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EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS OF NORTHERN RUSTIMEH WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT IN BAGHDAD, IRAQ, USING SIMAPRO7.1 PROGRAM
تقييم مؤشرات الاستدامة البيئية لمحطة الرستمية الشمالي لمعالجة مياه الصرف الصحي في بغداد ، العراق ، باستخدام برنامج SimaPro7.1

Authors: Mohammad Ali Alanbari --- Mais Salim Muter
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 5 Pages: 188-199
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The importance of the management of wastewater treatment plants is the process of purification of wastewater from impurities, suspended materials, pollutants and organic matter to be re-usable (non-human) or to be suitable for disposal in the waterways without causing pollution. Wastewater treatment involves several physical, chemical and biological phases. Because any wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) has environmental risk and negative impact, it is necessary to assess environmental sustainability indicators and thus can diagnose their risks and find solutions to reduce their environmental and health impacts in order to preserve the essential elements of the environment (water, air and soil) and on the conservation and sustainability of the natural resources of generations. There are many software programs designed to assess environmental sustainability indicators for any sewage treatment plant. SimaPro7.1 is one of several programs which are used to count and determine the ecological (environmental) effects related to wastewater treatment technologies. In this study, SimaPro7.1 has been used to inventory test namely the analysis of inputs to the plant, such as materials used in stage of construction of the plant, incoming wastewater, consumed energy, quality of treated wastewater and quantity of sludge produced, as well as the analysis of effluents to water and emissions air and assess an effects caused by Northern Rustimeh WWTP. An outcome from Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) shows the pollutant which emitted to all environment sub-compartment such as Carbon monoxide, Lead, Dinitrogen monoxide and another pollutant which causes impacts and damages to environment by 12.4GPt to every (1m3) of sewage. The results show that generality effects were (global warming, respiratory inorganics and nonrenewable energy); also most damages were on human health, climate change and resources.


Article
EVALUATING AND COMPARING THE POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS FROM THE PRODUCTION OF DIESL AND LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS, AL-DAURA REFINERY, BAGHDAD, IRAQ

Authors: Mohammad Ali Alanbari --- Israa Rahman Ghanem
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 (part-6) Pages: 131-140
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Petroleum is the main source of energy in the world, plays an important role in human life, but also its have many environmental impacts. Various software's are designed to focus on the environmental impacts of Petroleum production and accomplish the assessment, one of these software's is SimaPro software package which is designed to make a valuable contribution. It is an essential tool for analyzing the environmental impact of products during their whole life cycle. A huge amount of knowledge about the environment is built into the program and database, enabling to analyze a product with a minimum of specialized knowledge. In this study, SimaPro7 is used to analyze and evaluate the impacts for AL-Daura refinery for the Diesel and LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) fuel production .The results of LCA are not mostly straightforward in favor of material design over the alternative one. The IMPACT2002+ methodology is used for evaluating the products. This method has proved to be a powerful tool for designers to aggregate LCA results in easily and understandable form. The results of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) show that Diesel has an impact and damage on the environment (single score) of the order of 0.300302 point for each 1 cubic meter producing from Diesel fuel while LPG has a single score of 0.191243, (The "Single Score" variable is measured in units of points (Pt), which indicates the potential number of people affected by the environmental impacts taken into consideration a period of one year).

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