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Article
تقييم التسمم لدى الأطفال تحت سن الخامسة في مدينة الموصل
Assessment of the Poisoning among the Child Under Five Years in Mosul City

Author: Hanady J. Mahmood
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 286-291
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Objective: The objective of the present study is to identify the occurrence of poisoning in children at age less than five years Mosul City. Methodology: This study included 200 children under 5 years attending at the Emergency Department Unit at Ibn – Sina Teaching Hospital in Mosul City, were (123) males and (77) females from the period (1/11/2010) to (30/12/2010).Results: The results of the present study showed that the highest percentage of the studied children at patients aged between (2-3) years, were of (40%), while in male is more than female with percentage (61.5%). The petroleum distillates most common type of poisoning was of (38.5%). Low socioeconomic status and illiteracy of mothers were the leading cause of poisoning among children.Conclusion: The study concluded that kerosene oil poisoning was the most common with the age group between (2 – 3) years most commonly involved. Poisoning was the most common in young mothers and in those households having greater than 3 siblings. Literacy rate of mothers correlated significantly with poisoning cases with the highest (58%) poisoning cases in children with intermediate mothers. In most of the cases (75%) poison was within easy reach. This study highlights the fact that ignorance, neglect and carelessness on part of the parents lead to cases of poisoning.Recommendation: Researcher recommends preparing an educational program to educate parents and to introduce them to toxic substances and how it is stored and safe use, and through newspapers and television, which can help reduce cases of poisoning in children.

الهدف: تهدف الدراسة الحالية الى التعرف على حالات التسمم بين الأطفال عند سن اقل من الخمس سنوات ما قبل المدرسة في مدينة الموصل.المنهجية: شملت الدراسة (200) طفل كان منهم الذكور 123والاناث 77 تم نقلهم الى قسم الطوارئ في مستشفى ابن سينا التعليمي في مدينة الموصل للمدة من 1/11/2010 لغاية 30/12/2010.النتائج: أظهرت نتائج الدراسة الحالية إن اكبر نسبة من حوادث التسمم عند الأطفال الذين تتراوح أعمارهم ما بين (2-3) سنة والتي كانت (46%), بينما عند الذكور كانت أكثر من الإناث بنسبة (61.5%). كذلك أظهرت النتائج بان مشتقات النفط كانت أكثر الأنواع شيوعا من غيرها حيث يمثل (38.5%). وان ضعف المستوى الاجتماعي والاقتصادي وانخفاض المستوى التعليمي للأمهات من أهم الأسباب التي ادت إلى تسمم الأطفال في سن اقل من الخمس سنوات.الأستنتاجات: استنتجت الدراسة الى ان التسمم بالنفط (الكيروسين) الأكثر شيوعا من غيرها بين الفئة العمرية (2 – 3) سنوات. كان التسمم عند الامهات الشابات والأسر التي لديها اكثر من 3 اطفال. معدل محو الامية للأمهات يرتبط بشكل كبير مع حالات التسمم والذي سجل (58%) من حالات التسمم عند الأطفال. معظم حالات التسمم (75%) كانت في متناول اليد. هذه الدراسة سلطت الضوء على حقيقة أن الجهل والأهمال والأمبالاة من جانب الوالدين يؤدي الى حالات التسمم.التوصيات: يوصي الباحث بإعداد برنامج تعليمي لتوعية الإباء والأمهات لتعريفهم بالمواد السامة وكيفية تخزينها والاستخدام الآمن لها، وعن طريق الصحف والتلفاز والذي يمكن أن يساعد في تقليل من حالات التسمم عند الأطفال.المفردات: حوادث التسمم, الأطفال.


Article
Epidemiology of Accidental Poisoning in a Sample of Iraqi Children

Author: Rabab Hassan Baaker
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 12-18
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: acute poisoning is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children all over the world. Objectives: to find out the types of acute accidental poisoning (AAP) in children in Baghdad and various host and environmental factors responsible for. Method: one hundred and seventy poisoning cases and hundred controls were enrolled in a case control study done in central pediatrics teaching hospital for the period from 1st of Jan. 1998 to 30th of April 1998. Results: kerosene poisoning was the commonest type (56.4%) followed by drugs (23.5%) then organophosphorus insecticides (11.8%), household products (3.5%). The highest frequency was noticed at 8.00 am-12.00 noon followed by 12.00 noon – 4.00 pm. It has been found that there is no significant relationship between poisoning and sex of child, mother educational level but the followings found to be significant risk factors: age of 1-3 years followed by 3-5 years, urban residence, peak time of poisoning was during mid-morning hours and early afternoon, also order of the child (5th) besides family size (family of 4-7 members), mother's age of above 35 years, not working mother (housewife). Also it showed a relation with recurrence of poisoning in the same child (7.1%) or other sibling in the same family (16.5%) , being at home (86,5%) and use inappropriate method of storing and placing poisonous materials. Conclusion & recommendations: significant risk factors regarding younger age, larger family size, early day time occurrence and recurrence of accidents in the same family, in addition to improper storage places necessitate the need for earlier poison prevention education programs as an integral part of well child visits even before child is mobile


Article
Acute Accidental Poisoning in Children Admitted to Child’s Central Teaching Hospital in Baghdad

Author: Mohammed Habib Abdul-Hamed ,Raed Yeihya Salman, Mohammed Ali Mohammed
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 4 Pages: 506-513
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Poisoning defined as any substance causing a harmful effect when administrated accidently. Acute accidental poisoning is important medical emergency in children worldwide.OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of accidental poisoning in children, the association between accidental poisoning with gender and residence and to determine the clinical presentation and outcome of each poison.METHODS: A prospective study was carried out in Childs Central teaching hospital in Baghdad for all children bellow ten years with history of accidental poisoning during six months period Data including: age, gender, residence, type of poisoning, presenting symptoms, and outcome were studied.RESULTS: Total number of children admitted were 10280 cases, of these 250 cases were presented with history of accidental poisoning, accounting for (2.43%) of total cases admitted. Most of patients (93.2%) were within age group of 1-5years.Males to females ratio was (1.27:1).Most common poison was hydrocarbons(50.8%) followed by medications(31.2%) .Most of patients were from urban backgrounds(78.0%).Vomiting was the most common clinical presentation(28.8%). (80.0%) Patients discharged from emergency reception within 24 hours .The mortality rates were (0.8%) .CONCLUSION: Poisoning in children are well recognized problem and affecting large number of children. The mortality rate was low.

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