research centers


Search results: Found 80

Listing 1 - 10 of 80 << page
of 8
>>
Sort by

Article
The incidence of tooth loss and restorations in Al–Shamsiat Village

Authors: Nadira A Hatim --- Ammar Kh Al–Nori --- Sawsan H Al–Jubori
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 87-94
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The aim of this research is to investigate the incidence of tooth loss, distribution of tooth loss in the oral cavity, the incidence of smoking habits and its relation to tooth loss and to evaluate the motivation of patients to replace their missing teeth and their attitude toward the type of replacement, either fixed or removable in rural area (Al–Shamsiat village) in Ninevah Governorate. A sample of 500 individual aged 15– 70 years was selected randomly and examined using special chart prepared for this study. The results showed that 337 subjects were with partially missing of teeth. Three subjects (3.96%) with complete loss of teeth and the rest (160 subjects, 32%) were complete natural teeth. The study showed that there is no significant relationship between smoking and tooth loss. The motivation of patients was toward the type of prosthesis that are made mostly of removable acrylic type. A high percentage of population (64.86%) desire to replace their missing teeth in the village, which reflect the need of dental health, and dental treatment in the community.


Article
SURVEY OF BRACHYCERA; DIPTERA FROM SEVERAL REGIONS OF IRAQ
مسح للذباب قصير قرون الاستشعار من رتبة ثنائية الأجنحة (Order; Diptera; Brachycera) في بعض مناطق العراق

Authors: H. H. Al-Saffar هناء هاني الصفار --- Razzaq Shalan Augul رزاق شعلان عكل
Journal: Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum مجلة متحف التاريخ الطبيعي العراقي ISSN: Print ISSN: 10178678, Online ISSN: 23119799 Year: 2015 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 59-69
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A total of 533 specimens were collected in survey of Brachyceran species from different localities of Iraq during February to November 2014 .This study was reported 16 species belonging to 13 genera and 7 families, the results showed that Dicranosepsis Duda, 1926 (Family; Sepsidae) is recorded the genus for the first time in Iraq.

جمعت 533 عينة خلال الدراسة المسحية للتحري عن انواع الذباب قصير قرون الاستشعار من مناطق مختلفة من العراق خلال الفترة من شباط-تشرين الثاني 2014. سجل خلال الدراسة 16 نوعا تعود الى 13 جنسا و 7 عوائل، اظهرت النتائج تسجيل الجنس Dicranosepsis Duda, 1926 (Family; Sepsidae)لاول مرة للمجموعة الحيوانية في العراق.

Keywords

Brachycera --- Diptera --- Fauna --- Iraq --- Survey. --- Brachycera --- Diptera --- Fauna --- Iraq --- Survey.


Article
Morphological Study of the Centaurium pulchelum and C.erythraea (Gentianaceae) in Kurdistan region of Iraq
دراسة مظهرية للنوعين Centaurium pulchelum و C.erythraea من العائلة Gentianaceae في منطقة كردستان العراق

Author: Jawhar Fatah Saeed جوهر فتاح سعيد
Journal: Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: ISSN: 19918941 Year: 2013 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-6
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In this study a survey for the species of Centaurium Hill (Gentianaceae) in Kurdistan of Iraq was presented along with survey and identification of samples preserved in some Iraqi herbaria Several scientific excursions were made to different regions in Kurdistan, and a comparative study was conducted on the vegetative and reproductive parts. These have been reinforced by graphs and figuers. The present study dealt with the ecology and geographical distribution, and a map was designed for this purpose.The present study specified the real number of the Centaurium Hill species within the studied area by two species as follow: Centaurium erythraea Rafn (which was found as C. erythraea subsp. turcicum (Velen.) Meldris & C. pulchellum (Swartz) Druce .

تناولت الدراسة الحالية مسحا حقليا لانواع الجنس Centaurium Hill. من العائلة Gentianaceae فى كوردستان العراق ، كما تم مسح و تشخيص العينات المحفوظة فى بعض المعاشب العراقية. أجريت العديد من السفرات الحقلية الى مناطق مختلفة من كوردستان العراق ، وذلك لجمع العينات النباتية العائدة للجنس .تمت مقارنة انواع الجنس مظهريا من خلال صفات الأجزاء الخضرية والتكاثرية ،و أعدت الرسومات التوضيحية للاجزاء المختلفة بالتفصيل .وتمت دراسة البيئة والتوزيع الجغرافي , وعملت خريطة لهذا الغرض, حدد البحث انواع الجنس في منطقة الدراسة بنوعين فقط وهما Centaurium erythraea Rafn الذي ينتشر كنويع وهو C. erythraea subsp. turcicum (Velen.) Meldris و C. pulchellum (Swartz) Druce .

Keywords

Survey --- Kurdistan --- Iraq --- Centaurium --- Gentianaceae


Article
Survey study for diseases of house chickens in villages of Kirkuk governorate.
دراسة مسحية لأمراض الدجاج المنزلي في قرى محافظة كركوك

Author: N. A. Jasim نوار علي جاسم
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Pure Science مجلة تكريت للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 18131662 Year: 2017 Volume: 22 Issue: 7 Pages: 79-83
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This research included (436) infected case of house chickens were diagnosed in villages of Kirkuk in the period (January 2015 to December 2015).The study showed that Newcastle Disease still the most important diseases in poultry of Iraq, with a high percentage of (35.3%) from total cases. The incidence of other diseases were as follow: Parasitic infestations manifested in chickens as Ectoparasites (15%), Fowl pox (14.4%), Internal parasites (13.3%), Bumble foot (7.3%), Fowl Typhoid and Pullorum Disease (6.9%), Necrotic enteritis (4.8%), the low incidence with Fowl cholera (3%) was recorded

تضمن هذا البحث دراسة مسحية لتشخيص مجموعة أمراض الدجاج المنزلي في القرى التابعة لمدينة كركوك إذ تم تشخيص (436) حالة مرضية خلال الفترة (كانون الثاني 2015 ولغاية كانون الاول 2015)، إذ تبين ان مرض النيوكاسل لايزال من أكثر الامراض انتشاراً في العراق، إذ سجل أعلى نسبة (35.3%) من المجموع الكلي للحالات المرضية. شكلت الاصابة بالطفيليات الخارجية المرتبة الثانية بنسبة (15%)، جدري الدجاج (14.4%)، الاصابة بالديدان الداخلية (13.3%)، خراج القدم (7.3%). وكانت نسبة الاصابة بمرض تيفوئيد الدواجن ومرض البللورم (6.9%)، في حين شكل التهاب الامعاء التنخري (4.8%)، أما أقل نسبة فكانت لمرض كوليرا الدجاج (3%).الكلمات الدالة: دراسة مسحية، امراض الدجاج المنزلي، القرى


Article
Plants used in Iraqi traditional medicine in Erbil - Kurdistan region
النباتات المستخدمة في الطب العراقي التقليدي في أربيل - إقليم كوردستان

Author: Alaadin Naqishbandi
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2014 Volume: 18 Issue: 3 Pages: 811-815
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Hawler Medical University Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences Skip Navigation LinksHomeAvailable IssuesSearchEditorial BoardInformation for AuthorsReview ProcessCopyrightLinks and Contacts Zanco J Med Sci: Dec. 2014; 18 (3): 811-815Plants used in Iraqi traditional medicine in Erbil - Kurdistan regionAlaadin Naqishbandi ) (http://dx.doi.org/10.15218/zjms.2014.0038AbstractBackground and objective: Herbal medicine is a traditional or folk medicine practice based on the use of plants’ seeds, berries, roots, leaves, barks, flowers and plant extracts for medicinal purposes. This survey highlights the traditional phytotherapy practices by traditional healers of Erbil-Kurdistan region in the treatment of various disorders.Methods: An ethnobotanical survey was undertaken to collect information from traditional healers on the use of medicinal plants in Erbil-Kurdistan region. The indigenous knowledge of local traditional healers and the native plants used for medicinal purposes were collected through questionnaire and personal interviews.Results: The investigation revealed that the traditional healers were not professionally authorized and 32 plants belonging to 23 families were used to treat various diseases in traditional medicine. The plants reported have been identified and presented in a table with the vernacular names, useful parts, dosage preparations and medicinal uses. Conclusion: Many recorded species of plants are used in Erbil- Kurdistan region in traditional medicine but lack phyto-therapeutic evidence. Most indigenous plants remain to be studied which may yield many exciting data for further investigation.

Keywords

Survey --- Medicinal plants --- Erbil --- Kurdistan


Article
SURVEY WITH CHECKLIST OF THE INVASIVE INSECTS TO IRAQ
مسح مع قائمة مرجعية للحشرات الدخيلة للعراق

Authors: Hanaa H. Al-Saffar هناء هاني الصفار --- Razzaq Shalan Augul رزاق شعلان عكل
Journal: Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum مجلة متحف التاريخ الطبيعي العراقي ISSN: Print ISSN: 10178678, Online ISSN: 23119799 Year: 2019 Volume: 15 Issue: 3 Pages: 343-361
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The survey and checklist of invasive species of the insects in some different localities of Iraq are revised; 24 invasive species were documented until December 2018 during the current investigations. The species distributions, common names and synonyms are given. The current investigation included all of exotic species in Iraq, which are not collected during this study.

اجري مسحا مع مراجعة لقائمة بأنواع الحشرات الدخيلة للعراق؛ اذ وثق 24 نوعا حتى عام 2018 خلال التحريات الحالية. ذكر التوزيع الجغرافي، والاسماء الشائعة و مردافاتها لجميع الانواع.شملت التحريات الحالية جميع الأنواع الدخيلة في العراق ، بما فيها تلك التي لم تجمع خلال هذه الدراسة.

Keywords

Insects --- Invasive --- Iraq --- Species --- Survey


Article
A Comprehensive Survey on Orthodontic Retention Protocols Among Iraqi Orthodontists

Author: Hayder J. Attar
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2019 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-6
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background Little research has been conducted to evaluate protocols and trends in orthodontic retention. The objective is to identify the general retention protocols used among orthodontists in the Iraq. Materials and methods the study was conducted via an electronic survey (Survey Monkey® software facility) with branching logic on certain questions. The survey questionnaire was sent to 172 orthodontist members of the Iraqi Association of Orthodontists. Results Vacuum formed retainers were the most frequently used retainer type for the maxillary (61%) and mandibular arch (60%); followed by Hawley retainers (34%) in the maxillary and (30%) in mandibular arch; while fixed retainer was much less frequently used in maxillary arch(9%) and in the mandibular arch(19%). the orthodontists recommended an average of 22 hours a day (SD = 1.5) for retainers should be worn During the retention phase (duration average 9.2 months). The orthodontist responses revealed the patient compliance to the vacuum formed retainers about (43%) and (46%) for the maxillary and mandibular arch respectively; and for the Hawley retainers about (25%) and (40%) in maxillary and mandibular arch respectively, for the fixed retainers was reported as (25%) in the maxillary arch and (7%) in mandibular arch, (77%) of patient compliance to their retention protocol at the first six month after debonding that decrease to (46%) and (9.8%) after one and three years following active treatment respectively. Conclusion Vacuum Formed Retainers were the most common retainer choice in the maxilla and mandible with full-time wear which the orthodontist believed the more patient compliance followed by Hawley retainers then fixed retention.


Article
URANIUM DEPOSITS AND OCCURRENCES IN IRAQ
رواسب وشواهد اليورانيوم في العراق

Author: Mohammad A. Mahdi محمد عبد الامير مهدي
Journal: Iraqi Bulletin of Geology and Mining مجلة الجيولوجيا والتعدين العراقية ISSN: 18114539 Year: 2019 Volume: SPECIAL ISSUE - The Geology and Economic Potential of Mineral Deposits and Occurrences of Iraq Issue: 8 Pages: 1-18
Publisher: Ministry of Industry and Minerals وزارة الصناعة والمعادن

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This is a review paper on the results of the extensive exploration for radioactive minerals in Iraq, based on previous reports and published papers. The radiometric, geological and geochemical surveys carried out by the Nuclear Geology Department in the Iraqi Atomic Energy Commission since 1966 and later continued by Iraq Geological Survey showed significant radioactivity related to uranium and partly to thorium in the Zagros Suture Zone, mostly related to acidic intrusions of igneous rocks (anorthosite) and associated metamorphic rocks (olivine marble). The Qalat Diza region is the most prominent in this part of Iraq. The Lower Miocene Euphrates Formation is found with remarkable radioactivity along the Hit – Abu Jir (Euphrates) Fault Zone and related to uranium hosted in carbonate rocks in the uppermost part of the formation. The most prominent in this region is Abu Skhair uraniferrous deposit. Numerous areas with anomalous radioactivity are found in the Western and Southern deserts related to Paleogene and Upper Cretaceous phosphorite exposures. Several theories have been postulated to explain the source of syngenetic uranium enrichment in the Euphrates Formation along the Euphrates River, but it is agreed that successive oxidizing and reducing conditions were effective in the epigenetic uranium concentration in these carbonate rocks. Detailed exploration in the Abu Skhair deposit led to the opening of an underground mine and to the development of an efficient uranium extraction process despite the poor grade of the deposit classified as a lean ore. The results obtained so far point to the absence of commercial uranium deposits in Iraq, but the potential of phosphorites, as uranium-bearing rocks, is very significant. Industrial experience at Al-Qaim fertilizers plant proved that uranium can be effectively and commercially extracted as a by-product during the production of phosphate fertilizers.

هذه ورقة مراجعة علمية عن الاعمال المكثفة التي تمت في العراق للاستكشاف والتحري عن الخامات المعدنية المشعة تم اعدادها على ضوء المعلومات التي افرزتها الدراسات السابقة التي نفذت من قبل قسم الجيولوجيا النووية في منظمة الطاقة الذرية العراقية منذ عام 1966 واستكملت لاحقا من قبل هيأة المسح الجيولوجي العراقية. أشارت نتائج المسوحات السابقة الى وجود مناطق محدده في نطاق زاغروس الالتحامي مرتبطة في معظمها باندفاعات لصخور نارية حامضية مثل الانورثوسايت والصخور المتحولة المرافقة لها مثل المرمر الحامل للاولفين وتعتبر منطقة قلعة دزه من أهم هذه المناطق. تم رصد واستكشاف العديد من المناطق ذات الاشعاعية العالية المرتبطة باليورانيوم الموجود في صخور كاربونيتية في الجزء الأعلى من تكوين الفرات (المايوسين الأسفل) على طول نطاق فالق هيت – أبو الجير المحاذي لنهر الفرات ويعتبر راسب اليورانيوم في منطقة ابو صخير من أهمها. أثبتت التحريات والمسوحات الأرضية ارتباط معظم المناطق ذات الاشعاعية العالية في مناطق الصحراء الغربية والجنوبية برواسب الفوسفات المكشوفة على سطح الارض. تم تقديم عدة فرضيات لأصل وكيفية إغناء اليورانيوم المرافق للترسيب في تكوين الفرات غير ان هناك اتفاق ان هناك عمليات أكسده تعرضت لها الطبقة الحاملة لليورانيوم رافقها انسلاخ لليورانيوم الأولي ثم اعادة ترسيب في ظروف اختزالية سادت المكان وأدت الى إغناء ثانوي لليورانيوم عند سطح التماس العلوي للتكوين. أدت التحريات التفصيلية في راسب ابو صخير الى فتح منجم تحت سطحي وتطوير مسار تكنولوجي لاستخلاص اليورانيوم رغم تدني محتواه في الصخور. تشير النتائج المستحصلة لغاية الان الى احتمالية ضعيفة لوجود رواسب اقتصادية من اليورانيوم غير ان الصخور الفوسفاتية في الصحراء الغربية تمثل مصدرا مهما لليورانيوم في العراق حيث أثبتت العمليات الصناعية في مجمع القائم للأسمدة الفوسفاتية امكانية اسنخلاص اليورانيوم بطريقة فعالة واقتصادية كناتج عرضي أثناء عمليات تصنيع الأسمدة.

Keywords

Uranium --- Thorium --- Radiometric survey --- Iraq


Article
اهمية الدراسة المرورية في مشاريع انشاء طرق جديدة,دراسة حالة طريق الاسحاقي

Author: . عباس فاضل جاسم
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2011 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-18
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The concept of capacity and level of service are the control points of the analysis of intersections and must be fully considered to evaluate the overall operator of any road or intersection. As a case study alEshaqi- Mu'tasim road was selected, As is known to many people of the area, to move to the other bank of the river (on the Mutasim) must use it the passage from Samarra, )which lies 28 km) from Ishaqi, or refer to the Balad, which lies about (18 km), for this reasonthere is a need to establish a road linking between the road of Baghdad - Mosul to Mu'tasim accidentally crossing the Tigris River. It has recalled the need to examine the volumes of traffic passing on the proposed route and choose the number of passages.For more information on these generating and destination point, we made surveys by asking questions to users at counting points.we have also sureveys of the current traffic volumes and future traffic volume adoption with (20 years). Highway Capacity Manual was adopted in the analytical calculations to evaluate the perposed design which developed under a design guide fro roads issued by the General Authority for Roads and Bridges.

أن مفهوم الطاقة الاستيعابية ومستوى الخدمة هما نقاط السيطرة لعمليات تحليل التقاطعات ويجب أن تؤخذ بعين الاعتبار عند تقييم التشغيل لاي طريق او تقاطع.تم اختيار طريق الاسحاقي – المعتصم وكما يعرف لدى الكثير من اهالي المنطقة ان الانتقال الى الضفة الاخرى للنهر ( ناحية المعتصم) لابد من ان يتم العبور من سامراء والتي تبعد 28كم) عن الاسحاقي او الرجوع الى بلد والتي تبعد حوالي (18 كم), لهذا السبب جاءت ضرورة انشاء طريق يربط ما بين طريق بغداد- تكريت بطريق المعتصم عبورا بنهر دجلة. فقد استدعت الحاجة الى دراسة الحجوم المرورية المارة على الطريق المقترح واختيار عدد الممرات .ولمعرفة نقطة انطلاق هذه الرحلات ونقطة توجهها قمنا بمسوحات خاصة تمت من خلال طرح اسئلة على مستخدمي الطريق عند نقاط معينة .كذلك قمنا بمسوحات للاحجام المرورية الحالية والمستقبلية باعتماد عمر مستقبلي للطريق (20 سنة)تم اعتماد المواصفات الامريكية (Highway Capacity Manual) في الحسابات التحليلية لتقييم التصميم المقترح والذي وضع بموجب دليل التصميم للطرق الصادر من الهيئة العامة للطرق والجسور.


Article
Survey on maloccluslon in Iraqi dental student sample *

Authors: Shahba’a A. Mohammed, B.D.S., M.Sc د. شهباء محمد --- . Oqba N. Al-Me‘mar, B.D.S., M.Sc *. د.عقبة
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 244-253
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The aim of this survey is to investigate the prevalence of malocclusion anddifferent morphological features of dental occlusion in an Iraqi sample. The sampleconsisted of (218) dental student at college of Dentistry, Baghdad university, aged (18-21year) & of both sexes. Were clinically evaluated after exclusion of students who havereceived any type of orthodontic treatment. The students also divided into two groups, thegroup who have received extraction of any tooth and the other group who have noextraction. Ag,Of the sample (26.14%) had normal occlusion, (6o)05%) had CL.l malocclusionhad CL.II malocelusion and (0.45%) who had CLIII malocclusion. The )%3,77(differences in prevalence of maloeclusion was statistically significant between thesegroups. On the other hand. This statistical difference was significant in eases withextraction than those cases without extraction (P< 0.05). clearly, there is a need forfurther epidemiologeal research aiming to increase the knowledge a bout the prevalenceand type of malocclusion as well as the extent of need & demand for orthodontic treatment.

Listing 1 - 10 of 80 << page
of 8
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (79)

journal (1)


Language

Arabic (36)

English (33)

Arabic and English (8)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (5)

2018 (9)

2017 (11)

2016 (5)

2015 (10)

More...