILDREN

Author: Khalida Abdul Sattar Abdul Jaba
Journal: AL-TAQANI مجلة التقني ISSN: 1818653X Year: 2006 Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Pages: 12-16
Publisher: Foundation of technical education هيئة التعليم التقني

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Abstract

The main aim of this study is to find out the mother's health knowledge about rickets .Data on mothers' health knowledge were collected using a special questionnaire . 1000 mothers were interviewed on the subject ., randomly selected from attendants of primary Health care centers (PHCC) in Baghdad Governorate .The results found that mothers who had high education level had better health knowledge concerning rickets, 98.2 % mothers were heard about rickets , and 93.3 % mothers know the symptoms of the disease . The mothers who live in urban area have more knowledge about rickets than mothers who live in rural area . And most of mothers did not know how to prevent the disease , 70.3 % of mothers from urban area , and 79.2% of mothers from rural area .The researcher recommend that the educational program in nutrition for the mothers should be carried out .

إن الهدف الرئيسي من هذه الدراسة معرفة ثقافة الأم الصحية حول الكساح عند الأطفال . لقد تم جمع العينة باستخدام استمارة استبيان خاصة للأم لمعرفة ثقافتها الصحية واختيرت ألف أم عشوائياً عند زيارتهم إلى مركز الرعاية الصحية الأولية في محافظة بغداد . أظهرت النتائج أن لدى الأمهات المتعلمات بمستوى متقدم من التعليم ثقافة صحية حول الكساح اذ أن 98.2 % أم يسمعـن بالكساح وان ، 93.3 % من الأمهات يعرفن أعراض المرض وإن الأمهات الساكنات في المدن لديهن ثقافة حول الكساح أكثـر من اللائي يعشن في الريف . وأكثر الأمهات ليس لديهن معرفة بمنع المرض بنسبة ، 70.3 % من الأمهات في المدن و 79.2 % من الأمهات في الريف. توصي الباحثة بوجوب نشر برنامج الوعي الصحي الغذائي للأمهات


Article
Assessment of caries experience, enamel defects and selected salivary biomarkers in children with nutritional rickets

Authors: Nadia A. AL Rawi --- Sara A. Jameel
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2019 Volume: 31 Issue: 1 Pages: 37-41
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Nutritional Rickets is a condition produced by an absence of Vitamin D, calcium or phosphate. It clues to relaxing and fading of the bones. Dental expression of children with rickets contains enamel hypoplasia and delayed tooth eruption. This study was conducted in order to assess caries experience (dmfs) and enamel defects among study and control groups, and to evaluate and compare the levels of selected salivary biomarkers between children with nutritional rickets and apparently healthy children.Material and methods: Assessment of caries according to WHO in 1987, and assessment of enamel defects according to enamel defect index EDI of WHO in 1997. In addition a stimulated saliva samples were collected according to Palone et al from 30 children diagnosed with nutritional rickets and 30 control children as control group. Salivary vitamin D, calcium, phosphate and alkaline phosphtase were analyzed.Results: Caries experience represented by dmfs was significantly higher among control group compared to study group, while enamel hypoplasia was higher in study group than control group. Salivary inorganic component (Ca, PO4 ALP) revealed obvious variations between study and control group. Salivary vitamin D concentration was lower in study group compared with control group.Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be concluded that nutritional rickets impact on certain salivary biomarkers which can be considered for evaluating the diagnosis and prognosis of caries experience and enamel defects in nutritional rickets children.

Keywords

Defect --- biomarkers --- rickets


Article
SERUM PROTEINS IN RICKETS PATIENTS AND THEIR MOTHERS

Author: Suad Y. Al-Kass
Journal: AL-TAQANI مجلة التقني ISSN: 1818653X Year: 2009 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 Pages: 35-40
Publisher: Foundation of technical education هيئة التعليم التقني

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Abstract

This research is mainly concerned with study of changes of serum total protein, albumin & globulin in rachitic patients and their mothers. Effect of order of the baby in his/her family, feeding type, skin pigmentation and the stage of the disorder for infants were studied. Also the number of siblings breast fed, socioeconomic state and lactation effect for their mothers were studied. The results showed a decrease in albumin as order of the baby increased, increase in total protein, albumin and globulin in those infants fed human milk in addition to other type of food, total protein and globulin decreased in black skin pigment patients and albumin decreased in severe cases of rickets. In mothers, the results indicate a decrease in total protein and a significant decrease in globulin was observed as parity increase, a significant decrease in globulin in mothers of good socioeconomic state and no effect of lactation was observed.

يتضمن البحث قياس البروتين الكلي والالبومين والكلوبيولين في مصل الدم لمرضى الكساح وامهاتهم. ثم تم دراسة تغيرهذه المتغيرات حسب تسلسل الطفل في العائلة ونوع الغذاء الذي يتناوله ولون الجلد ودرجة الاصابة بالمرض عند الاطفال. اما بالنسبة للامهات فقد تم دراسة تاثير عدد الاطفال الذين ارضعتهم وتاثير الحالة الاقتصادية وتاثير الرضاعة. اوضحت نتائج الدراسة على مرضى الكساح, انخفاض الالبومين مع زيادة تسلسل الطفل في العائلة, زيادة البروتين الكلي والالبومين والكلوبيولين عند الاطفال الذين يتغذون على حليب الام بالاضافة الى انواع اخرى من الاغذية. كذلك لوحظ انخفاض البروتين الكلي والكلوبيولين عند المرضى ذوي صبغة الجلد الغامقة وانخفاض الالبومين في الحالات الحادة من مرض الكساح. اما بالنسبة للامهات فقد اوضحت النتائج انخفاض في البروتين الكلي وانخفاض معنوي في الكلوبيولين مع زيادة عدد الاطفال الذين ارضعتهم وانخفاض معنوي في الكلوبيولين عند الامهات ذوي الحالة الاقتصادية الجيدة واخيرا لوحظ عدم وجود تاثير للرضاعة


Article
Rickets in Children Below 2 Years

Authors: Safa abd Alilah Faraj --- Haider Nadhim Abd --- Abdul-Kareem Mohammed Ali
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 300-304
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Although breast-feeding is highly appraised and widely practiced in Iraq, human milk supplies all necessary nutrients except a few including vitamin D. Despite abundance of sunshine, vitamin D deficiency rickets is not rare in Iraq.OBJECTIVE:We carried out this study with an objective to determine presence, presentation and predisposing factors of rickets in pediatric patients attending Al-Kadymia Teaching Hospital-Baghdad.METHODS:This study was conducted in Department of pediatrics, AL-Kahdymia Teaching Hospital over one year period from first of October 2008 to first of October 2009. Children from newborns to twenty fourth months of age presenting with signs and symptoms of rickets were included and information regarding signs, symptoms predisposing factors ( crowded housing, isolated housing with deficient sun exposure, abundant sun but lack of awareness, malnutrition and antenatal factors ) and investigations was recorded on a proforma. Diagnosis was based on clinical signs, radiological changes on x-ray of wrist joint and biochemical disturbances in serum levels of alkaline phosphatase, calcium and inorganic phosphorus.RESULTS:Sixty children with rickets reported during the study period. Overall, 40 infants (66.6%) were exclusively on breast feeding. The main clinical presentation was in the form of recurrent lower respiratory tract infection 30 infants (50%), recurrent diarrhea & delayed milestones 20 (33.3%) and seizure 6 patients (10%). Skeletal changes on clinical examination were present in 30 (50%). Radiological signs of rickets were present in 50 (83.3%). Symptoms and signs reverted to normal in all cases after vitamin D supplementation.CONCLUSION:Nutritional rickets is still prevalent in Iraq, presenting with variable signs and symptoms, predisposing the childhood population to different illnesses and skeletal deformities. In the presence of abundant sunshine, lack of awareness of exposure to sun, may be the important predisposing factors for development of nutritional rickets.


Article
Analysis for the difficulties experienced by students in racket games subject in the college of physical education in Baghdad university
دراسة تحلیلیة للصعوبات التي تواجھ الطلبة في مادة العاب المضرب في كلیة التربیة البدنیة جامعة بغداد

Author: ندى نبهان أسماعیل
Journal: Modern Sport journal مجلة الرياضة المعاصرة ISSN: 00911992 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 124-138
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

There are difficulties facing students in the subject of tennis games (tennis) which (the practical application of the material and the difficulties of the subject matter and the difficulties potential and other difficulties, difficulties) and this was confirmed by a lot of the teaching staff through the questionnaire and personal interviews, the researcher, and the purpose of the study: to identify the difficulties faced by students He studied at the tennis games in the College of Physical Education and Sports Science at Baghdad University, the researcher used the descriptive survey manner. And included a sample of 200 students who represent the third phase students in the College of Physical Education University of Baghdad, of the total community of students, totaling 247, and the procedures included the numbers of the scale as it has been a primary axes that are related to the difficulties faced by the students identify were (4 ) axes. Then was drafted paragraphs of each axis of these hubs and their number and ( 47) paragraph of the students were divided according to their relative importance and select the method of drafting the paragraphs in accordance with the method of Likert were then view the paragraph on a group of experts and specialists to demonstrate the suitability and nominated (30 ) items to gauge the difficulties faced by students . After the application of the scale was performed statistical analyzes in terms of their ability and discriminatory internal consistency and the scientific foundations of the scale, The researcher also used appropriate statistical methods in the search. After analyzing the results and discuss the researcher concluded that the allocated share of material a little time , leading to inadequate teaching material Tennis Games in AVI, while the researcher recommended : the need to increase the number of hours and units of teaching the material tennis games in the Sports College of Physical Education and Science in Baghdad as well as the use of modern methods and techniques in teaching the material .

هنالك صعوبات تواجه الطلبة في مادة العاب المضرب(التنس) منها (صعوبات التطبیق العمليللمادة وصعوبات المادة الد ا رسیة وصعوبات بالإمكانات وغیرها من الصعوبات) وهذا ما أكده الكثیر منالتدریسیین من خلال الاستبیان والمقابلات الشخصیة للباحث، وكان الغرض من الد ا رسة :التعرف علىالصعوبات التي تواجه الطلبة في درس العاب المضرب في كلیة التربیة البدنیة وعلوم الریاضة بجامعةبغداد ، استخدم الباحث المنهج الوصفي بالأسلوب المسحي . وتضمنت عینة البحث ( 200 ) طالبوطالبة وهم یمثلون طلبة المرحلة الثالثة في الكلیة التربیة البدنیة جامعة بغداد من المجتمع الكلي منالطلبة والبالغ عددهُم ( 247 ), كما تضمنت الإج ا رءات أعداد المقیاس أذ تم تحدید أولي للمحاور التيلها علاقة بالصعوبات التي تواجه الطلبة فكانت ( 4) محاور. بعدها تم صیاغة فق ا رت لكل محور منهذه المحاور وكان عددها و ( 47 ) فقرة للطلبة توزعت بحسب أهمیتها النسبیة وحدد أسلوب صیاغةالفق ا رت وفق طریقة لیكرت بعدها تم عرض الفق ا رت على مجموعة من الخب ا رء والمختصین لبیان مدىصلاحیتها ورشحت ( 30 ) فقرة لمقیاس الصعوبات التي تواجه الطلبة. بعد تطبیق المقیاس تم إج ا رءالتحلیلات الإحصائیة من حیث قدرتها التمییزیة والاتساق الداخلي والأسس العلمیة للمقیاس، كذلكاستعمل الباحثة الوسائل الإحصائیة المناسبة في البحث . وبعد تحلیل النتائج ومناقشتها استنتج الباحثبان الوقت المخصص لحصة المادة قلیل مما یؤدي إلى عدم كفایتها لتعلیم مادة العاب المضرب بشكلوافي, فیما اوصت الباحثة : بضرورة زیادة عدد ساعات والوحدات التدریسیة لمادة العاب المضرب فيكلیة التربیة البدنیة وعلوم الریاضة في بغداد وكذلك استخدام الوسائل والتقنیات الحدیثة في تدریس المادة.

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