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Article
Practice and Economics of Freshwater Prawn Farming in Seasonally Saline Rice Field in Bangladesh.

Authors: S.S. Islam --- M.A. Rahman --- A.F.Md. Hasanuzzaman
Journal: Mesopotamian Journal of Marine Science مجلة وادي الرافدين لعلوم البحار ISSN: 18152058 Year: 2011 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 69-78
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Abstract - This paper evaluates the production pattern and economics of freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) farming in seasonally saline rice fields in Bangladesh. The reconnaissance survey was conducted on 30 rice-prawn ghers (RPG) in south-west region of Bangladesh. The farmers were found to use their rice fields for farming prawn and rice (aman) concurrently from April/May to January, and for only rice (boro) from January to April. In the RPG farming system, farmers use rain water during wet season, and underground water with salinity of 1-5 ‰ during dry season. The average production of prawn, aman, and boro was recorded as 439.79±90.46, 3155.48±397.33, 4778.54±389.37 kg/ha/yr, respectively. The economic analysis show potentially good return, and the net return and benefit-cost ratio were US$ 1078.35 and 1.25, respectively. The payback period was determined as 9.37 years. The study implies that the culture of prawn in seasonally saline paddy field is economically viable.


Article
Electrophysiological evaluation of Guillain–Barre syndrome subtypes in childhood

Authors: Lamees M. Hussein لميس منصور --- Safaa H. Ali صفاء حسين علي --- Najeeb H. Mohammed نجيب حسن محمد
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 / 24108057 Year: 2017 Volume: 59 Issue: 1 Pages: 60-64
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is the most common cause of acute motor paralysis in children where most of electrophysiological findings reveal demyelinating neuropathy. However, an axonal form of Guillain-Barre syndrome had been reported too.Objectives: Assess the role of neurophysiological study (EMG and NCS) in the diagnosis of Guillain-Barre syndrome subtypes in children and estimate the frequency of subtypes whether demyelinating or axonal form of Guillain-Barre syndrome.Subjects and methods: Two study groups of either sex was involved, thirty (30) Guillain-Barre patients with different ages and thirty(30) normal healthy subjects matched for age and gender served as control group. Each subject submitted to sensory and motor nerve conduction study (NCS) and electromyography (EMG) of both upper and lower limbs.Results:The results of this study revealed that 24 (80%), 5 (16.7%), 1 (3.3%) had Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, Acute motor axonal neuropathy and Acute motor sensory axonal neuropathy respectively. The most affected age group was (3-6) years, and the majority of patients had a preceding infection in the past 3 months. Furthermore, 29 patients out of 30 had lost deep tendon reflexes and the H-reflex was absent in 22 (73.3%), however, the F-wave was absent in lower limbs more than upper limbs (46.6%) and (26.6%) respectively. The distal motor latency was abnormal in 121 (82.3%) nerves out of 147 total examined nerves.Conclusion:Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) is the most frequent subtype of GBS, the change in sensory and motor NCS parameters was higher in lower limbs than upper limbs. Proximal segments are more vulnerable to demyelination rather than intermediate or distal nerve segments.Keywords: GBS (guillain – barre syndrome), NCS (nerve conduction study), AIDP (acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy), AMAN (acute motor axonal neuropathy), AMSAN (acute motor sensory axonal neuropathy).


Article
نبات الآس في المصادر المسماريـة(اسمه، زيته واستخداماته)

Author: أ. د. نواله احمد المتولي
Journal: Athar alrafedain آثار الرافدين ISSN: 2304103X Year: 2013 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 65-80
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Axis search is a plant Myrtle, one of the oilseed aromatic plant, old even at the present time, one of the plants that were planted all over the ancient Near East and Mediterranean and Middle East regions, and called by different names, which usually grows in wet areas, and plant myrtle evergreen shrub, aromatic scent oasisMyrtle, had been mentioned in the Sumerian and Akkadian Cuneiform Texts, especially, the Lexical, Economic and Literary Texts, from different eras and more than a label Sumerian, however, in texts, Akkadian Word (Œaman asi) a label Arab itself, moreover the Ancient Iraqis knew the myrtle oil extraction, and they used it in medicine, religious beliefs, social purposes and for torch and decorate spaces in homes, gardens and other some of which are still known and used to this day.

محور البحث هو نبات الآس الذي يعد من النباتات الزيتية العطرية، قديماً وحتى الوقت الحاضر، وهو من النباتات التي زرعت في جميع أنحاء الشرق الأدنى القديم ومناطق البحر الأبيض المتوسط، وسمي بأسماء مختلفة، وهو ينمو عادة في المناطق الرطبة، ونبات الآس شجيرة دائمة الخضرة، لها رائحة عطرية فواحة. ورد ذكر نبات الآس في الكتابات المسمارية، ومنها النصوص الاقتصادية والمعجمية والأدبية، من عصور مختلفة وبأكثر من تسمية سومرية، إلا انه في النصوص الاكدية ورد بصيغة واحـدة (aman asi) وهي التسمية العربية ذاتها، كما عرف العراقيون القدماء استخلاص زيت الآس، ولنبات الآس قديماً وحديثاً استخدامات في الطب والمعتقدات الدينية والاجتماعية ولأغراض الشعل وتزيين المساحات في البيوت والحدائق وغيرها ولا يزال البعض منها معروفاً ومستخدماً حتى يومنا هذا.

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