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Article
PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH RENAL STONES
مدى انتشار التهاب المجاري البوليه في المرضى المصابين بحصاة الكليه

Authors: Mohammed A. Kadir --- Majida N. Ibrahim --- Najeeba M. Salih
Journal: AL-TAQANI مجلة التقني ISSN: 1818653X Year: 2010 Volume: 23 Issue: 5 Pages: 128-134
Publisher: Foundation of technical education هيئة التعليم التقني

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Abstract

The study was carried out in Kirkuk province, on patients attending Kirkuk hospitals, and private clinics from the 15th December 2004 until the 1st July 2005. Urine and blood samples were collected from 152 persons including 102 patients with urinary tract stones (61 males, 41 females), and 50 control healthy subjects (30 males, 20 females). General urine examination was done, and the results showed that 74 of the patients group were suffering from urinary tract infection, 25 of them were on antibiotics, and urine culture was done for the remaining patients. The results of urine culture showed that Escherichia coli infection (10.8%) was the commonest among patients with urinary tract stones, followed by proteus species (5.4%), Acinetobacter spp, Klebsiella spp (2.7%) for each and Pseudomonas spp, Staphylococci saprophyticus, Enterococci faecalis (1.35%) respectively. Significant increase in prevalence of urinary tract stones was demonstrated at age group (21-30 year), the highest rate was among housewives and officials, and (41.18%) of them had familial history of urinary tract stones.

تم إجراء هذه الدراسة في مدينة كركوك للفترة من 15 شهر كانون الأول عام 2004 حتى الاول من شهر تموز عام 2005 للمرضى المراجعين للمستشفيات والعيادات الخاصة في مدينة كركوك0 شملت هذه الدراسة 152 شخصا, 102 منهم كانوا يعانون من حصيات المجاري البولية ( 61 ذكور, 41 إناث ), وخمسون أصحاء لغرض المقارنة (30 ذكور, 20 إناث ), ولقد تم جمع نماذج من الدم الوريدي والإدرار وتاريخ الحالة لكل واحد منهم0 تم إجراء فحص الإدرار العام لجميع نماذج الإدرار وقد بينت النتائج بان 74 مريضا كانوا يعانون من التهابات المجاري, 25 منهم كانوا في طور العلاج بالمضادات الحيوية0 تم إجراء زرع عينات الإدرار للمرضى الذين يعانون من التهابات المجاري البولية وكانت النتائج كالأتي: إن الاشيريشيا القولونية ( Escherichia coli ) كانت الأكثر شيوعا بين العوامل المرضية المسببة لالتهابات الجهاز البولي (10.18% ), Proteus spp (5.4 % ),Acinetobacter spp, Klebsiella spp (2.7 %) لكل منهما, و (1.35 % ) لكل من (Enterococci fecalis),(Staphylococci saprophyticus),(Pseudomonas spp). كما وأظهرت هذه الدراسة بأن النسبة الأعلى للإصابة بحصيات المجاري البولية كانت بين المجاميع العمرية ( 21-30 سنة), مع أعلى نسبة في ربات البيوت(33.34%) والموظفين (15.68%). كما تبين من الدراسة أن (41.18%) من المرضى كان لديهم تأريخ عائلي للإصابة بحصيات المجاري البولية.

Keywords

UTI --- Renal stone.


Article
ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITIES OF GRAM NEGATIVE AEROBIC BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN COMMUNITY

Authors: Iman Y Rasheed ايمان يوسف رشيد --- Iman J Kareem ايمان جبار كريم
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2011 Volume: 9 Issue: 4 Pages: 295-300
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by bacteria that can also live in the digestive tract, in vagina, or around the urethra most often these bacteria, enter the urethra and travel to the bladder and kidneys and prostate (in men).Objective: To determine the most common gram negative aerobic bacteria caused UTI in both sex and different ages, and to study the antibiotic susceptibility in order to determine the most effective antibiotics that can cure UTI.MethodsProspective study of 311 samples of urine has been collected from out patients complaining signs and symptoms of UTI. Isolation and Identification of causative bacteria was concluded, antibiotic susceptibility test has been done, and statistical analysis chi square had done. Results125 urine samples obtained from 25 male and 100 female show growths of Gram negative aerobic bacilli. No bacterial growth was defined in the rest of urine samples. Single bacterium was identified in 120 samples, while 5 samples identified as a mixed infection with two kinds of bacteria. In 55 (44%) of cases, Echerishia Coli was isolated; in 41 (32.8%) Klebsiella Pneumoniae; in 17 (13.6%) Proteus mirabilis plus P. Vulgaris; and 12 (9.6%) Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The percentage of resistance for E. Coli varies from 73% to 86%, to Ceftzidime, Ceftriaxone, and Trimethoprim Sulfamethaxozol; for K. pneumoniae it ranges from 71% to 100% for Amoxicillin, Pipracillin, Trimethoprim Sulfamethaxozole, and Colistin; for P. mirabilis plus P. vulgaris ranging from 66% to 100% for Cetazidime, Trimethoprim Sulfamethaxozol, and Cefotaxime; and for P. aeruginose ranges from 66% to 100% for Cefazidime, Colistin, Nafcillin, Gentamycin, Trimethoprim Sulfamethaxozol.Conclusion: E. Coli caused UTI in female higher than men in the community, and the gram negative rods had multi antibiotic resistant.KeywordUTI, Enterobacteriacae, Antibiotic susceptibility


Article
Ovarian cavernous hemangioma in two years old female with repeated UTI ; a case report and literature review

Authors: Ammar Abdulsalaam Hamid عمار عبد السلام حامد --- Zaid S. Khudher زيد سعد الدين خضر
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2011 Volume: 37 Issue: 1&2 Pages: 135-137
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

A two years old female child with history of a trivial trauma to the lower abdomen was complaining from repeated UTI. Ultrasound and MRI examination of the abdomen and pelvis revealed 48x30 mm solid pelvic mass. Excision of the mass was done through laparotomy. Histopathological examination revealed ovarian cavernous hemangioma.

سجلت حالة نادرة لطفلة بعمر سنتين تشكو من التهاب المسالك البولية المتكرر. أظهر السونار وجود عقدة فى منطقة الحوض تبين بعد استئصالها انها ورم دموي وريدى حميد فى المبيض. نستنتج إمكانية وجود هذا الورم حتى في هذا العمر المبكر لذا ننصح بان تدرج في قائمة التشخيص التفريقي لأورام المبيض.

Keywords

Ovarian --- hemangioma --- UTI


Article
Urinary Tract Infections Caused by Alcaligenes spp. in Diabetic Patients
إصابات المجاري البولية المتسببة عن البكتريا Alcaligenes spp لدى مرضى داء السكر

Authors: Adeba Y. Al-Shareef أديبة يونس شريف --- Zeyad T. Al-Rassam زياد ذنون الرسام
Journal: Rafidain journal of science مجلة علوم الرافدين ISSN: 16089391 Year: 2006 Volume: 17 Issue: 9 A عدد خاص بعلوم الحياة Pages: 137-146
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The study includes the isolation and indentification of the bacteria Alcaligenes from urinary tract infections for (372) insulin and non- insulin dependent patients, (125) of them were males and (247) were famales. Their ages ranged between (11-71) year. The study also includes (95) cases of non- diabetic urinary tract infections as control subjects. The bacteria Alcaligenes constitutes (4.07 %) of urinary tract infections among the diabetic Patients in the study and this genus was not isolated from non- diabetics. The isolates of the bacteria Alcaligenes were isolated and identified as A. faecalis with a frequency of (30%), the subspecies A . xylosoxidans denitrificans at the same percent and A. xylosoxidans xylosoxidans (40%). These differences in the infections with Alcaligenes was without clinical syndromes. the study showed that (50%) of was no correlation between the treatment of diabetes and the rate of isolation of the three species of bacteria under study.

تضمنت الدراسة عزل وتشخيص البكتريا Alcaligenes من إصابات المجاري البولية، لـ (372) مصابا بداء السكر من المعتمدين وغير المعتمدين على الانسولين، بواقع (125) ذكرا،و(247) انثى وباعمار تراوحت بين (11-71) عام، كما شملت الدراسة (95) حالة من إصابات المجاري البولية لغير المصابين بالداء كعينة السيطرة.شكلت 4.07 %) Alcaligenes ) من مسببات إصابات المجاري البولية لمرضى داء السكر، ملم تعزل من غيرهم، شخصت عزلات البكتريا Alcaligenes إلى النوع A. faecalis تحت النوع A. xylosoxidans denitrificans بنسبة (%30) لكل منهما وتحت النوع A. xylosoxidans بنسبة(%40). تباينت نسبة عزل هذه المسببات في كل من الذكور والإناث المصابات، وبينت الدراسة ان (50%) من هذه الاصابات لم تكن مصحوبة باعراض سريرية، كما لم تتاثر نسبة عزل افراد الجنس Alcaligenes بنوع العلاج المستخدم لداء السكر.

Keywords

diabetic --- UTI --- Alcaligenes.


Article
Resistance patterns to cephalosporins of members of the family enterobacteriaceae isolated from urinary tract infection

Authors: Abdul Wahab A.R. Hadi --- Mithaq S. Al-Nassiry
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 37-44
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

This study was conducted at the Al-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital to determine the resistance patterns to cephalosporins of members of the family Enterobacteriaceae isolated from urinary tract infections (UTIs). A total of 270 urine specimens were collected from February, 2004 to May, 2004.Escherichia coli was found to be the most organism, followed by Klebsiella spp. The results of susceptibility of isolates under study to different cephalosporins were moderately or highly resistant to many of the test agents. The observations on the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) for the cephalosporins explained the high level of resistance to cephalothin and cefaclor, and a moderate level of resistance to cefotaxime, ceftazidime and cefixime.The increasing MIC of cephalosporins, especially third generation, indicates decreasing susceptibility of these organisms to these types of β-lactam agents due to the production of extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs).


Article
Assessment of Symptoms for Adult Patients with Lower Urinary Tract Infection
تقييم الأعراض للمرضى البالغين المصابين بالتهاب المسالك البولية السفلية

Author: Hussein Hadi Atiayh د. حسين هادي عطية
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2011 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 115-119
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Definition: - Lower UTIs are inflammation of the urinary bladder (bacterial cystitis), prostate gland (bacterial prostatitis), and urethra (bacterial urethritis)Objective:- The aim of study are to assess symptoms for patients with lower urinary tract infection (UTI) and to find out the relationship between symptoms with general information (age, gender, marital status, educational level, occupation, and residential)Methods:- A descriptive study was conducted on (50) patients diagnosed with lower urinary tract infection who were admitted at the Surgical Specialties Teaching Hospital and Baghdad Teaching Hospital and Al-Yermouk teaching hospital from 212009 to 162010.Questionnaire was constructed and presented in six items related to demographic data and eighteen items were concerning the symptoms for patients with lower urinary tract infection. Validity of questionnaire was response through panel of ten experts. Test- Retest reliability was determined through a computation of Pearson Correlations for the symptoms scales (r=0.84). The data was collected through the utilization of questionnaire and interview technique. The data were analyzed through the descriptive statistical approach (frequency, percentage, and cumulative percent) and inferential statistical approach (Person correlation coefficient and mean of score).Results:- The results of the study revealed that major age were (48-57) years and most of the study samples were female (60%) and they are married (82%) and have illiterate in the level of education (48%) and they live in urban residence (68%). Conclusion:- The findings of the study concluded there are some items were sever more than the other such as difficult in a voiding, urgency during voiding, nocturia, back pain, dark color with urine, discomfort in lower abdomen, and anorexia. The findings also indicated a strong positive relationship between age with symptoms that mean increase of age increase of symptoms for patient with lower UTI and also find that low level of education increase of symptoms. Key word: Symptoms lower UTI.

تعربف:-التهاب المسالك البولية السفلية هي التهاب بكتيري للمثانة وغدة البروستات والاحليل.الهدف:- تهدف الدراسة إلى تقييم الأعراض لمرضى المسالك البولية السفلية وإيجاد العلاقة بين المشاكل الصحية مع المعلومات العامة للعينة ( العمر, الجنس, الحالة الزوجية, المستوى الثقافي, المهنة, السكن)الطرق:-دراسة وصفية شملت (50) مريضا مشخصين بالتهابات المسالك البولية السفلية داخل مستشفى الجراحات التخصصية ومستشفى بغداد التعليمي ومستشفى اليرموك التعليمي للمدة من 212009 إلى 162010 .. صممت استمارة استبانه لغرض الدراسة تتألف من ستة فقرات للمعلومات العامة , وثمانية عشر فقرة لأعراض التهاب المسالك البولية السفلية وتم إثبات صدق الاستمارة من خلال عشرة خبراء من ذوي الاختصاص وتم تطبيق ( الاختبار وإعادة الاختبار) لتحديد ثبات الاستمارة من خلال حساب معامل الارتباط برسن(r=0.84) ومن ثم تم جمع البيانات من خلال استمارة الاستبانة وبطريقة المقابلة وتم تحليل البيانات من خلال الإحصاء الوصفي ( التكرار والنسبة المئوية) والإحصاء ألاستنتاجي ( معامل الارتباط بيرسن والوسط الحسابي الموزون).النتائج:- وقد أظهرت الدراسة أن اغلب أعمار المرضى تتراوح من (48-57) سنة واغلب عينة البحث من الإناث (60%) واغلبهم متزوجون (82%) ومن الذين لا يجيدون القراءة والكتابة (48%) ويسكنون المدن (68%).الاستنتاجات:- استنتجت الدراسة ان بعض الفقرات شديدة أكثر من الأخرى مثل صعوبة التبول, الرغبة الشديدة للتبول (الإلحاح), التبول الليلي, ألم الظهر, لون اسود مع الإدرار, عدم الارتياح اسفل البطن, وفقدان الشهية للطعام. وكذلك استنتجت الدراسة وجود علاقة موجبة قوية بين العمر والأعراض وهذا يعني كلما زاد العمر زادت الأعراض لمرضى التهاب المسالك البولية السفلية وكذلك أظهرت الدراسة أن المستوى الثقافي الواطئ للمرضى يؤدي إلى زيادة الأعراض.


Article
Validity of pyuria and bacteriuria (detected by Gram-stain) in predicting positive urine culture in asymptomatic female children

Authors: Rajah JT Al-Ma'amoory --- Saleh J Alwan --- Ahmed S AlNaaimi --- Tariq Al-Hadithi --- et al.
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2007 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 349-353
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

AbstractBackground & Objectives: Early diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infections is a cost effective tool in preventing harmful complications in asymptomatic children. The present study assess the validity of two simple and cost saving parameters, namely pyuria determined by general urinalysis and bacteriuria (detected by Gram-stain), in predicting urinary tract infection (established by positive urine culture).Methods: A total of 600 healthy females children less than seven years of age were included in this study. Urine was collected by clean-catch technique. Fresh uncentrifuged urine specimens were examined for pyuria, while Gram-stained specimens were used to detect bacteriuria. Bacterial cultures were set on agar plates. A bacterial colony count of 105/ml of urine was considered as an evidence of significant bacteriuria and established the diagnosis of UTI.Results: The rate of positive urine culture tends to increase with the increasing number of pus cells detected by urinalysis. It also shows a significant positive trend with bacteriuria detected by Gram-stain. Pyuria at cut-off value of  10 pus cells/mm3 of urine provides the best working parameter for validity giving a positive predicting value (PPV) of 92.3% and a negative predicting value (NPV) of 94.2%. Bacteriuria (detected by Gram stain) at cut-off value of  3 bacteria/HPF provides the best working parameter for validity giving a positive predictive value of 85.7% and negative predictive value of 94.1%. Parallel combination of the two criteria is associated with 100% sensitivity and 100% negative predictive value. On the other hand, serial combination of both criteria is associated with 100% specificity and 100% positive predictive value.Conclusion: It is recommended to use both significant pyuria and bacteriuria (detected by Gram-stain) in parallel combination as a screening tool for asymptomatic UTI since their joint sensitivity is 100% in addition to being cheep and easy to perform.Key words: Asymptomatic UTI, pyuria, bacteriuria.


Article
Value Of Ultrasound In Children With Urinary Tract Infection And Vesicouretric Reflux
أهمية الفحص بالموجات فوق الصوتية في الاطفال المصابين بالتهابات المجاري البولية والارتجاع البولي من المثانة الى الحالب

Author: Hayder Kadhum Hussein
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 3 Pages: 40-48
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Aims of the study: To assess different urological abnormalities associated with UTI in children & to determine the value of ultrasound in vesicoureteral reflux (VUR).Patients and Methods: Retrospective study of the ultrasound and micturating cystourethrogram (MCUG) results of 80 children under 5 years of age with clinically labelled cases of first time urinary tract infection (UTI) over a 2 years period . Thirty cases had excretory urography tailored according to the case. The study assesses different renal, uretric and urinary bladder abnormalities associated with first time UTI in children. Ultrasound findings were also assess VUR and suggest its presence if dilatation of the pelvi-calyces, dilatation of the ureters, or dilatation of the collecting system of one or both kidneys was reported. Statistical analysis used include sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value.Results: A total of 80 patients (20days – 5years) (median age 18months, 42 (52% were female), 38 (48% were males ) . In analysis of US findings: hydronephrosis and urinary bladder mucosa thickenings (cystitis) each 28.7 % were the commonest, renal stones and congenital anomalies :11.2 % and 10% respectively .The urinary bladder stones were 6.2% . The prevalence of VUR was 25%. Ultrasound findings were positive for VUR in 8 of 20 patients with confirmed VUR on MCUG, and positive in 15 of 60 patients without VUR on MCUG. of 12 patients who had a normal ultrasound but showed VUR on MCUG, 7 had grade II reflux, 3 grade III reflux, and two grade IV reflux. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound in suggesting VUR were 40% and 80%, respectively. The positive predictive value of ultrasound in suggesting VUR was 34%; the negative predictive value was 83%.Conclusions: Uultrasound useful to evaluate children with different urological abnormalities associated with UTI in children but its neither sensitive nor specific for VUR in children with UTI. Clinician should not depend on ultrasound only for diagnosis of VUR and must proceed to other like voiding colour Doppler US with echo enhancement or MCUG

الغرض من الدراسة : تهدف هذه الدراسة لمعرفة أهمية الفحص بالموجات فوق الصوتية (السونار ) لمعرفة كافة الآفات التي تصيب الجهاز البولي عند الأطفال المشخصين سريرين ومختبريا بالإصابة بالتهابات المجاري البولية وكذلك أهميته في تشخيص الارتجاع البولي من المثانة إلى الحالب والكلى .المرضى والطريقة : أجريت الدراسة على 80 مريضا من الأطفال تحت سن الخمس سنوات تم تشخيص إصابتهم بالتهابات المجاري البولية سريريا ومختبريا للمرة الأولى .استمرت الدراسة لمدة سنتين. تم اخذ السونار أولا ثم اجري فحص تلوين المثانة والاحليل لكل مريض . واجري فحص تلوين الكلى والمجاري البولية في 30 مريض. تم تشخيص معظم الآفات التي تصاحب الأطفال المصابين بالتهابات المجاري البولية وكذلك اعتبر وجود الارتجاع البولي من المثانة إلى الحالب إذا كان هنالك توسع في حوض او حويضات الكلى أو توسع الحالب أو توسع الجهاز التجميعي للكلى. النتائج : وجد أن هنالك آفات تصيب الجهاز البولي في الأطفال وتتصاحب مع التهابات المجاري البولية فيهم .وقد تمكن فحص السونار من تحديد معظمها .وكان أكثرها هو توسع حوض وحويضات الكلى (%28.7) وتثخن جدار المثانة الكلي الذي يعكس وجود الالتهاب فيها (28.7%) ويأتي بعده حصى الكلى والمثانة بنسبة(11.2% و6.2%) على التوالي ويأتي بعدة تشوهات الجهاز البولي الوراثية بنسبة (10%). أثبتت الدراسة وجود ارتجاع بولي من المثانة إلى الحالب في (25%)(20 مريض ) من الحالات .وكان السونار ايجابي في (8) حالات فقط من (20) حالة المثبتة بواسطة فحص تلوين المثانة والاحليل وايجابيي أيضا في (15) حالة من باقي الحالات (60) التي لم يثبت فحص تلوين المثانة والحالب وجود الارتجاع البولي فيها. من (12) حالة (التي كان فيها السونار سلبي ) اثبت فحص تلوين المثانة والاحليل وجود (7) حالات ارتجاع بولي من الدرجة الثانية و(3) حالات من الدرجة الثالثة و (2) حالة من الدرجة الرابعة . كانت نسبة حساسية تشخيص السونار للارتجاع البولي من المثانة الى الحالب (40%) ونسبة تخصيص السونار لها (80%) وكانت نسبة التنبؤ الايجابية للسونار (34%) ونسبة التنبؤ السلبية (83%) .الاستنتاج: وجدت الدراسة أن السونار مفيد في تعيين آفات الجهاز البولي التي تصاحب التهابات المجاري البولية عند الأطفال ولكنه غير حساس وغير قادر على التنبؤ للارتجاع البولي من المثانة إلى الحالب عندهم .

Keywords

VUR --- ultrasound --- UTI --- MCUG


Article
Severe Urinary Tract Infection in Men Caused by Enterobacter cloacae

Author: Mohammed Kadum Al-Araji
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 96-106
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection that affects part of the urinary tract. When it affects the lower urinary tract it is known as a simple cystitis (a bladder infection) and when it affects the upper urinary tract it is known as pyelonephritis (a kidney infection). Urinary catheterization increases the risk for urinary tract infections. The risk of an associated infection can be decreased by catheterizing only when necessary, using aseptic technique for insertion, and maintaining unobstructed closed drainage of the catheter. 60 urine samples from male patients suffering from UTI were examined. 25 of them were a catheter samples of urine and 35 of them were asymptomatic, showed Enterobacter cloacae were isolated.


Article
NEONATAL JAUNDICE WITH URINARY TRACT INFECTION

Authors: Shatha H. Ali شذى حسين علي --- Deia K. Khalaf ضياء خلف --- Sinan A. Ibrahim سنان ابراهيم
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2016 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 45-49
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background:Urinary tract infection is a common and serious clinical problem in newborns. Renal scarring, hypertension, and even kidney failure can be prevented by early diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infection. Jaundice is an important and sometimes the presenting feature of urinary tract infection.Objectives:To evaluate the frequency and bacterial profile of urinary tract infection in full term and preterm newborns with hyperbilirubinemia in the first two week of life, and the relation with some demographic parameters.Methods:Seventy two jaundiced neonates were studied. Hematocrit, white blood cell count, reticulocyte count, blood group and Rh, bilirubin (direct and total), Coombs test, and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase level were evaluated. Septic screen and thyroid function test, urinalysis and culture for all patients.Results:Twenty two (30%) out of 72 complain from urinary tract infection. Majority of them were full term 15 (68%), and Body weight > 2.5 Kg 12 (54%), fifteen delivered by normal vaginal delivery (68%). Breast feeding was recorded in 12 (54%), total serum bilirubin level above 20 mg/dl was found in 19 (86%). Gestational age, Normal Vaginal Delivery, Type of feeding, and total serum bilirubin level more than 20 mg/dl had significant correlation with urinary tract infection in jaundiced neonates, while birth weight was not significant. Commonest isolated bacteria was Escherichia coli in 11 (50%), staphylococcus infection in 2 cases (9.1%) have significant correlation with male gender. Ultrasound result was only positive in one (4.5%) neonate and showed pelvi-calceal obstruction.Conclusion:Urinary tract infection is common among jaundiced neonates particularly in males. Escherichia coli is the commonest causative bacteria. Gestational age, normal vaginal delivery, type of feeding, and total serum bilirubin level more than 20 mg/dl had significant correlation with urinary tract infection in jaundiced neonates, while birth weight was not significant.Key word:Neonatal jaundice, hyperbilirubinemia, UTI

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