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Article
Effect of tooth brushing technique on oral hygiene in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances

Authors: Dheaa Hussein ضياء حسين --- Baydaa Hussein بيداء حسين --- Manhal Abdul-Rahman منهل عبد الرحمن
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 101-104
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study was conducted to find whether the brushing technique (horizontal technique versus roll technique) would affect the oral hygiene of orthodontic patients or not.Materials and methods: This study was conducted on fifteen patients who were undergoing orthodontic treatment and were submitted to the clinical trial by changing the tooth brushing maneuver throughout the orthodontic treatment course from the patient’s own brushing maneuver to the horizontal and then to the roll brushing technique.Results: The results showed that the roll technique had a superior cleansing effect than the horizontal one, and the gender variation had no effect.Conclusion: Patients' instructions are considered as an important factor for planning good oral hygiene.


Article
Oral hygiene and gingival health status among teenagers population lived in Al–Rashidiya, Ninevah

Author: May Gh Al–Ajrab
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 121-126
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the oral hygiene andgingival health among teenagers aged 13 to 16 years old livingin Al–Rashidiya in Mosul City.The sample consisted of 633 students (345 males and288 females) examined in their schools using plane mirrorsand periodontal probes. Plaque index by Silness and Löe(1964) and gingival index by Löe and Silness (1963) were usedfor detecting plaque and gingival scores respectively.The results showed that 31.9% and 31.3% of the samplebrush their teeth for males and females respectively while25.1% and 11.7% of students did not. A very highly significantdifference has been found in mean plaque and gingival scoresbetween those brushed their teeth and those not in all agegroups.The study revealed that mean plaque score for total malesand females were 1.01, 1.00 for those brush their teeth and1.32, 1.46 for those not and there is no significant differenceby sex. While the mean gingival score for total males and femaleswere 1.28, 1.31 for those brush their teeth and 1.63,1.76 for those not, with no significant difference between sex.It has been obvious that mean plaque and gingival indicesincreased with increasing age of the individual.


Article
Gingival recession at dental college hospital Al- Mustansiriya University; prevalence and effect of some associated factors.

Author: Dr. Raed A. Badea BDS, MSc. (Lecturer)* د.رائد عزيز بديع
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2007 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 117-124
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The present study was conducted to investigate the occurrence of gingival recession in adults by age and gender in relation to their dental clinic attendance and frequency of tooth brushing. The sample of the study included adult subjects aged (30-69) years who attended Al-Mustansiriya dental college hospital seeking for different types of treatment. A total of (745) dentate subjects (390 males 52.3%) and (355 females 47.6%) were involved in the study. According to age, the sample was divided into four age groups (30-39, 40-49, 50-59 and 60-69). The study revealed that (57.18%) of the total subjects had at least one tooth surface with gingival recession. Recession was found in (63.07%) of males, and decreased significantly in females to (50.7%). The study showed that mean number of teeth with gingival recession per person for males was (7.7) teeth and (5.72) teeth for females. The mean number of teeth with gingival recession per person was (2.05) teeth for age group (30-39) years and increased significantly to (12.48) teeth for age group (50-59). The study also demonstrated that mean number of surfaces with gingival recession per person was (7.22) for age group (30-39) years and increased significantly with age to (30.14) teeth for age group (50-59) years. The total males reported higher mean surfaces than females (19.91) and (15.32) respectively. The results of the study revealed that the frequency of tooth brushing has a positive effect on the prevalence of gingival recession; while regarding the relation of dental clinic attendance, the subjects who attend the dental clinics regularly and irregularly had similar occurrence of gingival recession.


Article
Comparison Of Oral Health Status And Behaviorbetween First And Fifth Years Of Al-Mustansiriyah Dental Students

Author: Athraa A. Mahmood
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 2 Pages: 71-77
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background:Periodontal diseases and dental caries are the most common oral diseases, but they can beadequately prevented by adopting a specific health behavior and plaque control.The study was carried out todetermine and compare oral health status; it included both caries experience, gingival health and oral hygienebehavior betweenfirst and fifth yearsof Al-Mustansiriyahdental students.Materials and methods: Total sample of the study consisted of 50 students at first year (25 males, 25 females)and 60students at fifth year (30 males, 30 females). Plaque andgingival indices,dental caries indices (DMFS and DMFT)wererecorded to evaluateoral health status for each student. Further questionnaires were given to evaluatedifferent oral hygiene habits.Results: The mean values of plaque and gingival indicesin the first year were higher than fifth year for males andfemales with highly significant difference at (P ≤0.01);whereas the mean values of plaque index were (1.17, 0.83 formales of first and fifth years respectively and 1.02, 0.47 for femaleof first and fifth years respectively)and the meanvalues of gingival index were(0.89, 0.51 for males of first and fifth years respectively and 0.78, 0.31 for femalesof firstand fifth years respectively). As well as, the mean of (DMFS and DMFT) were showed higher values among femalesthan maleswhere (8.88, 6.48 for males and 10.16, 7.08 for females)in first year, while(11.90, 8.73for males and 13.33,9.16 for females) infifth year. The percentagesof tooth brushing, mouthwash, dental floss, and tooth picks usingforfifthyear students were higher than first year students.Conclusion: Differences of oral health statusand behavior rates between first and finalyearsstudents can beattributed to low level of dental education infirst year studentswhoseneed the improvements of oral hygieneeducation in futurewhich include the importance of proper tooth brushing and using of interdental aids to preventthe periodontal diseases and dental caries


Article
How Much Do They Know? Oral Hygiene Attitude and Periodontal Awareness in Iraqi Adults

Author: Basma Fathi Alanbari باسمة فتحي الانباري
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 31-38
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The scarce literature regarding oral hygiene attitude and periodontal awareness in Iraqi adults warranted the conduction of this study in order to provide a public profile and a baseline data for further researches.Aims of the study: assessing the oral hygiene attitude and periodontal awareness in a sample of Iraqi adults.Materials and Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 500 adults.Results: Out of the 500 questionnaires distributed, 482 were included in the study.92% of the sample practiced tooth brushing, 69% out of them reported a daily brushing pattern with variable frequency,69% of the sample did not receive oral hygiene education from any source ,more than half of the sample 60 % used the horizontal brushing method, interdental aids was utilized by 42% of the sample with the dental floss being the commonest type 52%, mouthwash used by 37% and tongue cleaning was uncommon as only 22 % of the sample perform it. 78% of the sample did not know what dental plaque is while dental caries were well known by almost the entire sample 98%. 93% reported having gingival bleeding with only 5% out of them referred to the poor oral hygiene as the causative factor. The motive for seeking periodontal therapy for 80% of the sample was restoring the gingival esthetics.Conclusions: The public periodontal awareness and knowledge is still poor in Iraq, the solution requires shared resources and multiple approaches


Article
Oral hygein and gingival health among adolescents and adult population (15-44) years in sharkhan village, ninevah, Iraq

Author: Layla A MAKANI
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2001 Volume: 1 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-7
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the study is to evaluate the oral hygiene and gingival health and to identify if there is any variation between sex and age group among adolescents and adult population in rural area (sharkhan village), in Ninevah governorate. A sample of 203 individuals aged 1-44 years (84 males and 119 females) were examined using plaque index score by silness and loe (1964) and gingival index by loe and silness (1963). The results show that mean plaque score for total sample is (1.29), the plaque index was increase with age, the females reported less mean plaque score than male, however, there was no statistically significant difference of oral hygiene by sex. The mean gingival score was moderate (1.26) for total sample and it was increase with age significantly, the mean gingival score was slightly better in females in females than males with statistical significant between them. The study revealed that about (50%) of the total sample did not brush their teeth or brush infrequently. Therefore the objective of dental health education to those subjects is to brush their teeth regularly and to improve the effectiveness of oral hygiene practice.


Article
Occurrence of root caries in relation to specific dental health habits (Oral hygiene practice) in adult population (30-70) years in Mosul city, Iraq

Author: Ghada Dh AL-SAYAGH
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2002 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 176-183
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between the occurrence of root surface caries (RSC) and a subject's dental health habits such as the frequency of tooth brushing and the use of other cleaning aids such as chewing stick and the dental floss in the adult population aged(30-70) years in Mosul city.A sample of (1270) subjects [719 (56.6%) males and 551 (43.4%) females] were collected randomly from different eight factories, seven primary schools, eight secondary schools and five colleges from Mosul University.According to age, the sample was divided into four age groups (30-39, 40-19, 50-59 and 60-69 years).The results of the study revealed that subjects with RSC in the young age group (30-39 years) claimed to brush their teeth once a day and twice a day or more, whereas subjects with RSC in the old age group (60-69 years) claimed to brush their teeth infrequently. Statistically, the differences between subjects with and without RSC were significant for all age groups. The study showed that generally subjects with and without RSC who claimed never use other cleaning aids reported higher percentage that those who used other cleaning aids. Indeed, those who claimed to use chewing stick displayed high rate than those who use dental floss.It was concludedthat dental health behavior influence root caries occurrence and that caries on root surface is associated with poor dental health habits


Article
Prevalence of dental caries and the effect of sugar’s types, frequency of sugar intake and tooth brushing practice on dental caries among children aged 7-9 years inWassit governorate-Iraq

Author: Hanan F. Abaas حنان عباس
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: special issue Pages: 151-154
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Dental caries is an important dental health problem and it is the most prevalent oral disease amongchildren in the world. The strength of the relationship between sugar intake and the prevalence of dental caries haslong been a subject of dispute. Some evidence suggests that sugar consumption is a very important determinate ofcaries risk, accounting for as much as half of the variation in caries prevalence among human populations.Therefore, the aim of this study was to study the effect of sugar's type, frequency of sugar intake and tooth brushingpractice on dental caries among children aged 7- 9 years of both genders in Wassit Governorate.Methods: The sample was collected during period started from 1/September to 1/ November 2010. Informationabout types of sugars intake, frequency of sugar intake and tooth brushing practice were collected by formation ofquestionnaire to all children according to Yabao 2005. All children subjected to clinical examination to assessment ofDMFT and dmft according to WHO 1997. Data analyzed using statistics package for social science (spss Inc., 2000version 10 for Windows and Excel 2000).Results: Five hundred of schoolchildren in Wassit Governorate were examined belong to age group 7-9 years of bothgender (258 males and 242 females). The mean of DMFT was (1.3±1.4), while the mean of dmft was (4.5±2.5). Theprevalence of dental caries in permanent teeth was 54% while in primary teeth was 93.2%, the prevalence of dentalcaries increased with age in both primary and permanent teeth. The mean of DMFT in children taking hard candies,soft drink, and ice-cream was (1.45±1.46), (0.99±1.33), (0.88±1.15) respectively, analysis of variance showed there wassignificant difference between the mean of DMFT with different sugar’s types. Also in present study, the most sugarsources taking by children were hard candies (68%) and soft drink (70%).The mean of DMFT and dmft increased withincreasing the frequency of sugar intake, analysis of variance showed there was significant difference betweenmean of DMFT with frequency of sugar intake. The mean of DMFT and dmft was higher in children with no toothbrushing practice than in children with tooth brushing practice; also the prevalence of dental caries in children withno tooth brushing practice was 81% while in children with tooth brushing practice was 30.5%.Conclusion: It was concluded that hard candies is more risky on dental caries than soft drink and ice cream and thefrequency of sugars intake effects on dental caries severity , also tooth brushing practice minimizes the dental cariesseverity and prevalence

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