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The effect of a counseling program to develop the skills of friendship among introverts children
أثر برنامج إرشادي في تنمية مهارات الصداقة لدى الأطفال الانطوائيين

Author: ضحى عادل محمود
Journal: Journal Of Educational and Psychological Researches مجلة البحوث التربوية والنفسية ISSN: 18192068 /pissn 26635879 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 44 Pages: 168-221
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract :The effect of a counseling program to develop the skills of friendship among introverts children Some children are suffering from introversion in kindergartens , so it must be confront and obviated by specialists because it will inevitably lead to unsatisfactory results reflect negatively on the individual and the community together . And the introvert child is a miserable child incapable of social interaction or give - and - take with colleagues , lack of integration of the child to life leads to the obstruction of participation with his peers in various activities. Introversion causes a real emotional deficit to the children of kindergartens which limits of possibility of their intellectual development and mental growth and that because of their isolation and poor focus in educational skills and also lack the necessary social skills to maintain the ties of friendship and the enjoyment of them.The current research aims to:1- identifying the introverts children .2- identifying the impact of the training program to develop the skills of friendship among introverts children of kindergartens. the experimental group and the control group that got a higher score than the theoretical average and number (28) children ( 14) children in the experimental group and (14) children in the control group , then the experimental group has exposed to the independent variable (counseling programm) and then the post - test has applied on the experimental and control groups to extract the difference between the scores of the two groups . Benefit has been gained from the analysis of open question answers and from the review of the theories and previous studies in the formulation of tool phrases (introvert behavior) , as a prelude to extract the sincerity and persistence . The researcher introduced items (introvert behavior) that consisting of (61) items on a group of experts and specialists in educational and psychological science, and asked them to express their opinion in the clarity of phrases and efficiency in every area in the fields, and after using the statistical means results showed the following:1-The existence of statistical significance differences between the pre and post tests on the list of the introvert behavior of the experimental group and for the benefit of post - test .2-there is no statistical significance differences between the pre and post tests for the control group .3-The existence of statistical significance differences between grades of scores of the experimental group and the control group on the list of introvert behavior after the application of the program and this due to the impact of the program and its effectiveness .4-The lack of statistical significance differences between grades of scores of the experimental group in the first post tests and second posttest (delayed) , which was executed a month after the first post-test .In the light of the following results and put some of the recommendations and the following proposals have been set

أن مشكلة الانطواء يعاني منها بعض الأطفال في الرياض لذا يجب مواجهتها وتداركها من قبل المختصين لأنها ستؤدي حتماً إلى نتائج غير مرضية تنعكس سلباَ على الفرد والمجتمع معاً . وأن الطفل المنطوي طفل غير قادر على التفاعل الاجتماعي أو الآخذ والعطاء مع الزملاء ، فعدم اندماج الطفل في الحياة يؤدي إلى عرقلة مشاركته لأقرانه في الأنشطة المختلفة.و الانطواء يسبب عجزاً وجدانياً حقيقياً لأطفال الرياض يحد من أمكانية تطورهم الفكري ونموهم الذهني وذلك بسبب انزوائهم وضعف تركيزهم في اكتساب المهارات التربوية وكما تنقصهم المهارات الاجتماعية الضرورية في الإبقاء على علاقات الصداقة والتمتع بها مع الأطفال الآخرين.


Article
The effect of a counseling program to develop the skills of friendship among introverts children
أثر برنامج إرشادي في تنمية مهارات الصداقة لدى الأطفال الانطوائيين

Author: ضحى عادل محمود
Journal: Journal Of Educational and Psychological Researches مجلة البحوث التربوية والنفسية ISSN: 18192068 /pissn 26635879 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 49 Pages: 168-221
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Some children are suffering from introversion in kindergartens , so it must be confront and obviated by specialists because it will inevitably lead to unsatisfactory results reflect negatively on the individual and the community together . And the introvert child is a miserable child incapable of social interaction or give - and - take with colleagues , lack of integration of the child to life leads to the obstruction of participation with his peers in various activities. Introversion causes a real emotional deficit to the children of kindergartens which limits of possibility of their intellectual development and mental growth and that because of their isolation and poor focus in educational skills and also lack the necessary social skills to maintain the ties of friendship and the enjoyment of them.The current research aims to:1- identifying the introverts children .2- identifying the impact of the training program to develop the skills of friendship among introverts children of kindergartens. the experimental group and the control group that got a higher score than the theoretical average and number (28) children ( 14) children in the experimental group and (14) children in the control group , then the experimental group has exposed to the independent variable (counseling programm) and then the post - test has applied on the experimental and control groups to extract the difference between the scores of the two groups . Benefit has been gained from the analysis of open question answers and from the review of the theories and previous studies in the formulation of tool phrases (introvert behavior) , as a prelude to extract the sincerity and persistence . The researcher introduced items (introvert behavior) that consisting of (61) items on a group of experts and specialists in educational and psychological science, and asked them to express their opinion in the clarity of phrases and efficiency in every area in the fields, and after using the statistical means results showed the following:1-The existence of statistical significance differences between the pre and post tests on the list of the introvert behavior of the experimental group and for the benefit of post - test .2-there is no statistical significance differences between the pre and post tests for the control group .3-The existence of statistical significance differences between grades of scores of the experimental group and the control group on the list of introvert behavior after the application of the program and this due to the impact of the program and its effectiveness .4-The lack of statistical significance differences between grades of scores of the experimental group in the first post tests and second posttest (delayed) , which was executed a month after the first post-test .In the light of the following results and put some of the recommendations and the following proposals have been set

أن مشكلة الانطواء يعاني منها بعض الأطفال في الرياض لذا يجب مواجهتها وتداركها من قبل المختصين لأنها ستؤدي حتماً إلى نتائج غير مرضية تنعكس سلباَ على الفرد والمجتمع معاً . وأن الطفل المنطوي طفل غير قادر على التفاعل الاجتماعي أو الآخذ والعطاء مع الزملاء ، فعدم اندماج الطفل في الحياة يؤدي إلى عرقلة مشاركته لأقرانه في الأنشطة المختلفة.و الانطواء يسبب عجزاً وجدانياً حقيقياً لأطفال الرياض يحد من أمكانية تطورهم الفكري ونموهم الذهني وذلك بسبب انزوائهم وضعف تركيزهم في اكتساب المهارات التربوية وكما تنقصهم المهارات الاجتماعية الضرورية في الإبقاء على علاقات الصداقة والتمتع بها مع الأطفال الآخرين.

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