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Article
Blunt traumatic rupture of the diaphragm: Study of 33 cases

Authors: Haytham H. Al-Najafi هيثم النجفي --- Firas M. Al-Chalabi فراس محمود الجلبي
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2006 Volume: 32 Issue: 1&2 Pages: 1-6
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Objective: to assess the role of clinical manifestations and radiological findings in the early recognition and diagnosis of blunt diaphragmatic rupture, with determination of the operative findings during surgical intervention.
Design: a prospective case series study.
Setting: Al-Jamhori Teaching Hospital in Mosul, during the period July 1999-June 2004.
Participants: thirty three (33) patients with blunt traumatic rupture of the diaphragm proved by surgery.
Results: three quarters of the blunt diaphragmatic rupture were caused by motor vehicle accidents, 91% of the patients had respiratory embarrassment. Only 27.2% of the patients were diagnosed by chest x-ray, the remaining 72.8% were discovered during laparotomy. The left dome of the diaphragm was ruptured in 75.8%, whereas herniation of the abdominal viscera into the chest was found in 45.8%. Concomitant intra-abdominal injury was found in 84.8% of the patients. The mortality is sharply increased when the right dome of the diaphragm is ruptured.
Conclusion: the clinical features may be masked by other chest or abdominal injuries. Chest-x ray is a reliable test to diagnose diaphragmatic rupture. The left hemi-diaphragm is more commonly injured; in addition concomitant intra- abdominal injuries are very common. A meticulous inspection of the diaphragm should be undertaken during all exploratory laparotomies for trauma.

Keywords

Traumatic --- diaphragm --- rupture


Article
TRAUMATIC EXPERIENCES AMONG IRAQI INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS AND SYRIAN REFUGEES
خبرات الحوادث الصدمية لدى النازحين العراقيين و اللاجئين السوريين

Author: PERJAN HASHIM TAHA برجان هاشم طه
Journal: Duhok Medical Journal مجلة دهوك الطبية ISSN: ISSN: 20717334 (online)/ ISSN: 20717326 (Print) Year: 2015 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 18-33
Publisher: University of Dohuk جامعة دهوك

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Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground and objectives: After civil war in Syria and Islamic state invasion of NorthernIraqi areas, high number of Iraqi internally displaced persons and Syrian refugees arrived toIraqi Kurdistan, including children who constitute more than half of population. The impactof psychological trauma among them is likely high, but little has been reported on traumaticexperiences among these two groups in the area they first escaped to, apart from children andadolescents who have been reported in other articles. This article reports the traumatic eventsthat adults were able to describe during a short screening.Methods A community based cross-sectional survey was conducted at Khanke and Domiz 2camps in Kurdistan region of Iraq in May and June, 2015. Sample size collection yielded 822adults of Iraqi internally displaced persons and 820 adults of Syrian refugees and theparticipants were determined randomly. Harvard Trauma Questionnaire was used todetermine exposure to psycho-traumas.Results Multiple sever traumatic events were reported in both groups. Mild traumatization iscommon in Syrian refugees and sever one is more in Iraqi internally displaced persons.Violence due to belongingness, separation, emotional violence, threats, and starvation weremore experienced by Iraqi displaced people. Physical violence, and beating to head weremore common in refugees. Combat situation, murder, and sexual violence were similar inboth groups.Conclusions Internally displaced people and refugees experienced multiple traumatic eventswith high levels and different types. There are huge needs in mental health among survivors.These findings have important implications for the planning and implementation of mentalhealth promotion and treatment programs for resettled internally displaced persons andrefugees and those who work with them.

خلفية وأهداف البحث: بعد الحرب الأهلية في سوريا و إحتلال تنظيم داعش لمناطق شمال العراق، وصلت أعداد كبيرة من النازحين العراقيين و اللاجئين السوريين الى كردستان العراق. يعتبر تأثير الصدمة النفسية كبيرا على النازحين واللاجئين، ولكن القليل من الحوادث الصدمية تم توثيقه لدى هؤلاء الناس في المنطقة التي هربوا اليها أولا. تهدف هذه الدراسة إلى معرفة الحوادث الصدمية لدى النازحين واللاجئين خلال فترة قصيرة.طرق البحث: تمت الدراسة كمسح ميداني في مخيم خانكى و دوميز2 في كردستان العراق في شهر مايس و تموز عام 2015. عينة البحث شملت 822 بالغا من النازحين العراقيين و 820 من اللاجئين السوريين تم إختيارهم عشوائيا. تم إستعمال مقياس هارفارد لقياس الصدمات النفسية التي تعرضوا لها.النتائج: وجدت صدمات شديدة و متعددة لدى النازحين العراقيين و اللاجئين السوريين. الصدمات النفسية الخفيفة كانت شائعة في اللاجئين السوريين أما الشديدة فهي أكثر في النازحين العراقيين. أكثر الصدمات التي تعرض اليها النازحين العراقيين هي: العنف بسبب الخلفية و الإنفصال و العنف العاطفي و التهديدات و المجاعة. أما في اللاجئين السوريين فهي العنف الجسدي و ضربات الرأس. بالنسبة للصدمات المتعلقة بحالة الحرب و القتال و العنف الجنسي فكانت متشابهة لدى المجموعتين. الإستنتاج: نستنتج من البحث أن النازحين العراقيين و اللاجئين السوريين قد تعرضوا إلى حوادث صدمية متعددة بمستويات عالية و أنواع مختلفة. هناك إحتياجات نفسية مهمة لدى الباقين. هذه النتائج لديها فوائد عديدة في تخطيط و تنفيذ برامج الصحة النفسية و العلاج النفسي لمجاميع النازحين العراقيين و اللاجئين السوريين و الأشخاص العاملين في هذا المجال.


Article
Performance of computed tomography indiagnosis and evaluation oftraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage

Author: Haider Q. Hamood حيدر حمود
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: PISSN: 00419419 / EISSN: 24108057 Year: 2011 Volume: 53 Issue: 2 Pages: 156-159
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background:The intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) can be classified as traumatic and spontaneous. The frontal and temporal lobes are classic sites for traumatic ICH, which are less commonly affected by spontaneous episodes. Computed tomography (CT) scanning is the most accurate radiological method for demonstrating the acute lesion of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Both types are of high density, but traumatic bleeding is more frequently multifocal, in this study we are dealing with traumatic type of intracerebralhematoma. Aim of the study is to identify the accuracy and performance of CT scan in diagnosis and evaluation of intracerebralhemorrhage.
Patients and methods: 60 patients were examined, their agesrange from 30-70 years with means age 48 years old, they were 36males (60%), and 24females (40%).
Results: Our study reveals, the male patients (36 patients) were more affected than femalepatients (24 patients). Most affected age group in our study was 60-70 years old, 18 patients (30%) with no gender difference. Acute ICH was more than other ICH types, patients with acute ICH were 24 patients (40%) 15 male patients and 9 female patients, patients with subacute ICH were 20 patients (33%) and patients with chronic ICH were 16 patients (27%). In our study, the RTA was the most causative mechanism of ICH, 27 patients with RTA were seen in our study (45%), followed by shell injury which were 24 patients (40%) and then the fall from hight (FFH)which were 9 patients (15%). The most common CT feature noted in our study is the brain edema and it is seen in 27 patients (45%). Basal ganglia were most affected brain region (45%) of cases.
Conclusion:CT is available,rapid imaging modality in the diagnosis of ICH, so it is suitable for diagnosis and evaluation of ICH as emergency cases in casualty department and it is valuable in evaluation of traumatic I.C.H. especially in acute stages.


Article
Evaluation of mineral trioxide aggregate MTA as traumatic pulp capping material (An In vitro study)

Author: Neam N. AlYousifany
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 323-329
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Aims of the Study: The purpose of this clinical study was to evaluate the effectiveness of mineral trioxide aggregate MTA as direct pulp capping material in permanent teeth with traumatic exposure. Materials And Methods: twenty four permanent teeth for healthy patients ages between 15-40 accepted direct pulp capping treatment after accidental traumatic exposure during cavity preparation done by graduate students, in Conservative Department , College of Dentistry, University of Mosul. The teeth were treated directly with MTA material over the exposure site then based with Glass Ionomer cement and restored with permanent restoration . clinical , and radiographic examinations were carried out after 1 week then follow up after 6,10,12,24 weeks. Results: six month clinical &radiographic follow up were carried out for all patients . At recall appointments, patients were evaluated for reparative dentin formation, pulpal calcification, continued normal root development and evidence of pathosis. One patient did not return for recall appointments and evaluations after one week , another one failed to return after six weeks interval . The remaining had favorable outcomes on the basis of clinical finding , electrical pulp tester & radiographic appearance . Conclusion : within the limitation period of the present study , MTA can be considered as a reliable pulp capping material for manangment direct pulp exposure in permanent teeth


Article
Retinal detachment in ocular trauma

Author: Dr.Furkaan Majied Hamied. F.I.B.M.S(ophth), I.C.O.
Journal: KUFA MEDICAL JOURNAL مجلة الكوفة الطبية ISSN: 1993517X Year: 2010 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 152-156
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Summary: Retinal detachment is the separation of the sensory retina from retinal pigment epithelium, it is a serious blinding condition, early diagnosis and treatment have important role in the visual outcome. Aim of the study: To ensure the importance of immediate and subsequent full ocular assessment for each patient with ocular trauma.Patients & Methods: Thirty patients with uniocular trauma were included in this study. All were fully assessed including doing fundoscopy immediately and after primary repair in cases of penetrating injuries.Whenever there was media opacity obscuring the view with direct and indirect opthalmoscopy ultrasonography was done.Results: Retinal detachment was a prevalent complication seen in (13)46% of cases after ocular trauma. It was found in (1)25% of patients with blunt trauma, (12)46% of patients with penetrating injuries. Most of eyes were with media opacities so just 4 of 13 cases were diagnosed by direct and indirect fundoscopy, others by B-scan ultrasonography. Cystic changes were more frequent in cases of long standing ocular trauma; more than one year. Higher frequency of traumatic retinal detachment was found in the 20-30 years age group.

الخلاصة: انفصال الشبكية هو فصل الطبقة العصبية عن الطبقة الحرشفية الملونة للعين. وهو حالة خطيرة غالبا ما تؤدي الى العمى. للتشخيص والعلاج المبكرين دور هام في تحسين نتائج الرؤيا. الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو التأكيد على أهمية الفحص المتكامل حال وقوع أي اصابة للعين وبصورة دورية فيما بعد للتاكد من سلامة الشبكية. تم تقييم ثلاثين حالة من حالات الأصابة في العين بصورة متكاملة متضمنة تقييم الشبكية, واللجوء الى الفحص بالموجات فوق الصوتية في حالة وجود أي عتمة تعيق فحص الشبكية بواسطة الناظور المباشر او غير المباشر. تبين أن ثلاث عشرة حالة كانت تعاني من أنفصال الشبكية (43,3%). معظمهم تم تشخيصهم بواسطة الموجات فوق الصوتية. كما ظهر ان تكيسات وتليفات الشبكية تزداد كلما تأخرت المعالجة. أكثر الفئات العمرية عرضة للأصابة بأنفصال الشبكية الناتج عن الحوادث هي (20-30) سنة.


Article
Short-term effect of ultrasound therapy on stiffness elbow joint
تاثير المعالجة القصيرة الأمد بالامواج فوق الصوتية لتيبس مفصل المرفق

Author: Fezaa Sh. Neda فزع شلال نده
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء ISSN: 20704003 Year: 2014 Volume: 12 Issue: 25 Pages: 89-93
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Elbow stiffness is hard to treat and commonly resulted from trauma or degenerative arthritis. This study aimed to demonstrate the effectiveness of using ultrasound therapy in management of stiff elbow joint resulted from several etiological factors. A total number of 42 patients (35 male and 7 female) allocated randomly from the Department of Physiotherapy at Al-yarmouk Teaching Hospital during 2013. Each patient examined physically by physiotherapist taking in consideration the measurement of the joint movement angle using goniometer in flexion and the extension, and the pain score using visual analogue scale (VAS). Ultrasound therapy initiated thrice weekly for two weeks. At the time of entry, the means degree of flexion and extension movements were 148.45 and 113.33º. Ultrasound therapy significantly reduced the pain from of 1.238±0.932 to 0.38± 0.538score. Significant improvement observed in patients aged more than 20 years and the improvement in flexion elbow significantly correlated with the frequency of ultrasound. In Conclusions ultrasound therapy is safe, effective and provided pain relieve as well as wide range of movement in post-traumatic elbow stiffness.

من الصعب معالجة تيبس مفصل المرفق والذي يتجم من عواقب شدة خارجية او التهاب المفاصل التنكسي. هدفت الدراسة الى اظهارفعالية استعمال المعالجة بالأمواج الصوتية في معالجة تيبس مفصل المرفق الناجم من عدة عوامل مسببة. تم تعيين 42 مريضا بصورة عشوائية (35 ذكر و7 أنثى) من قسم العلاج الطبيعي التابع الى مستشفى اليرموك التعليمي خلال 2013. تم فحص كل مريض سريريا من قبل المعالج الطبي أخذا بنظر الأعتبار زوايا حركات المفصل بوساطة goniometer عند وضع الأنحناء والأمتداد , واحتساب نتيجة الألم بأستعمال مدرج الألم الماثل البصري. تم تكرار المعالجة ثلاث مرات اسبوعيا لمدة اسبوعان. عند بء الدراسة كانت معدلاتدرجة الأنحناء والأمتداد للحركات 148،45 و 113،33 درجة. قللت المعالجة بدلالة نوعية متميزة مقدار الألم من 0،932±1،238 الى 0،538±0،38 كما لوحظ ان التحسن يكون بدلالة نوعية متميزة عند المرضى الذين تتجاوز أعمارهم 20 سنة وان التحسن في حركة الأنحناء تترابط مع تكرار الأمواج فوق الصوتية بدلالة نوعية متميزة. نستنج ان المعالجة بالأمواج فوق الصوتية أمينة وفعالة وتزيل الألم كما وانها تتيح مدى واسع من الحركة للمفصل المتيبس.


Article
Outcomes for Conservative Management of Traumatic Tympanic Membrane Perforation
نتائج العلاج التحفظي لثقب طبلة الإذن نتيجة الشدة الخارجية

Author: Raid M.S.AL-Ani رائد محمد سهيل العاني
Journal: Al- Anbar Medical Journal مجلة الأنبار الطبية ISSN: PISSN: 27066207 / EISSN: 26643154 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 26-32
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Objectives: To investigate the incidence of spontaneous repair of fresh traumatic tympanic membrane (TM) perforation and to elucidate the risk factors which they might impair its healing process. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional prospective study of patients with acute traumatic TM perforation was conducted in otorhinolaryngologic department of AL-Ramadi Teaching Hospital in AL-Ramadi city/Iraq between May 2009 and May 2011. Detailed data matching the diagnosis of traumatic perforation of the TM were analyzed. Clinical examination, pure tone audiogram and regular follow-up were done for all patients. Results: Seventy-two patients (43-males, 29-females), aged 2–70 years (median = 25) with 75 myringoruptures were studied. Three (4.2%) had bilateral TM perforations, 27 (37.5%) right unilateral and 42 (58.3%) left unilateral. Out of 75 myringoruptures, 63 (84%) heal spontaneously. Spontaneous healing of traumatic TM rupture was better in patients with younger age, small sized perforation, low hearing loss at the initial pure tone audiogram assessment (P<0.05). While other factors: gender of the patient, cause, side and duration of the injury does not affect the healing of TM perforation P>0.05. Conclusions: The overall percentage of spontaneous healing of fresh traumatic TM perforation was 84%. Large sized perforation, old age patient and more hearing loss at the time of presentation were worse prognostic factors for healing of such rupture. Early surgical intervention of traumatic drum rupture is not indicated

الملخص:أهداف البحث: لتحديد نسبة الإلتئام التلقائي لثقب طبلة الإذن نتيجة الشدة الخارجية و معرفة عوامل الخطورة التي تعيق عملية الإلتئام.المرضى و طرق العمل: الدراسة المنظورة للمرضى المصابين بثقب طبلة الإذن الحاد نتيجة الشدة الخارجية إجريت في قسم الأنف و الإذن و الحنجرة في مستشفى الرمادي التعليمي في مدينة الرمادي/العراق للفترة من مايس 2009- مايس 2011. حللت البيانات بالتفصيل و التي تشخص حالات ثقب طبلة الإذن نتيجة الشدة الخارجية. اجري الفحص السريري ، فحص السمع و المتابعة لجميع المرضى.النتائج: إثنان و سبعون مريض (43 ذكور ، 29 إناث) تتراوح أعمارهم 2-70 سنة (متوسط الأعمار=25) يعانون من ثقوب طبلة الإذن درسوا. ثلاثة (4.2%) منهم كانت لديهم ثقوب في كلتا الأذينتين، 27 في جهة اليمين و 42 في اليسار. من 75 ثقوب طبلة الإذن، 63 (84%) إلتأموا تلقائياً. الإلتئام التلقائي كان أفضل في الأعمار الصغيرة، الحجم الصغير للثقب و الفقدان القليل للسمع في الفحص الأولي للسمع (P<0.05). أما العوامل الأخرى: جنس المريض، السبب، الجانب و مدة حدوث الإصابة لا تؤثر على الإلتئام P>0.05.الخلاصة: نسبة الإلتئام التلقائي لثقب طبلة الإذن نتيجة الشدة الخارجية كانت 84%. الحجم الكبير للثقب، كبر عمر المريض وكثرة فقدان السمع في وقت مجيء المريض كانت عوامل لها تأثير سلبي لكذا ثقوب. التداخل الجراحي المبكر غير مبرر لثقب طبلة الإذن نتيجة الشدة الخارجية. 


Article
Management of Traumatic Hemothorax a Retrospective Study of 165 Cases in AL-Jamhoori Teaching Hospital in Mosul

Author: Rabea Salim Abd Aljabbar Alsofi*, Saad Muwafaq Attash**, Omer mothafar Hammodat***
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2019 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 30-36
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Traumatic hemothorax is one of the most common thoracic injuries in the world. There are a lot ofdebates about the best method of management because of the possible risk of death anddevelopment of subsequent complications.OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study is to decide the best type of management of traumatic hemothorax(thoracostomy tube drainage versus thoracotomy) for life saving and prevention of subsequentcomplications such as trapped lung with fibrothorax, and empyema.METHODS:This is a retrospective study of 165 consecutive patients with traumatic hemothorax admitted toAl-Jamhoori teaching hospital in Mosul from 1st January 2010 to 1st January 2012. The parametersthat were used in this study were sex, age group, mechanism of injury, hemodynamic state at timeof according to volume of blood in the drainage bottle into5 groups. The patients were alsoclassified into 4 groups depending on their hemodynamic state at time of presentation.RESULTS:Thoracostomy tube drainage was done in the majority of cases as the mainstay of treatment, inminority of cases it was followed by thoracotomy for those with massive hemothorax, severehypovolemic shock, associated thoracic injuries, or those with complications.CONCLUSION:Traumatic hemothorax should be treated initially by thoracostomy tube drainage except in veryurgent cases, and the decision for thoracotomy should be based on the hemodynamic state, thevolume of drained blood and the presence of associated thoracic injuries. A good initial care andproper drainage of collected intrathoracic blood reduces the development of late complications andthe subsequent need for thoracotomy..


Article
Traumatic Experiences of the War Disabled
الخبرات الصادمة لدى معوقي الحرب

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The armed forces troops are exposed to sever psychological and physical conditions during the war, especially these who are exposed to sever physical injuries, which lead to a certain rate of disability and limits their ability to interact with the environment surrounding them, and the compatibility with people as they were can do before the injury. The war which leaded by Iraqi army against terrorist organizations a number of disabled people due to injuries during the war. And the important of these people in our society, and an attempt to present psychological help and assistance to them, to facilitate their adaptation with environment surrounding them, and to practice their lives in optimal manner and compatibility with the type and rate of disabilities. As well as, the present study presents indications of work in training .

يتعرض أفراد القوات المسلحة إلى ظروف بدنية ونفسية بالغة الشدة والتعقيد في المعارك الحربية، لاسيما الأفراد الذين يتعرضون لإصابات بدنية قاسية، التي تؤدي بهم إلى العوق بنسب معينة, وتحد من قابليتهم في التفاعل مع البيئة المحيطة بهم ، ولقد هدف البحث الحالي الى التعّرف على: 1.مستوى الخبرات الصادمة لدى معوقي الحرب. 2. دلالة الفروق في مستوى الخبرات الصادمة تبعاً لنسبة العجز ونوع الاصابة. أختار الباحثان عينة عشوائية من أفراد القوات المسلحة العراقية المعاقين المتواجدين بمركز تأهيل التاجي في بغداد بلغ عددهم(300) جندي معاقٍ ممن بلغت نسبة العجز لديهم( 60%) فما فوق، و تطلبت اجراءات البحث إعداد مقياس لمفهوم (الخبرات الصادمة ) بعد الاطلاع على العديد من المقاييس ذات العلاقة، والتحقق من الخصائص السيكومترية ، وبعد تطبيقه على العينة، واستخدام الوسائل الاحصائية المناسبة, أظهرت النتائج إنّ مستوى الخبرات الصادمة لدى افراد العينة كان مرتفعاً، لا توجد فروق دالة إحصائياً في مستوى (الخبرات الصادمة، وقوة الأنا) تبعاً لمتغيري (نوع الإصابة، ونسبة العجز), مع وجود فروق دالة احصائياً بين معوقي الحرب الذين لديهم إصابات بالأطراف، وأقرانهم ممّن لديهم إصابات في الرأس لصالح معوقي الحرب الذين لديهم إصابات في الرأس، ولا توجد فروق في مستوى الخبرات الصادمة بين المعوقين تبعاً لمتغير نسبة العجز، وفي ضوء النتائج أوصى الباحثان بعدد من التوصيات والمقترحات


Article
Gingival condition, enamel anomalies and traumatic dental injuries among 14-15 years intermediate school male students in Al-Khalis City/Iraq

Authors: Karrar N. Al-Mujamaii --- Baydaa Hussein
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2019 Volume: 31 Issue: 2 Pages: 20-24
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: One of the most common and prevalent oral diseases among adolescents is periodontal disease particularly gingivitis, however enamel anomalies and dental trauma could occur.Aims of the study: This study was conducted among 14-15 years intermediate school male students in urban area of Al-Khalis city to assess the oral hygiene (dental plaque) and to estimate the prevalence and severity of gingivitis, enamel anomalies, as well as traumatic dental injuries, furthermore to show the significant difference between these two ages concerning these oral problems.Materials and methods: In this study the total sample consisted of 735 students (397 aged 15 years and 338 aged 14 years ). In present study dental plaque was recorded according to the criteria of Plaque index by Silness and Loe (1964), while gingival status was determined according to the criteria of gingival index by Loe and Silness (1963). Enamel anomalies were examined and recorded according to WHO (1997). Dental trauma of permanent anterior teeth was assessed according to Garcia-Godoy classification.Results: The mean plaque index of the total students was (1.12±0.010). It was higher among 15 years students than 14 years students with statistically highly significant difference (p<0.01).The prevalence of gingivitis was 99.45%, and the mean gingival index was (1.50±0.013) which was higher among 15 years students than 14 years students with statistically no significant difference (p>0.05).The prevalence of enamel anomalies in the total students was 49.93%. The mean value of diffuse opacity was higher among 15 years students than 14 years students, furthermore, the diffuse opacity constituted a highest percentage of enamel defects among affected students.The prevalence of dental trauma was 6.12%. The prevalence of dental trauma was significantly higher among 14 years students than 15 years students (p<0.05).Conclusions: This oral health survey revealed a high prevalence of gingivitis, followed by enamel anomalies and dental trauma, thus, those students need for school and public dental health preventive programs.

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