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Article
Difficulties in the Empowerment of Iraqi Teachers of English through professional Development Activities.

Authors: Zainab Abbas AL-Sadi --- Inst-Ashwaq Abdel Mehdi AL-Timimy
Journal: Journal of Research Diyala humanity مجلة ديالى للبحوث الانسانية ISSN: 1998104x Year: 2015 Issue: 67 Pages: 1-17
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Completing a Teaching (TesL, TefL) program is the beginning of a life time of professional growth. Teaching is in itself, a continuous growth experience, since one really (learns) something only when asked to explain or teach it to others. Students are often our best teachers and you will learn from new students each term. Professional development is an ongoing process, one that evolves as you assess and reexamine your teaching beliefs and practices .It is self-empowerment and deciding to take the first step is your responsibility and that step is well worth taking . Therefore, this research has been tackled to shed the light on the main difficulties existing in the empowerment of Iraqi teachers of English through professional development activities It also aims at identifying and classifying these difficulties. To fulfill this aim, a sample of 100 teachers of English at the preparatory and intermediate schools in Diyla Governorate are considered to be the subjects of this research. A scaled questionnaire as an instrument of measurement is used in this research to be an investigatory tool. The results of this research proves that the hypothesis of this study which reads that Iraqi teachers of English face difficulties in their empowerment through professional development activities is verified and accepted.


Article
Educational activities and their role in developing the personality of the student from the point of view of the specialists of the school activities at post-basic education in Muscat Governorate
الأنشطة التربوية ودورها في بناء شخصية الطالب

Author: Naser M. Albatashi ناصر بن محمد بن صالح البطاشي
Journal: Al-Fatih journal مجلة الفتح ISSN: 87521996 Year: 2019 Volume: 15 Issue: 77 Pages: 289-325
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

This e research aims at identifying the educational role of the school activities in developing the personality of the student from the point of view of the specialists of school activities at the post-basic schools in Muscat governorate in its four fields (social, cultural, sports and artistic) and its obstacks.The researcher has used the descriptive analytical method. The study tool consisted of two main aspects The educational role of the school activities in developing the personality of the student in the four fields (social, cultural, sports and artistic) and the obstacles that limit the achievement of the school activities for its educational role in developing the student personalityThe sample of the study consisted of 30 specialists of the school activities in the post-basic education schools in the Governorate of Muscat.The study showed a number of results, including:- The social activity plays a role in the development of the student's personality. It contributes to enhancing the self-confidence of the student and contributes to inculcating Islamic values and translating them into real behavior such as honesty, respecting laws, cooperation and others. It also increases students' self-respect and self-esteem as well as ganing respect of Teachers, students and school adminstration.The cultural activity in the development of the personality of the student is developing the cultural awareness of the student and helps them to develop their cognitive abilities and helps them to increase academic achievement and and contribute to the development of the student's language and intellectual fluency and expand their experience in many areas to build their personalities .The sports activity in the development of the personality of the student is helping to take care of the body and contributes to the development of social trends through some collective and individual attitudes and also helps to develop self-confidence and encourage the moral growth of the student and also develops the physical skills that enable them to continue to practice aspects of activity After their graduation .The artistic activity in the development of the personality of the student it helps to develop positive thinking and creativity of the student, and it promotes manual work for them, and develops the technical culture and the ability to taste technical and contributes to the development of a deep sense of the ability of the Creator by thinking and contemplating on his abilities and develop a spirit of cooperation and work Collective .- There are obstacles that limit the achievement of school activities for their educational role in the development of the student personality, including the lack of a suitable place for the practice of school activities and the lack of material incentives given to the distinguished supervisors and participants in school activities' also the parents' mis-understanding of the importance of school activities and neglecting of students production in school activities And praiseing them.The researcher's limits the achievement of school activities recommendations are :- To encourage the free practiec of school ' by creating the necessary factors for the success of its practice and work to prepare and prepare the appropriate place for it.- Work on the renewal and development of school activities to keep abreast of changes and on-going developments to make students practising effectively and convincingly, by highlighting the value and importance in the development of the personality of the student in an integrated and balanced form.- Pay attention to the role played by the student in the implementation of school activities through activating the incentives material and moral for the participants in school activities, especially for the distinguished ones, as well as highlighting and publishing the names of students who have advanced positions in competitions so as to encourage the rest of the students to participate in school activities .The importance of the role of the family in activating school activities through raising awareness among parents of their importance in developing the personalities of their children, and inviting them to attend activities and activities of the school activities and encourage them to participate as an incentive for their children.

الأنشطة التربوية ودورها في تنمية شخصية الطالب من وجهة نظر أخصائي الأنشطة المدرسية بمدارس التعليم ما بعد الأساسي بمحافظة مسقطهدف البحث الى التعرف على الدور التربوي للأنشطة المدرسية في تنمية شخصية الطالب من وجهة نظر أخصائي الأنشطة المدرسية بمدارس التعليم ما بعد الأساسي بمحافظة مسقط بمجالاته الأربعة ( الاجتماعي والثقافي والرياضي والفني )، ومعوقاته واستخدم الباحث المنهج الوصفي التحليلي ، وتمثلت أداة الدراسة في استبانة تكونت من محورين أساسيين وهما : الدور التربوي للأنشطة المدرسية في تنمية شخصية الطالب وذلك في مجالاتها الأربعة ( الاجتماعي والثقافي والرياضي والفني ) و المعوقات التي تحد من تحقيق الأنشطة المدرسية لدورها التربوي في تنمية شخصية الطالب. وتكونت عينة الدراسة من جميع أخصائي الأنشطة المدرسية بمدارس التعليم ما بعد الأساسي بمحافظة مسقط وعددهم (30) أخصائي وأخصائية نشاط مدرسي .وأظهرت الدراسة عددا من النتائج منها :-أن للنشاط الاجتماعي دور في تنمية شخصية الطالب فهو يساهم في تعزيز الثقة بالنفس لدى الطالب ويساهم في غرس القيم الإسلامية وترجمتها إلى سلوك واقعي مثل : الصدق ، الأمانة ، النظام ، التعاون وغيرها ...كما أنه يزيد من احترام الطلاب لذاتهم وثقتهم بأنفسهم وتكسبهم احترام المعلمين والطلاب وإدارة المدرسة.-أن للنشاط الثقافي في تنمية شخصية الطالب فهو ينمي الوعي الثقافي لدى الطالب ويساعدهم على تنمية قدراتهم المعرفية كما يعينهم على زيادة التحصيل الدراسي والتفوق والنجاح ويساهم في تنمية قدرات الطالب اللغوية والطلاقة الفكرية وتوسيع خبراتهم في مجالات عديدة لبناء شخصياتهم . -أن للنشاط الرياضي في تنمية شخصية الطالب فهو يساعد على الاعتناء بالجسم كما يساهم في تنمية الاتجاهات الاجتماعية السليمة عن طريق بعض المواقف الجماعية والفردية وتساعد أيضا في تنمية الثقة بالنفس وتشجيع النمو الخلقي للطالب كما يعمل على تنمية المهارات الجسمية التي تمكنهم من الاستمرار في ممارسة أوجه النشاط البدني بعد تخرجهم . -أن للنشاط الفني في تنمية شخصية الطالب فهو يساعد على تنمية التفكير الايجابي والإبداع لدى الطالب ، كما أنه يعزز العمل اليدوي لديهم ، وينمي الثقافة الفنية والقدرة على التذوق الفني كما يساهم في تنمية الاحساس العميق بقدرة الخالق عن طريق التفكير والتأمل في قدراته وتنمية روح التعاون والعمل الجماعي-أن هناك معوقات تحد من تحقيق الأنشطة المدرسية لدورها التربوي في تنمية شخصية الطالب ومنها عدم وجود المكان المناسب لممارسة الأنشطة المدرسية وقلة الحوافز المادية التي تعطى للمتميزين من المشرفين والمشاركين في الأنشطة المدرسية وسوء فهم أولياء الأمور لأهمية الأنشطة المدرسية وإهمال انتاج الطلاب في الانشطة المدرسية وعدم ابرازه والإشادة به .وبعد ذلك أوصى الباحث بعدة توصيات منها : -العمل على تشجيع الممارسة الحرة للأنشطة المدرسية من خلال تهيئة العوامل اللازمة لإنجاح ممارستها والعمل على تجهيز وتهيئة المكان المناسب لذلك .-العمل على تجديد وتطوير الأنشطة المدرسية بحيث تواكب التغيرات والتطورات المستمرة فيقبل الطلاب على ممارستها بشكل فعال وعن قناعة وذلك من خلال ابراز قيمتها وأهميتها في تنمية شخصية الطالب بشكل متكامل ومتوازن .-الاهتمام بالدور الذي يقوم به الطالب في تنفيذ الأنشطة المدرسية وذلك من خلال ضرورة تفعيل الحوافز المادية والمعنوية وتقديمها للمشاركين في الأنشطة المدرسية وخاصة للمتميزين منهم ، وكذلك ابراز ونشر أسماء الطلاب الحاصلين على مراكز متقدمة في المسابقات حتى يكون ذلك تشجيعا لباقي الطلاب للاشتراك في الانشطة المدرسية .-أهمية دور الأسرة في تفعيل الأنشطة المدرسية من خلال توعية أولياء الأمور بأهميتها في تنمية شخصيات أبنائهم ، ودعوتهم لحضور فعاليات ومناشط الأنشطة المدرسية وتشجيعهم للمشاركة فيها ليكون حافزا لأبنائهم .


Article
Assessment of some liver enzyme activities in healthy Iraqi racing Horses
تقييم فعاليات بعض إنزيمات الكبد في خيول السباق العراقية السوية

Author: AL-Hadithy H. AH حارث عبد الهادي الحديثي
Journal: The Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Medicine المجلة الطبية البيطرية العراقية ISSN: 16095693 Year: 2011 Volume: 35 Issue: 1 Pages: 76-80
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The current study was conducted for the measurement of normal range and mean value of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) , aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in (125) clinically normal Iraqi racing horses (males and females , Arabian and Crossbred) , aged 2 – 8 years ; < 4 , 4 and > 4 age groups . The results revealed that the range and the mean value ± SEM of these enzymes were as follows ; serum ALT 2 – 28 U/L and 11.07 ± 0.62 U/L, serum AST 30 – 210 U/L and 78.00 ± 3.62 U/L and serum ALP 63 – 204 IU/L and 96.84 ± 2.52 IU/L respectively .However, significant difference (P < 0.05) in serum ALT was recorded between Arabian and Crossbred , while serum AST values showed a significant differences (P < 0.05) between males and females , as well as between less and more than four years age groups .On the other hand , there was no significant difference in serum ALP values between the studied groups .In conclusion , this study recorded and established the normal range reference values and mean ± SEM of serum liver enzymes ALT , AST and ALP in clinically healthy Iraqi racing horses .

اجريت هذه الدراسة على (125) جواد سباق سوية سريرياً (ذكور واناث ، عربية ومضربة) تراوحت اعمارها بين 8 - 2 سنوات في مجاميع عمرية < 4 ، 4 و 4 > .اشتملت الفحوصات على قياس ALP , AST , ALT في المصل لتحديد المديات الطبيعية ومتوسط القيم في خيول السباق السوية . اظهرت الدراسة الحالية ان المديات والمعدلات مع الخطأ القياسي لهذه الانزيمات كما يلي ALT U/L 28 – 2 و U/L 0.62 ± 11.07 ، AST U/L 210 – 30 و U/L 3.62 ± 78.00 و IU/L 204 – 63 ALP و IU/L 2.52 ± 96.84 على التوالي . تظهر الدراسة وجود فرق معنوي عند مستوى (P < 0.05) في قيم ALT بين الخيول العربية والمضربة ، بينما تشير النتائج ان قيم AST لها فرق معنوي عند مستوى (P < 0.05) بين الذكور والاناث بالاضافة الى المجاميع الاكثر والاقل من اربعة سنوات عمراً. ومن جهة اخرى لوحظ عدم وجود فروق معنوية بين قيم ALP المسجلة للمجاميع المختلفة . ثبتت هذه الدراسة قيم المديات الطبيعية والمعدلات ± الخطأ القياسي لانزيمات الكبد AST , ALT و ALP في مصل خيول السباق العراقية السوية سريرياً .


Article
A comparison of the effects of valsartan and captopril monotherapy on hepatic enzymes activities

Author: Ashraf H. Ahmed اشرف هاشم احمد
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2006 Volume: 32 Issue: 1&2 Pages: 63-66
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Objective: This study was conducted to assess the effect of valsartan and captopril, each as monotherapy in hypertensive patients, on hepatic enzymes activities including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP).
Patients and methods: Thirty nine hypertensive patients were included in the study, 20 of them using captopril and 19 using valsartan. Serum ALT, AST, and ALP activities were measured before and after 2 months of starting treatment.
Results: Patients on captopril showed significantly increased mean level of ALT and AST (P<0.001),( although still within normal limits) while mean ALP levels showed no significant difference. In the valsartan group, mean ALT, AST and ALP values showed insignificant differences.
Conclusion: In hypertensive patients with liver disease, valsartan may be more suitable than captopril for the potential influence of the latter on serum transaminase levels.

Keywords: captopril, valsartan, hepatic enzymes activities.


Article
EFFECT OF THE STORAGE ON THE AVTIVITIES OF THE ENZYMES CREATINE KINASE AND LACTATE DEHYDROGENASE IN SERUM AND BLOOD
تأثير الخزن على فعاليه انزيم الكرياتنين كاينيز ولاكتيت ديهايروجنيز في الدم ومصل الدم

Author: Entessar Abdul-Lateef انتصار عبداللطيف
Journal: Thi-Qar Medical Journal مجلة ذي قار الطبية ISSN: 19929218 Year: 2011 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 127-132
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:Objective:This study was carried out to investigate the effect of storage on the activities of the enzymes creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH).For this purpose we measured the levels of CK and LDH activities in the blood and serum samples ,stored at 4C° ,during 0 time, and 24 hour.Method:Total of 51 subjects (32 males and 19 females),mean age was 20 years (range:18-22years) were selected for the study. They were non-smoker, apparently ,healthy persons, their weights within normal range, and they had no family history of diseases and no drug had been taken in last week. Blood samples were collected after an average fasting for 12 hours, and the level of the enzymes creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) were determined immediately (i.e the zero time) and then later after 24 hours .All samples were stored at 4C°.Results:In serum sample and during 24 hours of storage ,at 4C° the levels of the CK and LDH enzymes approximately remained constant. In plasma, analysis was made immediately after blood collection and after 24 hours . ASignificant increased in the levels of CK and LDH enzymes activities .Conclusion:Based on these results, we can conclude that a contact between blood cells and plasma stored at 4C° for an overnight ,my produce changes in the activities of CK and LDH enzymes.

الملخص لغرض فحص احتمالية خزن نموذج الدم او مصل الدم من ان يسبب تغيرا" في فعالية بعض الانزيمات, تم قياس مستوى فعالية انزيم CK و انزيم LDH في نموذج الدم ومصل الدم خلال فترة خزن لمدة 24 ساعة , تم اختيار 51 شخصا" (32 من الذكور و 19 من الاناث) معدل اعمارهم 20 سنة (تتراوح من 18 الى 22 سنة)0 كانوا من غير المدخنين والذين هم ظاهريا" اصحاء وان معدل اوزانهم ضمن الحدود الطبيعية والذين لا يعانون من مشاكل صحية ومن غير المتعاطين للادوية خلال الاسبوع الماضي من الدراسة, وقد تم قياس مستوى فعالية انزيم CK وانزيم LDH لهم في الاوقات صفر, 24 ساعة , لم يؤثر الخزن على مستوى فعالية الانزيمات وبقيت تقريبا" ثابتة. اما في نموذج من بلازما الدم فان تاثير الخزن لمدة 24 ساعة قد سبب ارتفاعا" معنويا بمستوى فعالية الانزيمات عندما حفظ نموذج الدم بدرجة 4 درجة مئوية لمدة 24 ساعة. واستنادا" لهذه النتائج نوصي بضرورة فصل مصل الدم عن كريات الدم الحمراء لان بقاء كريات الدم الحمراء لمدة 24 ساعة دون فصلها يؤدي الى حدوث تغير بمستوى فعالية بعض الانزيمات.


Article
Study of Charasteristics of Inorganic Pyrophosphatase Activity in Marshland, South of Iraq

Author: A. M. S. Al-AnsariM. A. AbdulkareemS. J. Khadem
Journal: Marsh Bulletin مجلة الاهوار ISSN: 18169848 Year: 2007 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Marsh land (south of Iraq) is of great interest at present time, therefore studying some of microbial properties, including enzyme activities, can be useful as indicator of soil quality of this area. Hence, this study was carried out to compare inorganic pyrophosphatase (EC 3. 6. 1. 1) activity in this soil with their counterparts of other soils of south Iraq (Al–Zubair and Abul–Khsib soils). Results indicated that inorganic pyrophosphatase activity at all substrate concentrations in marsh land soil was higher than those of Al–Zubair soil, but lower than those of Abul–Khasib soil. Expressed as PO4-3 – P released per gram soil per 5 hrs, the average Vmax values were 21.93, 37.23, and 33.33 while average Km values were 19.82, 18.26 and 29.77 for Al–Zubair, Abul–Khasib and marsh land soils, respectively. The results also revealed that the threshold of salinity negative effect on inorganic pyrophosphatase activity varies according to initial E.C. of soils (6 and 12 dS.m-1 for Abul–Khasib andmarsh land soils, respectively).


Article
Assessment of the Biological Activities of Calendula officials Extracts
تقيم الفعالية البايولوجية لمستخلص زهرة الاقحوان

Authors: Hiba H. Ibrahim --- Alaa S. Shubrem --- Wasnaa J. Mohamad
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2013 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 10-13
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract: Objective: To assess two kinds of extraction (aqueous and methanolic) for Calendula officials using flowers, leaves and stems and studying their antibacterial activity against five different bacteria.Methodology: Calendula officials were selected to carry out this study. Flowers, leaves and stems were collected from local markets in Baghdad then dried in shade for 7 days and grinded to fine powder. Aqueous hot extracts for 2hr. at (100c˚) and alcoholic extracts for 48 hrs at (80c˚) were performed using flowers, leaves and stems then studied antibacterial effect against five different bacterial genuses by using well diffusion technique.Results: This study showed that hot aqueous extracts for 2hr. to all parts of Calendula officials indicated no antibacterial activity. While, methanolic extracts of flowers, leaves and stems for 48hrs had antibacterial activity and the highest values for inhibition zone shown in staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.Recommendations: The present study has been suggested to use Calendula officials flowers extract as alternative medical therapy for microorganisms which may resist conventional treatment. This study is a first step for another future studies. It is necessary to use various extraction methods to give active materials with high percentage, although different organic solvents to be used with Calendula officials plant to obtain extracts used for testing different kinds of microorganisms which have highly resistance to conventional treatment.

المستخلص:الهدف: يهدف البحث الى تقييم نوعين من الاستخلاص المائي والكحولي لنبات زهرة الاقحوان باستخدام الزهور و الاوراق ودراسة الفعالية المضادة للبكتريا لهذه المستخلصات باختبار خمسة انواع من البكتريا.المنهجية:تم اختيار نبات زهرة الاقحوان لاجراء هذه الدراسة حيث جمعت الزهور, الاوراق والسيقان من الاسواق المحلية في بغداد وجففت في الظل لمدة 7 أيام ثم طحنت الى مسحوق ناعم وتم تحضير مستخلص مائي حار لفترة ساعتين عند درجة حرارةc˚)100)لزهور,سيقان واوراق زهرة الاقحوان ,كما تم اجراء استخلاص كحولي لفترة 48 ساعة عند درجة حرارة (c˚ 80) لزهور, سيقان واوراق النبات وتم دراسة فعالية هذه المستخلصات كمادة مضادة للبكتريا على خمسة انواع من البكتيريا المعزولة.النتائج:من خلال هذه الدراسة تم التوصل الى نتائج تفيد ان المستخلص المائي الحار لمدة ساعتين لنبات زهرة الاقحوان ليس له أي تأثير ضد مايكروبي بينما المستخلص الكحولي لفترة 48 ساعة لنبات زهرة الاقحوان اعطى تاثير مضاد لكل انواع البكتريا المستخدمة, كما اظهرت النتائج ان هذا المستخلص له تاثير واضح كمضاد للبكتريا ولوحظ اعلى قيمة لمنطقة التثبيط عند 1نوعي بكتريا Escherichia coli و Staphylococcus aureusالتوصيات: اقترحت هذه الدراسة ضرورة اعتماد مستخلص نبات زهرة الاقحوان كعلاج بديل مضاد لانواع من البكتريا التي تظهر مقاومة للعلاج التقليدي. تعد هذه الدراسة خطوة اولية لدراسات لاحقة لذا من الضروري استخدام طرق استخلاص اخرى ممكن ان تستخلص المادة الفعالة بنسبة اكثر فضلا عن الاستعانة بمذيبات عضوية مختلفة وتطبيق المستخلصات ضد انواع بكتيريا اخرى ذات مقاومة عالية للعلاج التقيدي.


Article
TOXICITY AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF 6-CHLORO-2,4-DIAMINO- PYRIMIDINE

Author: Wasfi A. Al-Masoudi * , Adel M. H. Al-Zobidy * , Rana A. Faaz
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 105-111
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

In recent years, pyrazole and pyrimidine derivatives attracted organic chemists due to their widespread potential biological and chemotherapeutic activities. In this study, pyrimidine derivative namely 6-Chloro-2,4-diamino pyrimidine was screened for antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Bacillus cerius, Streptococcus spp, Klebsella- spp and salmonella spp and fungicidal activity against Aspergillus multi, Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans. A compound exhibited low antibacterial and antifungal activity with the reference standardStreptomycin, Vancomycin and Nystatin respectively. The toxicity of the compound was also assayed via the determination of their LD50value by using Dixon,s up and down method (1980). Studied compound was found to have an LD50 of 518.6 mg / kg of body weight.


Article
Most Association between lifelong daily activities and knee and hip osteoarthritis in a group of people attending Rizgary Teaching Hospital in Erbil city
العلاقة بين الأنشطة اليومية مدى الحياة والتهاب المفاصل في الركبة والورك في مجموعة من الأشخاص الذين يراجعون مستشفى رزكاري التعليمي في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Niaz Jawad Al. Barzingy --- Dashty A. Al-Bustany --- Avin Mohammed Arif Maroof
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 1 Pages: 1147-1152
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Wear and tear of joint cartilage is regarded as one of the main causes of osteoarthritis hence recurrent minor traumas due to some of lifelong daily activities can correlate with the development of osteoarthritis especially in weight bearing large joints. This study was designed to evaluate the association between 10 specified lifelong daily activities with knee and hip osteoarthritis. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the outpatient clinic of Rizgary Teaching Hospital over a period of six months starting from November 2009. The study sample constituted 101 subjects with knee and/or hip osteoarthritis and 100 subjects of normal joints. Subjects fulfilling the inclusion criteria underwent clinical evaluation and radiology of their knee and hip joints. Differences between comparable subdivisions of the studied subjects in relation to the duration of each of the 10 specified lifelong daily activities was tested by the Chi-square test concerning the association of each daily activity with knee and hip osteoarthritis. Results: Five of the 10 specified lifelong daily activities showed association with knee osteoarthritis, and these were; squatting, sitting on the floor, knee bending and crossed leg sitting postures, cycling, and less time sitting on chair or sofa. The same applied for osteoarthritis of hip except for cycling. Conclusion: Lifestyle has an important role in the pathogenesis of knee and hip osteoarthritis.

Keywords

Daily Activities --- Hip --- Knee --- OA


Article
Bioactivity of Curcumin Extract Against of Some Pathogenic Strains

Author: Hamdan Abood Aday
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2011 Volume: 29 Issue: 10 Pages: 2087-2092
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Dried powder was extracted with ethanol. Crude ethanolic extract of Curcmin was tested against number of microorganisms (gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus), and gram negative bacteria (E. coli, Pseudomonas, and Klebsiella)) . The antibacterial activity of the extract was evaluated against bacteria using disc diffusion method. Results were compared to commercial antibiotics, penicillin. The ethanolic extract showed a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity and the Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most sensitive bacteria. Further studies on the isolation and characterization of the Curcumin andits antibacterial properties in progress.

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