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Article
Association of some Viral infectionsand asthma: serological evidence

Authors: Tara shaker Al-charmwindi --- Nidal Albdul-Muhaimen --- Shehab Ahmed lafi
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 5-12
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: It is well known that mycotic antigens have an important role in atopy and the induction of asthma. Now one of the important subjects is the relation between respiratory bacterial and viral infections in the inflammatory reactions accompanied with bronchial asthma viruses Bacteria or their metabolites act as trigger for asthma or increase it's intensity .
Objectives: To show the relation between asthma and some viral infections serologically.
Methods: Direct ELISA test was employed to detect lgG specific for Respiratory Syncytial virus (Rsv) parainfluenza virus type (p13) and influenza virus in sera of (100) asthmatic patients of two age groups. (10-17) and(18-50) years old. Serum samples from(32) intact control individuals of the same age groups were also investigated.
Results: significant mean values of lgG specific for parainfluenza type-3 and Respiratory Syncytial viruse were found incontrast to normal control individuals. Non significant values of lgG specific for influenza virus were detected in asthmatics in contrast to control normal individuals.
Conclusion: Respiratory Syncytial virus appears to be a prominent cause of concomitant infections in asthmatic children and some adults as well as parainfluenza virus type-3 within age group ( 10-17) years old asthmatics so RSV and p1-3 viruses may be contributers to asthma severity in asthmatic patients.
Keywords: Asthma, Infection and asthma, Virus and asthma.


Article
Gingival recession, gingival bleeding and dental calculus in Iraqi adults and the gingival recession correlation with periodontal disease break down.

Author: Maha A. Abdul Aziz مها عبد العزيز
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 76-80
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This cross sectional study describes the prevalence of gingival recession, gingival bleeding and dental calculus in Iraqi adults covering the age range from 20-70yrs, and to evaluate the relation between gingival recession and periodontal break down use furcation involvement and tooth mobility as explanatory variables for periodontal diseases.Materials and Methods: The study groups consist of 132 subjects (72 males and 60 females) who attended the college of Dentistry for routine dental treatment, gingival recession , gingival bleeding and dental calculus were assessed at all teeth excluding the third molar.Results: There was an abundant amount of calculus in the lower arch in males especially because of smoking and this long standing calculus has a highly significant correlation coefficient with gingival recession and gingival bleeding. Gingival inflammation also is a common finding especially in males which is may be due to heavy amount of calculus and smoking where there was a highly significant correlation coefficient between gingival bleeding and smoking. It was also clear that females showed less gingival recession than males and that gingival recession tends to increase with age and it is more often on the lower anterior teeth due to calculus also there was a highly significant correlation coefficient between gingival recession and gingival bleeding, on the other hand a highly significant correlation was found between gingival recession and periodontal breakdown.Conclusion: Gingival recession, gingival bleeding and dental calculus are common in Iraqi adults. Gingival recession also is associated with destructive periodontal diseases.


Article
Detect the level of expression of Cluster Differentiation (CD) marker (CD13 and CD33) in acute myeloid leukamia Iraqi patients
كشف مستوى التعبير عن كتلة التمايز (CD) علامة (CD13 CD33 و) في سرطان الدم النخاعي الحاد المرضى العراقيين

Authors: G.M-A.wadai G.M-A.wadai --- T.A-A. Hussain T.A-A. Hussain --- M.J. Hussain M.J. Hussain
Journal: Al-Kufa University Journal for Biology مجلة جامعة الكوفة لعلوم الحياة ISSN: 20738854 23116544 Year: 2016 Issue: Special Second International Scientific Conference for the Life Sciences Pages: 113-116
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The present study shedding light on the expression of Cluster Differentiation (CD) marker (CD13 and CD33) among AML subtypes.The expression of (CD13 and CD33) was investi-gated in (33) biopsy of Iraqi patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) (18 males and 15 females) from the Hematology Clinic department in the teaching hospitals of Baghdad during the period from May 2011 to May 2012 .The tissue sections were analyzed immunohistochemically (IHC) to detection the Expression of CD13 and CD33, Our study showed a high positive immunohistochemical expression of bone marrow tissues for CD13and CD33. The investigation on the percentage of this immunological parameters for patients with AML showed a significant rise (P<0.01) to this parameter levels between groups of patients.

وكانت هذه الدراسة تسليط الضوء على التعبير عن كتلة التمايز (CD) علامة (CD13 CD33 و) بين مكافحة غسل الأموال subtypes.The تعبير عن (CD13 CD33 و) investi بوابات في (33) خزعة من المرضى العراقيين مع النخاعي الحاد سرطان الدم (AML () وقد تم تحليل 18 من الذكور و 15 من الإناث) من قسم أمراض الدم عيادة في المستشفيات التعليمية في بغداد خلال الفترة من مايو 2011 إلى مايو 2012 أقسام الأنسجة. وimmunohistochemically (IHC) لكشف والتعبير عن CD13 و CD33، أظهرت دراستنا ارتفاع التعبير المناعى الإيجابي للأنسجة نخاع العظم لCD13and CD33. وأظهر التحقيق على نسبة من هذه المعايير المناعية للمرضى الذين يعانون مكافحة غسل الأموال وارتفاع معنوي (P <0.01) في هذه المستويات المعلمة بين مجموعات من المرضى.


Article
Evaluation of Rapid Chromatographic Immunoassay with Latex Agglutination Test and (ELISA) for Diagnosis of Human Toxoplasmosis

Authors: Abid Al-Razaq H.Ahmed --- Haider f. Ghazi --- jabbar S. Hassan
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 4 Pages: 468-474
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: there are different procedures for the diagnosis of females suspected with toxoplasmosis. However, time, cost, and accuracy of the test should meet patient’s needs.Material and methods: one hundred and eleven female with suspected toxoplasmosis were under go three different procedures for the diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection. Latex agglutination test, rapid chromatographic (immunoblot) and ELISA test were done for all patients. The results were described as frequency and percentage of positivity; also, specificity and sensitivity of immunoblot were assessed according to the result of other tests.Results: The Latex test has shown 80% and 61.54% sensitivity and specificity respectively with IgG measured by ELISA while it has shown 100% sensitivity and specificity with IgM measured by ELISA. IgM immunoblot give a relatively higher sensitivity and specificity (95% and 98.89%) respectively than IgG immunoblot (88% and 89.29%) made with IgM and IgG ELISA respectively. Conclusion: Rapid chromatographic test considered as a good test for detection of IgG and IgM anti Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in both acute and chronic Toxoplasmosis.


Article
Incidence of Seasonal Diarrhea among Children at Child's Central Hospital

Author: Layla F. Abu- Ragheef
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2007 Volume: 20 Issue: 1,2 Pages: 1-9
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

AbstractObjective: Diarrhea is a symptom of a variety of conditions may attack the child. It considered one ofmam causes of mortality rates especially in low socio- economic level countries. The child can beeasily got dehydration and pass from loss of too much body fluid and due to the Common thoueht ofincreasing the incidence of diarrhea during summer season, this study is done to find out the relationbetween the high incidences rate of diarrhea and weather variationMethodology: This survey conducted in AL- Markazi Child's Teaching Hospital for the year 2005 thedata were gathered from hospital records for the period (January - December) and age groupstaxonomy used by hospital applied. Descriptive statistical analysis and diagrams usedResults: The analysis revealed that the incidence of diarrhea happens all around the year and for thewhole age groups. Summer results pointed out high ratio in relation to the results of spring winter andautumn seasons. Also more incidence seen among the age group (<2 months- one year) then the aeegroup (<5 years) held the second rank in getting diarrhea.Recommendations: The study recommended after analysis of data statistically, orientation aboutdanger of diarrhea very necessary to whole society by different means especially the parents and issuefirm legislation to keep the environment as much as it should be free from outbreak of diarrhea.

Keywords

Diarrhea --- child --- and season


Article
Factors and Principles of Foreign Language Learning

Author: Nizar Hussein Wali
Journal: Al-Fatih journal مجلة الفتح ISSN: 87521996 Year: 2005 Volume: 1 Issue: 24 Pages: 243-251
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

The art of language teaching is a highly skilled activity which needs a lot of attention to achieve success and get good results .There is an interest throughout the world concerning foreign language study . Many conferences are held every year in different places studying the fundamental aspects for improving teaching process . Language teaching is an activity which is done by the teacher in his interaction with his pupils in the classroom . Class management is a matter of how teachers work to make conditions suitable for different learning activities . The absence of class management will lead to many problems and frustrations facing teachers in the classroom . There are various factors and principles of class management and language learning at the primary stage . Each one of these factors and principles has an impartment role in the process of language learning. These factors and principles can be divided as follows :- 1- Human factors .2- Non-Human factors .3- The psychological principles, and 4- The educational principles . This paper will discuss in detail all these aspects to provide useful information to those who work in the field of language learning and teaching


Article
Honorifics in Arabic and English

Author: Enas Naji Kadim
Journal: Univesity of Thi-Qar Journal مجلة جامعة ذي قار العلمية ISSN: 66291818 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-7
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

Keywords

in Arabic and --- English


Article
Comparison of MINQUE and Simple estimator in general Gauss -Markov Model

Author: Nadia Abud Habeeb AL-Mousaway
Journal: Journal of Education for Pure Science مجلة التربية للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 20736592 Year: 2012 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 24-32
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

This paper considers acomparison of MINQUE with simple estimator of in the general Gauss-Markov model under the special entropy loss function criterion where the design matrix X need not to have full rank and the dispersion matrix V can be singular A is considered . It is interesting to show that MINQUE is superior to simple estimator OLSE


Article
PERICARDIAL DISEASES SIX YEARS CLINICAL AND ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC STUDY

Author: ASSISTANT PROFESSOR,DR H A ALCHALABI
Journal: KUFA MEDICAL JOURNAL مجلة الكوفة الطبية ISSN: 1993517X Year: 2008 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 177-184
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The pericardium is a fibroserous sac that surrounds the heart and great vessels and contain small amount of serous fluid, it has three vital functions but removal of the pericardium is still compatible with life.Diseases of the pericardium are considered to be rare in cardiology practice and estimated to reach to 2% among cardiac diseases, and higher incidence was found among postmortem cases of 3.4%.Investigations for cases with pericardial disease are rather many and in particular Echocardiography is quite valuable in confirmation of the presence of the disease and to study underlying cardiac status.This study was carried out in Basra General Hospital- Cardiac unit over a period of six years to study the incidence and the types of pericardial diseases among cases studied by echocardiography.The number of cases studied was 7890 over the study period of six years out of which there was 121 cases with pericardial involvement proved by echo study (1.6 %).The cases with pericardial diseases were studied in detail for the etiological diagnosis and that include careful search in each case and the result was 108 (89%) cases with pericardial effusion; out of which malignancy, tuberculosis, and viral pericarditis are the leading causes, and 13 cases with other pericardial pathology.

غشاء التامور عباره عن غلاف ليفي لزج يحيط القلب والاوعيه الدمويه الكبيره ويحتوي على كميه قليله من السائل اللزج ويعمل التامور على الحفاظ على القلب ولكن ازالته لاسباب طبيه لايتعارض كثيرآ مع عمل القلب.أمراض غشاء التامور نادرة الحدوث وتشكل حوالي 2% من امراض القلب في كثير من الدراسات ولكن نسبه أعلى (3.4%) تكتشف عند اجراء التشريح العدلي.الفحوصات اللتي تجرى لتشخيص امراض التامور كثيره ومتعدده واصبح فحص القلب بالموجات الصوتيه من اهم هذه الفحوص واوسعها استعمالآ لسهولته وتوفره في اغلب المراكز القلبيه.هذه الدراسه اجريت في مستشفى البصره العام – وحدة امراض القلب وتعتمد على فحص القلب بالموجات الصوتيه وكانت العينه جميع المرضى الذين اجري لهم الفحص بالموجات الصوتيه ولمدة الست سنوات السابقه.كان عدد المرضى المفحوصين خلال السنوات الست هو 7890 حاله وكان عدد المصابين بامراض التامور هو 121 حاله وهذا يشكل نسبة (1,6 %) من عدد المرضى عامة.تم دراسة ومتابعة الحالات المرضيه للتامور وذالك بمتابة الحالات ودراسة الملفات الطبيه بتمعن للتوصل الى الحاله المرضيه المسببه للاصابه في كل حاله .كان هناك 108 حاله لأستسقاء التامور و 13 حاله للأسباب الأخرى, بين حالات الأستسقاء كان المرض السرطاني هو الأكثر سببآ يليه التدرن ومن ثم الألتهابات الفيروسيه.


Article
ADDICTION AND ANAESTHESIA

Authors: Salam N Asfar --- Nawfal A Mobark --- Jasim M Salman
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2005 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 73-82
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Significant numbers of patients are seen for surgery and anesthesia with a history of chronic substance abuse. However, little is known about how these substances influences anesthetic physiology and pharmacology.Abuse of substances may involve a socially acceptable drug (e.g., alcohol, tobacco), a medically prescribed drug (e.g., diazepam), or an illegal substance (e.g., cocaine). Knowledge of a patient�s substance abuse prior to administration of analgesia or anesthesia may prevent adverse drug interactions, predict tolerance to anesthetic agents, and/or facilitate the recognition of drug withdrawal.As the neurobehavioral effects of cocaine may increase the likelihood that a user will receive violent fatal injuries and is more prone to have emergency surgery, so we stressed here on this substance. Cocaine abuse is associated with multi-target organ involvement, including the cardiovascular, respiratory, neurologic, and hematological systems. Its use during pregnancy is also an independent contributor to the risk of placental abruption, preterm labor and stillbirth.

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