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Article
Investigating Iraqi EFL University Students' Comprehension of Irony in Novella

Author: Inst. Adhwaa M. Salman (Ph.D)
Journal: journal of the college of basic education مجلة كلية التربية الاساسية ISSN: 18157467(print) 27068536(online) Year: 2019 Volume: 1 Issue: 1 عدد خاص بوقائع المؤتمر العلمي الدولي الاول لنقابة الاكاديميين العراقيين Pages: 1-17
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

This study aims at investigating Iraqi EFL University students' comprehension in novella. The sample of this study consists of the fourth year students/ Department of English/ College of Education at University of Samarra. The total number of those students is forty.To achieve the aim of this study the following procedures are adopted:1.A diagnostic test has been constructed.2.The test is exposed to a number of specialized jurors who agree on its content validity and face validity.3.A pilot study is administrated by giving a test to twenty EFL students chosen randomly from the selected sample to determine a number of factors including reliability of the test item, the difficulty level of the items and their discrimination power.Reliability is ensured by using Cronbach's Alpha formula and interscore reliability method. The coefficient reliability is found to be 0.81 and 0.94.Results obtained by statistical treatment of data have shown that fourth year EFL students in the college of Education at University of Samarra are below the average level in their efficiency in comprehending irony.The study ends up with recommendations which are based on the obtained results


Article
Irony in The Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe and “A Good Man is Hard to Find by Mary Flannery O'Connor
المفارقة في القصتين "راقود الامونتلادو" و"من الصعب العثور على الرجل الصالح"

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Abstract

The main aim of this paper is to bring out the irony in the two selected stories of Edgar Allan Poe “ The Cask of Amontillado” and Mary Flannery O’Conner “A Good Man is Hard to find“. Irony in any story depends on the author’s tone and attitude toward his specific situation . In this paper ,situational, dramatic and verbal ironies ”are discussed. Situational irony depends upon a discrepancy between how characters see a situation and the true nature of the situation. While in the dramatic irony readers knows something which characters in the story do not. The Third type is verbal irony it can occur through dialogue, when the character says something but he means another thing.Also the difference between sarcasm and irony will be explained.

ان الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو توضيح تعابير المفارقة في القصتين “ The Cask of Amontillado” للكاتب الامريكي Edgar Allan Poe و“A Good Man is Hard to find“للكاتبة الامريكية Mary Flannery , يعتمد المفارقة في اي قصة على اسلوب وانطباع الكاتب لموقف معين. ان هذة الدراسة تناقش ثلاثة انواع من المفارقة ,اولا اللفظي , ثانيا الظرفي و وثالثا الدراماتيكي . المفارقة اللفظي هوان تقول الشخصية في القصة شيء و تقصد شي اخر,اما التهكم الظرفي فهو التناقض بين حقيقة الموقف وطريقة رؤيا الشخصية لهذا الموقف , وفي التهكم الدراماتيكي يكون القارئ اكثر ادراكاً ووعياً بمجريات الامور من الشخصية نفسها في القصة .كما و يتناول هذا البحث كيفية التمييز بين المفارقة و السخرية.

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