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Article
Numerical Study Of Turbulent Thermal-Hydraulic Performance Of Al2o3-Water Nanofluid In Channel With Triangular Baffles

Author: Mohammed Abed Ahmed a *
Journal: Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences مجلة الأنبار للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 19979428 Year: 2016 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 9-20
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

In this paper, turbulent forced convection of nanofluid flow in channel with isoscelestriangularbaffles is numerically investigated over Reynolds number ranges of 5000-10000.One baffle mounted on the bottom wall of channel and another mounted on the top wall.Al2O3-water nanofluid with nanoparticles volume fraction of 4% and nanoparticles diametersof 25 nm is used. The governing continuity, momentum and energy equations as well as thelow Reynolds number k-ε model of Launder and Sharma have been solved using finitevolume method. The effect of baffle height, baffle distance as well as Reynolds number onthe flow and thermal characteristics have been presented and discussed. It is found that theenhancement ratio of the average Nusselt number as well as the fraction factor increase withincreasing in the baffles height. It is also found that the enhancement ratio of the averageNusselt number increases as the distance of top baffle decrease. Furthermore, the bestthermal-hydraulic performance of channel with triangular baffles using nanofluid can beobtained at baffle height of 2.5 mm, distance of the top baffle of 40 mm and Reynoldsnumber of 5000.


Article
Numerical Study on the Convective Heat Transfer of Nanofluid Flow in Channel with Trapezoidal Baffles

Authors: M. A. Ahmed a --- Munjid K. Mohammed
Journal: Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences مجلة الأنبار للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 19979428 Year: 2018 Volume: 7 Issue: 3 Pages: 185-194
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

This article presents a numerical study on forced convection of nanofluid flow in a two-dimensional channel with trapezoidal baffles. One baffle mounted on the top wall of channel and another mounted on the bottom wall of channel. The governing continuity, momentum and energy equations in body-fitted coordinates are iteratively solved using finite volume method and SIMPLE technique. In the current study, SiO2-water nanofluid with nanoparticles volume fraction range of 0- 0.04 and nanoparticles diameters of 30 nm is considered for Reynolds number ranging from 100 to 1000. The effect of baffles height and location, nanopar-ticles volume fraction and Reynolds number on the flow and thermal fields are investigated. It is found that the average Nusselt number as well as thermal hydraulic performance increases with increasing nanopartiles volume fraction and baffle height but accompanied by increases the pressure drop. The results also show that the best thermal- hydraulic performance is obtained at baffle height of 0.3 mm, locations of baffles at upper and lower walls of 10 and 15 mm, respectively, and nanoparticles volume fraction of 0.04 over the ranges of Reynolds number.


Article
Numerical Investigation on the Thermal Performance of Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Using Different Shapes of Fins

Authors: Wissam H. Khalil --- Asaad K. Ali
Journal: Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences مجلة الأنبار للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 19979428 Year: 2019 Volume: 7 Issue: 4 Pages: 326-348
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

In this study, a numerical investigation on the thermo-hydraulic performance of thedouble pipe heat exchanger into heat transfer by different shapes of fins on the outersurface for the inner tube as extended surfaces. The inner and outer diameters of theinner pipe were (16.05 mm), (19.05 mm) respectively, and (34.1 mm), (38.1 mm) for theouter tube. The length of the heat exchanger was (1000 mm). Hot and cold water wereused as the working fluid, where the hot water flows inside of the inner one in counterflow with the cold water which flows in the annulus. The inlet temperature for the hotwater is (75 OC) while it is (30 OC) for the cold. The hot fluid flows at constant ratewhich is (0.1kg/s) while the cold is varied from (0.1 kg/s to 0.2 kg/s).The study wasperform using the known commercial CFD package (ANSYS – FLUNET 15) .Theresults shows that both (rectangular and triangular) fins enhances the heat transfercoefficient compare with the conventional plain tube .The rectangular fins presents anheat transfer enhancement ratio of (61% to 74%). Using of extended surfaces present agood result in saving energy by enhancing the performance of the double pipe heatexchangers used in petroleum industry.


Article
Numerical Study on Hydrothermal Performance Factor Using Jet impingement and Nanofluid

Authors: Ibrahim K. Alabdaly a --- , M. A. Ahmed b*
Journal: Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences مجلة الأنبار للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 19979428 Year: 2019 Volume: 7 Issue: 4 Pages: 308-315
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

In this study, thermal-hydraulic performance of a confined slot jet impingement with Al2O3-water nanofluid has been numerically investigated over Reynolds number ranges of 100-1000. Two triangular ribs are mounted at a heated target wall; one rib located on the right side of the stagnation point and another one located on left side of the stagnation point. The governing momentum, continuity and energy equations in the body-fitted coordinates terms are solved using the finite volume method and determined iteratively based on SIMPLE algorithm. In this study, effects of Reynolds number, rib height and rib location on the thermal and flow characteristics have been displayed and discussed. Numerical results show an increase in the average Nusselt number and pressure drop when Reynolds number and rib height increases. In addition, the pressure drop and average Nusselt number increases with decrease the space between the stagnation point and rib. The maximum enhancement of the average Nusselt number is up to 39 % at Reynolds number of 1000, the rib height of 0.3, rib location of 2 and nanoparticles volume fraction of 4%. The best thermal-hydraulic performance of the impinging jet can be obtained when the rib height of 0.2 and rib location of 2 from the stagnation point with 4% nanoparticles volume fraction.

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