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Article
The Relation of Some Salivary Physiochemical Characteristics with Periodontal Status in Type I Diabetic Patients

Author: Abdullah I. Hamad عبد الله ابراهيم حمد
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2018 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 58-63
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus plays a substantial role in the dentition and oral health. Oral manifestation identified with Diabetes mellitus may have a strong inclination to periodontal disease. This study was to assess the relation of salivary pH, flow rate, and buffer capacity with severity of periodontitis among patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus in comparison with healthy volunteers. A study was conducted on 58 volunteers (aged 18-25 years), of them 28 volunteers had type I diabetes mellitus (study group), and 30 volunteers were health persons with absence of medical conditions that could decrease salivary flow (control group) from both genders. Stimulated whole saliva was collected, salivary flow rate (ml/min), pH, and buffer capacity were measured and they examined orally to evaluate the plaque index according to Sinless and Lӧe (1964) and the calculus index according to Green and Vermillion (1964), all information recorded. There were a significant difference (p-value<0.01) in plaque index in the diabetic group in compared with heathy group, while the calculus index shown no differences. The salivary pH decreased significantly (p<0.045) in diabetic group in compared with heathy group, while other parameters (salivary flow rate and buffer capacity) had no effect. There were no differences in both genders.Periodontitis can be seen in the same severity in both genders, and in diabetic patients more than the normal individuals. The clinical indicators of periodontitis that observed in diabetic patients are more common than the normal individuals.


Article
Periodontal Health Status Of A Group of children with Down's syndrome, in Baghdad-Iraq (A comparative study)

Author: Dr. Maha J. AL- Anni, College of dentistry, Al-mustansiria University د.مها جمال
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2010 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 31-34
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the periodontal health status and oralhygiene in Down's syndrome children at (9-11) years of age in Baghdad city incomparison with normal children.Forty eight Down's syndrome children were selected randomly from Down'ssyndrome institution; their age from 9-11 years old. The assessment of gingival healthcondition was performed using by Löe and Silness, while plaque index by Silness andLöe was used to measure the amount of plaque, and calculus index by Bjorby andLöe.The results revealed a greater severity of gingival, plaque and calculus indices inDown's syndrome children compared to the normal children


Article
Effect of the number of pregnancy in the dental health status of mothers.

Authors: Khawla m. saleh B.D.S., M.SC. د.خولة صالح --- Tarik y.khamrco B.D.S.,DDPH (RCS) M,SC د.طارق خمركو
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-6
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The aim of study was to evaluate the effect ofthe number of pregnancy inthe dental health of iraqi women .Three hundred ninety nine pregnant women were included in this study, withan age range of 18-39 years old. They were attending to the Maternal and ChildHealth Care Center (MCHCC) for their monthly periodic checkup with differentpregnancy stages. The sample of the study was randomly selected from four out of 16MCHCCs in the center of Mosul city .Caries experience were diagnosed and recorded according to the criteriasuggested by WHO 1997 using CPI probe. The (DMFS) index was used to assess thedecayed, missing and filled surfaces .The periodontal health status of pregnant women was performed using thefollowing clinical parameters (gingival index, plaque index and calculus index .)To evaluate the effective of number of pregnancy on dental health status, thesample divided into three group (1-3) according to the number of pregnancy (1-3, 4-6 ,)75 respectively .The result indicated an increase in the mean of DMF S score with an increasein the number of pregnancy; also the study indicates a significant increase in the meanof periodontal parameters with an increase in the number of pregnancy


Article
Oral Health Status and Treatment Needs among Twelve Year Old School Children in Babylon Governorate – IRAQ

Author: Hassan Ali Hamza
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2012 Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Pages: 1049-1060
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: This study regarding twelve - year - old students in Babylon Governorate Republic of Iraq , in order to increase knowledge concerning oral health status of this target group of population .Data gained may be used for planning of preventive programs for oral health problems in Babylon Governorate .Materials and Methods : The sample consisted of 390 students (twelve - year - old students) ; it was examined between September 2009 and the March 2010. The study examines the present situation which causes caries experiences, periodontal conditions and oral hygiene.Results : The prevalence of dental caries in 12 – year- old children was (55.4%) and (73.3%) of the samples examined were affected with some kind of periodontal diseases or in need for any kind of treatment either scaling and/or oral health education . The prevalence of caries free children in rural area was higher than that in urban and periurban area .Conclusions :Students instructions are considered as important factor for planning good oral hygiene

هذه الدراسة بخصوص الفئة العمرية( 12سنة ) لتلاميذ مدارس محافظة بابل في جمهورية العراق لزيادة المعرفة الصحية لصحة الفم والأسنان . هدف البيانات من هذه الدراسة هو لتخطيط البرامج الوقائية والعلاجية لصحة الفم والأسنان في المحافظة . العينة شملت 390 تلميذ ,وتمت الدراسة بين أيلول 2009 ومارس 2010 وتم فحص الوضع الذي يسبب نخر الأسنان و أمراض ما حول الأسنان . أظهرت الدراسة نسبة تنخر الأسنان 55,4% لعمر 12سنة و73,3% من الطلبة يعانون بنوع من أمراض ما حول الأسنان أو بحاجة لأي نوع من المعالجة أو تثقيف صحي .


Article
Gingival health status among patients with transfusion dependent thalassemia (TDT) in Erbil city
الحالة الصحية للثة بين مرضى الثلاسيمية التي تعتمد على نقل الدم في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Othman A. Omer --- Omer Surchi --- Dildar A. Othman
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 450-455
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Thalassemias constitute a form of anemia that has clear problems in relation to oral health. The purpose of this study to determine whether beta thalassemic disease is associated with increased risk of gingival disease.Methods: In this case control study, 50 transfusion dependent thalassemic patients aged 12 to 24 years compared with 50 healthy control subjects matching in age and sex. At beginning both beta thalassemic patients and healthy control subjects were receiving scaling and polishing with good oral hygiene instruction and using the same tooth paste and tooth brush in order to obtain zero score at base line. Then, the all subjects were followed up for six month at one week (base line), one month, three months and six months interval. Gingival health status was assessed through these six months by application of Silness and Loe plaque index (PI), Ramfjord calculus index (Cal I) and Loe and Silness Gingival index (GI). Data were analyzed by using chi square, fisher's exact test, student t-test and paired t-test.Results: At base line, results showed that plaque index and gingival index were higher among beta thalassemic patients than healthy control subjects with no statistical significance difference. Regarding the calculus index, there was no calculus in both groups at base line. After six month follow up (one, three and six month interval) results showed that plaque index, calculus index and gingival index were higher among beta thalassemic patients than healthy control group with statistically significant difference (P<0.05).Conclusion: Patients with beta thalassemic major showed significant difference in their gingival health status and therefore a special oral hygiene care program needed for this target group.


Article
Periodontal Health Condition and Salivary Parameters Among a Group of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis in Al- Najaf City

Authors: Bayan Jaber Hussein, --- Yamama Adnan Abdulla --- Selma Merza Hasan,
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2018 Volume: 26 Issue: 6 Pages: 101-108
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: Periodontitis (PD), the most common oral disease, is a destructive inflammatory disease of the teeth supporting tissues and is caused by group of specific microorganisms included: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Tannerella forsythia, and Aggregatibacter actinomycetem-comedias and this condition is categorized by both destruction of connective tissue and alveolar bone due to a chronic inflammation. In periodontitis the clinical findings of bone resorption and the clinical attachment loss around the tooth are a result of inflammatory mediated alterations to remodeling balance of the bone.Material and Method: The samples consist of 60 female participants, 30 were in healthy condition (not suffering from systemic disease and not taking any medication) and 30 with rheumatoid arthritis, with age between (40-45) years. Periodontal status of the two groups was assessed by measuring the probing pocket depth, periodontal attachment loss, plaque index, calculus index and gingival index and salivary sample were collected after subjecting all participants for saliva stimulation and measuring the salivary PH and flow rate for them.Results: The rheumatoid arthritis(RA) group showed a highly significant difference in probing pocket depth(PPD), Plaque index(PI),gingival index(GI),calculus index(CAL.I) and loss of attachment(L.A) compared to Non-RA group, while there is significantly decrease in salivary flow rate among RA patients when compared to control groups and there is no significant difference in salivary PH between two groups. Conclusion: The results of this study provide evidence of a highly significant relationship between rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal disease this may be due to the similar pathophysiology nature of both diseases.

المقدمة: التهاب اللثة (PD)، من أمراض الفم الأكثر شيوعا، هو مرض مدمر للأنسجه الأسنان الرابطة وسببه مجموعة من الكائنات الحية الدقيقة المحددة اللثوية Porphyromonas Prevotella ،Tannerella ،Aggregatibacter actinomycetem هذه الحالة يعود اليها تدمير كلا الأنسجة الضامة والعظم السنخي بسبب التهاب اللثة المزمن. النتائج السريرية للألتهاب اللثة من تأكل العضم السنخي وفقدان الروابط النسيجية حول الاسنان هي نتيجة التعديلات التي تتوسط فيها الالتهابات للتوازن واعاده تشكيل العظام.ارتشاح الالتهابات بين طبقه البلاك (الجير) والعظم السنخي والأنسجة الضامة تقيم استجابة المضيف المناعية للبكتريا. نواتج المضيف الأنزيمية والمواد التي تحلل المواد خارج الخلية مما تقود الى تأكل بالعظم السنخي مما ينتج عنه خساره لا رجعه فيها من فقدان الأنسجة الضامة.المواد وطرائق العمل: العينات تتكون من 60 مشاركا من الإناث (30بحاله صحيه طبيعية و 30 يعانون من الروماتيزم الرثوي) مع التقدم في السن ما بين (40-45) سنة. تم تقييم الوضع الصحي للثة لكلا المجموعتين عن طريق قياس عمق الجيب اللثوي ,فقدان الانسجة الرابطة, مؤشر الصفيحة الجرثومية, مؤشر الكلس, مؤشر التهاب اللثة. عينات اللعاب تم تجميعها لكلا المجموعتين بعد تعرض المشاركين لعمليه تحفيز اللعاب وقياس PH اللعابية ومعدل تدفق اللعاب بالنسبة لهم.النتائج :اظهرت مجموعه الروماتيزم الرثوي فرقا كبيرا جدا في عمق الجيب اللثوي, مؤشر الصفيحة الجرثومية , مؤشر التهاب اللثة ,مؤشر الكلس, معدل فقدان الانسجة الرابطة مقارنه مع المجموعة الطبيعية الاخرى بينما وجد هناك نقصان واضح في معدل تدفق اللعاب في مجموعه الروماتيزم الرثوي مقارنه مع مجموعه السيطرة في حين لم يوجد اي فرق ملحوظ في PH اللعابية بين المجموعتين.الاستنتاج : تقدم نتائج هذه الدراسة دليلا على وجود علاقة ذات دلالة إحصائية عالية بين التهاب المفاصل الروماتيزي وأمراض اللثة، وهذا قد يكون راجعا إلى الطبيعة الفيزيولوجية المرضية المماثلة لكلا المرضين.

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