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Article
Evaluating the Quality of Health services provided to the population of The Arab Republic of Egypt
تقييم جودة الخدمات الصحية المقدمة للسكان بجمهورية مصر العربية

Author: Mona Saeed Mohamed منى سعيد محمد
Journal: Journal of Al-Qadisiyah for Computer Science and Mathematics مجلة القادسية لعلوم الحاسوب والرياضيات ISSN: 20740204 / 25213504 Year: 2018 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-21 Stat
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

Egypt is the most populous country in the Middle East and it was ranked 111 among the ranks of 188 countries in the human world report of 2016 so it was necessary to adopt effective programs for human development especially that direct to health, because health has become a standard of well-being in developed countries. Among the population targets in Egypt is raising the health properties of citizens and provide a good health program able to protect them from the risk of diseases. One of these efforts is the establishment of the general Authority for social health insurance as a health experiments. Its health services cover more than 59% of the total population in 2017 which means that it included more than half of the population. It becomes the most important health establishment in the country which protects people from the risk of diseases. One of the advantages of this experiments, it’s not completely free and it’s not completely high cost.

فى هذا البحث تم دراسة مدى جودة الخدمات الصحية المقدمة للسكان بجمهورية مصر العربية عام 2017 من قبل الهيئة العامة للتامين الصحى الإجتماعى بالإضافة الى استخدام نموذج ARIMA فى التنبؤ بإحتياجات السكان من الامكانيات البشرية و المادية اللازمة لتقديم خدمة صحية افضل خلال عام 2025.


Article
Evaluation of Health Education Services at Primary Health Care Centers in Kirkuk Governorate

Authors: Burhan A. Hama Hussein --- Mohammed F. Khalifa
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2012 Volume: 25 Issue: 1 Pages: 19-28
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate health education services at primary health care centers in Kirkuk Governorate. Methodology: A descriptive (evaluative) study a simple random sample of (384) person is selected through the use of probability sampling approach. The sample of study is divided into three groups which include (320) consumers, (32) health educators and (32) organization structure (in the (32) primary health care centers). They are comprised of three questionnaires and overall items included in these questionnaires are (157) items. The study included assessment of organization structure, such as work place, material, resources, and workforce, demographic characteristics of care providers and consumers and activities and duties of providers. Interviews are conducted with directors of primary health-care centers, consumers and health educators. Results: The findings of the study indicate that there is over- load of target population on primary health care centers, poor designed building, program statistical and data reporting system was poor, decrease core financial support and inadequacy of funding for primary health care centers, there is increased demand and decreased supply of primary health care health educators and Poor of strategies of training and development for health educators and poor health education lectures for consumers in primary health-care center . Recommendations: The study establishment of buildings for primary health care centers according to the numbers of consumers within the geographical area. A Primary care system must grow and be nourished. Health educators need to be expanded to meet growing community needs, once in place, must be supported so it can continue and thrive for program reporting use to project the supply of health educators and support of strategies of health education for consumers.

الهدف: تقويم خدمات التربية الصحية في مراكز الرعاية الصحية الأساسيةِ في محافظة كركوك. المنهجية: دراسة وصفية تقويمية وقد تم اختيار عينة عشوائية (بسيطة) قوامها (384) فردا ونتيجة لأختلاف الديموغرافية للعينة المدروسة و تنوعها فقد كانت الحاجة الماسة أستبانات موزعة كألاتي الاستبانة الأولى لدراسة هيكلية الإدارة والبناية التي تقدم فيها خدمات التربية الصحية وقد شملت المراكز الصحية من كل قطاع للرعاية ألصحية الأساسيةِ في محافظة كركوك وبلغ المجموع هذه العينة (32) مركز للرعاية الصحية الأساسيةِ. أما الاستبانة الثانية فكانت لدراسة الملاك العامل في مجال خدمات التربية الصحية وقد شملت الدراسة الصفات الديموغرافية والأجتماعية لهم والرضا والقبول ومشاركاتهم في دورات التدريب والتطوير وأهم النشاطات والواجبات المناطة بهم وبلغ مجموع هذه العينة (32) مثقفا" صحيا"َ. وعلى غرار الاستبانة الثانية كانت الاستبانة الثالثة لدراسة شريحة المستفيدين من خدمات التربية الصحية وقد شملت دراسة الصفات الديموغرافية والاجتماعية للمستفيدين في مراكز الرعاية الصحية الأساسيةِ ومدى الرضا والقبول ومشاركاتهم في نشاطات المركز الصحي وحضور ندوات التوعية والتثقيف وبلغ مجموع هذه العينة (320) المستفيدين من هذه الرعاية . النتائج : أظهرت عملية تحليل البيانات للدراسة الرضا والقبول للمستفيدين ومشاركاتهم في دورات التدريب وتطوير خدمات التربية الصحية في مراكز الرعاية الصحية الأساسيةِ . وبينما أشارت النتائج إلى حول الهيكلية الإدارية بأن هناك تفاوت في توزيع المراكز الصحية حسب الرقعة الجغرافية مما سبب عدم استيعاب بعض المراكز الصحية لأعداد المراجعين لها وهناك تفاوت بين رضا وعدم رضا إدارات المراكز الصحية حول التمويل المالي وطريقة وصول الأموال, أما بنايات المراكز الصحية هي الأخرى كانت دون المستوى المطلوب فعدم كفاية الغرف كانت مشكلة عانت منها إدارات المراكز الصحية إضافة إلى عدم وجود مكتبة أو قاعة محاضرات أدى إلى ضعف وانعدام أدوات التدريب والتطوير الندوات التثقيفية والتوعية الصحية لخدمات التربية الصحية في مراكز الرعاية الصحية الأساسيةِ. التوصيات: أوصت الدراسة بإنشاء مراكز الرعاية صحية جديدة لتقليل الزخم عن المراكز الصحية التي تعاني أصلا" من كثافة سكانية عالية. التأكيد على إنشاء غرف كافية لبقية المراكز الصحية وإضافة مكتبة وقاعات دراسية وأوصت الدراسة بإعطاء اهتمام بجانب تجهيزَ الأدوات الضَّرُورية للتدريب والتطوير توسيعها لتَلْبِية حاجاتِ المجتمع المُتزايدةِ من المحاضراتِ ودعمِ إستراتيجياتِ التربية الصحية في المراكز الصحية وخلق جو ايجابي لإعطاء المحاضرات والندوات التثقيفية لزيادة التوعية الصحية للمستفيدون من خدمات الرعاية الصحية الأساسيةِ في محافظة كركوك.


Article
Popular health beliefs: Old wives tales about pregnancy and its outcome in Mosul city.

Authors: Asma A. AL-Jawadi اسماء الجوادي --- Nuha Hachim نهى حاجم --- Dhafer B. AL-Youzbaki ظافر بشير اليوزبكي
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2007 Volume: 33 Issue: 1&2 Pages: 42-50
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Background: Searching of popular health beliefs carries many benefits to the whole health process and any physician wants to function effectively in his community must be aware, socially, about these important popular beliefs about health and illness that may manipulate any treatment or preventive health plan. This work was conducted to evaluate the most important popular health beliefs related to pregnancy and its outcome.
Methods: A cross sectional design was used in this work. From the sociological point of view, it is a qualitative research, using a consecutive sample of women attendants at a primary health care centers for the period from. 1st. October 2006 to 1st. February 2007.
Assessment of the popular health beliefs about pregnancy regarding nutrition, hygiene, physical activity, dressing, utilization of medical services during pregnancy, deliveries, breast feeding, and sexual activities throughout the pregnancy was carried out by the use of especially designed questionnaire. All the information were gathered from women more than 40 years old, who have children and living in Mosul city since 30 years.
Results: Most of the participants in this study agreed about the importance of organ and red meats, milk, vegetables and fruits during pregnancy (99%, 97%, 95%, and 94% respectively). A lower proportion agreed about the usefulness of vitamins (63%), iron tablets (61%) and white meats (61%). Sufficient numbers (71%) regarded bathing as a healthy practice during pregnancy as well as tooth brushing (68%) and hand washing (92%). Only 36% went with walking for the pregnant women, 96% were against aerobics and also against running. More than two thirds (77%) supported vaccination, all refused exposure to X-ray and 90% also refused non-prescribed medication. The majority (91%) agreed about the importance of hospital deliveries and three quarters (75%) disagreed about untrained dia as a birth attendant. Fortunately, 83% were agreed about giving the colostrums to the new born directly after delivery. A dangerous proportion (18%) of mothers was assured about the benefits of application ash of dung or dung on the umbilical stump. Breast feeding got support from 84% while, 60% agreed about 3 weeks and more as a rest period after delivery.
Conclusion: Many popular health beliefs regarding pregnancy in Mosul city go in agreement with the scientific health facts and theories that should be reinforced and supported. Moreover, the very hazardous popular health belief that ash of dung or dung may be applied to the umbilical stumps of the newly born babies, still needs an intensive intervention health educational program.

الخلاصة: إن العديد من المعتقدات الطبية الشعبية فيما يخص الحمل في محافظة نينوى تذهب بالموافقة مع الحقائق والنظريات الطبية العلمية والتي يجب ان تقوّى وتدعم. إضافة إلى هذا، هناك معتقد شعبي من ناحية الصحة خطيرا جداً وهو وضع رماد روث أو روث الحيوانات على قاعدة السرّة للأطفال حديثي الولادة. وهذا حقيقة يحتاج إلى برنامج تداخلي صحي وتثقيفي وذلك لإنقاذ حياة الأطفال حديثي الولادة الذين قد يتعرضون لمثل هذا الخطر الجسيم.

Keywords

Health --- pregnancy --- beliefs


Article
ASSESSMENT OF MOTHERS' HEALTH KNOWLEDGE REGARDING RICKETS IN CHILDREN

Author: Khalida Abdul Sattar Abdul Jaba
Journal: AL-TAQANI مجلة التقني ISSN: 1818653X Year: 2006 Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Pages: 12-16
Publisher: Foundation of technical education هيئة التعليم التقني

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Abstract

The main aim of this study is to find out the mother's health knowledge about rickets .Data on mothers' health knowledge were collected using a special questionnaire . 1000 mothers were interviewed on the subject ., randomly selected from attendants of primary Health care centers (PHCC) in Baghdad Governorate .The results found that mothers who had high education level had better health knowledge concerning rickets, 98.2 % mothers were heard about rickets , and 93.3 % mothers know the symptoms of the disease . The mothers who live in urban area have more knowledge about rickets than mothers who live in rural area . And most of mothers did not know how to prevent the disease , 70.3 % of mothers from urban area , and 79.2% of mothers from rural area .The researcher recommend that the educational program in nutrition for the mothers should be carried out .

إن الهدف الرئيسي من هذه الدراسة معرفة ثقافة الأم الصحية حول الكساح عند الأطفال . لقد تم جمع العينة باستخدام استمارة استبيان خاصة للأم لمعرفة ثقافتها الصحية واختيرت ألف أم عشوائياً عند زيارتهم إلى مركز الرعاية الصحية الأولية في محافظة بغداد . أظهرت النتائج أن لدى الأمهات المتعلمات بمستوى متقدم من التعليم ثقافة صحية حول الكساح اذ أن 98.2 % أم يسمعـن بالكساح وان ، 93.3 % من الأمهات يعرفن أعراض المرض وإن الأمهات الساكنات في المدن لديهن ثقافة حول الكساح أكثـر من اللائي يعشن في الريف . وأكثر الأمهات ليس لديهن معرفة بمنع المرض بنسبة ، 70.3 % من الأمهات في المدن و 79.2 % من الأمهات في الريف. توصي الباحثة بوجوب نشر برنامج الوعي الصحي الغذائي للأمهات


Article
Health Impact Assessment of Noise Pollution in Baghdad city

Author: Muhannad Kh. Mohammad
Journal: Journal of College of Education مجلة كلية التربية ISSN: 18120380 Year: 2010 Issue: 6 Pages: 151-165
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The health impact assessment of noise pollution from electricalgenerators, vehicles, military aircrafts, ambulance, industries and houseequipments are undertaken in this study. The quantitative noise levelmeasurements are carried out in the residential, commercial andindustrial regions of Baghdad City by using portable sound level meter(Auto range, RS-232). The measuring instrument reports a noisepollution level ranges from 9l to 1407o of the acceptable soundpressure level that is likely to be without appreciable risk (70 dB(A)) inthe indoor air spaces and near domestic electrical generators,respectively. The likelihood or probability of adverse health effects tothe exposed individuals of Baghdad population related to publicexposure to elevated noise pollution levels is quantified in this study byusing the hazard index (HI) concept. The results of quantitative noiselevel measurements and risk characteization carried out in this studyindicates that individuals in Baghdad population are exposed to soundpressure at levels that are likely to be cause appreciable health riskincluding increased incidence of hearing impairment, hypertension,ischemic heafi disease, annoyance, sleep disturbance, changes in theimmune system and birth defects above natural background rates. The qualitat市e classiication of ambient en宙ronment of Baghdad Cityaccording to the mean observed noise levels indicates that''action"isrecominended for noise pollution sources since the mean obseⅣ ednoise level(84.94 dB(A))for all the included noise sources is found tobe exceed the acceptable level(70 dB(A))。

Keywords

health imPact --- noise


Article
Oral health status in Najaf City

Author: Raed Al-Huwaizi رائد الحويزي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: special issue Pages: 162-166
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study assessed the oral hygiene status of teenagers.Materials and methods: Three hundred and two teenagers aged 13-16 years (151 boys and 151 girls) and 291 youngadults aged 20-23 years (150 males and 141 females) collected from secondary schools and the University of Kufa inNajaf city. Oral hygiene was assessed by three indices (plaque, gingival and calculus indices).Results: Plaque free subjects represented 22.3% of males and 44.2% of females with a mean PI of 0.717±0.742 formales and 0.444±0.619 for females. While, gingivitis was found in 68.1% of males and 46.6% of females with a meanGI of 0.436±0.526 for males and 0.255±0.447 for females. The majority of the sample was calculus free (91.1% offemales and 88.7% of males) with a mean CI of 0.020±0.081 for males and 0.014±0.056 for females.Conclusion: Males showed significantly higher mean PI, GI and CI scores than females. Teenagers were found tohave significantly higher mean PI and GI than young adults. This indicates that young adults are keener on keepinga good oral hygiene than teenagers and that males neglect their oral hygiene more than females


Article
Effect of repeated pregnancies on periodontal health status

Author: Baydaa A. Yas بيداء ياس
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 3 Pages: 113-115
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to gum and periodontal disease. The aim of this study wasto assess the effect of repeated pregnancies on the periodontal health status.Materials and methods: This study evaluated the oral hygiene and periodontal status (plaque index, calculus index,gingival index and probing pocket depth) of 224 pregnant women in Baghdad governorate (112 primigravidae and112 multigravidae), in relation to socio-demographic and clinical variables. The age range was 20-25 years.Results: No significant differences were found in oral hygiene and gingival health condition between primigravidaeand multigravidae women. Also probing pocket depth whether present or absent revealed equal percentage inboth. The majority of the pregnant women was of urban residence and had lower educational level. Higherpercentage of them visits the dental clinic for relieving pain only.Conclusion: Multiple pregnancies had unpronounced influence on the periodontal health status. Future studiesshould include the clinical attachment level measurement


Article
Evaluation of Some Aspects of School Health Service in Baghdad –Al-KarKh district
تقييم بعض جوانب خدمات الصحة المدرسية في بغداد – قطاع الكرخ

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Abstract

Abstract:Objectives: The aim of the current study is to evaluate the performance of primary health cane center regarding the implementation of some aspects of school health services.Methods: The study is a descriptive cross- sectional study, the primary health care centers included were (7) primary health care centers, (5) from the center of Baghdad (2) from the periphery of Baghdad. The other part of the study involved a sample of primary school in Baghdad of Al-Karkh district and the pupils included were only the first grade primary school pupils. The study extended for the period (15th October 2002 to 15th March 2003). Results: A total of 2644 pupils (boys and girls) were examined to detect any obvious health problem. Four health issues were chosen: The Bacillus Calmete Guerin (BCG) vaccination scar, handicapped, stuttering, and vision acuity defect, through checking of school medical card, records of primary health care center team visits, in comparison with that detected during examination in the survey.Conclusion: Poor performance of primary health care personnel and low utilization of school health services.Several actions were suggested to improve the current situation.Key word: Evaluation, school health

الخلاصة: تهدف الدراسة الحالية إلى تقييم أداء مراكز الرعاية الصحية الأولية فيما يتعلق بتنفيذ بعض جوانب خدمات الصحة المدرسية. الدراسة الحالية ذات منهج وصفي ومسح مقطعي مستعرض. شملت الدراسة (7) مراكز صحية للرعاية الصحية الأولية في قطاع الكرخ (5) منها في مركز بغداد ومركزين في أطراف بغداد الجانب الأخر من الدراسة يشمل على عينه من المدارس الابتدائية في مدينة بغداد/ الكرخ (حيث يتم تقديم الخدمات الصحية من قبل المراكز الصحية المختارة في الدراسة).كانت فترة الدراسة من منتصف شهر تشرين الأول 2002 وحتى منتصف شهر آذار 2003.خلال فترة الدراسة تم فحص 2644 طالبا وطالبة. أربعة مسائل صحية تم مشاهدتها وفحصها ومن ثم مقارنتها مع ما سجل في استمارة القبول للطالب في المدرسة وكذلك مع ما سجل في المراكز الصحية من قبل الفريق الصحي في الزيارات الدورية للمدرسة . تشمل هذه المسائل ندبة لقاح البي سي جي. عوق جسماني واضح. صعوبة في الكلام (عتعتة) وقياس حدة النظر.أظهرت نتائج الدراسة وجود اختلاف متميز وواضح بين سجلات المراكز الصحية، سجلات المدرسة ونتائج الفحص من قبل الباحثين. نستنتج من هذه الدراسة أن خدمات الصحة المدرسية لم تكن بالمستوى المطلوب ونسبة الطلبة المستفيدين منها كانت قليلة. اقترحت الدراسة عدة إجراءات لتحسين الوضع الحالي.


Article
Knowledge and practices of a group of adolescents toward some aspects of their health and development
معارف وممارسات مجموعة من المراهقين بعض الجوانب في الصحة والتطوير

Authors: Namir Ghanim Al-Tawil --- Jwan Mohammad Sabir --- Kameran Hassan Ismail
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 264-270
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

الخلفية: تعتبر المعرفة مهمة للمراهقين لتنمية نمط صحي للحياة، الوقاية من الأمراض، والمشاركة الفعالة في المجتمع.الهدف: الدراسة تهدف الى تقييم معارف وممارسات عينة من المراهقين في أربيل-العراق حول بعض الامور التي تخص صحتهم.الطريقة: اجريت دراسة مقطعية في مدينة أربيل للفترة من 15/10/2008 الى 15/12/2008. تم تصميم إستمارة جمع المعلومات من قبل الباحثين، وتم توزيع الاستمارات على الطلبة لغرض ملئها. تم أخذ الموافقة الشفهية لجميع الطلبة قبل البدء بالدراسة.النتائج: إشتملت الدراسة على 441 مراهق (257 ذكر و 184 انثى). نسبة الذكور الى الاناث كانت 1.4 :1 . معدل العمر (+ الانحراف المعياري) كان 15.7 + 2.3 سنة (من 11 الى 19 سنة). إعتقد أكثر من نصف العينة (58.8%) أنهم بصحة جيدة، 23.6% يعتقدون أن التدخين مضر بالصحة، أكثر من النصف (52.83%) كانوا يأكلون طعام صحي، 52% يمارسون الرياضة، و 39.46% كانوا يأخذون الفيتامينات للعناية بصحتهم. الاستنتاج: لازالت معلومات وممارسات المراهقين ضعيفة وتحتاج الى المزيد من التوعية والمتابعة لتقديم وتطبيق المعلومات حول الصحة.

Background: Information is important for adolescent to develop healthy lifestyles, protect themselves from disease, and participate meaningfully in society,This study was carried out to assess the knowledge and practices of a group of adolescents toward some aspects of their health in Erbil-Iraq.Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in Erbil city, from October 15th to December 15th, 2008. The questionnaire was designed by authors and administered to students during class time. Verbal informed consent was obtained from all participants. Results: The study sample was composed of 441 adolescents (257 males, and 184 females). The male: female ratio was 1.4: 1. The mean age (+SD) was 15.7+2.3 years (ranging from 11-19 years). More than half (58.5%) think that they are in a good health, 23.6% believe that smoking affect their health negatively, More than half (52.83%) eat healthy food, around 52% practice exercise, and 39.46% take vitamins to take care of their health.Conclusion:The knowledge and practice of our adolescent toward their health and practice still deficient and need more advanced follow up to increase information regarding this branch.

Keywords

Adolescent --- health --- Erbil


Article
Effectiveness of Health Education Provided By Community Health Nursing Students to Ibn Al-Bittar Elementary School Students in Babylon City

Authors: Muna Abdulahab khaleel --- Amean A. Yasir
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 1007-1012
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

A field study was carried out in Ibn Al- Bittar elementary school in Babylon city. It aimed at assessing the effectiveness of health education provided by community health nursing students to the elementary school students. The total number of the sample was one hundred and two, which represent (27.8%) of the school students. A questionnaire form composed of (8) open ended questions was developed for the purpose of this study. Percentages, frequency distribution were applied as a statistical measures. Some items were rated according to point type rating scale (Yes, No). The results showed that the highest percentages of the students' responses (23.7%) understood the meaning of health and they stated that health education is important. Results also indicated that (86.3%) of responses were positively reflected to the students' families and they encouraged their children to follow up what they have been taught and they need to know more about it. Relative to health education barriers, the most significant one given by the study sample (41%) was noise in the class. Thus the study recommended the following:•Increasing health education for school students by using different mass media.•Emphasis should directed toward providing school students necessary information regarding areas which they like to go in depth more (diseases in general, personal hygiene, dental care, nutrition, safe environment , and principles of first aid sessions).•Carrying similar studies on larger sample.

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